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For severe stiffness from over-exercise :

54.-Tincture of arnica, i drachm.

Strong spirit of wine, whisky, or brandy, 7} drachms. Mix, and rub well into the back and limbs, before the fire. Lotion for the eyes :

55.-Sulphate of zinc, 20 to 25 grains.

Water, 1 pint.
Mix, and wash the eyes night and morning.

Strong drops for the eyes :

56.—Nitrate of silver, 3 to 8 grains.

Distilled water, 1 ounce.
Mix, and drop in with a quill.

By means of lard, wax, &c., various substances are mixed up so as to be applied to wounds, chiefly to keep out the air.

A good ointment for old sores : 57.—Yellow basilicon,

Ointment of nitric oxide of mercury, equal parts.
Digestive ointment:
58.-Red precipitate, 2 ounces.

Venice turpentine, 3 ounces.
Beeswax, 14 ounce.
Lard, 4 ounces.- Mix.

Mange ointment:
584.—Green iodide of mercury, 1 drachm.

Lard, 8 drachms.
Mix, and rub in carefully every 2nd or 3rd day.



The name describes the use of the remedies, which are intended to give tone to the stomach.

Stomachic bolus :

59.-Extract of gentian, 6 to 8 grains.

Powdered rhubarb, 2 to 3 grains.
Mix, and give twice a day.

Stomachic draught:

60.—Tincture of cardamoms, i to 1 drachm.

Compound infusion of gentian, 1 ounce.
Carbonate of soda, 3 grains.

Powdered ginger, 2 grains.
Mix, and give twice a day.


Are remedies applied to stop bleeding. In the dog the vessels seldom give way externally, but internally the disease is frequent enough, either in the shape of a bloody flux, or bloody urine, or bleeding from the lungs, for which the following may be tried :

61.-Superacetate of lead, 2 to 3 grains.

Tincture of matico, 30 to 50 drops.
Vinegar, 10 drops.

Water, 1 ounce.
Mix, and give two or three times a day.


Tonics permanently increase the tone or vigour of the system, being particularly useful in the recovery from low fever.

Tonic pill:

62.-Sulphate of quinine, 1 to 3 grains.

Extract of hemlock, 2 grains.

Ginger, 2 grains.
Mix, and give twice a day.

Tonic mixture :

63.—Compound tincture of bark, 2 ounces.

Decoction of yellow bark, 14 ounces.
Mix, and give three tablespoonfuls twice or thrice daily to a large dog.


By this term we are to understand such substances as will expel worms from the intestines of the dog, their action being either poisonous to the worm itself, or so irritating as to cause them to evacuate their position. All ought either to be in themselves purgative, or to be followed by a medicine of that class, in order to insure the removal of the eggs, as well as the worms themselves. The more detailed directions will be found in the chapter on Worms.

Aperient-worm bolus.

64.-Calomel, 2 to 5 grains.

Jalap, 10 to 20 grains.
Mix into a bolus, with treacle.

For general worms. Not aperient, and therefore to be followed by castor oil :

65.—Recently powdered areca nut, 1 to 2 drachms. Mix up with broth, and give to the dog directly, as there is no taste in it

till it has been soaked some time, when the broth becomes bitter. If the dog refuses it he must be drenched. Four liours after, give a dose of castor oil. N. B.- The exact dose is 2 grains for each pound the dog weighs.

For round-worms, or maw-worms:

66.- Indian pink, ounce.

Boiling water, 8 ounces.
Let it stand for an hour, then strain, and give half to a large dog, a

quarter to a middle-sized dog, or an eighth to a very small one. This,
however, is a severe remedy, and is not unattended with danger. It
should be followed by castor oil in six hours.

Mild remedy, unattended with any danger:

67.- Powdered glass, as much as will lie on a shilling, heaped up. To be mixed with butter, and given as a bolus, following it up with castor

oil after six hours.

For tape-worm:

68.-Kousso, 1 to į ounce.

Lemon juice, 1 tablespoonful.

Boiling water, pint.
Pour the water on the kousso, and when nearly cold add the lemon

juice. Stir all up together, and give as a drench. It should be
followed up in six or eight hours by a dose of oil.

Another remedy for tape-worm:

69.—Spirit of turpentine, 1 to 4 drachms. Tie this up firmly in a piece of bladder, then give as a bolus, taking care

not to burst the bladder. This also requires a dose of oil to follow. Or mix the turpentine with suet into a bolus.


70.- Fresh root of male fern, 1 to 4 drachms.

Powdered jalap, 15 grains.

Liquorice powder and water, enough to make a bolus.
N. B.--The oil of male fern is better than the dry root, the dose being

ten to thirty drops.


Some considerable tact and knowledge of the animal are required, in order to give medicines to the dog to the best

and so much under the control of the will, that most dogs can vomit whenever they like. Hence it is not only necessary to give the medicine, but also to insure its being kept down.

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