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For severe stiffness from over-exercise :
54.-Tincture of arnica, i drachm.
Strong spirit of wine, whisky, or brandy, 7} drachms. Mix, and rub well into the back and limbs, before the fire. Lotion for the eyes :
55.-Sulphate of zinc, 20 to 25 grains.
Water, 1 pint.
Strong drops for the eyes :
56.—Nitrate of silver, 3 to 8 grains.
Distilled water, 1 ounce.
By means of lard, wax, &c., various substances are mixed up so as to be applied to wounds, chiefly to keep out the air.
A good ointment for old sores : 57.—Yellow basilicon,
Ointment of nitric oxide of mercury, equal parts.
Venice turpentine, 3 ounces.
Lard, 8 drachms.
The name describes the use of the remedies, which are intended to give tone to the stomach.
Stomachic bolus :
59.-Extract of gentian, 6 to 8 grains.
Powdered rhubarb, 2 to 3 grains.
60.—Tincture of cardamoms, i to 1 drachm.
Compound infusion of gentian, 1 ounce.
Powdered ginger, 2 grains.
Are remedies applied to stop bleeding. In the dog the vessels seldom give way externally, but internally the disease is frequent enough, either in the shape of a bloody flux, or bloody urine, or bleeding from the lungs, for which the following may be tried :
61.-Superacetate of lead, 2 to 3 grains.
Tincture of matico, 30 to 50 drops.
Water, 1 ounce.
Tonics permanently increase the tone or vigour of the system, being particularly useful in the recovery from low fever.
62.-Sulphate of quinine, 1 to 3 grains.
Extract of hemlock, 2 grains.
Ginger, 2 grains.
Tonic mixture :
63.—Compound tincture of bark, 2 ounces.
Decoction of yellow bark, 14 ounces.
By this term we are to understand such substances as will expel worms from the intestines of the dog, their action being either poisonous to the worm itself, or so irritating as to cause them to evacuate their position. All ought either to be in themselves purgative, or to be followed by a medicine of that class, in order to insure the removal of the eggs, as well as the worms themselves. The more detailed directions will be found in the chapter on Worms.
64.-Calomel, 2 to 5 grains.
Jalap, 10 to 20 grains.
For general worms. Not aperient, and therefore to be followed by castor oil :
65.—Recently powdered areca nut, 1 to 2 drachms. Mix up with broth, and give to the dog directly, as there is no taste in it
till it has been soaked some time, when the broth becomes bitter. If the dog refuses it he must be drenched. Four liours after, give a dose of castor oil. N. B.- The exact dose is 2 grains for each pound the dog weighs.
For round-worms, or maw-worms:
66.- Indian pink, ounce.
Boiling water, 8 ounces.
quarter to a middle-sized dog, or an eighth to a very small one. This,
Mild remedy, unattended with any danger:
67.- Powdered glass, as much as will lie on a shilling, heaped up. To be mixed with butter, and given as a bolus, following it up with castor
oil after six hours.
68.-Kousso, 1 to į ounce.
Lemon juice, 1 tablespoonful.
Boiling water, pint.
juice. Stir all up together, and give as a drench. It should be
Another remedy for tape-worm:
69.—Spirit of turpentine, 1 to 4 drachms. Tie this up firmly in a piece of bladder, then give as a bolus, taking care
not to burst the bladder. This also requires a dose of oil to follow. Or mix the turpentine with suet into a bolus.
70.- Fresh root of male fern, 1 to 4 drachms.
Powdered jalap, 15 grains.
Liquorice powder and water, enough to make a bolus.
ten to thirty drops.
ADMINISTRATION OF REMEDIES.
Some considerable tact and knowledge of the animal are required, in order to give medicines to the dog to the best
and so much under the control of the will, that most dogs can vomit whenever they like. Hence it is not only necessary to give the medicine, but also to insure its being kept down.