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powerful, and thighs well bent and strong ; legs and feet straight and strong; colour white, with black, or black and tan, or tan markings about the head; coat fine, but hard and not silky; weight not exceeding 16 lbs.
“ TYNESIDE,” Bedlington Terrier, property of T. J. Pickett, Newcastle-on-Tyne.
The Bedlington Terrier has long been prized in the north of England, but until lately it has not been known out of that district. It is a very quarrelsome dog, and is said to be of high courage. The body is not very long, the general appearance being somewhat leggy; head high and narrow, and crowned with a tuft
of silky hair like the Dandie; eyes small, round, and rather sunk; ears filbert-shaped, long, and hanging close to the cheek; neck long and slender; legs rather long, but well formed and straight; colour liver or sandy, or dark blue,—in the two former cases with a cherry nose, in the latter with a black onc.
The Yorkshire Blue Tan, silky coated Terrier, is a modern breed altogether, having been almost unknown beyond the neighbourhood of Halifax until within the last few years. Excepting in colour and coat this dog resembles the old English rough terrier, as well as the Scotch, but the silky texture of his coat and his rich blue tan colour are the result of careful selection and prob
ably of crossing with the Maltese. The ears are generally cropped, but if entire should be fine, thin, and moderately small. The coat should be long, silky in texture, and well parted down the back. The beard is peculiarly long and falling, being often several inches in length, and of a rich golden tan colour. The colour must be entirely blue on the back and down to the elbows and thighs, without any mixture of tan or fawn. The legs and muzzle should be a rich golden tan ; the ears being the same, but of a darker shade. On the top of the skull it becomes lighter and almost fawn. The weight varies from 10lb. to 18 lb.
The Maltese dog is sometimes classed among the terriers, but, as it has little affinity with them, it is included among the toy dogs.
The Toy Terrier, being used solely for fancy purposes, will be described under the chapter devoted to that subject.
The Turnspit and the Truffle-dog are by some naturalists described as terriers, but they are now nearly extinct, and need not therefore be included here, especially as the shape of the former is so well known, while the latter varies greatly in different districts.
THE BOARHOUND, OR GREAT DANE.
This dog has so frequently been represented on canvas that it would be idle to refuse a description of it, in a work professing
to treat of the dog in all his varieties. Nevertheless, he does not appear to be a distinct breed, but rather a compound of the greyhound, the mastiff, and the terrier. The first element being required for speed, the second for strength and courage, and the
third for nose. By some writers he is considered to be a distinct breed, and it is possible that he may be so; but the various forms in which he appears militate against this idea. The colour resembles that of the mastiff, being brindled or fawn, but sometimes of a bluish slate, with blotches of brown. The height is great, being from 30 to 32 inches at the shoulder, with vast strength of body. Head long and narrow, but the muzzle square like that of the mastiff. Tail fine, and slightly curved upwards. This is the same dog as the Great Dane, and is used for boar-hunting in Germany, and for hunting the elk in Denmark and Norway.
THE DACHSHUND, OR TECKEL.
Within the last few years this little hound has been introduced into England, a few couple baving been presented to the Queen, from Saxony. The dachshund is a long, low, and very strong hound, with full head and sweeping ears. The fore legs are somewhat bandy, and when digging their action is very mole-like. The colour is either black-and-tan or wholly tan, and the height about 9 to 10 inches. The scenting power of these hounds is said to be very good ; they are chiefly used in Germany for hunting the badger, whence the name.