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beate. The latter class of waters may be taken with advantage several times a day in cases in which their use is found to be suitable. The waters are best at the spring. Exercise and a careful regulation of diet are valuable adjuncts to the use of the waters. The occasional use of the tepid bath will also be found materially to aid the beneficial effects flowing from their internal use.
CHURCHES.—Cheltenham is well supplied with churches ; but, with the exception of St. Mary's, they are all modern and of comparatively small architectural importance.
St. Mary's—the parish church is just off High Street, opposite the entrance to the Markets. It is said to have been originally founded in the eleventh century ; but a glance at the present structure will convince any judge of architecture that it cannot claim such an antiquity, the prevailing style being Decorated, and therefore not older than the fourteenth century. The building consists of nave, aisles, transepts, and chancel, with a spire at the intersection. A circular or “rose" window fills the greater part of the east wall of the north transept. The north aisle has a doorway with carvings which may be assigned to the earlier part of the fourteenth century. There is a more recent decorated porch, a clumsy insertion, on the south side. The interior of the church has little to interest the tourist, except a piscina, of rather elegant design, in the chancel wall. There are several monuments, one with a curious inscription written for himself by John English, D.D., in 1643. In the churchyard there is an old stone cross.
The other churches do not require detailed description. CHRIST CHURCH, in Lansdown Terrace, is the most important of them. It was erected in 1840, at a cost of upwards of £18,000. The style adopted is the Early English, and the building consists of nave, aisles, transepts, and chancel, with a handsome tower at the west end of the nave. In the same style, though humbler in plan and dimensions, is St. Philip's CHURCH, Grafton Street. ST. PETER'S CHURCH, in the Tewkesbury Road, is a pleasing example of the Norman style, followed out with great faithfulness. St. Paul's, at the end of St. Paul's Street, off Swindon Road, is GræcoItalian, and St. John's, Berkeley Street, is similar in style. The other churches are—St. James's, Suffolk Square; Trinity, Portland Street; St. Luke's, off Oriel Place; and St. Mark's, Gloucester Road.
DISSENTING CHAPELS are numerous. By far the most important of them is the Roman Catholic CHURCH OF Saint GREGORY. Externally and internally this church is a gem, and for combined purity and richness of architecture, stands foremost among the ecclesiastical edifices of Cheltenham. The style adopted is the Decorated, and the fullest scope has been given to the architect in the use of the ornamentation appropriate to that style. The church is cruciform, and has a fine spire at its north end. The entrance-porch has a beautiful foliated arch, with a niche above containing a figure of our Lord as the Good Shepherd. The details of the sculpture of this porch are equally rich and tasteful. Other niches on the exterior part of the Church contain statues of our Lord in the attitude of benediction, and of the Virgin and Infant Jesus. The interior displays equal taste in its ornamentation. Many of the windows are filled with fine stained glass, and the representations in relief of scenes in our Lord's Passion hung round the walls are good specimens of this kind of art. The altar and reredos are elaborately and tastefully carved and ornamented.
The Methodists, Baptists, Congregationalists, Presbyterians, Unitarians, Jews, etc., have all places of worship here; but their chapels, though in many cases neat and commodious, have no claims on the attention of the tourist.
EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS. — To its educational establishments, as has been already observed, Cheltenham owes no small amount of its prosperity. An account of the town, therefore, must include a brief notice of the most important of these institutions.
CHELTENHAM COLLEGE, though not earliest in date, is first in importance among the educational establishments. It occupies a fine site facing the Bath Road, and the stateliness and beauty of its design are displayed to advantage by the open ground by which it is surrounded. The chief portion of the building was erected in 1843, but various additions have been made at subsequent periods, and it not forms a spacious quadrangle, comprising class and lecture rooms, a chapel, and all the other appointments of the best establishments of its kind. The style adopted is the domestic Gothic. The front consists of two wings divided into bays by buttresses, the pinnacles of which rise above the wall. In the centre of the front is a square tower, battlemented, and with turrets at the corners. The main entrance is through a pointed doorway in the tower. The various class-rooms do not require special notice. The Chapel, which is Perpendicular in style, and accords well with the rest of the edifice, occupies the south-eastern part of the quadrangle. It has some stained-glass windows in memory of pupils who fell in the Crimean war and the Indian mutiny.
The school—which, it may be remarked, is the property of a company of shareholders—is divided into three departments, the classical, the modern or military and civil, and the junior or preparatory. Pupils are admitted between the ages of eight and fifteen ; above the latter age an examination must be passed as a condition of entrance. No pupil can be admitted unless he has been nominated by a proprietor. The number of pupils regularly receiving instruction here is nearly 700. Several of the masters receive boarders.
The Rev. Alfred Barry, D.D., late Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, is Principal; and the Rev. George Butler, M.A., late Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford, is vice-Principal. The fees for tuition range from £16 to £30 per annum, and the boarding fees are 50 guineas per annum.
There is a spacious play-ground behind the college. A very handsome and picturesque-looking building, called the Gymnasium, has been erected on the south side of it, and contains two large racquet courts, and all the most approved provisions for recreation and physical training
THE GRAMMAR SCHOOL, which is situated in High Street, is a quaint old building. It was founded in 1574 by Richard Pates of Gloucester, who bequeathed several plots of ground in and around Cheltenham for its support. The property having greatly increased in value, the school was enlarged, and its benefits extended in accordance with the wants of the community in 1852. The education communicated here is mainly classical, in accordance with the will of the founder ; but there is also a commercial department. The head master, who has a residence on the premises, is permitted to receive thirty boarders. The fees are from four to eight guineas a year. Two exhibitions to Pembroke College, Oxford, of the value of £60 each, are attached to this school; and there are four church livings, to which its scholars are exclusively eligible.
THE TRAINING COLLEGE, Swindon Road, was established for the purpose of training young men as schoolmasters in Church of England schools. It is a handsome building, in the Mediæval style. The average number of students annually trained here is from eighty