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worke, and bid him hoope it about like the tree at Grays-Inne gate, for feare it should burst, it was so beastly; but then I remembred mee the boyes had whoopt it sufficiently about the streetes, and so I let it alone for that instant. Credibly it was once rumord about the court, that the Guard meant to trie masteries with it before the Queene, and, in stead of throwing the sledge or the hammer, to hurle it foorth at the armes eude for a wager. I, I, eucrie one maye hammer vpon it as they please, but if they will hit the nayle on the head pat as they should, to nothing so aptly can they compare it as Africke, which, being an vnbounded stretcht out continent, equiualent in greatnea with most quarters of the earth, yet neuertheles is (for the most part) ouer-spred with barraine sands; so this his Babilonian towre or tome of confutation, swelling in dimension and magnitude aboue all the prodigious commentaries and familiar epistles that euer he wrote, is notwithstanding more drie, barraine, and sandie in substance than them alL Peruse but the ballet In Sandon toyle as late befell, and you will be more soundly edified by size parts."—Sig. F 2. Gabriel's mother, when she was with child of him, had certain strange dreams, "which wel she hoped were but idle swimming fancies of no consequence; till being i aduisde by a cunning man (her frend, that was verie farre in her books), one time shee Blept in a sheepes skinne all night, to the intent to dreame true; another time vnder a lawrell tree; a third time on the bare ground starke naked; and last on a dead mans tomb or graue-stone in the church in a hot summers afternoone; when no barrel better herring, she sped euen as she did before. For first shee dreamed her wombe was turned to such another hollow vessell, full of disquiet fiends, as Salomons brazen bowle, wherein were shut so manie thousands of diuels; which, deepe hidden vnder ground, long after the Babilonians, digging for mettals, chaunced to light vpon, and mistaking it for treasure, brake it ope verie greedily; when, as out of Pandoras boxe of maladyes, which Epimetheus opened, all manner of euills flewe into the world, so all manner of deuills then broke loose amongst humane kinde. Therein her drowsie diuination not much deceiu'd her; for neuer wer Empedocles deuils so tost from the aire into the sea, and from the sea to the earth, and from the earth to the aire againe, exhaled by the sunne, or driu'n vp by windes and tempests, as his discontented pouertie (more disquiet than the Irish seas) hath driu'n him from one profession to another."—Sig. K. "The second dreame his mother had, was that shee was deliuerd of a caliucr or hand-gun, which in the discharging burst. I pray God (with all my heart) that this caliucr or caualier of poctrie, this hand-gun or elder-gun that shoots nothing but pellets of chewd paper, in the discharging burst not. A third timo in her sleep she apprehended and imagined that out of her belly there grew a rare garden-bed, ouer-ruu with garish weedes innumerable, which had onely one slip in it of herb of grace, not budding at the toppe neither, but like the floure narcissus, hauing flowres onely at the rootc; whereby she augur'd and coniectur'd, how euer hoe made some shew of grace in his youth, when he came to the top or heighth of his best proofe he would bee found a barrain stalk without frute. At the same time, ouer and aboue, shee thought that, in stead of a boye, which she desired, she was deliuerd and brought to bed of one of these kistrell birds called a wind-sucker."— Sig. K 2. "In the verie moment of his birth, there was a calfe borne in the same towne with a dubble tongue, and hauing eares farre longer than anie asse, and his feete turned backward like certaine people of the Tartars, that ueuertheles are reasonable swift. In the houre of his birth there was a most darksome eclipse, as though hel and heauen about a consultation of an eternall league had met together."—Ibid. In a ludicrous "Letter of Harueys tutor to his father, as touching his manners and behauiour," we are told; "Secondly, he is beyond all reason or Gods forbod distractedly enamourd of his own beautie, spending a whole forenoone euerie day in spunging and licking himselfe by the glasse; and vseth euerie night after supper to walke on the market-hill to shew himselfe, holding his gown vp to his middle, that the wenches may see what a fine leg and a dainty foote he hath in pumpes and pantofles; and if they giue him neuer so little an amorous regard, he presently boords them with a set speach of the first gathering together of societies and the distinction of amor and amicitia out of Tullies Offices; which if it work no effect and they laugh at, be will rather take a raison of the sunne and weare it at his eare for a fauor, than it should bee said hee would goe away emptie. Thirdly, he is verie seditious and mutinous in conuersation, picking quarrells with euerie man that will not magnifie and applaud him, libelling most execrably and inhumanely on Iacke of the Falcon, for that he would not lend him a messe of mustard to his red herrings; yea, for a lesser matter than that, on the colledge dog he libeld, onely because he proudly bare vp bis taile as hee past by him. And fourthly and lastly, he vseth often to be drunk with the sirrupe or broth of stewd prunes, and eateth more bread, vnder pretence of swearing by it, than would seruc a whole baud in the Low Countries."—Sig. L. Now for a picture of Gabriel at a later period of his life. "That word complexion is dropt foorth in good time; for to describe to you his complexion and composition, entred I into this talc by the way, or tale I found in my way riding vp to London. It is of an adust swarth chollericke dye, like restie bacon or a dride scate-fish; so leane and so meagre that you wold thinke (like the Turks) he obseru'd 4. Lents in a yere, or take him for the gentlemans man in The Courtier, who was so thin-cheekd and gaunt and staru'd, that, as he was blowing the fire with his mouth, the smoke tooke him vp like a light strawe, and canned him to the top or funnell of the chimney, wher he had flowne out God knowes whether if there had not bin crosse barres ouer-whart that stayde him; his skiu riddled and crumpled like a peice of burnt parchment; and more channels and creases he hath in his face than there be fairie circles on Salsburie Plaine, and wrinckles and frets of old age than characters on Christs Sepulcher in Mount Caluarie, on winch euerie one that comes scrapes his name and sets his marke, to Bhewe that hee hath been there: so that whosoeuer shall behold him
Esse putct Borea tritte furentit opus,
will swcare on a booke I haue brought him lowe and shrowdly broken him : which more to confinne, look on his head, and you shall finde a gray haire for euerie line I haue writ against him; and you shall haue all his beard white, too, by that time hee hath read ouer this booke. For his stature, he is such another pretie Iacke a Lent as boyes throw at in the streete, and lookes, in his blacke sute of veluet, like one of these ieatdroppes which diuers weare at their eares in stead of a iewell. A smudge peice of a handsome fellow it hath beene in his dayes; but now he is olde and past his best, and fit for nothing but to be a noblemans porter, or a Knight of Windsor; cares haue so crazed him, and disgraoes to the verie bones consumed him, amongst which hys missing of the Vniuersitie Oratorship, wherein Doctor Perne besteaded him, wrought not the lightliest with him: and if none of them were, his course of life is such as would make anie man looke ill on it; for he wil endure more hardnes than a camell, who in the burning sands will Hue foure dayes without water, and feeds on nothing but thistles and wormewood and such lyke; no more doth ho feed on anie thing, when he is at Saffron-Walden, but trotters, Bheepes porknells, and butterd rootes ; and other-while in an hexameter meditation, or when hee is inuenting a new part of Tully, or hatching such another paradoxe as that of Nicholaus Copernicus was, who held that the sun remains immoueable in the center of the world and that the earth is moou'd about the sunne, he would be so rapt that hee would remaine three dayes and neither eate nor drinke, and within doores he will keepe seauen yeare together, and come not abroad so much as to church. The like for seauen and thirtie weekes space together he did, while he lay at Wolfes, coppying against mee, neuer stirring out of dores or being churched all that while, but like those in the West Country, that, after the Paulin hath cald them or they haue scene a spirit, keep themsclues darke 24. howres; so after I had plaid the spirit in hanting him in my 4. Letters Confuted, he could by no means endure the light, nor durst venter himself abroad in the open aire for many months after, for feare he should be fresh blasted by all mens scorne and derision."—Sig. O 4.
Nash was dead in 1601.* Harvey is supposed to have lived till 1630.
* See one of the "Cenotaphia" in Fitzgeoffrey's Affanice, &c, 1C01.
LIST OF GREENE'S PROSE-WORKS.
[In the following list I give the full title of the earliest edition of each piece which I have happened to meet with, adding the dates of all the other editions known to exist]
Mamillia. A Mirrour or looking glasse for the Ladies of Englande. Wlterein is deciphered, hovx Gentlemen vnder the perfect substaunce of pure hue, are oft inucigled tcith the shadowe of lewde lust: and their firme faith, brought a sleepe by fading fancie: vntiX wit ioyned with wisedome, doth awake it by the helpe of reason. By Robert Greene Graduate in Cambridge. Imprinted at London for Thomas Woodcocke. 1583. 4to.
Mr. Collier very hastily supposes that the date on the title-page of this tract is a " mistake" for "1593": see the preceding memoir, p. 25, note.
The Myrrovr of Modestie, wherein appeareth as in a perfect Glatse howe the Lorde deliuereth the innocent from all imminent perils, and plagueth the bloudthirstie hypocrites with deserued punishments. Shewing that the graic heades of dooting adulterers shall not go with peace into the graue, neither shall the righteous be forsaken in the date of trouble. By R. G. Maister of Artes. Imprinted at London by Roger Warde, dwelling at the signe of the Talbot neere vnto Ilolburne Conduit. 1584. 12mo.
Morando The Triiameron of Loue. Wherein certaine pleasaunt conceites, vttercd by diuers woorthy personages, are perfectly dyscoursed, and three doubt full questyons of Loue, most pitheley and pleasauntly discussed: Shewing to the wyse home to vse Loue, and to die fonde, howe to eschew Lust: and yeelding to all both pleasure and profitt. By Robert Greene, Maister of Artes in Cambridge. At London Printed for Edwarde White, and are to be soldi: at his Shoppe, at the little North doore of S. Paules Church, at the signe of the Gunne. 1584. 4to.
Reprinted 1587, a Second Part being then added to it, with the following title-page,—
The Second Part of the Tritameron of Loue. Wherein is set forth a delightfuU discouerie of Fortune and Friendship, newly adioyned. By Robert Greene, Maister of Artes in Cambridge. London Printed by Iohn Wolfe for Edward White, and are to be sold at his shop, at the I ilk North doore of Paules, at the signe of the Gunne. 1587. ito.
Gwydonirs. The Carde of Fancie. Wherein the Folly of those Carpet Knights is deciphered, which guydiug their course by the compasse of Cupid, either dash tlteir ship against most daungerous Rocks, or els attaine the hauen with paine and perill. Wherein also is described in the person of Gwydonius a cruell Combat beticeene Nature and necessitie. By Robert Greene, Master of Arte, in Cambridge. At London Imprinted for William Ponsonby. 1584. 4to.
Appended to it is The Debate betweene Follie and Loue, translated out of French by Robert Greene Master of Artes.
Reprinted 1587,1593, 160S.
Planetomachia: or the first parte of the gmerall opposition of the seven Planets: wherein is Astronomically described their essence, nature, and influence: diucrsly diseouering in their pleasav.nl and Tragicall histories, the inward affections of the mindes, and painting them ovt in such perfect Colours, as youth may perceive what fond fancies their florinhing yeares doe foster: and age clcrely see what doting desire* their witliered heares doc affoorde. Conteyning also a briefe Apologie of the sacred and mistical! Science of Astronomie: By Hubert Greene, Master of Arts and student in Phisieke. 1585. Imprinted at jAmdon for Thomas Cadmun, dwelling at the great North doore of S. Paules, at the signe of the Byble. 1585. 4 to.
Translation of a funeral sermon by Pope Gregory XIII. 1585.
Mcnaphon. Camillas alarum to slumbering Euphues, in his melancholic Cell at Silexedra. Wherein are deciphered the variable effects of Fortune, the wonders of Love, the triumplies of inconstant Time. Uuplayiwj in sundrie conceipted passions (figured in a continuate Historic) the Trophees that Yertue carrieih triumphant, maugre the wrath of Enuie, or the resolution of Fortune. A worke worthie the youngest eare* for pleasure, or the gravest censures for principles. Robertus Greene in Artibus maffister. Omne tulit punctum. London Printed by T. 0. for Sampson Clarke, and are to be sold behinde the Royall Exchange. 1589. 4to.
First printed 1587: reprinted 1599, 1605,1610, 1616,1634, and in Arcliaica, vol. i
Euphues his censure to Philautus, wherein is presented a philosophical, combat betweene Hector and Achylic*, discouering in foure discourses, interlaced with diverse delight full Tragedies, the vertves necessary to be incident in every gentleman: had in question at the siege of Troy betwixt sondry Grecian and Troian Lords: especially debated to discouer the perfection of a Souldier. Containing mirth to purge melancholy, hohomeprecepts to profit maners, neither vnsauerie to yovth for delight, nor offensiue to age for scurilitie. Ea habentur optima qua <b lucunda, honesta, <k utilia. Robertus Greene, In artibus magister. London. Printed by Hum Wolfe for Edward White, and are to bee sold at his shop, at the title North doore of Paules, at the signe of Vie Gunne. 1587. 4to.
Perimedes Oie Elackc-Smith, A golden methode, how to vsc the minde in pleasant and profitable exercise: Wherein is contained spcciall principles fit for the highest to imitate, and the meanest to put in practise, how best to spend the wearie winters nights, or the longest summers Evenings, in honest and tUlightfull recreation: Wherein ice may learne to avoide idlenesse and wanton scurrilitie, which divers afrpoint as the end of their pastimes. Heerein are interlaced three mcrrie and neccssarie discourses fit for our time: with certainepleasant Histories and tragicall tales,which may breed delight to all, and offence to none. Omne tulit punctum, qui miscuit vide dulci. London Printed by John Wolfe, for Edward White. 1588. 4to.
Pandosto. Ttte Triumph of Time. Wherein is discovered by a pleasant Historic that although by the meanes of sinister fortune Truth may be concealed, yet by Time in spight of fortune it is most manifestly reueaUd.' Pleasant for age to auoyde drowsie thoughtes, profitable for youth to cschuc other tcanton pastimes, and bringing to both a desired content. Temporis filia Veritas. By Robert Greene 3f airier of A rtes in Cambridge. Omne tulit punctum qui miscuit vtile dulci. Imprinted at London by Thomas Orwin for Thomas Cadman, dwelling at the Signe of the Bible, neere vnto the North doore of Paules. 1588. 4to.
Tlie running title is The Hystorie of Dorastus and Fawnia, which was transferred to the title-page of most of the subsequent editions. Reprinted 1607, 1609, 1614, 1629,1632, 1636, 1655, 1664, 1675, 1694, 1703, 1723, 1735.