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Autobiography of a Broomstick, 251 Fossil Flowers,
Apples of Sodom: by Rev. J. H.
Fate of Percy,
A Touch at the Times,
477 Greek Tables of THIERSCH, 297
Happiness, by Rev. J. H. CLINCH, 29
205 Hymn to the DEITY. J. G. WHITTIER, 346
Crowned Heads and Kingly John Jenkins, a Story,
530 Knout, Punishment by the, 372
Conscience, by J. BARBER, Esq., 593
Liberty vs. Literature and the Arts,
Davis's Memoirs of BURR,
Discourses and Lectures,
528 Literary Notices, 83, 186, 297, 416,
Letter from Dr. BRIGHAM to Dr.
92 Religious Opinions of WASHINGTON, 87
146 Random Leaves from a Journal of
318 Romeo and Juliet, in the Original, 521
458 Stanzas, by W. P. PALMER, Esq., - 82
529 Stanzas for Music, by Rev. T.
194 Spring, by W. G. SIMMs, Esq., 487
The Dying Year,
The Stars, by PERCIVAL,
145 Trust in Heaven, by Miss M. A.
311 Time: by Rev. J. H. CLINCH,
LIBERTY vs. LITERATURE AND THE FINE ARTS. The enemies of free institutions, founded on an equality of rights and of rank, and a general diffusion of property and intelligence, being accustomed to urge as an objection to such a system, that it in a great measure precludes the progress and perfection of literature and the fine arts, it is our design to subject this assertion to the test of reason and experience. Each of these go to establish the fact, that the enjoyment of freedom is highly favorable to the dignity as well as the intelligence of human character; and if such is the result of liberty in all other departments of intellectual occupation, it seems little less than an absurdity to presume that literature and the fine arts should be the solitary exceptions to this great general rule.
We believe this theory to be entirely unfounded, and as devoid of truth as it is derogatory to the character of freedom. We never wish to see the higher virtues and manlier pursuits, nor the primitive energies, of a free and vigorous people, sacrificed to the exclusive cultivation of literature and the fine arts. We never wish to see the time when the United States shall, in the midst of corruption and effeminacy, seek refuge from the sense of degradation, in the vanity of producing the best poets, painters, sculptors and musicians, or warming themselves, amid the darkness which envelopes the present, in the sunshine of their past glories. In our eyes, the composer of an opera, the prima donna and the prima don, should never come in competition with those who perform great services to the state; nor does it appear to be estimating merit by a just standard, to place Paganini before Washington, or the sculptor who chisels a hero, above the hero himself. Those virtues and talents which are indispensable to the government and safety of nations, the conduct and preservation of their useful institutions, and the general welfare of mankind, are, in our opinion, a far more rational and salutary source of national pride, than the mere accomplishments which, though they adorn society, constitute neither the foundation nor superstructure of true glory, or substantial happiness. The elegant and ornamental should never take precedence of the useful arts, as they have done in Italy, where at this moment they are far behind the United States in all those domestic comforts and conveniences which form so large a portion of the stock of human happiness.
Still, a competent skill in literature and the fine arts is a just source of national pride, and every government, as well as every people, should foster them with a judicious liberality. We do not mean that they should give more for a tune on the fiddle, or an air at the opera, than they are willing to pay for objects of real utility; nor lavish on a successful actor or buffoon, rewards and honors which they