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also under the south wall of the cathedral, not, however, Ob, sister! oh, sister! oh, lend me your hand! without perforating the great buttress on that side."
Bow down, &c. This event is commemorated by the anagram quoted Oh, sister! &c. above, and in “ N. & Q.,” Vol. v., p. 150. — See Mil- | And I will give you both houses and land. ner's Survey of Winchester, vol. ii. p. 89.]
l'll be true, &c.
I'll neither give you my hand nor glove, Hunchback styled “My Lord."—Why is a hunch
Bow down, &c. back called “My Lord.”
I'll neither, &c. [Grose states that “ in the British Apollo it is said, Unless you give me your true love. that the title of Lord' was first given to deformed per
I'll be true, &c. sous in the reign of Richard III., from several persons Away she sank, away she swam, labouring under that misfortune being created peers by
Bow down, &c. him; but it is more probably derived from the Greek word nopdos, crooked.”. Classical Dictionary of the Until she came to a miller's dam.
Away, &c. Vulgar Tongue.]
I'll be true, &c. Boscovich. - What is the title of the work in The miller and daughter stood at the door, which this philosopher impugned the doctrine of
Bow down, &c. matter and substituted that of forces, or points of The miller, &c. repulsion? This is not meant for a correct ac
And watched her floating down the shore.
I'll be true, &c. count of his philosophy, but merely an inquiry
A.N. Oh, father ! oh, father! I see a white swan, ? after the book.
Bow down, &c. [Philosophie Naturalis Theoria, 4to, 1759. For an
Oh, father! &c. account of the system developed in this work, see the
Or else it is a fair wo-man. article “ Physics” in the Encyclopædia Britannica.]
I'll be true, &c.
Bow down, &c.
The miller, &c.
And the maiden up from the stream he took.
I'll be true, &c. (Vol. v., pp. 316. 591.)
I'll give to thee this gay gold chain,
Bow down, &c. The following Lancashire ballad, although quite I'll give to thee, &c. different in its termination and story from those If you'll take me back to my father again. given by your correspondents, has not only similar
I'll be true, &c. circumstances, but begins in very nearly the same The'miller he took the gay gold chain, words. I suspect it to be the oldest of the several
Bow down, &c. versions. It is supposed to be sung by the second The miller he took, &c. sister :
And he pushed her into the water again.
I'll be true, &c.
The miller was hanged on his high gate,
Bow down, &c.
The miller was hanged, &c.
I'll be true, &c.
The cat's behind the buttery shelf,
Bow down, &c.
The cat's behind the buttery shelf; And the youngest she thought much of that. If you want any more, you may sing it yourself! I'll be true, &c.
I'll be true to my love, and my love 'll be To the youngest he gave a gay gold chain,
true to me! Bow down, &c.
It will be remembered that MR. HALLIWELL To the youngest, &c.
gives a nursery rhyme,And the eldest she thought much of the same. I'll be true, &c.
“ John Cook had a little grey mare," &c. These sisters were walking on the bryn (shore),
« The bridle and saddle were laid on the shelf, These sisters, &c.
He, haw, hum. d the elder pushed the younger in.
If you want any more, you may sing it yourself,
He, haw, hum."
I'll be true, &c.
LAMBERT THE “ARCH-REBELL."
away your power and authority, your manhood and (Vol. iv., p. 339.)
your boldness, and caused you to flee before your
enemies, and your hearts fainted for fear, and some Myles Halbead, as member of the Society of ended their days in grief and sorrow, and some lie in Friends, being at Plymouth in the year 1673, holes and caves to this day; so the Lord God of conceived that it was his duty to pay a visit to Heaven and Earth will give a just reward to every one Lambert, who was then a prisoner on the island of according to his works : so my dear friend, prize the St. Nicholas in Plymouth Sound. Myles' own
great love of God to thee, who hath not given thy life account of this visit and of his conversation with into the hands of the devourers, but bath given thee Lambert may interest the readers of " N. & Q.," thy life for a prey, and time to prepare thyself
, that not only inasmuch as it illustrates the valuable thou mayst end thy days in peace Note made by Mr. Richard John King, but also Glory and honour, and living eternal praises be given because it places the character of the
unfortunate and returned to the Lord God and the Lamb for ever. old general in a favorable light. The account
“ So when I had cleared myself, he desired me to runs thus :
sit down, and so I did ; and he called for beer, and “So I went to a friend to desire him to procure a gave me to drink; and when he had done, he said to vessel that I might pass over to a little island near the me, Friend, I do believe thou speakest to me in love, King's great fort in Plymouth, that I might speak to and so I take it. Then he asked me, If I was at John Lambert, who was a prisoner in that island, and Dunbar fight? I answered, No. Then he said to me, a vessel we procured and passed to the island the same How do you know what great danger we were in at day, and there we found a strong guard of soldiers. that time? I answered, A little time after the fight A lieutenant asked me, What was my business to the I came that way and laid me down on the side of the island ? I said I desire to speak to John Lambert: mountain for the space of two hours, and viewed the and then he asked me, If I was ever a captain under town of Dunbar and the ground about it, where the his command? And I said, No. The soldiers were English army lay; how the great ocean sea was on the very quiet and moderate : I desired the lieutenaut to one hand of them, and the bills and mountains on the bring me to John Lambert; and so he did; and when other hand, and the great Scotch army before and I came before him I said, Friend, is thy naine Jobn behind them : then I took it into a serious consideraLambert? And he said, Yea : then said I unto him, tion the great danger the English were in, and thought Friend, I pray thee hear what the servant of the Lord within myself, how greatly Englishmen were engaged hath to say to thee.
to the great Lord of life for their deliverance, to serve " Priend, the Lord God made use of thee and others Him in truth and uprightness of heart all the days of for the deliverance of His people; and when you cryed their appointed time. Truly, John, I never saw thy to Him He delivered you in your distresses, as at Dun- face before that I knew thee, although I have been bar and other places, and gave you an opportunity into brought before many of our English commanders in your hands to do good, and you promised what great the time of Oliver Cromwell
. things you would do for the Lord's people; but truly “ Then John said, I pray you what commanders did John Lambert you soon forget your promises you you know? I knew Fleetwood, and have been before made to the Lord in that day and time of your great him when he was deputy in Ireland, and I knew distress, and turned the edge of your sword against the General Disborrow, and have often been before him; Lord's servants and hand-maids whom He sent forth to and I knew Collonel Phenick, and hath been before declare His eternal truth; and made laws, and con- him when he was governour of Edenbrough and the sented to laws, and suffered and permitted laws to be town of Leeth, in Scotland, and many more. made against the Lord's people.
“ John Lambert said, I knew the most of these men "Then John Lambert answered and said, Friend, I to be very moderate, and ever were against persecution. would have you to know, that some of us never made nor " And I said, Indeed they were very moderate, and consented to laws to persecute you nor none of your friends, would not be much seen to persecute or be severe with for persecution we ever were against.
the Lord's people: but truly John, they could suffer *1 answered and said, John Lambert, it may be so; and permit others to do it, and took little notice of the but the Scripture of truth is fulfilled by the best of suffering of the people of God; so none were found to you; for although that thee and some others have not plead our cause, but the Lord God of life and love. given your consent to make laws against the Lord's Glory be given and returned to His name for evermore. people, yet ye suffered and permitted it to be made Then Lambert answered and said, Altho' you and and done by others; and when power and authority your friends suffered persecution, and some hardship was in your hands, you might but have spoken the in that time, your cause therein is never the worse for word and the servants and hand-maids of the Lord that. I answered and said, That was very true, but might have been delivered out of the devourer's hands; let me tell thee John, in the plainness of my heart, but none was found amongst you that would be seen to that's no thank to you, but glory to the Lord for ever, plead the cause of the innocent; so the Lord God of life “ So he, and his wife, and two of his daughters, and was grieved with you, because you sleighted the Lord myself, and a Friend of Plimouth, discoursed two and His servants, and began to set up your self-interest, hours or more in love and plainness of heart; for my and lay field to field, and house to house, and make heart was full of love to him, his wife, and children ; and your names great in the earth; then the Lord took when I was free, I took my leave of them, and parted
EARLY MANUSCRTPT EMENDATIONS OF THE TEXT
with them in love." Sufferings and Passages of Myles
(Vol. vi., p. 59.) that "none was found amongst you that would be seen to plead the cause of the innocent:" for it In my turn I am rather surprised at the surprise must be acknowledged to the credit of the parlia- expressed by your Leeds correspondent, A. E. B., , mentarians, that several of their leading men did that I have not yet answered “Mr. Lettsom's sometimes interfere openly and successfully to question,” addressed " directly” to me in the restrain the persecution which the early "Friends" Atheneum of the 17th April last. I find no continually drew upon themselves by their bold question addressed " directly” to me there, but and frequent denunciations of a hireling clergy, merely a speculative inquiry in this form : “If MR. sometimes uttered in the market-place, sometimes Collier's copy reads guiled, the different copies of in the very parish church.
the second folio vary among themselves; if it reads William Penn gratefully records –
guilded, not merely Mr. HALLIWELL'S argument "the tender and singular indulgence of Judge reason,” &c. *Owing to an accident, I did not see
falls to the ground, but we have an additional Bradshaw and Judge Fell especially Judge Fell, who was not only a check to Mr. Lettsom's paper on Mr. Walker's emendations their (the clergy's) rage in the course of legal proceed until some time after it was published, and I cerings, but otherwise upon occasion, and finally coun- tainly did not understand him to put any direct tenanced this people; for his wife receiving the truth question to me, whether my copy of the folio 1632 with the first, it had that influence upon his spirit, read guiled or guilded, in the place referred to in being a just and wise man, and seeing in his own wife and The Merchant of Venice, more especially as I had fumily a full confutation to all the popular clamours said in my letter in the Athenæum, on the passage against the way of truth, that he covered them what he regarding " an Indian beauty," that in the folio could, and freely opened his doors and gave up his 1623 the word was guiled, and in the folio 1632 house to his wife and her Friends."
guilded. Moreover, I said that in my folio, 1632, George Fox also mentions that
çuilded was altered to guiling, a circumstance that " the said Judge Fell was very serviceable in his day by no means satisfies me (as I stated) that Shakand time, to stop the rage of ihe priests, justices, and speare's word was not guiled, as we find it in the rude multitude."
folio 1623. At the same time, guiling, in the sense And he relates further that, upon onc occasion in points of view to guiled, and it might seem so, par.
of beguiling, appears to me preferable in some the year 1652, when
ticularly to more modern ears than those our great “ Many priests appeared against me and Friends; dramatist addressed. Judge Fell, and Justice West, stood up nobly for us Your correspondent A. E. B. will see, therefore, and the truth; and our adversaries were confounded; that I gave no lint that my copy of the folio, 1632, so that he was as a wall for God's people against them, read, unlike others, guiled instead of guilded, and And afterwards he came to see beyond the priests, and all the copies of that edition I have ever seen bave at his latter end seldom went to hear them in that uniformly guilded and not guiled. If I have been [Ulverston] parish.” Moreover the Protector himself, on being in. Lettsom's language to mean a direct question, I
guilty of any want of courtesy in not taking Mr. formed in the year 1656 that George Fox, and assure him and A. E. B. that I never meant it. In others, were ill-used in Cornwall, sent down an
my copy of the folio 1632, guilded is altered in order to the governour of Pendennis Castle to manuscript to guiling, by striking out the three examine the matter; and Fox says:
last letters and inserting three others in the “ This was of great service in the country: for after- margin. Whether this change make for or against wards Friends might have spoken in any market-place the supposition that other emendations in my folio or steeple house thereabouts, and none would meddle 1632 are conjectural, I do not pretend to decide; with them."
I dare say there are many such : some that I could To this may be added, that after the deaths of the readily point out, and that will be found pointed lord president Bradshaw, Judge Fell, and Oliver out in iny forthcoming volume, bear that aspect; Cromwell
, the soldiers being rude and troublesome others confirm in a remarkable manner the speat Friends' meetings, General Monk gave forth an culative proposals of Theobald, Pope, &c., but the order, dated 9th March, 1659, requiring
great majority are not only entirely new, but, “ All officers and soldiers to forbear to disturb the during the last century and a half (to go no farther
as I think, self-evident. It is astonishing that peaceable meetings of the Quakers, they doing nothing back these plays should bave passed through so prejudicial to the parliament or commonwealth.”
many hands, not a few of them the most acute J. LEWELYN CURTIS. critics of any age, and yet the strangest blunders
remain undetected. If the corrections in the copy
ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD
of the folio 1632, now lying before me, be the re- supposed variations between different copies of the sult of mere guess-work, the person who made folio 1632, because I have discovered that mine, them has displayed a degree of sagacity superior in two not unimportant passages, is unlike others to that of all the commentators put together. that I have seen. This inquiry I will reserve
Although I am so far anticipating my book, I until next week. Everybody is aware that copies cannot refrain from taking an instance from a page of the folio 1623 in particular places vary maof my folio, 1632, that happens to lie open. The terially, and it may be the same with copies of the play is Coriolanus, and in Act I. Sc. 4. the hero folio 1632.
J. Payne COLLIER. Thus addresses the cowardly Romans who had been July 25. 1852. beaten back to their trenches; I quote from the Variorum edition, from which my own does not differ, excepting in a letter and a point:
“DEVIL." All the contagion of the south light on you,
(Vol. v., pp. 508. 595.; Vol. vi., p. 59.) You shames of Rome! you herd of boils and
have allowed Mr. LITTLEDALE to expa
you Plaster you o'er; that you may be abhorr'd
tiate so largely on his most absurd (as I think it) Farther than seen, and one infect another
speculation on this point, and as you have also Against the wind a mile."
allowed him to say that I had been so disrespect. Here the difficulty has arisen out of the words,
ful to you and your reailers, as to have attempted
to answer what I had not so much as read," I “ You herd of boils and plagues trust you will allow me to state my share of this Plaster you o'er;"
question. And it is to be observed that in the first and MR. LITTLEDALE chose to assert that the “usual second folios the spelling is “You Heard of Byles etymology of Devil, from Aldßolos, could not be and Plagues,” without any linc between “of” and accurate; because the Hebrew word translated “ byles,” which line was introduced by Malone, in Auáßoros, meant adversarius, an adversary:" to order to show that the sentence was broken and which I replied that “I thought the Hebrew interrupted by the impetuosity of the speaker. words representing both ArdBoxos and adversarius, “This passage (says Malone), like almost every was rather a confirmation of the old derivation. other abrupt sentence in these plays, was rendered Had MR. LITTLEDALE forgotten that the adverunintelligible in the old copy by inaccurate punc- sary' is often technically used for the Devil.'" tuation." Thence be proceeds to attempt to es
To this remark MR. LITTLEDALE makes no other tablish that the poet applies the word "herd” to answer, than that “ I had not read his arguments ;" the soldiery; in fact, from the first this passage has and he does not, in the three columns of his been a stumbling-block, although Rowe repre- rejoinders, make the slightest allusion to his original sented “ herd” as applying to " boils and plagues," thesis— that is, his original blunder-about the printing it, however, in the plural. Now, see how adversary.” It appears then that I had not only easily and naturally the old corrector of my folio read his argument, but demolished it; for he has 1632 makes the passage run, by remedying a com- dropped it altogether, and galloped off in another paratively small misprint:
direction; discharging upon us, as a Parthian “ All the contagion of tbe south light on you,
shaft, a repetition of the question "what is the You shames of Rome! unheard of boils and plagues etymology of the word Devil ?” to which I shall Plaster you o'er," &c.
only reply by the old phrase, “ Aut Diabolus, This must be right: how the egregious error of aut —;" leaving, Mr. LITTLEDALE, when he gets the press came to be committed, or in what way
back to his books, to make a better guess at the corrector arrived at the knowledge of it , filling the blank than such“ fancy etymology" as
C. whether by guess or otherwise, we are without in he is now puzzling himself with. formation, and must remain so, being content that
The Devil and Mr. Littledale. — Perhaps your the strange blunder has been detected, and that correspondent may not have met with the followthe text of Shakspeare will not hereafter be thus ing speculations on a subject to which he appears disfigured. As we are not yet able to authenticate to have devoted no ordinary research ? the new readings in any other way than by the evidence they themselves carry about them, it and other northern languages, and by universal consent
“ Appel, abel, afel, is common to the Saxon, Danish, seems to me that the setting right of such compa- hath been appropriated to particularise the forbidden ratively small, but still highly important, errors, fruit. Abel, or as the Hebrews soften it, avel
, signifies as that above pointed out, warrants us in giving sorrow, mourning, and woe; and it is exactly agreeable considerable credence to more extensive changes to the figurativeness of that_language to transfer the and additions wbich are elsewhere contained in my word to the fruit. Our English-Saxon word evil volume.
seems to spring from the same source, and a doer of I bave an inquiry to make respecting real or evil is contracted into devil. Malum, to signify
apple, may possibly have been received into the Latin tongue from the like cause." — Nicholson and Burn's Westmoreland, quoted in Southey's Commonplace Book,
(Vol. v., passim.) vol. ii.
Many observations have been made about surThis appears an uncommonly original view of the names in “ N. & Q." lately, but I have not seen apple; I trust Mr. LITTLEDALE will endeavour to any doubt expressed as to which of a man's names swallow and digest it !
A. A. D.
the word applies to. Contrary, however, to the use of the word which prevails elsewhere, I find Bishop Nicholson, in his Exposition of the Catechism, takes it to be the same as the Christian
name. He says (p. 8., Angl. Cath. edit.):(Vol. v., pp. 357. 548. &c.)
“ Every Christian bearing two names; the one of In the Gentleman's Magazine for December, nature, which is the name of his house, family, or kin1837, is a letter from Dr. Bathurst, Bishop of dred, and this he brings into the world with him ; the Norwich, in which he says:
other of grace, of favour, being his sirname, that is over
and above added unto him.” “My father was the youngest brother of the first Lord Bathurst : he had thirty-six children, of whom I Skinner as saying,
On this the editor has a note, in which he quotes was the twenty-fifth.".
C. DE D. “Surname, q. d. supernomen, i.e. nomen addititium,
scilicet respectu nominis baptismo inditi.” I latterly made a Note of the following para- But this agrees with common usage; so also, in graph:
the folio Johnson's Dictionary, "surname" is de“ At the back of the cellar of Lincoln Cathedral fined to belies the body of Michael Honeywood, one of 367 “ The name of the family; the name which one has persons, whom Mary, wife of the late Robert over and above the Christian name.” Honey wood of Kent, ancestor of the late M. P. for the
I shall be obliged to any of your correspondents county, lived to see lawfully descended from her, viz. :
who will explain Nicholson's peculiar use of the 16 of her own body, 114 grandchildren, 228 great. word.
F.A. grandchildren. In all, 367 persons; 313 of whom followed her to the grave.”
Every one is aware of the whimsical causes of Can any of your correspondents supply any many surnames. They frequently were due to information respecting this statement, for, singu- some striking circumstance in the lives of the larly enough, a similar case is mentioned in a late first bearers of them, but still much more often Paris paper (Siècle of May 11. 1852), wherein the to personal or habitual peculiarities; and this was numbers mentioned are exactly the same as those at no period so common as between the age of above alluded to; indeed, they are more correct, Charlemagne and the Crusades
. In the history of
France we find, for, “ according to Cocker,” the three numbers 16,
Charlemagne avait donné 114, and 228 do not make up the total of 367 ; it l'Aquitaine, avec le titre de roi, à son fils Louis, requires the nine_great-great-grandchildren to
sous la tutelle de Guillaume au Court Nez, duc de complete it. The French paragraph runs thus :
Voulcuse.” Now, who knows but that the great “ L'extrait suivant d'une épitaphe que l'on peut lire perors of that name, and the illustrious Courtenays
French family of the Courtenays, the Greek emdans le cimetière de C-- constate un fait assez rare pour devenir l'objet d'un souvenir particulier :
of Devonshire, may owe their name to this defi
ciency of nose in William of Toulouse ? Though “ Ci-gît Dame, &c.
he does not pretend to get at the root, Gibbon (Suivent les noms & qualités.)
only traces the family to 1020, when it was estaElle avait à sa mort, Trois cent soixante-sept enfans,
blished at Courtenay: but the sobriquet was given Provenant de son légitime mariage
about 790, and might have conferred a name upon Avec Monsieur X-, &c.
the castle William inhabited, and from that the Elle était mère de
SHORTNOSE. 16 enfans.
country round it.
ON A PASSAGE IN “THE MERCHANT OF VENICE,"
ACT III. SC. 2.
(Vol. v., p. 605.) Unfortunately, the names of the place and of
There are two points in Mr. Singer's remarks the persons themselves are not here given.
on the above-named passage that call for some PAULIP S. Kırg. notice, and to which, with your permission, I
will briefly refer. First, I should like to ask him if, on consideration, he thinks tbat " gilded shore”