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by the row of villas that fronted the bay, and, I St. Mary Overy's painted Windows. - Can any heard afterwards, had come about a mile along the of your readers inform me what has become of road that runs round the southern angle of the bay. the three painted windows which were at the east On reaching the usual bathing-place, a circle was end of St. Mary Overy's church, or St. Saviour's, formed, and the principal performers were en- before the restoration of it? A SUBSCRIBER. closed in it. After a time the young man was led out by another, who had undressed himself, and

The Host. — Having no access to an anonymous bathed in the sea ; after which they were again work entitled Histoire des Hosties Miracul received into the circle, and in a few moments a

should feel favoured by information loud shout proclaimed that the “mystery” was

earliest instance alleged of a consecrateu vafer proceeding successfully; and as soon as the man shedding blood. My question includes the earliest who had bathed the boy was dressed, the crowd

date at which it is stated to have so happened, and set forward into the village with loud shouts, the also the earliest date of an author so stating it. two men leading the naked youth as before, and

A. N. the man with the saw and hatchet following. I endeavoured to find out what was the meaning of author of the following distich:

Epigram on the Monastic Orders. Who is the such an extraordinary exhibition, but in vain : all that I could discover was, that it was in some way

“O garachi, vestri stomachi sunt amphora Bacchi;

Vos estis, Deus est testis, teterrima pestis "? connected with the worship of Priapus, while I was strictly cautioned not to ask questions about it. It is of the species called “Leonine,” of which A sort of horror seemed to hang over everything

some samples have already appeared in “ N. & Q.”

HENRY H. BREËN. until the bathing ceremony was completed ; and

St. Lucia. every one, particularly the women, appeared anxious to keep out of the line of procession, till Greville's Ode to Indifference. The readers of the shouts announced that all was well, when all

“N. & Q." are familiar with the lines in Mrs. the “rabble rout,” both male and female, of the Greville's Ode to Indifference : village seemed flocking about them, and for some

“ Nor peace nor ease that heart can know time the shouts of the mob could be heard as they

Which, like the needle true, passed up the village street. About two years Turns at the touch of joy or woe, afterwards I witnessed a precisely similar per

But turning trembles too." formance ; and when I anxiously inquired into Archbishop Leighton, in his Twelfth Sermon, the meaning of it, was refused all information, and The Believer a Hero, when speaking of our “recautioned most earnestly not to inquire. When

joicing with trembling,” adds : the boy was received into the circle, after his bath,

“ The heart, touched by the Spirit of God, as the some ceremony was gone through, in which the needle touched with the loadstone, looks straight and hatchet and saw were used; but this was strictly, speedily to God, yet still with trembling, being filled guarded from the observation of the “profane.

with holy fear." Have any of your readers witnessed a similar occurrence, and can any one give more information plagiarism, as in this case the remark in the Critic

The poetess is, probably, not to be accused of about it?


may be applicable, that “two people have happened to hit on the same thought:" Leighton may

have made use of it first. Some of your correMinor Queries.

spondents can tell me whether any carlier writer “Nobilis antiquo veniens," fc. - Who is the than the archbishop may not also have employed author of

this beautiful simile ?

J. H. M. * Nobilis antiquo veniens de germine patrum, Clock Motto. — In the market-town of Tetbury, Sed magis in Christo nobilior merito?”

about forty years ago, there was a very ancient I think it is part of an epitaph. K. P. D. E. market-house, in front of which there was a clock

with a very curious and elaborately carved oaken Volume of French Poetry:-Many years since I dial plate, with this motto: saw, in the possession of a distinguished miniature

PRÆSTANT ÆTERNA CADUCIS." painter, a duodecimo volume of French poetry, in I shall be very much obliged to any reader of the which were vignettes. One of them represented the “Infant Academy,” attributed to Sir Joshua “N. & Q." who can inform me in what author I Reynolds. As the date of the book was long an

can find the sentence. I expected to have found terior to the exhibition of that picture, I should be it in Prudentius, but have not succeeded. obliged to any of your correspondents to inform me Does the Furze Bush grow in Scandinavia of the title and date of the book; and if there are This Query is submitted from the fact that “whins" any variations in the composition. ÆGROTUS. and "furze bushes" are repeatedly mentioned in Mr. Hamilton's entertaining narrative of A Visit former wife. Is it known what became of them to the Danish Isles ; while one cannot but recollect afterwards, or of what family Keyes himself was? the anecdote which attributes to Linnæus the en- Burgon's Life and Times of Sir T. Gresham has thusiastic act of falling on his face and thanking shown that his name was Thomas, and not Martin, God, who had permitted him to see so glorious a as all previous writers had stated. A. S. A sight as a plot of "yellow-blossomed "furze in Wuzzeerabad. England. The question is this, Does the Scan

Frances, Duchess of Suffolk, and Adrian Stokes. dinavian Flora present such a difference on the soil on either side of the Sound, that the Ulex scended lady requires elucidation. Who was

— Another obscure marriage of a royally deEuropæus abounds in Denmark, while it is un

Stokes, when and where did this mésalliance known in Sweden, the native country of the celebrated botanist above named ?

D. occur, and is the period of his death recorded, or

indeed any particulars of him or his origin, family, Duke of Orleans (Vol. vi., p. 57.). — Like King &c. ?

A. S. A. John, the Duke of Orleans appears to have been Wuzzeerabad. confined in several places. In addition to those

Queen Marie de Conci, Widow of Alexander II. named in Nicolas' Agincourt, Pontefract is named by Henry V. (History of England and France, ried secondly John of Acre, son of the King of

King of Scots. This lady is stated to have mar"House of Lancaster," 1852.) Nicolas has, “ It is Jerusalem. Is the date of this marriage recorded, -said that Sir R. Waller took him prisoner;" but whence comes the statement in Lower's Curiosities band, and whether they had any family? Was

or what became subsequently of her and her husof Heraldry, p. 173.

, of the twenty-nine years' cap- this John, son of John de Brienne, King of Jetivity at Groombridge, arms at Speldhurst, &c. ?

rusalem, 1210, and Emperor of Constantinople, A. C.

1228, till his death, 1237 ? For if so, why did not Ferdinando Conde D'Adda. — Señ. D'Adda, as he, and not his sister Violante, inherit the claims he was generally styled, was accredited to the to the titular dignity of Jerusalem ? John of Court of England as Papal Nuncio, and publicly Acre must have been alive long after that crown received as such by King James II. at Windsor, was assumed by the Emperor Frederic II. in right July 3, 1687, and had been consecrated Arch- of his wife Queen Violante.

A. S. A. bishop of Amasia, in partibus, in May preceding, Wuzzeerabad. in the chapel at St. James's Palace, by Bishop

Milan. – The German name for this town is Leyburn, assisted by two Irish prelates. Query, Who were they? Čount Adda made his escape is probably a corruption of Mediolanum, the Ro

“ Mailand," which means “ Land of May." This from England on the breaking out of the revolution in December of the following year, in the

man name; or possibly the ancient Germans had train of the Duke of Savoy's ambassador, and I given “Mailand" or some name of the sort to this possess no further information about him. 'I wish town previously to the possession of it by the Rotherefore to ascertain the period and place of his mans, and they, on coming into possession of it

, decense, with any particulars of his previous and much the same way as the native name of the subsequent history:

A. S. A.

place now called London, which was Lundyn, was Wuzzeerabad.

Latinised by its conquerors into Londinium. My Constables of France. — Who succeeded in this Query is, What is the derivation of the English office Annas de Montmorency, killed in the battle and Italian names for the town, viz., Milan and of St. Denis, 1567; or was the dignity then abo- Milano ? Is it a corruption of the Roman, or the lished ? I am aware that Henri, Duc d'Anjou, still more ancient name, if any existed ? It does was appointed lieutenant-general of the kingdom not appear to me to bear much similarity to the of France, after Montmorency's death, but I have name Mediolanum. ARTHUR C. WILSON. somewhere met with a Lèsdiguières, Governor of

Author of the Gradus.— I have very often beard Dauphiné, called Constable, temp. Henry IV.

S. A.

mysterious Jesuit who wrote that well-known school Wuzzeerabad,

book, the Gradus ad Parnassum. The authorship Lady Mary Grey and Thomas Keyes, 1568- of this book is, as all know who have availed them1571. - Who was the first wife of Thomas Keyes, selves of its aid, ascribed on the title-page thus : who by his second marriage became allied to the “Ab uno e Societate Jesu.” Perhaps “N.&Q." can blood-royal of England ? On his death in Sep- throw some light on the subject; for it is only by tember 1571, his widow, Mary Keyes, or the Lady reminding some of its learned correspondents of Mary Grey, asked for Queen Elizabeth's permis- these subjects that we (I mean those who, like sion " to keep and bring up his children," of whom myself, do not know how to set about the solution) it appears that Mr. Keyes bad several by his can hope to be enlightened. ARTHUR C. WILSON.

Mutability of the Substance of the Human Body.

Minor Queries Answered. - In Cowley's Poems are the following ingenious lines, part of a short piece entitled “Inconstancy:'

Henrie Smith. — I have in my possession the

following sermons by one Henrie Smith. Can you “ Five years ago (says Story) I lov'd you, For which you call me most Inconstant now;

or any of your correspondents inform me who he Pardon me, Madam! you mistake the man,

was, or refer me to any work containing a bioFor I am not the same that I was then;

graphical notice of him and his writings ? No flesh is now the same 'twas then in me," &c.

The Benefite of Contentation, by H. Smith, taken Vol. ii. p. 14. edit. 3 vols. 12mo. London, 1806.

by Characterie, and examined after. (Black

letter.) London, 1590. On turning to a little volume entitled ElectricalPsychology, by Dr. Darling, the electro-biological London, 1591.

The Examination of Usury, in two Sermons. lecturer, I find the following statements :

The Affinitie of the Faithfull ; being a verie "Our bodies are continually wasting away, and by Godlie and Fruitful Sermon, made upon part of food and drink are continually repaired. We lose the the Eighth Chapter of the Gospel of St. Luke, by fleshly particles of our bodies about once a year, and Henrie Smith, 1591. the bones in about seven years. Hence, in seven years The Christian Sacrifice. Seene and allowed. we have possessed seven bodies of flesh and blood, and 1591. one frame of bones. We have not now, in all probability, a particle of flesh and bones we had seven years

A Fruitfull Sermon, upon part of the 5th chapago." - P. 60. edit. 1851.

ter of the 1st Epist. of Paul to the Thessalonians,

by Henrie Smith, 1591. Where is this interesting question best discussed :

Three Prayers, a Godly Letter to a Sicke and what term of years is most generally believed Freend, &c., by Henrie Smith, 1591. to be the period in which a total change of bodily A Treatise of the Lord's Supper, in Two Sersubstance takes place? Any information upon this mons, 1591. subject will be very acceptable.

Seven Godly and Leurned Sermons upon Seven W. SPARROW SIMPSON, B.A. divers Texts of Scripture, perused by the author Beech Tree never struck by Lightning.–I have before his death, by Henrie Smith, 1591. heard it frequently and confidently asserted that a

The Wedding Garment, by Henrie Smith, 1591.

G.R. VINE. beech tree is never struck by lightning; and there

Portsmouth. fore, if a beech tree be at hand, I may securely take refuge under it, if unexpectedly overtaken by

[Henry Smith was one of the most popular preachers a thunderstorm. But I wish, first of all, to ascer- of his age. He was born at Withcock, in Leicestertain the truth of the assertion. If indeed it be shire, and, after pursuing his studies at Oxford, became true, how is the fact to be accounted for ?

lecturer at the church of St. Clement Danes, Strand. TITYRUS.

Wood (Athena Oxon., vol. i. p. 603., Bliss) says, that

he was "in great renown among men in 1593,” in Derivation of Knightsbridge.- I should be greatly which year he thinks he died. Smith's Sermons, togeobliged by a correct derivation of this name. I do ther with other his learned Treatises, were published in not know the chronicler from whom Mr. Walcott's 1675 in 4to., to which Fuller prefixed a Life of the

Author. That Wood has dated the death of Henry note, as to its crigin, is derived ; but from its

Smith somewhat after its occurrence is proved by the composition, I think dates are against him. In a following Encomium Henrici Smithi, by Thomas Nash, charter of the twelfth century, it is called which is not only curious on account of the source Knyghtsbrygg: I am aware of the traditional whence it is derived, but as referring to metrical comaccount, and its truth or not is worth testing now positions nowhere to be found. Speaking of the supe. “N. & Q." is in existence.

riority of those preachers whose minds are imbued An allusion to a place called “Spring Gardens" with poetical feeling “over those dulheaded divines appears in No. 134. Will the owner of the MS. who deem it no more cunning to write an exquisite mentioned explain that Note? Spring Gardens poem, than to preach pure Calvin, or distil the juice of stood on the site of the present William Street. a commentary into a quarto sermon,” Nash exclaims,

Can any reader of “ N. & Q." give me a copy of “Silver-tongu'd Smith, whose well tun'd stile hath a song, relating to and sung by the Knightsbridge made thy death the generall teares of the Muses, Volunteers? The burden of the chorus was : queintlie couldst thou deuise heauenly ditties to A pol.

loe's lute, and teach stately verse to trip it as smoothly, * Then with Major Ayres we'll go, my boys,

as if Ovid and thou had hut one soule. Hence along Theo with Major Ayres we'll go.”

did it proceede, that thou wert such a plausible pulpitThe Major was their commander ; and from man; before thou entredst into the wonderfull waies their allusions to the leading men in the regiment, of theologie, thou refinedst, preparedst, and purifiedst they are interesting to Knightsbridgites. H. G. D. thy wings with sweete poetrie. If a simple man's cen

sure may be admitted to speake in such an open theater of opinions, I neuer saw aboundant reading better

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mixt with delight, or sentences which no man can the sentence pronounced; also date and place of his challenge of prophane affectation sounding more melo- 'death, with age, family, or any other particulars ? dious to the eare, or piercing more deep to the heart.” It is believed that he is the only instance of dePiers Penilesse : his Supplication to the Diuell, from privation amongst the English episcopacy, for a whence this extract is taken, was entered in the Sta: century and a half, as Bishop Joceylin of Clogher tioners' registers for Richard Jones, on the 8th of was, in the Irish church, for a similar period, or Aug. 1592, being licensed by the archbishop. For a

since the year 1700.

A.S. A. list of Smith's Sermons and Treatises, see Watt's Bib

Wuzzeerabad, liotheca Britannica.)

(Dr. Thomas Watson was born at Kingston-upon Thomas Stanley, Bishop of Man, 1510. - There Hüll, entered St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1655, seems to be great uncertainty respecting those who elected Fellow in 1660, took his degree of D.D. in filled this insular diocese during the first half of 1675, and was consecrated Bishop of St. David's on the sixteenth century, Bishop Stanley is said to June 26, 1687. He had an estate at Burrow Green have been “ deprived by Queen Mary,” but after- in Cambridgeshire, where he resided at the time of the wards restored on accession of Queen Elizabeth,

Revolution. Dr. Watson was deprived in 1699 by and died in 1570. While R. Farrer is made Bi.

Archbishop Tenison for simony, whose sentence was

afterwards confirmed by the Court of Delegates, and shop of Man, 1548, and translated the same year to St. David's, and H. Man is called Bishop of eventually by the House of Lords. See Birch's Life Man, 1546, till death in 1556, how can these dates of Tillotson, p. 230. edit. 1753; and Wood's Athene

Oxon., vol. iv. p. 870., Bliss.] be reconciled? And also Bishop Stanley's death as taking place at the unusually long period of J. M. Turner, Fourth Bishop of Calcutta, 1829 sixty years from his first appointment to the epis- -1831. - Place and date of birth, parentage, and copacy, which would make him upwards of ninety university ?

A.S.A. years of age, at the lowest estimation of the ca

Wuzzeerabad, nonical age of thirty years for a bishop on consecration ? I offer these Queries to you for elu- father died while he was young, leaving a family but

[Dr. Turner was a native of Oxford, where his cidation, if such is possible at this day. A. S. A.

ill provided for. He was entered by his friends as a Wuzzeerabad, in the Punjaub.

scholar of Christ Church, and at the examinations in

1804 was placed in the first class. He took his degree (We suspect our correspondent has been misled by of M. A. Dec. 3, 1807; and D.D. by diploma, March Le Neve, who, though generally correct, in this instance 26, 1829, soon after he was appointed Bishop of Calcontradicts himself

. From a MS. of Bishop Hildesley's cuita. Immediately after taking his degree of B.A., in the British Museum, Sloane Collection, No. 4828, Dr. Turner became private tutor in the Marquis of we learn that " Thomas Stanley, 1542, in his time, by Donegal's family, and was afterwards at Eton for many statute Henry VIII., the new erected See of Chester years with Lord Belfast, Lord Chichester, and Lord and Bishopric of Man were dissevered from Canter- | Castlereagh. In 1825, he was presented to the vicarbury's jurisdiction, and annexed to York. But Bishop age of Abingdon, whence he removed in 1824 to the Stanley, not complying with Henry VIII.'s measures, rectory of Wilmslow in Cheshire. On settling there, was deprived anno 1545, and was succeeded by R. he married Miss Robertson, sister-in-law to the present Farrer, translated to St. David's. Henry Man ap- Archbishop of Canterbury. In 1829 he was conse, pointed 1546: upon his death Stanley, who had been crated Bishop of Calcutta, and died at his episcopal deprived by Henry

VIII., „was restored by Queen residence, Chowringhee, July 7, 1831. An interesting Mary, 1556; he died 1568." Or, to give a tabular view of these statements, it appears that

account of this amiable prelate will be found in The

Christian Observer for 1831 and 1892, and in ArehIn the reign of Henry VIII,

deacon Corrie's Funeral Sermon.] Stanley was Bishop of Man was deprived by Henry


S. Gobat, Bishop in Jerusalem, 1846. — Any Bishop Farrer translated the same year to St.

notices of him and his antecedents ? A. S. A. David's.

Wuzzeerabad. Bishop Man appointed

1546 [Bishop Gobat is a native of Switzerland, and reHenry VIII. died

1547 ceived his missionary education, first at Basle, and Edward VI, died

1553 subsequently at the Church Missionary Institution at Mary did not deprive. Bishop Man, who died in possession, when

Islington. He was appointed Vice-principal of the Stanley was restored

Protestant College at Malta, and laboured for some

1556 time as missionary in Abyssinia, Syria, and Egypt, Mary died

1558 Elizabeth did not deprive,

under the auspices of the Church Missionary Society. Bishop Stanley died in possession

On the death of Bishop Alexander, the King of Prussia 1568] nominated M. Gobat as his successor, and he was conse

crated at Lambeth on July 5, 1846, as * Bishop of the Thomas Watson, Bishop of St. David's, 1687– United Church of England and Ireland at Jerusalemn,"

- Why was he deprived, and by whom was by his Grace the Primate, assisted by the Bishops of

A. D. 1542


London, Calcutta, and Lichfield. Many documents shore, made prize of by you. And not onely soe, but relating to this appointment, as well as to the decease you designe his sacred Mats of Englands subiects and of Bishop Alexander, will be found in The Jewish leidg people to perpetuall servitude .... which strikes Intelligence for 1846, vol. xii.]

me into admiration how you dare doe things of this Distemper.-Why is the word distemper applied nature soe much aget the law of nationes, civility, and

humanity. If your commands be from your master ye to a process of colour-compounding?


States-Generall, then I shall acquainte our dread Sove

reigne Lord y* King thereof." [Richardson says, Distemper, in painting, appears The letter goes on to exhort the Governor of originally to have been applied, when the simple témperature

, or admixture of colours with water (for lim- St. Martin's to restore those whom he had seized ning), or with oil (for oil-painting), was altered by the to the messengers sent by the writer. substitution of one or more ingredients; as of size, to Surely this must prove that St. Christopher berender the whole composition more adhesive, of galls longed to England, and St. Martin's to the Dutch, for marbling paper,” &c.]

during the period in which W. W. attributes them Wright's Louthiana. - I have lately purchased a

to the Knights of Malta ? The Governor of St. copy of this work, " the Second Edition revised Christopher must also have been an Englishman, and corrected, with some few additions by the of my letter to ye Governor

of St. Martin's." The

endorsing his private papers in English, "A coppie author," 4to., London, 1758, dedicated "to the families to whom the other letters in the packet Right Honourable James, Earl of Clanbrassele;" belonged, and to whom there is every probability after which follows the Preface.” On comparing he was allied, were Fairfax, Chaloner, Norton, my edition with that of 1748, also 4to., I find that

Cobbe, and Godolphin. this is dedicated to the Right Honourable James, Lord Viscount Limerick ;' and has, besides the letter to W. w. if he desires it. May I ask, What

I shall be happy to send a complete copy of the Preface, “ a List of Subscribers' Names," occupy, is the Chronology of St. Christopher, to which he ing two leaves, which my edition wants.

refers ?

URSULA. Can any one tell me why the “ List” is omitted in my edition, or is it an imperfection in my copy?

R. H. (We presume that the second edition was not pub

(Vol. vi., p. 37.) lished by subscription : and therefore, although it was perfectly right to insert the List of Subscribers in the One of your correspondents in Number 141. first edition, it was obviously unnecessary to repeat it of the “N. & Q.,” who signs himself A. A. D., in any subsequent ones. ]

wishes to know where the opinion that the world was to last for 6000 years originated, and also

whether any modern divines have adopted it. The Replies.

last question I think I may positively answer in the GOVERNMENT OF ST. CHRISTOPHER'S. affirmative. At least the opinion has been adopted (Vol. vi., p. 87.)

by the Rev. J. W. Brooks, Vicar of St. Mary's,

Nottingham, a prophetical writer, "multi nomiI am much obliged to W. W., La Valette, for nis;" by the Rev. E. B. Elliott

, the learned author his kind communication respecting the govern of the Hore Apocalypticæ; by the Rev. T. R. ment of this island; from which it appears that it Birks, author of Elements of Prophecy, a work belonged to France till 1653 ; then to the Knights highly commended by Archdeacon Browne ; and, of Malta till 1673, when it was again made over to doubtless, by many more. The last-named writer France. Singular to say, the document in my calls it "an opinion that commends itself to our hands distinctly refers to the

King of England, as minds by its simplicity." Mr. Elliott and Mr. its master in 1662. There can be no doubt of the Brooks inform us that this opinion was very authenticity of the letter in question. It formed generally held by the Jews, the primitive fathers

, one of a bundle of family papers, consisting of a cor- and the reformers. And Mr. E. names two rerespondence between Fairfax and his cousin James formers, Osiander and Melancthon, who held it; Chaloner, letters of Monk, Charlotte Countess of and they distinctly call it the tradition or opinion Derby, &c.; and though the writing is in a differ- of Elias; " dictum Eliæ," says Melancthon. Then ent band (apparently that of a secretary), it is with regard to its origin : it originated not with evidently no less ancient. The following quota- Elijah, the eminent prophet of the Lord, but, as tions may, perhaps, enable W. W. to throw some

Messrs. Elliott and Brooks inform us, with Elias, light on the subject :

an eminent rabbi, who lived before the birth of " St. Christopher's, Sept. 7th, 1662. Christ. And hence it is called " A tradition of u Sir, I have received information from severall the house of Elias." bands, yi you surprised a small vessell wth 22 persons, It may not be amiss also just to add, that Mr. as also others ył by a storm was forced upon your Clinton, in his learned work on chronology, makes

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