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whether a passage in one of them, which has just of the adverb still. And I am unable to imagine been brought under my notice, be a fair sample of how he can have been led to attribute them to any the whole; but it is, at all events, so curious in a celebrated writer, since the translator of Olshausen literary point of view as to deserve some public very sufficiently intimates that they are of his own notice.

composition. The volume is entitled, Voices of the Night, Next, I have to remark that for the quotations Seventh Thousand, 1852; and the subject of the from “ the sceptic Goethe and the eminent Chrissermon or chapter in which the passage occurs is, tian Luther," as also for another quotation from “ Nature's Travail and Expectancy.” (Rom. viii. the latter (p. 145.), and for very much besides, 19–22.). On this, then, Dr. Cumming discourses Dr. Cumming is indebted to Olshausen, whose as follows (pp. 168–9.):

name he never condescends to mention, although “ The celebrated German poet and philosopher at pp. 134-5. he parades a host of other commenGoethe, who lived and died a sceptic, and whose testi- tators, including Chrysostom, Jerome, Theomony, therefore, was not meant to confirm that of the doret, and almost all the ancient fathers, with Bible, has said,"• When I stand all alone at night in scarcely a single exception." open nature, I feel as though nature were a spirit, and Lastly, the words which are fathered on Goethe begged redemption of me.' . . And again, be are not his. Olshausen (Germ. iii. 314., Eng. 284.) says, • Often, often have I had the sensation as if gives a reference to Goethe's Briefwechsel mit einem nature, in wailing sadness, entreated something of me; Kinde, and introduces them as something wbich so that not to understand what she longed for, has cut “ Bettina writes." Dr. Cumming would seem me to the very heart.' . . But I present another

never to have heard of the Correspondence, and to witness -- that of a great and good man. Martin Luther says : · Albeit the creature hath not speech imagination ; but, if so, was it quite fair to tell

have mistaken Bettina for a creature of the poet's such as we have, it hath a language still, which God his hearers and readers that the words supposed to the Holy Spirit heareth and understandeth. How nature groaneth for the wrong it must endure from

be put into her mouth were the expression of those who so misuse and abuse it!' Here we have the Goethe's personal feeling ? J. C. ROBERTSON. sceptic Goethe and the eminent Christian Luther Bekesbourne. concurring in the same thing. And the poet who is supposed to tread nearest to the inspired, says very beautifully :

PROGRESSIVE DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSMUTATION • To me they seem, Those fair (far) sad streaks that reach along the west I think it is high time that experiments, conLike strains of song still [long, full] yearning [] from ducted on scientitic principles, should be made on the chords

the transmutation of species in the vegetable kingOf nature's orchestra. Weary (;] yet still

dom. The fact of such transmutation, if not cerShe sinks with longing to her winter-sleep,

tain, appears to be the only solution of several Dreams ever of that birth from whose bright dawn The whole creation groans.

remarkable phenomena already brought to light.

Fair, sad companion! I join my sighs (sigh) with thine; yet none can be

It is now a matter of fact, capable of easy experiOur sighs' (sigh’sj interpreter, but that great God ment, that if oats be sown in the spring, and be [Good]

kept topped during the summer and autumn Who breathes eternal wisdom, made, redeemed, (without wounding the leaves), a crop of rye And (0,] loves us both; and ever moves as erst makes its appearance at the close of the summer of On thy dark water's (waters'] face.'

the following year. An analogous fact, equally [November.)"

well known, though not so significant, is the seeds

of an immense number of flowers and trees inTo begin with the latter part of this extract. variably give birth to varieties apparently distinct The reader may perhaps ask, Who is "the poet from their parent plants. (For instance, the dahlia, who is supposed to tread nearest to the inspired ?" laburnum, and fuchsia.) But the fact I wish to I cannot tell who may have been in Dr. Cumming's introduce to your pages is one quite as remarkmind; but the verses were really written by an able as the first I have mentioned. It is this. If excellent friend of mine, quite unknown to the a stock of yellow laburnum (Cytisus laburnum) be world as a poet; and are to be found at p. 298. of grafted upon the common purple laburnum (Cya translation of Olshausen On the Epistle to the tisus Alpinus), the resulting tree frequently bears Romans, which was published by Messrs. Clark, of three distinct species of Cytisus, viabi Edinburgh, in 1849. I do not think thirt Dr.

I. And abundantly, the purple laburnum. Cumminy has improved them by substituting the

II. More sparely, the yellow laburnum.

OF SPECIES.

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beautiful words in Italics for those which I have restored III. Still more

plant, within brackets, or by his changes in the punetu- known by the name of the purple Cytisus, but into a participle, while another makes an albjective licerent from a luburnum.

&

sparingly,

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I beg to give you three references as a voucher and others to this part of England for tin is in of the fact. Mr. Cowdrey, the florist, who has this way remarkably corroborated, independently large nursery gardens at Edgbaston, near Birming- of that resemblance in domestic implements, and ham, has one specimen, with the history of wbich those of personal use, both in ancient and modern he is personally acquainted : no graft of the pur- times

, which may be traced in the antiquities colple Cytisus has touched this tree. Mr. Holcombe lected in the British Museum. C. REDDING. of Valentines, near Ilford, has another specimen ; and in my father's plantations at Kingsheath, near Inscription on an Oak Chest. — I copy the folBirmingham, there are four trees of purple labur- lowing inscription from the lid of an old oak chest, num grafted on stocks of yellow laburnum; and measuring four feet eight inches and a half long, of these, two have put forth the purple Cytisus in and two feet three inches and a half broad. The abundance.

words are taken from Isaiah, chap. i. ver. 16, 17.: Let no one imagine that the purple Cytisus is

"1.5.9.1. merely a variety of the purple laburnum. It is, CEASE. TO. DO. EVILL. LEARNE. TO.DO. GOOD as I have said, specifically distinct. Its flowers do SEKE. TO.DO. RIGHT .RELIVE. THE. POORE" not grow in raceines, as in the two laburnums, but The letters, it may be observed, are formed by are on short footstalks all along the branch, with brass-headed nails driven into the wood, in exactly a very peculiar and small foliage springing from the same manner as trunkmakers do at the present the same points of the branch. This fact can leave day, to ornament their boxes. It is the property the problem of changes of species into species no of the Coopers' Company, and, from the spirit of longer of doubtful solution. Perhaps this note the legend, I should say that it was formerly used may lead to others of more scientific research. to hold the documents relating to the various Surely a series of well-digested experiments would charities of which the Company are trustees. not merely confirm the facts already known, but

A. W. lead to a rationale of the presumed transmutation. Kilburn. C. MANSFIELD INGLEBY.

The Raising of Charles I.'s Standard at Not

tingham. — The frontispiece to Cattermole's Civil Minor Nates.

War represents a forlorn group of men, women,

and children, watching the fixing into the ground Apuleius on Mesmerism. — I transcribe the fol- of a large flag, which a soldier is seeking to owing passage, which I have just met with in strengthen by stakes driven round the base of the Apuleius, as a very early allusion to Mesmerism: flagstaff. Surely this is not a correct delineation

" Quin et illud mecum reputo, posse animuin huma of that event ?' Rushworth, it is true, says the num, præsertim puerilem et simplicem seu carminum standard was fixed in an open field at the back side avocamento, sive odorum delenimento, soporari, et ad of the castle wall; but the common opinion, that oblivionem præsentium externari; et paulisper remota its position was rather the summit of one of the corporis memoriâ, redigi ac redire ad naturam suam, old turrets of the castle, receives confirmation from quæ est immortalis scilicet et divina : atque ita, veluti a source little known to the public, viz. the mequodim sopore, futura rerum præsagire."— Apuleius, moranda of the antiquary, John Aubrey. In a Apol. 175. Delph. ed.

letter sent to bim by Sherrington Talbot (of

RECHABITE. Laycock?), who was present at the “ raising,” the The Domiciliary Cluusc. In 1547 a proclama- writer says that he saw the flag,“ lying horizontally tion was issued by Henry VIII., " that all women

on the tower; this horizontal position being ocshould not meet together to bubble and talk, and casioned by the tempest which, it need hardly be that all men should keep their wives in their added, cast the standard down almost as soon as houses." ALIQUIS. erected.

J. W. Transmission of Ancient Usages. - To the derivation of certain customs and usages from the

Queries. East viâ Gades or Cadiz, as in the case of the address "uncle" in Andalusia and Cornwall, and the clouted cream in Syria and Cornwall, may be A living man, lying on a bench, extended as a arided the use, in the same county, of a lock with-corpse, can be lifted with case by the forefingers out wards actually now to be seen sculptured on of two persons standing on each side, provided the the great temple of Karnac, in Egypt, too plainly listers and the liftee inhale at the monient the to be mistaken. The principle is similar to that in effort is being made. If the liftee do not inhale, one of Bramah's locks. Mr. Trevelyan some years he cannot be moved off the bench at all ; but the ago brought this fact to the notice of the Royal inhalation of the lifters, although not essential, Institution. The principle is not easily explained seems to give additional power. without an engraving. The voyages of Hamilcar The fact is undeniable. I have never met with

REMARKABLE EXPERIMENTS.

As you

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any one who could explain it. Has it ever been, him. When he is replaced in the chair, each of the or can it be, accounted for?

W. CL. four persons takes hold of the body as before; and the [This curious fact was first recorded by Pepys, who, person to be listed gives two signals, by clapping his in his Diary, under the date 31st July, 1665 (vol. iii.

hands. At the first signal, he himself, and the four

lifters, begin to draw a long full breath ; ard when the p. 60.) writes as follows:

inhalation is completed, or the lungs filled, the second .. This evening with Mr. Brisband, speaking of en signal is given for raising the person from the chair. chantments and spells, I telling him some of my To his own surprise, and that of his bearers, he rises charmes; he wld me this of his own knowledge, at

with the greatest facility, as if he were no heavier than Bourdeaux, in France.

a feather.

On several occasions, I have observed, that The words were these :

when one of the bearers performs his part ill by making 4* Voyci un Corps mort.

the inhalation out of time, the part of the body which Royde come un Baston,

he tries to raise is left as it were behind. Froid comme Martre,

have repeatedly seen this experiment, and performed Leger come un Esprit,

the part both of the load and of the bearer, you can Levons te au nom de Jesus Christ.'

testify how remarkable the effects appear to all parties, “ He saw four little girls, very young ones, all and how complete is the conviction, either that the load kneeling each of them, upon one knee; and one begun has been lightened, or the bearer strengthened, by the the first line, whispering in the eare of the next, and prescribed process. At Venice the experiment was the second to the third, and the third to the fourth, performed in a much more imposing manner. The and she to the first.

heaviest man in the party was raised and sustained " Then the first begun the second line, and so round upon the points of the forefingers of six persons. quite through; and putting each one finger only to a Major H. declared that the experiment would not boy that lay flat upon his back on the ground, as if he succeed, if the person lifted were placed upon a board, was dead : at the end of the words, they did with their and the strength of the individuals applied to the board, four fingers raise this boy as high as they could reach. He conceived it necessary that the bearers should comAnd Mr. Brisband, being there, and wondering at it, municate directly with the body to be raised. as also being afraid to see it, for they would have had “ I have not had an opportunity of making any exhim to have bore a part in saying the words, in the periments relative to these curious facts : but whether room of one of the little girls that was so young that the general effect is an illusion, or the result of known they could hardly make her learn to repeat the words, principles, the subject merits a careful investigation.") did, for fear there might be some slight used in it by the boy, or that the boy might be light, call the cook of the bouse, a very lusty fellow, as Sir G. Carteret's

Minor Queries. cook, who is very big: and they did raise him just in the same manner. This is one of the strangest things De Sanctâ Cruce. - Can you inform me who is I ever beard, but he tells it me of his own knowledge, the author of a book entitled De Sancta Cruce ; and I do beartily believe it to be true. I inquired of and what is the size and date ? Are there not him wbether they were Protestant or Catholique more than one under that title? I rather think girles; and he told me they were Protestant, which

that Gretser the Jesuit wrote such a book, but I made it the more strange to me.”

have not been able to meet with it among the In illustration of this passage Lord BRAYBROOKE London booksellers.

Hugo. adds, at vol. v. p. 245., the following note, which we insert, as it serves to bring before our readers evidence Etymology of Aghindle" or " Aghendole?" of this, at present, inexplicable fact on the authority of This is a sınall wooden measure containing eight one of the most accomplished philosophers of our day : pounds and a half, being the fourth part of ihe old

** The secret is now well known, and is described by peck of thirty-four pounds; and its use is now Sir David Brewster, in his Natural Mugic, p. 256. almost obsolete in those parts of Lancashire where One of the most remarkable and inexplicable experi- it was formerly known. It is alluded to in the ments relative to the strength of the human frame is Notes of Pott's Discovery of Witches, edited by that in which a heavy man is raised up the instant that James Crossley, Esq., for the Chetham Society. his own lungs, and those of the persons who raise him,

F.R.R. are inflated with air. This experiment was, I believe, first shown in England a few years ago by Major H., Pictures of Queen Elizabeth's Tornb.--Fuller, in who saw it performed in a large party at Venice, under his account of Queen Elizabeth, Church History, the direction of an officer of the American navy. Major H. performed it more than once in my presence,

“Her corpse was solemnly interred under a fair I shall describe as nearly as possible the method which

tomb in Westminster, the lively draught whereof is he prescribed. The heaviest person in the company pictured in most London, and many country churches, lies down upon two chairs, his legs being supported by

every parish being proud of the shadow of her tomb.” the one, and his back by the other. Four persons, one at each leg, and one at each shoulder, then try to Can any of your correspondents point out inraise him; and they find his dead weight to be very

stances where these are still preserved ? great, from the difficulty they experience in supporting

T. STERNBERG.

As lib. x., says:

Item foure Spanishe veiwe bowes with a quirer}

a

xls"

Spanish Veiwe Bowes." — Attached to a com- Now, according to the Peerage Books, the earldom mission I find the following, dated March 10, 1622: of Dover became extinct on the death, in 1671,

“ Nottingham. An Inventory of the goods and of John Cary, the second Earl, son of Henry, the Chattells of S John Byron the elder, knight, taken at

first Earl, without issue male; and I am not aware Mansfyld.

of any recognised or otherwise mentioned Vis-
count Dover,

Joux D'ALTON.

48. Summer Hill, Dublin. and arrowes at

Lines on Womun's Will. Can you inform me if these "veiwe bowes" were cross-bows; or, if not, what other bows they were? “ That man's a fool who tries by art and skill,

J. O. B.

To stem the torrent of a woman's will,

For if she will, she will, you may depend on't, Old English Dirinės. It has been said of our

And if she won't, she won't, and there's an end on't." late king, George III., that in a conversation with a learned man of the day respecting the English is the author of the above lines? I am not certain

Can any of your correspondents inform me who divines of the seventeenth century, he made a happy and correct application of the first clause of that I have quoted them quite correctly. My imGenesis vi. 4., by observing that " there were

pression is that they are of considerable antiquity.

Civis. giants in the earth in those days." To whom did the king make this observation ?

Celebrated Fly. In Curzon's Monasteries of and on what occasion ?

the Levant, p. 183., occurs the following passage: The eminent and accomplished editor of Boswell's Johnson asked this question some years ago journey from Jerusalem to Mecca in four bounds, for

The prophet Mahomet's camel performed the whole of his literary friends, but, I believe, did not re

which remarkable service he is to have a place in ceive a satisfactory answer.

H. heaven, where be will enjoy the society of Borak, the Lord Viscount Dover, Colonel of the First Troop prophet's borse, Balaam's ass, Tobit's dog, and the dog of Guards in the Service of James II. in Ireland, of the Seven Sleepers, whose name was Ketmir

, and 1689–1690. — I am engaged in displaying, with

also the companionship of a certain celebrated fly, with

whose merits I am unacquainted.” genealogical illustrations, the titles and names of the officers of all the regiments of this ex-monarch,

Will some of your readers supply the informhaving in my possession a full copy of his Arroy ation ?

AGMOND. List, classified in regiments, with columnar rolls of 59. Egerton Street, Liverpool. their several officers, according to their rank. The importance of publishing these memorials in aid of

Batlle of Alfred the Great with the Danes. pedigree searches must be apparent froin the fact, Can any of your readers inform me the name of that this list comprises members of all the old the place in Hampshire where the memorable enaristocracy of Ireland up to that day, to the rank

counter of Alfred the Great with the Danes took and estates of whom the accession of King Williain place, as different historians call it by various introduced more adventurous, but long less re

names ? also in what part of the county it is spected successors.

situate, and (if still existing) its present name?

J.S. In the opening list of colonels the first I encounter is styled as above: now, what was the

Islington. name and lineage of this Viscount Dover? Henry, Old Satchells. — In Lockhart's Life of Scott, Lord Dover, was appointed one of the Commis- vol. i. p. 63., there occurs the following passage:sioners of the Treasury to that king in 1686; and · He owed much to the influence exerted over his again, in 1688, a short time before bis abdication, juvenile mind by the rude but enthusiastic clan-poetry was especially chosen to advise the queen. In of old Satchells, who describes himself on his title-page 1689 the “ Earl of Dover” was one of those re- as ·Captain Walter Scott, an old souldier and no corded as having fled with the royal exile to

scholler.'” France, and afterwards accompanied him to Ireland. On James' arrival there Lord Viscount

Can any of your readers inform me why this

ancestor of Sir Walter's was called old Satchells ? Dover appears as 'above, and was a Privy Cowbether, as is most probable, from his residence, cillor, but did not sit in the Parliament of Dublm.

some house or hamlet bearing that name, or from In July 1689 he was joined in Commission for

some family, should there be any of that surname. the 'Treasury with the Duke of Tyrconnel, Lord What editions have there been of his true Riverston, and Sir Stephen Rice. Norris says histvry,” &c. ?

SIGMA. (Life of King William, p. 281.) that this Viscount applied in 1690 for a pass out of the country: on Pretty Peggy of Derby, 0.!"– Who was the which he retired to the Continent. He was after author of this ballad, and where shall I meet with wards, with his joint commissioners, outlawed. a copy of it, my copy being imperfect?

? R.S.

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** Noose as I was," and " Noose the same,” were Earl of Dunbar, secretary to Prince Charles Edfrequent replies, in my younger days, to inquiries ward, and who afterwards became approver in the from persons relative to another's state of health ; State Trials of 1746, as the brother of the first and occasionally I have heard, in answer to a Lord Mansfield. general inquiry of How do you do?" or, How Is not this a mistake? The great Chief Justice, do you find yourself?" the reply “ Tightish in a as all the world knows, was the younger son of a noose."" Now, this not having been confined to Perthshire peer, Viscount Stormont. one particular locality, I should be much pleased Was not James Murray of Broughton the reif any of your correspondents would throw a light presentative of a family in Kirkcudbright, which on the unde derivatur of the phrase. W. R.

was either not at all, or very remotely, connected Surbiton.

with the Stormont-Mansfield Murrays? C. (2.)

Portsmouth. * La Garde meurt,&c. (Vol. v., p. 425.). – In a late number of “N. & Q." reference is made to the famous saying ascribed to the Duke of Wel

Minor Queries Answered. lington at Waterloo : “Up guards, and at them!"

Lanthorns.- Where is this passage to be found, I beg to call the attention of your readers to the which I have copied from a MS. Place-book, relaequally famous words said to have been uttered tive to the origin of lanthorns ? by the brave Murat, who, when summoned to surrender, is reported to have answered, “ La garde in whose days the churches were of so poor a struc

“ The inventor of lanthorns was one King Alured, meurt, et ne se rend pas."

ture that the candles were blown out set before the I have heard it stated on good authority that these were not the words of Murat, but that he relics, the wind getting in not only ostia ecclesiarum, merely answered the summons with the emphatic ingenious prince was put to the practice of his dexterity,

but per frequentes parietum rimulas : insomuch that the monosyllable “Merde!". response which, and by the occasions of this lanternam ex lignis et borinis though no wise so elegant, conveys the same idea cornibus pulcherrime construere imperarit ; or by an apt as the commonly received version, and is much

composure of their horns and wood he taught us the more characteristic of the man. I shall be de- mystery of making lanthorns.” lighted to receive some light as to the historical

I do not remember ever to have met with this fact, what Murat's answer really was? R. C. B.

origin of those useful articles before. Coral Charms. - On the little bunches of coral

C. REDDING. charms, imported from Italy, amid hands to avert

[The substance of the passage will be found towards the evil eye, &c., there generally bangg a rather the close of Asser's Life of Alfred.] unmeaning-looking one, like a single finger. Is not this neither more nor less than the veritable

A Popular Book censured in the Pulpit, in the fascimm? If not, what is it?

A. A. D.

time of Queen Anne.

“ The face of a Book in vogue, looks indeed with a Maturin Laurent. - I wish to learn where, when, sowre aspect against the Priesthood only, but intends (if and #bat, Maturin or Mathurin Laurent was. He we may turn aside its disguise) a wound and stab to the was the author of a work rather indecent and Revelation that once settled and still upholds it. Nor irreligious, somewhat learned, and not altogether would it fare so ill, I verily believe, with the characters undull, entitled Le Compere Mathieu. It is an of Priests either among the Authors or Admirers of imitation of the manner of Rabelais. I can find that Treatise, if it were not for Tithes and Offerings, his name in no biographical dictionary.

A. N. the Lands and Revenues, which the Law and Gospel

both allow for the support of that Order.”—Pp. 24, 25. Mons. Cahagnet. - Dr. Gregory, in his Letters of A Serinon preached by Rev. Richard Barker, M.A., on Animal Magnetism, p. 222., says :

Fellow of Winchester College, before Jonathan, Lord * Mr. Cahagnet is since dead, or I should have en- Bishop of Winchester, Sept. 22, 1707. deavoured to see his experiments."

What is the book alluded to, and who was the But I am credibly assured he has just published author ?

F. R. R. a new work of the most extreme Cahagnetism.

[Most probably Matthew Tindal's treatise, The Which of the two is the truth? Or, does he (like Rights of the Christian Church Asserted, against the Hermotimus of old) divide his time between this Romish and all other Priests who claim an independent world and the next-slipping away to his country- Power over it, published in 1706. The work, which is house in Paradise when he apprehends a visit from an elaborate attack upon what are commonly called a Scotch philosopher ?

A. N. High-Church principles, caused a great commotion.

It is related that, to a friend who found Tindal one James Murray, titular Earl of Dunbar.- Lord day engaged upon it, pen in hand, he said that he was Albemarle, at p. 161. vol. i. of his

Memoirs of the writing a book which would make the clergy mad. Marquis of Rockingham and his Contemporaries, Replies to it were published by the celebrated William speaks of James Murray of Broughton, titular Wotton, Dr. Hickes, and others. ]

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