Imagens das páginas

are distinct, but after some years unite and con synartbrosis, as in the joining of the carpus to solidate into one bone. Wiseman. the metacarpus.

Wiseman. SympO'SIACK. adj. [symposiaque, Fr. SYNCHONDRO'sis. n. s. [our and xóvoz.]

Gol Tog vaxos.] Relating to merrymakings; Synchondrosis is an union by gristles of the happening where company is drinking

sternon to the ribs.

Wiseman. together.

SYNCHROÍNICAL, adj. (our and xçóc.] By desiring a secresy to words spoke under Happening together at the same time. the rose, we only mean in society and compota.

It is difficult to make out how the air is contion, from the ancient custom of symposiack veyed into the left ventricle of the heart, the meetings to wear chaplets of roses about their systole and diastole of the heart and lungs being heads. Brown. far from synchronical.

Boyle. In some of those symposiack disputations SY'NCHRONISM. n. so [siv and xpro.] amongst my acquaintance, I attirined that the Concurrence of events happening at the dietetick part of medicine depended upon scien

same time. tifick principles.


The coherence and synchronism of all the parts SY'MPTOM. n. s. (symptome, French; of the Mosaical chronology, after the flood, bear cuptitance.]

a most regular testimony of the truth of his hi1. Something that happens concurrently story.

Hale. with something else, not as the original SY'NCHRONOUS, adj. (own and xpór@.] cause, nor as the necessary or constant Happening at the same time. effect.

The variations of the gravity of the air keep The symptoms, as Dr. Sydenham remarks,

both the solids and fluids in an oscillatory motion, which are commonly scorbutick, are often no

synbronous and proportional to their changes. thing but the principles or seeds of a growing,

Arbutbnot. but unripe gout.

Blackmore. SY'NCOPE. n. s. [syncope, Fr. cuyxomn] 2. A sign; a token.

1. Fainting fit. Ten glorious campaigns are passed, and now, The symptoms attending gunshot wounds are like the sick man, we are expiring with all sorts

pain, fever, delirium, and syncope. Wiseman. of goud symptoms.

Swift. 2. Contraction of a word by cutting off a SYMPTOMA'TICAL.adj. (symptoma. part in the middle. SYMPTOMATICK. S

tique, Fri from

SY'NCOPIST. n. s. [from syncope.] Consymptom.] Happening concurrently or tractor of words. occasionally

To outshine all the modern syncopists; and Symptomatical is often used to denote the dif thoroughly content my English readers, I intend ference between the primary and secondary causes to publish a Spectator that shall not have a sinin diseases; as a fever from pain is said to be gle vowel in it.

Spectator. symptomatical, because it arises from pain only; To SY'NDICATE. v. n.

v. n. (syndiquer, Fr. and therefore the ordinary means in fevers are cur and sixo.) To judge ; to pass judgpor in such cases to be had recourse to, but to

ment on; to censure. An unusual word. what will rernove the pain; for when that ceases

Not in use. the fever will cease, without any direct means taken for that.


Aristotle undertook to censure and syndicate By fomentation and a cataplasm the swelling

his master, and all law-makers before hiin. was discussed; and the fever, then appearing but

Hakswill, symptomatical, lessened as the heat and pain mi- SY'NDROME. n. s. [ouvaporare] Concurrent tigated.


action ; concurrence. SYMPTOMA’TICALLY, adv. [from symp All things being linked together by an unintomatical.] In the nature of a symp

terrupted chain of causes, every single motion

owns a dependance on such a syndrome of preretom. The causes of a bubo are vicious humours SYNECDOCHE. n. s. (synecdoche, Fr.

quired motors.

Glanville. abounding in the blood, or in the nerves, excreted sometimes critically, sometimes symptomatie

cusexdou.] A figure by which part is cally.

Wiseman. taken for the whole, or the whole for SYNAGO'GICAL. adj. [from synagogue.]

part. Pertaining to a synagogue.

Because they are instruments of grace in the SY'NAGOGUE. n. s. (synagogue, French;

hand of God, and by these his holy spirit

changes our hearts; therefore the whole work is ovayay] An assembly of the Jews to

attributed to them by a synecdoche; that is, they worship.

do in this manner the work for which God orGo, Tubal, and meet me at our synagogue. dained them.

As his custom was, he went into the synagogue

SYNECDO'CHICAL. adj. [from synecdoche.] on the sabbath.


Expressed by a synecdoche; implying a SYNA LEʻPHA. n. s. [ouveau...] A con synecdoche. traction or excision of a syilable in Latin

Should I, Lindamer, bring you into hospitals,

and shew you there how many souls, narrowly verse, by joining together two vowels in

lodged in synecdocbical bodies, see their earthen the scanning, or cutting off the ending

cottages mouller away to dust, those miserable vowel; as, illego.

Bailey. persons, by the loss of one limb after another, Virgil

, though smooth, is far from affecting it: surviving but part of themselves, and living to he frequently uses synulephas, and concludes his see themselves dead and buried by piecemeal? sense in the middle of his verse. Dryden.

Boyle. SYNARTHROʻsis. n. s. icon and dispowo] SINNEURO'SIS. n. s. Cour and viüpor. ] A close conjunction of two bones.

Synneurosis is when the connexion is made by There is a cospicuous motion where the cor a ligament.. Of this in symphysis we find injunction is called diarthrosis, a in the elbow; an stances, in the connexion of the ussa pubis togeOvo we one, where the conjunction is called ther, especia'ly in women, by a ligamentous



substance. In articulation, it is either rouni, 2. [senedice, Fr.) Reckoned from 010 as that which unites the head of the os femoris

conjunction with the sun to another. to the coxa; or broad, as the tendon of the pa

The diurnal and annual revolutions of the sun, tella, which unites it to the os tibiz. Wiseman,

to us are the measures of day and year; and the SYNOD. n. s. (synode, Fr. curci 7..] synodick revolution of the moon measures the 1. Au assembly called for consultation: it


The moon makes its sencdical motion about is used particularly of ecclesiasticks. A

the earth in twenty-nine days twelve hours and provincial synod is commonly used, and

about torty-four minutes. a general council.

The glorious gods sit in hourly synod about thy SYNO'DICALLY. adv. [from synodizal.) particular prosperity.


By the authority of a synod or publick Since the mortal and intestine jars

assembly. Twixt thy seditious countrymen and us,

It shall be needful for those churches synodiIt hath in solemn synod been decreed,

cally to determine something in those points. T'admit no traffick to our adverse towns.

Saunderson. Sbakspeare.

The alterations made by the commissioners The opinion was not only condemned by the were brought to the convocation, then sitting, synod, but imputed to the emperor as extreme where they were synodically agreed upon. madness. Bacon,

Nelsen, Flea-bitten synod, an assembly brew'd SYNO'N YMA. . s. [Latin ; cuma suus:] Of clerks and elders ana, like the rude Chaos of presbyt'ry, where laymen guide,

Names which signify the same thing.

T. SYNO'N Y MUSE. v.a. [from synonyma.} With the tame woolpack clergy by their side.

Cleaveland. To express the same thing in different His royal majesty, according to these presby words. terian rules, shall have no power to command his This word fortis we may synonymise after all clergy to keep a national synod.

W bite. these fashions, stout, hardy, valiant, doughty, Well have ye judg'd, well ended long debate, courageous, adventurous, brave, bold, daring, Synod of gods! and, like to what ye are,


Camden. Great things resolv'd.

Milton. Let us call to synod all the blest,

SYNO'NYMOUS. adj. [synonyme, French; Through heav'n's wide bounds. Milton. cune cure.] Expressing the same thing

The second council of Nice, he saith, I most by different words. irreverently call that wise synod; upon which he 'When two or more words signify the same falls into a very tragical exclamation, that I thing, as wave and billow, mead and meadow, should dare to reficct so much dishonour on a they are usually called synonymous words. Watts. council.

Stilling fleet. These words consist of two propositions, which Parent of gods and men, propitious Jove! are not distinct in sense, but one and the same And you bright synod of the pow'rs above, thing variously expressed; for wisdom and un

On this my son your gracious gifts bestov. Dry. derstanding are synonymous words here. 2. Conjunction of the heavenly bodies.

Tillotson. Howe'er love's native hours are set,

Fortune is but a synonymous word for nature Whatever starry synod met,

and necessity:

Bentiry. "T is in the mercy of her eye,

SYNO'N YMY. 1. s. [curutupia.] The quaIf poor love shall live or die. Crasbaw. 'Their planetary motions and aspects

lity of expressing by different words the Of noxious efficacy, and when to join

same thing. In sgnod unbenign.

Milton. SYNOʻPSIS. . s. [cúvotos.] A general As the planets and stars have, according to view ; all the parts brought under one astrologers, in their great synods, or conjunc view. tions, much more powerful influences on the air Sy NOʻPTICAL. adj. [from synopsis.] Afthan are ascribed to one or two of them out of that aspect; so divers particulars, which, whilst

fording a view of many parts at once, they lay scattered among the writings of several

We have collected so many

synoptical tables, authors, were inconsiderable, when they come

calculated for his monthly use.

Evriye. to be laid together, may oftentimes prove high- SYNTA'CTICAL. adj. [from syntaxis, ly useful to physiology in their conjunctions.


Bayle. 1. Conjoined; fitted to each other. SY'NODÁL. n. s. [from synod.] Money 2. Relating to the construction of speech.

paid anciently to the bishop, &c. at SY'NTAX. Easter visitation.


. } n. s. [cúvras] SY'NODAL. ladj. [synodique, Fr. from

1. A system ; a number of things joined SYNO'DICAL.

together. SYNO'DICK. synod.]

They owe no other dependance to the first

than what is common to the whole syntax of 1. Relating to a synod; transacted in a

beings. synod. 'The various dignity of their several churches,

2. That part of grammar which teaches and of their many functions, rules, and orders in

the con-truction of words. them, by reason of the frequency of their synod

I can produce a hundred instances to convince ical and processional meetings, have necessarily any reasonable man, that they do not so much raised many questions of place among them.

as understand common grammar and syntax.

Selden. St. Athanasius writes a synodical epistle to

SYNTHESIS. n. so [cuvad tois.] The act of those of Antioch, to compose the differences joining : opposed to analysis. among them upon the ordination of Paulinus.

The synthesis consists in assuming the causes Stilling

fleet. discovered and established as principles, and by



them explaining the phænomena proceeding 3. A scheme which unites many things in from them, and proving the explanations.


Newton. SYNTHE'Tick. adj. [SUVI ETIXÒS. ] Con

He presently bought a sgutem of divinity,

with design to apply himself straightway to that joining; compounding i forming com study.

Foll. position: opposed to analytick.

Aristotle brings morality into system, by treatSyntbetick method is that which begins with ing of happiness under heads, and ranges it in the parts, and leads onward to the knowledge of classes according to its different objects, distinthe whole: it begins with the most simple prin guishing virtues into their several kinds, which ciples and general truths, and proceeds by de had not been handled systematically before. grees to that which is drawn from them or

Baker. compounded of them; and therefore it is called The best way to learn airy science is to begir the method of composition.

Watts. with a regular system, or a short and plain scheme SY'PHON. n. s. [This should be written

of that sciencé well drawn up into a narrow compass.

Watts. siphon; cipuv.) A tube; a pipe.

Take your glass, syphon, or crane, and draw SYSTEM A’TICAL. adj. [systematique, Fr. it off from its last faces into stuall bottles. cusquatıxòs; from system.] Methodical;

Mortimer. written or formed with regular suborSY RINGE. n. s. [currys.] A pipe through dination of one part to another. which any liquor is squirted.

It will be necessary, in a discourse about the The heart seems not designed to be the foun formation of the world, to give you a brief actain or conservatory of the vital tame, but as a count of some of the most principal and systemmachine to receive the blood from the veins, atical phænomena that occur in it. Bentley. and force it out by the arteries through the Now we deal much in essays, and unreason whole body, as a syringe doth any liquor, though · abły despise systematical learning; whereas our not by the same artitice.

Ray. fathers had a just value for regularity and syTo SY'RINGE. v. a. (from the noun.]

Watts. 1. To spout by a syringe.

SYSTEMATICALLY. adv. [from systema. A fix of blood from the nose, mouth, and tical.) In form of a system. eye, was stopt by the syringing up of oxycrate. I treat of the usefulness of writing books of

Wiseman. essay, in comparison of that of writing systemati2. To wash with a syringe.


Beyle. SYRINGOʻTOMY. n. s. [cúzys and tiroua.]

Aristotle brings morality into system, and The act or practice of cutting fistulas or

ranges it into classes according to its different

objects, distinguishing virtues into their several hollow sores.

kinds, which had not been handled systematically STYRTIS. n. s. (Latin.) A quicksand; a before.

Baker. bog.

SY'STOLE. n. s. (systole, Fr. Gusodn.] Å boggy syrtis, neither sea nor good dry land.

1. [In anatomy.) The contraction of the Milton.

heart. SY'STEM. n. s. [systeme, Fr. tus.]

The systole resembles the forcible bending of 1. Any complexure or combination of

a spring, and the diastole its flying out again to many things acting together.

its natural site.

Ray. 2. A scheme which reduces many things 2. [systole, Fr.] In grammar, the short

to regular dependence or co-operation. ening of a long syllable.




TAB T, A mute consonant, which, at the be- TA'BBY. adj. Brinded; brindled; varied

> ginning and end of words, has al. with different colours. ways the same sound, nearly approach. A tabby cat sat in the chimney-corner. Addis. ing to that of d; but before an i, when On her rabby rival's face

Prior. followed by a vowel, has the sound of

She deep will mark her new disgrace. an obscure's: as, nation, salvation ; ex. TABEFA'CTION. n. s. (tabefacio, Latin.] cept when s precedes t: as, christian,

The act of wasting away. question.

To TA'BEFY. v. n. (tabefacio, Lat.] To TA'BBY. n. s. [tabi, tabino, Italian ; tabis, waste; to extenuate. French.) A kind of waved silk.

Meat eaten in greater quantity than is conBrocades, and tabies, and gauses. Srift.

venient tabefies the body.


TA'BERD. n. š. (taberda, low Lat. tabard, 'T was pretty, though a plague,
Fr.] A long gown; a herald's coat:

To see him every hour; to sit and draw sometimes written tabard.

His arched brows, his hawking eye, his curls


In our heart's table. TABERDER. n. s. [from taberd.] One


All these true notes of immortality who wears a long gown.

In our heart's table we shall writeen find. Davies. TA'BERNACLE. n. s. (tabernacle, Fr. ta. I prepar'd to pay, in verses rude, bernaculum, Latin.]

A most detested act of gratitude: 1. A temporary habitation; a casual dwell

Ev’n this had been your elegy which now ing.

Is offer'd for your health, the table of my vow.

Dryden. They sudden rear'd Cælestial tabernacles, where they slept

There are books extant which the atheist must Fann'd with cool winds.


allow of as proper evidence; even the mighty

volumes of visible nature, and the everlasting 2. A sacred place; a place of worship. tables of right reason; wherein, if they do not

The greatest conqueror did not only compose wilfully shut their eyes, they may read their his divine odes, but set them to musick ; his

own folly written by the finger of God in a works, though consecrated to the tabernacle, be

much plainer and more terrible sentence than came the national entertainment, as well as the Belshazzar's was by the hand upon the wall

. devotion of his people. Addison,

Bentley To TA'BERNACLE.V. n. (from the noun.] Among the Romans, the judge or præter To enshrine; to house.

granted administration, not only according to The word was made flesh, and tabernacled the tables of the testament, but even contrary to amongst us, and we beheld his glory. Jobr.

those table. TA'BID. adj. [tabide, Fr. tabidus, Lat.]

By the twelve tables, only those were called Wasted by disease; consumptive.

into succession of their parents that were in The tabid disposition, or the ulcer or ulcers

the parent's power. of the lungs, which are the foundation of this 6. (tableau, Fr.] A picture, or any thing disease, is very different from a dimninution of that exhibits a view of any thing upon a the body, and decay of strength from a mere

flat surface. relaxation,

Blackmore. In tabid persons milk is the best restorative,

I never lov'd myself, being chyle already prepared. Arbuthnot.

Till now, infixed, I beheld myself

Drawn in the flatt'ring table of her eye. Shakiť. TA'BUDNESS. n. s. [from tabid. ] Con His Jalysus or Bacchus he so esteemed, that

sumptiveness ; state of being wasted by he had rather lose all his father's images thua disease.

that table.

Peaches, TABLATURE. n. s. (from table.] Paint Saint Anthony has a table that hangs up to ing on walls or ceilings.

him from a poor peasant, who fancied the saint had saved his neck.

Addiso. TABLE. n. s. (table, Fr. tabula, Lat.] 1. Any flat or level surface.

7. An index; a collection of heads; a ca. Upon the castle hill there is a bagnio paved talogue ; <a syllabus. with fair tables of marble.


It might seem impertinent to have added a 2. A horizontal surface raised above the table to a book of so small a volume, and which ground, used for meals and other pur.

seems to be itself but a table: but it may prove advantageous at once to learn the whole culture

Evely. We may again

of any plant. Give to our tables meat, sleep to our nights.

Their learning reaches no farther than the

tables of contents.

Sbakspeare. Help to search my house ; if I find not what I 8. A synopsis; many particulars brought soek, let me for ever be your table sport.

into one view.

Sbakspeare., I have no images of ancestors, Children at a table never asked for any thing, Wanting an ear, or nose; no forged tables But contentedly took what was given them.

Of long descents, to boast false honours from. Locke.

Ben Jeans This shuts them out from all table conversa

9. The palm of the hand. tion, and the most agreeable intercourses.

Mistress of a fairer table.

If there is nothing else to discourage us, we

Hath not history nor fable. Bez JessM may safely come to the Lord's table, and expect

10. Draughts ; small pieces of wood shiftto be kindly entertained by him when we do.

ed on squares.

Monsieur the nice,
Nor hath the fruit in it any core or kernel;

When he plays at tables, chides the dice. Slabs. and differing from other apples, yet is a good

We are in the world like men playing a? table fruit.


tables; the chance is not in our power, but to The nymph the table spread,

play it, is; and when it is fallen, we muse my Ambrosial cates, with nectar rosy red. Pope. nage it as we can. 2. The persons sitting at table, or partak- II. To turn the Tables. To change the ing of entertainment.

condition or fortune of two contending Give me some wine, fil full,

parties: a metaphor taken from the si: I drink to th' general joy of the whole table.

cissitude of fortune at gaming-tables. Sbakspeare.

They that are honest would be arrant knaves 4. The fare or entertainment itself: as, be

if the tables were turned.

L'Estrange keep's a good table.

If it be thus, the tables would be turned upu? 5. A tablet; a surface on which any thing me; but I should only fail in my vain attempt. is written or engraved.

He was the writer of them in the tables of To TA'BLE. v. n. (from the noun.] To their hearts.

Hooker. board ; to live at the table of another.




He lost his kingdom, was driven from the so

Some blow the bagpipe up, that plays the ciety of men to iable with the beasts, and to

country round; graze with oxen.

South. The tabour and the pipe some take delight to You will have no norion of delicacies, if


Drayton. table with them; they are all for rank and foul Morrice-dancers danced a maid marian, and a feeding,

tabour and pipe.

Temple. To TA’BLE. v.a. To make into a cata. To T A'Bour. v. n. [taborer, old French, logue; to set down.

from the noun.] To strike lightly and I could have looked on him without admira frequently tion, though the catalogue of his endowments And her maids shall lead her as with the voice had been tabled by his side, and I to peruse him of doves, tabouring upon their breasts. Nahum. by items.

Sbakspeare: TA'BOURER, n. s. [from tabour.] One TA’BLEBED. n. s. [from table and bed.] who beats the tabour. A bed of the figure of a table.

Would I could see this tabourer. Sbakspeare. TA'BLEBEER.n.s. (table and beer.] Beer Ta'BOURET. n. s. [from tabour.] A small used at victuals; small beer.

tabour. TA'BLEBOOK. n. s. (table and book.]' A They shall depart the manor before him with

book on which any thing is graved or trumpets, tabourets, and other minstrelsy. written without ink.

Spectator. What might you think,

TA'BOURINE. n. s. (French.] A tabour ; If I had play'd the desk or table-book? Sbaksp:

a small drum. Nature wipes clean the table-book first, and

Trumpeters, then pourtrays upon it what she pleaseth. More. With brazen din blast you the city's ear,

Put into your table-book whatsoever you judge Make mingle with our rattling tabourines, worthy.

Dryden. That heav'n and earth may strike their sounds Nature's fair table-book, our tender souls,

together, We scrawl all o'er with old and empty rules, Applauding our approach. Slakspeare. Stale memorandums of the schools. Swift. TA'BRERE. n. s. Tabourer. Obsolete. TA'BLECLOTH. n. s. [table and cloth.] I saw a shole of shepherds outgo, Linen spread on a table.

Before them yode a lusty tabrere, I will end with Odo holding master doctor's That to the merry hornpipe plaid, mule, and Anne with her tablecloth. Camden. Whereto they danced.

Spenser. TA'BLEMAN. 1.5. A man at draughts.

TA'BRET. n. s. A tabour. In clericals the keys are lined, and in colleges

Wherefore didst thou steal away, that I might they use to line the tablemen.

Bacon. have sent thee away with mirth and with tabret? Ta'éler. n. s. [from table.] One who TA'BULAR. adj. [tabularis, Latin.]

Genesis. boards.

Ainsworth. Ta'BLETALK.n. s. (table and talk.] Con

1. Set down in the form of tables or syversation at meals or entertainments;

nopses. table discourse.

2. Formed in lamina.

All the nodules that consist of one uniform Let me praise you while I have a stomach. -No, let it serve for tabletalk. Shakspears.

substance were formed from a point, is tho His fate makes tabletalk, divulg'd with scorn,

crusted ones, nay, and most of the spotted ones, And he a jest into his grave is born. Dryden.

and indeed all whatever, except those that are tabular and plated.

Woodward. He improves by the tabletalk, and repeats in the kitchen what he learns in the parlour.

3. Set in squares.

Guardian, T, TA'BULATE. v. a. [tabula, Latin.] No fair adversary would urge loose tabletalk 1. To reduce to tables or synopses. in controversy, and build serious inferences upon

2. To shape with a Nat surface. what was spoken but in jest. Atterbury. TABULATED.adj. [tabula, Latin.) HavTA'BLET. n. s. (from table.]

ing a flat surface. 1. A small level surface.

Many of the best diamonds are pointed with 2. A medicine in a square form.

six angles, and some tabulated or plain, and It hath been anciently in use to wear tablets of


Grew. arsenick, or preservatives against the plagi!e; as TA'CHE. n. so (from tack.) Apy thing they draw the venom to them from the spirits.


taken hold of; a catch; a loop; a but.

ton. 3. A surface written on or painted.

Make fifty taches of gold, and couple the cure It was by the authority of Alexander, that

tains together with the tacbes.

Exodus. through all Greece the young gentlemen learned, before all other things, to design upon tablets TACHY'GRAPHY. n. s. [rayu's and yeri ww.] of boxen wood.

Dryden. The art or practice of quick writing. The pillar'd marble, and the tabl:t brass,

Ta'cit.adj. (tacite, French; tacitus, Lat.) Mould'ring, drop the victor's praise. Prior.

Silent; implied; not expressed by words. TA'BOUR. n. s. [tabourin, tabour, old

As there are formal and written leagues reFrench.] A small drum ; a drum

spective to certain enemies, so is there a natural beaten with one stick to accompany a and tacit confederation amongst all men against pipe.

the common enemy of human society, pirates. If you did but hear the pedlar at door, you

Baun. would never dance again after a tabour and pipe.

In elective governments there is a tacit coveSbakspeare.

nant, that the king of their own making shall The shepherd knows not thunder from a ta

make his makers princes.

L'Estrange. bour,

Capriousness not only produces misbecoming More than I know the sound of Marcius' tongue expressions and carriage, but is a tacit reproach From every meaner mail.

Lucke. Sbakspeare. of some incivility. VOL. IV,


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