« AnteriorContinuar »
s. To change, as clothes.
seek for shifts and evasions from worldly afflicI would advise you to shift a shirt: the vio tions: this is your reward, if you perform it; lence of action hath made you reek as a sacri this is your doom, if you decline it. South. fice.
Sbakspeare. 5. A woman's under linen. 6. To dress in fresh clothes.
SHIFTER. n. s. [from shift.] One who As it were to ride day and night, and not to
plays tricks; a man of artifice. have patience to shift me. Sbakspeare. 'T was such a shifter, that, if truth were 7. To Shift offTo defer; to put away
known, by some expedient.
Death was half glad when he had got him down. 'The most beautiful parts must be the most finished, the colours and words most chosen : SHI'FTLESS. adj. [from shift.] Wanting many things in both, which are not deserving of expedients; wanting means to act to this care, must be shifted of, content with vulgar live. expressions.
Dryden. For the poor shiftless irrationals, it is a proStruggle and contrive as you will, and lay digious act of the great Creator's indulgence, that your taxes as you please, the traders will sbift it
they are all ready furnished with such clothing. off from their own gain. Locke.
Derbam. By various illusions of the devil they are pre- SHILLING.% s.[scylling, Sax. and Erse; vailed on to shift off the duties, and neglect the conditions, on which salvation is promised.
schelling, Dutch.] A coin of various Rogers.
value in different times. It is now twelve Shift. n. s. [from the verb.]
pence. 1. Expedient found or used with difficulty;
Five of these pence made their sbilling, which difficult means.
they called scilling, probably from scilingus,
which the Romans used for the fourth part of She, redoubling her blows, drave the stranger to no other shift than to ward and go back; at
an ounce; and forty-eight of these stillings made that time seeming the image of innocency
their pound, and four hundred of these pounds
were a legacy for a king's daughter, as appeareth against violence.
by the last will of king Alfred. Camden. If I get down, and do not break my limbs, I'll find a thousand shifts to get away. Shaksp.
The very same shilling may at one time pay This perfect artitice and accuracy might have
twenty men in twenty days, and at another rest
in the same hands one hundred days. Locke. been omitted, and yet they have made shift to
Who, with much pains exerting all his sense, move up and down in the water. More. Not any boast of skill, but extreme shift
Can range aright his shillings, pounds, and pence.
SEILL-I-SHALL-I. A corrupt reduplica-
A fashionable hypocrisy shall be called good hesitating. To stand sbill-I-shall-I, is manners, so we make a shift somewhat to legi to continue hesitating and procrastitimate the abuse.
I am somewhat dainty in making a resolution, wheat; but they can make shift without it.
because when I make it, I keep it; I don't stand Addison.
slill-I-sball-I then: if I say 't, I'll do't. Our herbals are sufficiently stored with
Congreve. plants, and we have made a tolerable shift to
SHI’LY. adv. [from shy.] Not familiarly; reduce them to classes.
Baker, 2. Indirect expedient; mean refuge; last
SHIN. n. s. (rcina, Sax. schien, German.] resource. The very custom of seeking so particular aid
The forepart of the leg. and relief at the hands of God, doth, by a secret
I bruised my shin the other day with playing contradiction, withdraw them from endeavour
at sword and dagger.
Sbakspeare. ing to help themselves, even by those wicked
The shin bone, from the knee to the instep, shifts, which they know can never have his al
is made by shadowing one half of the leg with a lowance whose assistance their prayers scek.
His leg, then broke,
Had got a deputy of oak;
For when a skin in fight is cropt, shift of ignorance.
The knee with one of timber's propt. Hudibras.
As when to an house we come,
To know if any one 's at home,
We knock; so one must kick your shin,
Ere he can find your soul's within. Anonymous. Know ye not Ulysses' shifts ?? To SHINE. v. n. preterit I shone, I have Their swords less danger carry than their gifts. shone; sometimes I shined, I have shined.
[rcinan, Sax. schijnen, Dutch.] 4. Evasion ; elusory practice.
1. To have bright resplendence ; to glit.
ter; to glisten ; to gleam.
'To-day the French,
Shone down the English ; and to-morrow cautious and wily-headed, especially being men
Made Britain India: ev'ry man that stood of so small experience and practice in law mat
Shev:'d like a mine..
Sbakspearle ters, that you would wonder whence they bor True paradise inclos'd with shining rock. row such subtilities and sly shifts. Spenser.
Milton. Here you see your commission; this is your
We can dismiss thee ere the morning sbine. duty, these are your discouragements i never
Fair daughter, blow away these mists and
gold, and considers it as a vein of the same earth clouds,
he treads on.
Decay of Pietra And let thy eyes sbine forth in their full lustre. Say, in what mortal soil thou deign'st to grow?
D:nbn. Fair op’ning to some court's propitious shine, The sun shises when he sees it. Locks. Or deep with diamonds in the tiaming mine? 2. To be without clouds.
SHI’NESS. N. s. [from shy.] Unwillingness The moon sbines bright : in such a night as
to be tractable or familiar. this,
An incurable shiness is the vice of Irish horses, When the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees, And they did make no noise. Skickspeared
and is hardly ever seen in Flanders, because the
winter forces the breeders there to house and Hois bright and goodly shines the moon!
handle their colts. The moon! the sun : it is not noonlight now,
They were famous for their justice in con
merce, but extreme shiness to strangers : they Clear poc's greatly comfort the eyes when the sun is overcisi, or wnen the incui sbinetl.
exposed their goods with the price marked upone them, and thieu retired.
Arbuthnote Bacon. 3. To be glossy:
SHI'NGLE. N. so [schirdel, Germ.] A thin They are waren fat, they shine.
board to cover houses.
Jeremiah. I ist with their fins and skining scales. Milton.
The best to cleave, is the most useful for pales, The cular and sbining of bodies is nothing,
laths, shinyles, and wainscot.
Moriinner, bu: tie dierent arrangement and refraction of SHI'NGLES. n. s. Pants the singular. their minute pails.
luche. (cingulum, Lat. zona morbus, Plinio.] 4. To b- gav; to be splendid.
A kind of tetter or herpes that spreads So preud ene sbined in her princely state, itself round the loins. Linking to heaven; for earth she did disdain, Such are used successfully in erysipelas and And situag high.
Fairy Queen. sbirgtes, by a slender diet of decoctions of fari5. To be beautiful.
naccous vegetables, and copious drinking of cool Of all th' elamellid race, whose silv'ry wing ing liquors.
Arbuthnet. Waves to the tenid zephyrs of the spring, Su'ny. adj. [from shine.] Bright; splenOr swims along the fluid atmosphere,
did ; luminous. Once brightest sbir'd this child of heat and air.
When Aldeboran was mounted high,
Above the shiny Cassiopeia's chair, 6. To be eminent or conspicuous.
One knocked at the door, and in would fare. If there come truth from them,
Fairy Queen. As upon thee, Macbeth, their speeches sbine,
The night Why, by the verities on thee made good, Is shiry, and they say we shall embattle May they not be my oracles as well? Shaksp. By th' second hour o'th' morn. Shakspeare.
Her face was veil'd; yet to my fancied sight 'While from afar we heard the camous play, Lwe, sweetness, goodness, in her person shin'd Like discant thunder on a shiny day, So clear, as in no face with more delight. Mil. For absent friends we were asham'd to fear. Cato's soul
Dryden. Shines out in every thing she acts or speaks ; SHIP. [scip, reyp, Saxon ; scirap, While winning mildness and attractive smiles Dutch.) A termination noting quality Dwell in her looks, and with becoming grace Soften the rigour of her father's virtues. Aldison.
or adjunct, as lordship; or office, as The reformation, in its Srst establishment, stewardship. produced its proper fruits, and distinguished the SHIP. n. so (rcip, Sax. schippen, Dutch.] wcole age with shining instances of virtue and A ship may be defined a large hollow morality.
building made to pass over the sea with The courtier smooth, who forty years had
All my followers to the eager foe An humble servant to all human kind.
Turn back, and Hy like ships before the wind. Few are qualified to sbine in company; but it
Sbakspeare. is in most men's power to be agreeabie. Szvift. There made forth to us a small boat, with 7. To be propitions.
abo:it eight persons in it, whereof one of them The Lord make his face shine upon thee, and had in his hand a tipstaff, who made aboard our be gracious.
Barona 8. To give light real or figurative.
Two other ships loaded with vietuals were The light of righteousness hath not shined burnt, and some of the men saved by their shipun'o us, and the sun of righteousness rose not
Kneilesa uppa us.
Nor is indeed that man lees mad than these, Celestial light
Who freights a ship to venture on the seas, Sling inward, and the mind thro' all her powers
With one frail interporing plunk to save Irradiate.
Froin certain death, rolld on by ev'ry wave. SUIN E. 11. s. (from the verb.]
Dryden. 1. Fair weather.
Instead of a ship, le should levy upon his Be it fair or foul, or rain or shine. Dryden:
country cuch a sum of money, and return the He will accustom himself to heat and cold, and
same to the treasurer of the navy; hence that
tax had the denomination of ship-money, by sbize and rain; all which if a man's body will not
which accrued the yearly sum of two hundred endure, it will serve him to very little purpose. thousand pounds.
A ship-carpenter of old Rome could not have 2. Brightness; splendour ; lustre. It is a talked more judicionsdy.
Addison. word, though not unanalogical, yet un TO SHIP. v. a. (from the noun.
.] graceful, and little used.
1. To put into a ship. He that h?? inured his eyes to that divine
My father at the road splendour, which rusulis from the beauty of noii
Expects my cuining, there to see me shined. Dess, ss but dazzied with the glittering shine of
The emperor, shipping his great ordnance, de Bold were the men, which on the ocean first parted down the river.
Knolles. Spread their new sails, when shipwreck was the All the timber was cut down in the moun
Waller. tains of Cilicia, and sbipped in the bay of Attalia, We are not to quarrel with the water for from whence it was by sea transported to Pelu inundations and shipwrecks.
Knolles. This sea war cost the Carthaginians five hundA breeze from shore began to blow,
red quinquiremes, and the Romans seven hundThe sailors ship their cars, and cease to row; red, including their shipwrecks. Arbutbnat. Then hoist their yards a-trip, and all their sails
2. The parts of a shattered ship. Let fall.
Dryden. They might have it in their own country, and 2. To transport in a ship.
that by gathering up the shipwrecks of the AtheAndronicus, would thou wert shipt to hell, nian and Roman theatres.
Dryden. Rather than rob me of the people's hearts. 3. Destruction ; miscarriage.
Holding faith and a good conscience, which The sun no sooner shall the mountains touch,
some having put away, concerning faith, have But we will sbip him hence. Sbakspeare. made shipwreck.
1 Timotby, In Portugal, men spent with age, so as they
To Shi'PWRECK. v. a. [from the noun.] cannot hope for above a year, sbip themselves away in a Brazil fleet.
1. To destroy by dashing on rocks or shal.
Temple. 3. It is sometimes enforced by off. A single leaf can waft an army o'er,
Whence the sun 'gins his reflection, Or sbip of senates to some distant shore. Pope.
Shipwrecking storms and direful thunders break. The canal that runs from the sea into the
Sbakspeare. Arno gives a convenient carriage to all goods 2. To make to suffer the dangers of a that are to be sbipped off.
wreck. SHI'PBOARD. n. so (ship and board.] See
Thou that canst still the raging of the seas,
up the winds, and bid the tempests cease,
Redeem my sbipwreck'd soul from raging gusts 1. This word is seldom used but in adver
Of cruel passion and deceitful lusts. Prior. bial phrases ; a shipboard, on skipboard,
A square piece of marble shews itself to have in a ship.
been a little pagan monument of two persons Let him go on shipboard, and the mariners will
who were shipwrecked.
Addison. not leave their starboard and larboard. Bramball. 3. To throw by loss of the vessel. Friend,
Shipwreck'd upon a kingdom, where no pity, What dost thou make a shipboard? To what
No friends, no hope! no kindred weep for me.
Dryden. end? Ovid, writing from on sbipboard to his friends, Shi'PWRIGHT. n. s. [ship and wright.] A excused the faults of his poetry by his misfor
builder of ships.
Why such impress of shipwrigbts, whose sore 2. The plank of a ship.
task They have made all thy shipboards of fir-trees,
Does not divide the Sunday from the week. and brought cedars from Lebanon to make
A miserable shame it were for our shipSHI'PBOY. n. so [ship and boy.] Boy that
wrights, if they did not exceed all others in the serves in a ship.
setting up of our royal ships. Raleigh. Few or none know me: if they did,
Vast numbers of ships in our harbours, and This shipboy's semblance hath disguis'd me quite. sbigwrights in our sea-port towns. Swift.
The Roman fleet, although built by shipSHI'PMAN. N. so [ship and man.] Sailor; wrights, and conducted by pilots, both without
experience, defeated that of the Carthaginians. seaman. I myself have the very points they blow,
Arbuibnot, All the quarters that they know
As when a shipwright stands his workmen Shakspeare,
o'er, l'th' shipman's card. Hiram sent in the navy shipmen that had
Who ply the wimble some huge beam to bore, knowledge of the sea.
Urg'd on all hands it nimbly spins about,
The grain deep piercing, till it sccopsit out. Pope. SHI'PMASTER. n. s. Master of the ship.
The shipmaster came to him, and said unto SAIRE.n. s.[scir, from sciran, to divide, him, What meanest thou, O sleeper! arise, call Sax.] A division of the kingdom; a
county ; so much of the kingdom as is SHIPPING. n. s. [from ship.]
under one sheriff. 1. Vessels of navigation ; fleet.
His blazing eyes, like two bright ,shining Before Cæsar's invasion of this land, the Bri
shields, tons had not any shipping at all, other than their Did burn with wrath, and sparkled living fire; boats of twigs covered with hides.
Raleigh. As two broad beacons, set in open fields, The numbers and courage of our men, with Send forth their flames far off to every sbire. the strength of our shipping, have, for many ages
Fairy Queen, past, made us a match for the greatest of our The noble youths from distant sbires resort. neighbours at land, and an overmatch for the
Prior. strongest at sea.
Temple. SHIRT. n. s. [shiert, Danish; rcync, Fishes first to shipping did impart;
scynic, Sax.] The under linen garment Their tail the rudder, and their head the prow.
Shift a sbirt: the violence of action hath made 2. Passage in a ship.
you reek as a sacrifice. They took shipping and came to Capernaum,
I take but two sbirts out with me, and I'mean seeking for Jesus.
Sbakspeare. SHI'PWRECK. n. s. [ship and wreck.]
When we lay next us what we hold most dear, 1. The destruction of ships by rocks or Like Hercules, envenom'd shirts we wear, shelves.
And cleaving mischiefs.
upon thy God.
of a man.
Sereral persons in December had nothin' over TO SHI'VER. v. n. [from shive.] To fall their shoulders but their sbirts. wikiison,
at once into many parts or shives. To SHIRT. v. a. (from the noun.] To Hadst thou been aught but goss’mer, feathers, cover; to clothe as in a shirt,
air, Ah! for so many souls, as but this morn So many fathom down precipitating, Were cloth'd with flesh, and warm'd with vital Thoud'st shiver'd like an egg. Sbakspears. blood,
Upon the breaking and skivering of a great But naked now, or sbirtel but with air. Drylen. stare, you may be sure to have wars. Buscon. Sai'r TLESS. adj. [from shirt.] Wanting
The natur i world, should gravity once cose, a shirt.
or be witndrawn, would instantly sbiver into millions of atoms.
H'ccdward. Linsey-Woolsey brothers, Grave mummers! sleeveless some, and shirtless . To SHITER.w.a. To break by one act ochers.
Pope. into many paris; to shatter. SHI'TTAH., n.s. A sort of precious wood,
The ground with sbiver'd armour strown. Sui'ttim.
Milun. of which Moses made the
Shor’rs of gran dos rain, by sudden burst greates part of the tables, altars, and
Display m d'Ecu's bow -1, ginents of sovel; planks, belonging to the taberjacle. The
A thousand says at once the skiver'd orts wood is bard, toug'i, smooth, without Fly divorse, working turen. Philips. knais, and extremely beautiful. It grous SHI'ver. n. so crom the verb.] One in Arabia.
Cal-111. fragment oi miny into which any thing I will plant in the wilderne's the shittuli-tree. is brckun.
I niih. He would pourd ties into shivers with his Bring me an offering of badgers skins and fist, as a sailor breaks a biscuit.
Exodis. As britele as the bry is the face;
For there it is crack'ü in an hundrud shivers. SHI'ITLECOCK, n. so [commonly, and
Snadspeare. perhaps as properly, shuttlecock. Of
If you strika a scud body that is bricole, is sit! or shutole the etymology is doubt breakith not only where the immediate force is, fui: Skinner derives it froin schütteln, but breakuth ail avout into sbivers and fritters. Gerial, to shake; or rezatan, Saxon,
D 2007. to throw. He thinks it is call«d a cock
Surging waves against a solid rork, from its feathers. Perhaps it is properly
Though all to slivers dash'd, th' assault renew,
Vain bitt'ry, and in froin or bubbles end. Mili. shuttleco:k, a cork driven to and fro, likę Sya'vis vi at fron shiver.] Loose of the instrumuntin weaving, and softened
coherence; incompact; easily fall by frequent and rapid uiterance from
into many fragenents. cork to cock.] I cork stuck with tra.
There were observed incredible numbers of thers, and driven by players from one to there shells thu. Hatto, and extremelv tender, another with battledoors.
in sbicoy 0:0172.
Voodward, You need not discharge a canncn to break the SHO'ADS10.5.n. S. chain of his thoughts: the put of a skittiebok, or S21.1bmc is a small stone, smooth without, the creaking of a jack, will do tis business.
of a dark liver colour, and of the saine colour
Cultier. within, only with the action of a faint purple. SHive. n. s. [schuve, Dutch.]
It is a frarent broke or an iron vein. Wocda. 1. A slice of bread.
Certain ein stones lie on the face of the Easy it is
ground, wich they call sbnais, as shed from the Of a cut loaf to steal a sbive. Slik beare.
miain load, and made somewhat round by the
Carrw. 2. Athick splinter, or lumina, cu: off from
The loads or veins of metal were by this the main substance.
action of the depareing water made easy to ba Shavings mide by the plane are in some things
found out by the band's, or trains of metallick differing from those zbives, or thin and flexible
fragments borne off from them, and lying in pieces of wood, that are obtained üy borers. Boyle.
trains from those veins towards the sea, in the T. SHIVER. v. n. schawren, German.] same course that wazer falling thence would
Woodward. To quake; to tremble ; to shudder, as with cold or fear.
SHOAL. n. s. (rcole, Saxon.] Any very harsh noise will set the teeth on 1. A crowd; a great multitude; a throng, edge, and make all the bedy skiner. Pacon. When there he great shoals of people which What religious palsy's this,
go on to populate without foreseeing means of Which makes the bowels divest their bliss? sustentation, once in an age they discharya pars And, that they might her footsteps braw, of their people upon other nations. Bacon, Drop their leaves with shivering awe.Cleaveurd. A ligue is made against surh routs and Why stand we longer sbivering under fer? shoals of people as have utterly degenerated from Miiton.
Bacon. The man that sbivor'd on the brink of sin, The vices of a prince draw sholes of followers, Thus ctecld and harden'd, ventur:s boidly in.
when his virtue leaves him the more eminent, Dryden. because sin Je.
Decay of Piety. He described this march to the temple with
A shoul of silver fishes glides so much horror, that he shivered every joint.
And plays about the birpas.
God had the command of famine, wher-by he Give up Laius to the realms of day,
could have carried them oil by sboals. Woodw. Whose ghost, yet stimo'zing on Cocytus' sand,
Around the goddess roll Expects its passage to the farther strani. Pupe. Broad hats, and hoods, and caps, a sable shoal; Prometheus is laid
Thick, and more thick, the black blockade exOnicy Caucasus to skiver,
Popas While vultures eai his growing liver. Swift. 2. A shallow; a sand-lank.
The haven's mouth they durst not enter, for 6. [from shag.) A rough dog. the dangerous shoals.
Abbot. I would tain know why a sbock and a hour.d He heaves them off the sholes. Dryden. are not distinct species.
TO SHOCK. 7. a. (schocker, Dutch.]
1. To shake by violence.
2. To meet force with force; to encounter, 1. To crowd ; to throrg.
Thes: her princes are come home again :
Come the three corners of the world in arms, The wave-sprung entrails, about which fausens
And we will shock them.
Sbakspeare. and fish did sbole.
Chapman. 2. To be shallow; to grow shallow.
3. To offend; to disgust. What they met
Supposing verses are never so beautiful, yet, Solid, or slimy, as in raging sea
if they contain any thing that shucks religion or Tost up and down, together crowded drove,
good manners, they are
Versi inapes rerum, neque canora. Dryden. From each side sboaling tow'rds the mouth of hell.
I bade him love, and bid him now forhear:
If you have any kindness for him, stiin
Advise him not to shock a father's will. Droder. SHOA'LINESS. n. s. [from søcaly.] Shal Julian, who lov'd each sober mind to shock, lowness ; frequency of shallow places. Who laugh'd at God, and offer'd to a cock.
Harts. SHOA'LY. adj. [from shoal.] Full of shvals; full of shallow places.
Those who in reading Homer are sbocked that
't is always a lion, may as well be angry that it is Those who live always a man.
Pepe, Where with his shoaly fords Vulturnus roars.
TO SHOCK. V. n.
1. To meet with hostile violence.
And now with shouts the sbocking armies SHOCK. n. s. (choc, Fr. schocker, Dutch.]
To lances lances, shields to shields oppos'd; 1. Conflict; mutual impression of violence;
Commutual death the fate of war confounds, violent concourse.
Each adverse battle gor'd with equal wounds.
2. To be offensive.
The French humour, in regard of the liber2. Concussion ; external violence.
ties they take in female conversations, is very It is inconceptible how any such man, that sbucking to the Italians, who are naturally jerhath stood the shock of an etunal duration with
Addisen. out corruption or alteration, should after be cor
TO SHOCK. v. n. (from the noun.] To rupted or altered.
build up piles of sheaves.
Reap well, scatter not, gather clean that is
Bind fast, sbock apace, have an eye to thy corn.
Tusser. Pass through the carin, the pond'rous pile sustain. Suod, for shoed, the preterit and parti
. Such is the haughty man; his tow'ring soul, ciple passive of To shoe. 'Midst all the shoes and injuries of fortune, Strong axletree'd cart that is clouted and sbod. Rises superior and looks down on Cæsar. Addis.
Tusser. Loug, at the head of his few faithful friends, SJOE, n. s. plural shoes, anciently sboon. He stood the shock of a whole host of foes.
(rceo, reve, Saxon; schoe, Dutch. Addison.
The cover of the foot, of horses as well
Your hose should be ungartered, your shoe
untiid, and every thing about you demonstrating 3. The conflict of enemics.
a careless desolation.
Spare none but such as go in clouted shosi, Those that run away are in more danser than
For they are thrifty honest men. Sbakspeare.
This hollow crlinder is fitted with a sufer, the others that stand the lok.
L'Estrange. upon which is nailed a good thick piece of tanned The mighty force sbac-leather.
Bale. Of Edvard twice o'erturn'd their desperate king:
Unknern and like esteemid, and the dull Tuice he arose, and join'd we horridik.
Treads on it daily with his clouted sbeon,
And yet more medicinal than that moly lutter sbccks a statt. Man gives bis friend. That Hermes once to wise Ulysses gare; muung He call'd it hamony.
Alilton. 3. <schoche, old Dutch.] A pile of sheaves
I was in pain, pulled off my skoe, and some ot coro.
ease that gave me.
Temples Corn tithed, sir parson, tegether to get,
To SHOE. v. a. preterit I sbod; participle And cause it on sbocks to be by and by sct.
passive shod. (from the noun.] In a full age, like as a sbuik of corn cometih in
1. To fit the foot with a shoe: used comin his season.
nh. monly of horses. Turu, full of days, like weighty slocks of corn, The smith's note for skoeing and plough irons. In seas a reap d, shall to thy sráve be berne.
Sbakspeare. Sandys. He doth nothing but talk of his horse; and Behind the master walks, builds up the sb.cks, makes it a great appropriation to his own good Feels his heart hcave with joy: Thomsofi. parts, that he can skoe him hisself. Sbalspeite.