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THRO'STLE, 1. s. [Oroszle, Sax.] The bar such from preaching the gospel, as have thrush ; a small singing bird.

through infirmity fallen.

Whitgift. The throstle with his note so true,

Some through ambition, or through thirst of The wren with little vuill. Shakspeare.

gold, The black-bird and throste!, with their melo

Have slain their brothers, and their country dious voices, bid welcome to the cheerful spring.


Drydeni. Walton.

To him, to him 't is giv'n Throttle. 1.s. (from throat.] The

Passion, and care, and anguish, to destroy : windpipe; the larinx.

Through him soft peace and plenitude of joy At the upper extreme it hath no larinx or

Perpetual o'er the world redeem'd shall flow.

Prior. sbrottle to qualify the sound. Brown. THROUGH. adv. To THRO'TTLE. v. a. (from the noun.]

1. From one end or side to the other. To choak; to suffocate; to kill by stop You'd be so lean, that blasts of January ping the breath.

Would blow you through and through. Slaksp; I have seen them shiver and look pale,

Inquire how metal may be tiriged tbrough and Make periods in the midst of sentences,

through, and with what, and into what colours? Tbrottic their practis'd accents in their fears,

Bacon. And, in conclusion, dumbly have broke off.

Pointed satire runs him through arid through. Sbakspears.

01/bam. As when Antæus in Irassa strove

To understand the mind of him that writ, is With Jove's Alcides, and oft foil'd still rose, to read the whole letter through, from one end Receiving from his mother earth new strength, to the other.

Lucke. Fresh from his fall and fiercer grapple join'd. Tbrottled at length in th' air, expir'd and fell.

2. To the end of any thing ; to the ulti

Milton. mate purpose ; to the final conclusion. His throat half tbrottled with corrupted Every man brings such a degree of this light phlegm,

into the world with him, that though it cannot And breathing through his jatvs a belching

bring him to heaven, yet it will carry him so far,

Dryden. that if he follows it faithfully he shall meet The throttling quinsey 't is my star appoints,

with another light, which shall carry him quite And rheumatism I send to rack the joints.


South. Dryden. THRO’UGHBRED. adj. [through and bred, Throttle thyself with an ell of strong tape, For thou hast not a groat to atone for a rape.

commonly thoroughbred.] Completely Srvift.

educated; completely taught. Throve. The preterit of thrive.

A tbrough-bred soldier weighs all present cirEngland never throve so well, nor was there

cumstances and all possible contingents. Grew. ever brought into England so great an increase THROUGHLIGHTED. adj. [through and of weaith since.

Locke, light.] Lighted on both sides. THROUGH. prep. [Purh, Saxon; door,

That the best pieces be placed where are the Dutch; durch, German.]

fewest lights; therefore not only rooms window

ed on both ends, called throughlighted, but with 1. From end to end of ; along the whole

two or more windows on the same side, are enemass or compass.

mies to this art.

Wotton. He hath been so successful with common heads, that he hath led their belief through all Thro’UGHLY. adv. [from through. It the works of nature.

Brown. is commonly written thoroughly, as comA simplicity shines through all he writes. ing froin thorough.]

Dryden. Fame of th' asserted sea through Europe blown,

1. Completely ; fully; entirely; wholly. Made France and Spain ambitious of his love.

The sight so throughly him dismay'd,
That nought but death before his eyes he saw.

Spenser. 2. Noting passage.

For bed then next they were,
Through the gate of iv'ry he dismiss'd
His valiant offspring;

All throughly satisfied with compleat cheare.

Chapman. The same thing happened when I removed

Rice must be throughly boiled in respect of the prism out of the sun's light, and lowking

its hardness.

Bacon. tbrough it upon the hole shining by the light of

No less wisdom than what made the world the clouds beyond it.


can througbly understand so vast a design. 3. By transmission.

Íbro gb these hands this science has passed 2. Without reserve; sincerely, with great applause.


Though it be somewhat singular for men truly Material things are presented only through their senses; they have a real influx on these,

and throughly to live up to the principles of their

religion, yet singularity in this is a singajar comand all real knowledge of material things is con


Tillotson. veyed into the understanding through these

Cheyne. THROUGHO'ut. prep. (through and out.] 4. By means of; by agency of; in con Quite through; in every part of., sequence of.

Thus it fareth even clean througbout the whole The strong through pleasure soopest falls, the controversy about that discipline which is so weak ibrougb smart. Sirenser. earnestly urged.

Hooker. Something you may deserve of him through The e followed after the defeat an avoiding of

Sbakspeare. all Spanish forces throughout Ireland. Bacon, By much slothfulness the building decaveth, O for a clap of thunder, as loud and ibrougbidleness of the hands the house drop As to be heard ibrougbout the universe, peth through.

Ecclesiasticus, To tell the world the fact, and to applaud it! You will not make this a general rule to de

Ben Jonscio





any thing else than upon a garden on wet or Some might be tbrowa away on fame and war.

He sigh'd, breath'd short, and would have

But was too fierce to throw away the time.

Impartially inquire how we have behaved our Learn more than thou trowest, selves throughout the course of this long war. Set less than thou throwest. Sbakspeart.

Atterbury. 5. To cast; to strip; to put off. THROUGHO'UT. adv. Every where; in There the snake throws the enamelld skin, every part.

Wced wide enough to wrap a fairy in. Sbaksp. Subdue it, and througbout dominion hold 6. To emit in any careless or vehement Over fish of the sea and fowl of the air. Milt.

His youth and age

To arms; for I have tbrown
All of a piece tbroughout, and all divine. Dryden. A brave defiance in king Henry's teeth. Sbaks.
THROUGHPA'CED. adj. [through and One of the Greek orator's antagonists, reading
Pace.] Perfect; complete.

over the oration that procured his banishment, He is very dextrous in puzzling others, if they and seeing his friends admire it, asked them, if be not througbpaced speculators in those great they were so much affected by the bare reading, theories.

More. how much more they would have been alarmed TO THROW. v.a. pret. threw; part. pass.

if they had heard him actually throwing out such a storm of eloquence?

Addisos, thrown. [Grapan, Saxon.]

There is no need to throw words of contempt 1. To fling; to cast; to send to a distant

on such a practice; the very description of it place by any projectile force.

carries reproof.

Watts. Preianes threw down upon the Turks fire and

7. To spread in haste. scalding oil.


O'er his fair limbs a flow'ry vest he three, Shimei threw stones at him, and cast dust.

And issued like a god to mortal view.

Dette 2 Samuel, A poor widow threw in two mites, which make

8. To overturn in wrestling. a farthing.


If the sinner shall not only wrestle with this He fell

angel, but throw him 100, and win so complete From heav'n, they fabled, tbrown by angry Jove a victory over his conscience, that all these conse Sheer o'er the crystal battlements. Milton.

derations shall be able to strike no terrour into

Southa Calumniate stoutly; for though we wipe away

his mind, he is too strong for grace. with never so much care the dirt thrown at us, 9. To drive; to send by force. there will be left some sulliage behind.

Myself distrest, an exilé and unknown,

Decay of Piety. Debarr'd from Europe, and from Asia tbrowa, Ariosto, in his voyage of Astolpho to the moon, In Libyan desarts wander thus alone. Dryden. has a fine allegory of two swans, who, when time

When seamen are thrown upon any unknosa had tbrown the writings of many poets into the coast in America, they never venture upon river of oblivion, were ever in readiness to se fruit of any tree, unless they observe it marked cure the best, and bear them aloft into the tem

with the pecking of birds.

Adher. ple of immortality.

Dryden. Poor youth! how canst thou throw him from When Ajax strives some rock's vast weight to

thee? tbrow,

Lucia, thou know'st not half the love he bears The line too labours, and the words move slow.


Pope. 10. To make to act at a distance.
The air-pump, barometer, and quadrant, were

Tbrow out our eyes for brave Othello, thrown out to those busy spirits, as tubs and bar

Even till we make th' aerial blue rels are to a whale, that he may let the ship sail

An indistinct regard.

Sbakspeare on, while he diverts himself with those innocent

11. To repose. amusements.


In time of temptation be not busy to dispute, - %. To toss; to put with any violence or

but rely upon the conclusion, and brow you! tumult. It always comprises the idea of

self upon God, and contend not with him but is haste, force, or negligence.

To threats the stubborn sinner oft is hard,
Wrapp'd in his crimes, against the storm prepar'd;

12. To change by any kind of violence. But when the milder beams of mercy play,

A new title, or an unsuspected success

, tbretas

us out of ourselves, and in a manner destroyi He melts, and throws his cumb'rous cloak away.


our identity.

To throw his language more out of prose, How The only means for bringing France to our

mer affects the compound epithets.

conditions, is to throw in multicudes upon them,
and overpower them with numbers. Addison. 13. To turn. [tornare, Latin.] As balls

Labour casts the humours into their proper thrown in a lathe.
channels, tbrows off redundancies, and helps na 14: To Throw away. To lose ; to spend

Spectator. in vain,
Make room for merit, by throwing down the

He warns 'em to avoid the courts and campa worthless and depraved part of mankind from

Where dilatory fortune plays the jält those conspicuous stations to which they have

With the brave, noble, honest, gallant man, been advanced.

The island Inarime contains, within the com-

To throw herself away on fools and knaves.

Otudy. . pass of eighteen miles, a wonderful variety of

In vain on study time away we tbrow, hills, vales, rocks, fruitful plains, and barren mountains, all thrown together in a most ro

When we forbear to act the things we know, mantick confusion.

Berkley to Pope.

A man had better throw away his care upon 3. To lay carelesly, or in haste. His majesty departed to his chamber, and threw

moist ground.
his bed, lamenting with much pas Had we but lasting youth and time to spar?,
sion, and abundance of tears, the loss of an ex-
cellent servant.

At th' approach of night,
On the first friendly bank he throws him down,

Or rests his head upon a rock till morn, Addiso
4. To venture at dice,




himself upon


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The next in place and punishment are they hand, without unnecessary vexation in playing Who prodigally throw their souls away;

it out.

Addison, Fools who, repining at their wretched state,

Life we must not part with foolishly: it must And loathing anxious life, suborn'd their fate. not be thrown up in a pet, nor sacrificed to a Dryden. quarrel.

Collier. In poetry the expression beautifies the design: 25: To Throw up. To emit; to eject; if it be vicious or unpleasing, the cost of colour to bring up ing is thrown away upon it.


Judge of the cause by the substances the paThe well-meaning man should rather consider

tient ibrows up.

Arbuthnot. what opportunities he has of doing good to his 26. This is one of the words which is used country, than throw away his time in deciding the rights of princes.


with great latitude; but in all its uses, She threw away her money upon roaring bul. whether literal or figurative, it retains lies that went about the streets. Arbuthnot. from its primitive meaning some notion 35. TO THROW away. To reject.

of haste or violence. He that will throw away a good book because To THROW. v. n. not gilded, is more curious to please his eye than understanding.


1. To perform the act of casting. 16. TO THROW by. To reject; to lay

2. To cast dice. aside as of no use.

3. To Throw about. To cast about; to It can but shew

try expedients. Like one of Juno's disguises; and,

Now unto despair I 'gin to grow,
When things succeed, be tbrown by, or let fall. And mean for better wind about to throw.
Ben Fenson.

Spenser. He that begins to have any doubt of his te Throw.n. s. [from the verb.] nets, received without examination, ought, in 1. A cast; the act of casting or throwing. reference to that question, to throw wholly by

The top he tore all his former notions.


From off a huge rocke; and so right a throw 17. TO THROW down. To subvert; to Made at our ship, that just before the prow overturn.

It overflew and tell.

Chapman. Must one rash word, th' infirmity of age,

He heav'd a stone, and, rising to the throw, Throw down the merit of my better years:

He sent it in a whirlwind at the foe;
This the reward of a whole life of service?

A tow'r assaulted by so rude a stroke,

With all its lofty battlements had shook. Addis. 18. To Throw off: To expel.

2. A cast of dice; the manner in which The salts and oils in the animal body, as soon

the dice fall when they are cast. as they putrefy, are thrown off, or produce mor

If Hercules and Lichas play at dice tal distempers.

Arbuthnot. Which is the better man, the greater throw 19. To Throw off. To reject; to dis May turn by fortune from the weaker hand :

So is Alcides beaten by his page. card : as, to throw off an acquaintance.


If they err finally, it is like a man's missing his 'T would be better

cast when he throws dice for his life; his being, Could you provoke him to give you th' occasion, And then to throw him off.


his happiness, and all is involved in the errour of one throw.

South. Can there be any reason why the household of God alone should throw of all that orderly

Suppose any particular order of the alphabet

to be assigned, and that twenty-four letters cast dependence and duty, by which all other houses are best governed ?


at a venture, so as to fall in a line; it is many

million of millions odds to one against any single 20. To THROW out. To exert ; to bring

throw, that the assigned order will not be cast. forth into act.

Bentley. She tbrows out thrilling shrieks, and shrieking The world, where lucky tbrows to blockheads cries.


fall, The gods in bounty work up storms about us, Knaves know the game, and honest men pay all. That give mankind occasion to exert Their bidden strength, and throw out into prac

3. The space to which any thing is thrown. tice

Like to a bowl upon a subtle ground, Virtues which shun the day.


I've tumbled past the throw; and in his praise 21. To. Throw out. To distance; to Have, almost, stamp'd the leasing. Shakspeare. leave behind.

The Sirenum Scopuli are sharp rocks that When e'er did Juba, or did Portius, show

stand about a stone's ibrow from the south side A virtue that has cast me at a distance,

of the island.

Addison. And thrown me out in the pursuits of honour? 4. Stroke; blow.

Addison. So fierce he laid about him, and dealt blows 22. TO THROW out. To eject; to expel. On either side, that neither mail could hold,

The other two whom they had thrown out, Ne shield defend the thunder of his throu's. they were content should enjoy their exile.

Spenser. Steift. 5. Effort ; violent sally. 23. T. THROW out. To reject; to ex

Your youth admires clude.

The throws and swellings of a Roman soul; The oddness of the proposition taught others

Cato's bold fights, the extravagance of virtue.

Addison. to reflect a little; and the bill was thrown out.

Swift. 6. The agony of childbirth : in this sense 24. To Throw up. To resign angrily. it is written throe. See Throe. Bad games are thrown up too soon,

The most pregnant wit in the world neve Until they 're never to be won.

Hudibras. brings forth any thing gr-at without some pain Experienced gamesters throw up their cards and travail, pangs and ibrows before the delis when they know the game is in the enemy's very.




But when the mother's throws begin to come, She caught him by the feet; but Gehazi came The creature, pent within the narrow room, near to tbrust her away.

2 Kings. Breaks his blind prison.

Dryden. The prince shall not take of the people's inSay, my friendship wants him

heritance, by oppression to tbrust them out. To help me bring to light a manly birth;

Isaiat. Which to the wond'ring world I sball disclose, Thou Capernaum, which art exalted to hea. Or, if he fail me, perish in my throws. Dryden. ven, shalt be tbrust down to hell. Like. THRO’WER. n. s. [from throw.] One Rich, then lord chancellor, a man of quick and that throws.

lively delivery of speech, but as of mean birth Fate, against thy better disposition,

so prone to thrust forwards the ruin of great perHath made thy person for the thrower out

sons, in this manner spake. Hayward

They Of my poor babe.


In hate of kings shall cast anew the frame, THRUM. 11. s. (thraum, Islandick, the end

And thrust out Collatine that bore their name. of any thing.)

Dryden. 1. The ends of weavers threads.

To justify his threat, he obrusts aside 2. Any coarse yarn.

The crowd of centaurs, and redeems the bride. There's her ibrum hat, and her muslier too.

Sbakspeare. 3. To stab.
O fates, come, come,

Phineas thrust both of them through. Naab. Cut thread and thrum,

4. Tocompress. Quail, crush, conclude and que'l. Sb.hspeare.

He thrust the fleece together, and wringes All moss hath here and there little stalks, be

the dew out of it.

Mungesa sides the low tbrun.


5. To impel; to urge. Would our ibrum-capp'd ancestors find fault

We make guilty of our disasters the sun, the For want of sugar-tongs, or spoons for salt? King.

moon, and stars, as if we were villains on neces. TO THRUM. v. a. To grate ; to play

sity, and all that we are evil in, by a dirme coarsely.

thrusting on.

Sbakspears Blunderbusses planted in every loop-hole go 6. To obtrude; to intrude. off constantly at the squeaking of a fiddle and the

Who's there, I say? How dare you thrust thrumming of a guitar.


yourselves THRUSH. n. so [8risc, Saxon ; turdus, Into my private meditations?

Sbakspeare. Latin.)

I go to meet 1. A small singing bird.

The noble Brutus, tbrusting this report

Into his ears. Of singing-birds they have linnets, goldfinches,

Sbakp are blackbirds, and tbrushes.


Should he not do as rationally, who took page Pain, and a tine thrusb, have been severally

sick from any one who hadiaken on himself the endeavouring to call off my attention; but both name of physician, or thrust himself into that in vain.


Locksa 2. [from thrust: as we say, a push, a

T. THRUST.V. n. breaking out.] By this name are called 1. To make a hostile push; to attack with small, round, superficial ulcerations,

a pointed weapon. which appear first in the mouth; but as 2. To squeeze in ; to put himself into any they proceed from the obstruction of the place by violence. emissaries of the saliva, by the lentor and

I'll be a Spartan while I live on earth;

But, when in heav'n, I 'll stand next Hercules, viscosity of the humour, they may affect

And thrust between ny father and the god. every part of the alimentary duct, ex

Dryden. cept the thick guts : they are just the

3. To intrude. same in the inward parts as scabs in the

Not all, skin, and fall off from the inside of the Who like intruders tbrust in their service, bowels like a crust: the nearer they ap

Participate their sacred intiuence. Recee. proach to a white colour the less dan. 4. To push forward ; to come violently;


to throng ; to press.
TO THRUST. v. a. (trusito, Latin.]

Young, old, tbrust there,
In mighty concourse.

Chapmes. 1. To push any thing into matter, or be

The miserable men which shrunk from the tween close bodies.

work were again beaten forward, and presently Thrust in thy sickle, and reap.

Revelations. slain, and fresh men still tbrust on. Xaelles. 2. To push; to move with violence; to THRUST. n. s. (from the verb.] drive. It is used of persons or things. 1. Hostile attack with any pointed weaThey should not only not be thrust out, but

pon. also have estates and grants of their lands new

Zeimane, hearkening to no more, began with made to them.


such witty fury to pursue him with blows and When the king comes, offer him no violence,

thrusts, that nature and virtue commanded him Unless he seek to tbrust you out by force.

to inok to his safety.

Sidney. Sbakspeare. That thrust had been mine enemy indeed, Lock up my doors; and when you litar the

But that my coat is better than thou know'st. drum,

Sbaispeare Clamber not you up to the casements then, Polites Pyrrhus with his lance pursues, Nor tbrust your head into the publick streets.

And often reaches, and his tbrusts renews. Drydo

Shakspeara. When the ass saw the angel, she thrust herself

2. Assault ; attack.

There is one thrust at your pure pretended unto the wall, and crusht Balaam's foot. Numb.


Mere On this condition will I make a covenant with you, that I inay tbrust out all your rigbt eyes.

THRU'STER. n. s. [from th: ust.] He that | Samuel. thrusts.

THRU'STLE. n. s. [from thrush.] The and commonly ending with a loud noise thrush ; the throstle.

or rattling.

Muschenbroek. No thrustles shrill the bramble-bush forsake;

2. In popular and poetick language, tbunNo chirping lark the welkin sheen invokes. Gay. TO THRYFA'Llow. v.a. (thrice and fal.

der is commonly the noise, and lightning

the fiash; though thunder is sometimes low.] To give the third plowing in taken for both. summer.

I do not bid the tbunder bearer shoot, Thryfallow betime for destroying of weed, Nor tell tales of thee to high-judging Jove. Lest thistle and docke fal a blooming and seed.

Sbakspears. Tusser,

The revenging gods THUMB. n. so[Puma, Sax.] The short 'Gainst parricides all the thunder bend. Shalsp. strong finger answering to the other

The thunder four.

Wing'd with red lightning and impetuous rage, Here I have a pilot's thumb,

Perhaps hath spent his shafts, and ceases now Wreck'd as homeward he did come. Shakspeare.

To bellow through the vast aud boundless deep. When he is dead you will wear him in ibumb

Milton. rings, as the Turks did Scanderbeg. Dryden. 3. Any loud noise or tumultuous violence.

Every man in Turkey is of some trade: Sul. So fierce he laid about him, and dealt blows tan Achmet was a maker of ivory rings, which

On either side, that neither mail could hold the Turks wear upon their tbumbs when they Ne shield defend the tbunder of his throws. shoot their arrows. Broome.

Spenser The hand is divided into four fingers bending

Here will we face this storm of insolence, forwards, and one opposite bending backwards,

Nor fear the noisy thunder ; let it roll, called the tbumb, to join with them severally or

Then burst, and spend at once its idle rage. united, whereby it is titted to lay hold of objects.

Rore. Ray. To THU'NDER. v. n. (from the noun.] To THUMB. v. n. To handle awkwardly.

1. To make thunder. THUMB-BAND. n. s. [thumb and band.] His nature is too noble for the world: A twist of any materials made thick as a He would not flatter Neptune for his crident, man's thumb.

Nor Jove for 's power to tbunder. Sbakspeare. Tie tbumb-bands of hay round them. Mortim. 2. To make a loud or terrible noise. THU'M BST AL. n. s. [thumb and stall.] A So soon as some few notable examples had thimble.

thundered a duty into the subjects hearts, he

soon shewed no baseness of suspicion. TAUMP. n. s. [thombo, Italian.] A hard


His dreadful name late through all Spaip did heavy dead dull blow with something

thunder, blunt.

And Hercules' two pillars standing near
And blund'ring still with smarting rump, Did make to quake and fear. Spenser.
He gave the knight's steed such a tbump

His dreadful voice no more
As made him reel.
Hudibras. Would tbunder in my ears.

Milton. Beforc, behind, the blows are dealt; around Like a black sheet the whelming billow spread, Their hollow sides the rattling thumps resound. Burst o'er the float, and thunder'd on his head. Dryden.

Pope. Their thumps and bruises might turn to ac To THUỖNDER. 1. a. count, if they could beat each other into good

1. To emit with noise and terrour. manners.


Oracles severe The watchman gave so great a thump at my door, that I awaked at the knock. Tatler.

Were daily tbunder'd in our general's ear,

That by his daughter's blood we must appease T. THUMP. v. a. To beat with dull heavy

Diana's kindled wrath.

Dryden. blows.

2. To publish any denunciation or threat, Those bastard Britons, whom our fathers

An archdeacon, as being a prelate, may thunHave in their land beaten, bobb’d, and thump'd.

der out an ecclesiastical censure. Ayliff.

Sbakspeare. To THUMP. V.n. To fall or strike with a

THU'NDEREOLT. n. s. (thunder and bolt, dull heavy blow.

as it signifies an arrow.} A stone

1. Lightning; the arrows of heaven. Levell’d so right, it thump d upon

If I had a thunderbolt in mine eye, I can tell His manly paunch, with such a force,

who should down.

Shakspeare, As almost beat him off his horse. Hudibras. Let the lightning of this thunderbolt, which A watchman at midnight thumips with his pole. hath been so severe a punishment to onc, be a

terrour to all,

King Charlero THU'MPER. n. s. [from thump.] The

My heart does beat, person or thing that thumps.

As if 't were forging thunderbolts for Jove. Denh. THU'NDER. n. s. [bunden, Junon, Sax.

Who can omit the Gracchi, who declare

The Scipios' worth, those tbunderbolts of war? dunder, Swedish; donder, Dutch ; tone

Drydent nerre, French.]

The most remarkable piece in Antonine's pile 1. Thunder is a most bright flame rising on lar is Jupiter Pluvius sending down rain on the

a sudden, moving with great violence, fainting army of Marcus Aurelius, and tbunder. and with a very rapid velocity, through

bolts on his enemies; which is the greatest conthe air, according to any determination,

firmation of the story of the Christian !egion.

Addison, upwards from the earth, horizontally, 2. Fulmination; denunciation : properly pbliquely, downwards, in a right line; or

ecclesiastical. in several right lines, as it were in ser He severely threatens such with the sbundere, pentine tracts, joined at various angles, bolt of excommunication.


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