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TOPNICA!.} adj. [tonique, French ; +hive]
Mueh tongue and much judgment seldom go 1. Having an impediment of speech. together; for talking and thinking are two quite They who have short tongues, or are tengute ditterent faculties.
L'Estrange. tied, are apt to fall short of the appulse of the First in the council-hall to steer the state,
tongue to the teeth, and oftener place it on the And ever foremost in a tongue debate. Dryden.
gums, and say t and d instead of tb and db; 25 4. Power of articulate utterance.
moder for mother.
Holder, Parrots, imitating human tongue,
2. Unable to speak freely, from whatever And singing-birds in silver cages hung. Dryden.
cause. 5. Speech, as well or ill used.
Love, and tonguetr'd simplicity, Give me thy hand; I am sorry I beat thee:
In least speak most to my capacity. Sbahspeare. but, while thou livest, keep a good tongue is, ihy He spar'd the blushes of the tonguety'd dame. head.
Tische So brave a knight was 'Tydeus, of whom a
sonne is sprong, Inferiour farre in martiall deeds, though higher
TO'NICK. in his tongue.
Chaman. 1. Bring extended ; being elastick. On evil days tho' fallen and evil tongues. Milt.
Station is no rest, but one kind of motion, re6. A language.
lating unto that which physicians, from Galen, do name extensive or tonical.
Brown, The Lord shall bring a nation against thee, whose tougue thou shalt not understand. Deut. 2. Relating to tones or sounds. with wondrous gifts endu'd,
TO'NNAGE, n. s. (from ton.] A custom To speak all tongues, and do all miracles. Milt.
or impost due for merchandise brought So well he understood the most and best
or carried in tons from or to other na. Of tongue that Babei sent into the west; Spoke thena so truly, that he had, you 'd swear,
tions, after a certain rate in every ton. Not only liv'd, but been born ev'ry where.
Cowell. Cowley. Tonnage and poundage upon merchandizes An acquaintance with the various tongues is were collected, refused to be settled by act of nothing but a relief against the mischiefs which parliament.
Clarendes, the building of Babel introduced. Watts. TO'NSI L. n. s. (tonsille, French ; tonsilla, -9. Speech, as opposed to thoughts or action. Latin.)
Let us not love in word, neither in tongue, but Tonsils or almonds are two round glands placed in deed and in truth.
on the sides of the basis of the tongue, under the 8. A nation distinguished by their language. common membrane of the fauces, with which A scriptural term,
they are covered; each of them hath a large oval The Lord shall destroy the tongue of the
sinus, which opens into the fauces, and in it Egyptian sea.
there are a great number of lesser ones, which 9. A small point: as, the tongue of a ba
discharge themseves through the great sinus, of lance.
a mucous and slippery matter, into the fauces,
larynx, and esophagi's, for the moistening and 10. To hold the Tongue. To be silent.
lubricating these parts.
Quincy "T is seldom seen that senators so young Know when to speak, and when to bold their To'NSURE. n. s. [tonsure, French; torsura, tongue.
Latin.] The act of clipping the bair; Whilst I live I must not hold my tongue,
the state of being shorn. And languish out old age in his displeasure.
The vestals, after having received the teasete;
Addison. suffered their hair to come again, being here fril To Tongue. v. a. [from the noun.] To grown, and gathered under the veil. chide; to scold.
Too. adv. (ro, Saxon.]
1. Over and above ; overmuch; more than Will not proclaim against her maiden loss, enough. It is used to augment the sig. How might she tongue me! Sbakspeare.
nification of an adjective or adverb to a To TONGUE. v. n. To talk ; to prate. vitious degree. 'Tis still a dream; or else suchstuff, as madmen
Your father's rough and stern, Tongue, and brain not.
Sbakspeare. His will too strong to bend, tee proud to learn, TO'NGUED. adj. [from tongue.] Having a tongue.
Groundless prejudices and weaknesses of conTongued like the night-crow.
science, instead of tenderness, mislead to many
Derine, TO'NGUELESS. adj. [from tongue ]
others, too many, otherwise good men. Spratt
It is too much to build a doctrine of so mighty 1. Wanting a tongue ; speechless.
consequence upon so obscure a place of Scripa What sor gueless blocks! would they not speak?
Lake Sbakspeare. These ridiculous stories abide with us ta loss,
and too far influence the weaker part of mankind. LikcTurkish mute,shall have a tongueless mouth.
Skakspeare. 2. It is sometimes doubled to increase its That blood, like sacrificing Abel's, cries, Even from the tongudess caverns of the earth,
emphasis ; but this reduplication always To me for justice.
seems harsh, and is therefore laid aside. 2. Unnamed ; not spoken of.
Oh, that this too too solid flesh would melt!
Sbakspeara One good dece, dying tongueless,
Sometimes it would be full, and then Slaughters a thousand waiting upon that. Shaks.
Oh! too too soon decrease again; TO'NGUEPAD. 1. s. [tongue and pad.] A
Eclips'd sometimes, that 't would so fall, great talker.
There would appear no hope at alle Suckling She who was a celebrated wit at London, is,
Likewise ; also. in that dull part of the world, called a tonguepud. See what a scourge is laid upon your hate;
Tailer. And I, for wit TONGUETI'ED. adj. [tong me and tie.
at your discordé ten Have lost a brace of kinsmen.
Let on my cup no wars be found,
cighth month they begin to pierce the Let those incite to quarrels too, Which wine itself enough can do.
edge of the jaw: the dentes incisivi, or
fore teeth of the upper jaw, appear first, shall make a man take pleasure in other men's
and then those of the lower jaw : after sins, is evident from the text, and from experi
them come out the canini or eye teeth, ence too.
Soutb. and last of all the molares or grinders : It is better than letting our trade fall for want about the seventh year they are thrust of current pledges, and better too than borrowing money of our neighbours.
ont by new teeth, and if these teeth be
lost they never grow again; but some Let those eyes that view
have shed their teeth twice: about the The daring crime, behold the vengeance too. one-and-twentieth year the two last of
the molares spring up, and they are callTook. The preterit, and sometimes the ed dentes sapientia.
Quincy, participle passive, of take.
Avaunt, you curs ! 'Thy soldiers,
Be thy mouth or black or white, All levied in my name, have in my name
Tootb that poisons if it bire.
Slakspeare. Took their discharge.
Sbakspeare. Desert deserves with characters of brass He is God in his friendship as well as in his A forted residence against the toolb of time, nature, and therefore we sinful creatures are And razure of oblivion.
Sbakspeare. not took upon advantages, nor consumed in our The teeth alone among the bones continue to provocations.
South. grow in length during a man's whole life, as apSuddenly the thunder-clap
pears by the unsightly length of one tooth when Took us unprepar'd.
Dryden. its opposite happens to be pulled out. Ray. The same device enclosed the ashes of men or 2. laste ; palate. boys, maids or matrons; for when the thought These are not dishes for thy dainty tooth; took, though at first it received its rise from such
What, hast thou: got an ulcer in thy mouth? a particular occasion, the ignorance of the sculp Why stand'st thou picking ?
Dryden. tors applied it promiscuously.
Addison. This took up some of his hours every day.
3. A tine, prong, or blade, of any multiSpectator.
fidous instrument. The riders would leap them over my hand;
The priest's servant came while the flesh was and one of the emperor's huntsmen, upon a large
in seething, with a flesh hook of three teeth. courser, took
1 Samuel my foot, shoe and all.
I made an instrument in fashion of
comb, To Cyrrha's temple.
whose teetb, being in number sixteen, were about
an inch and an half broad, and the intervals of TOOL. n. s. [zol, tool, Saxon.]
the teeth about two inches wide. Newton. 1. Any instrument of manual operation.
prominent part of whecis, by which In mulberries the sap is towards the bark only, into which if you cut a little, it will come forth;
they catch upon correspondent parts of but if you pierce it deeper with a tool, it will be
other bodies. dry.
Bacon. The edge whereon the tectb are is always They found in many of their mines more gold
made thicker than the back, because the back than earth; a metal, which the Americans not
follows the edge.
Moxon. regarding, greedily exchanged for hammers, In clocks, though the scrow's and teeth be neknives, axes, and the like tools of iron. Heylin. ver so smooth, yet it they be not oiled will hardly Arm'd with such gard’ning tools as art, yet
move, though you clog them with never so much rude,
weight; but apply a little oil, they whirl about Guiltless of fire had form'd.
Milton. very swiftly with the tenth part of the force. The ancients had some secret to harden the
Ray. edges of their tools.
oldtison. 5. Tootll and nail. With one's utmost 2. A hireling; a wretch who acts at the violence; with every means of attack or command of another.
defence. He'd choose
lion and bear were at tooth and nail which To talk with wits in dirty shoes;
should carry eff a fawn. And scorn the tools with stars and garters, So often seen caressing Chartres. Stift.
6. To the TEETH. In open opposition.
It warmis the very sickness in my heart, To Toot. 2. n. [Of this word, in this That I shall live and tcil him to bij ireth,
Thus diddest chou. sense, I know not the derivation : per
The action lies haps foran, Saxon, contracted from
In his true natyre, did we ourselves compellid, . zopetan, to know or examine.]
Ev'n to ibu tatb and forchead of our faults, 1. To pry; to peep; to search narrowly To give in evidence.
Shikspeare. and slily. It is still used in the pro The way to our berses lies back again by the vinces, otherwise obsolete.
house, and then we shal weet 'em fill in the I cast to go a shooting,
Drydere bong wand'ring up and down the land,
7. To cast in the TEET!. To insult by With bow and polis on either hand, For birds and bushes tuoting:
A w bied body's pist it were not to put out his 9. It was used in a contemptuous oense,
fire, because liis fündunutuolish neighbour, from which I co not fully understand.
whico de iriurit j wierewith to kinutit, night This writer should wear a tooting horn. Horuel. Culst him ile evith in ti fectis, saying, Were it TOOTH. N. . plural teetb. LTU S, Saxon; but for me thou woulds: freeze, and not be able tand, Dutch.]
to heat thyself.
Hoker, j. The teeth are the hardest and smoothest 8. In spite of the Tecr. Not:vithstand.
bunes of the body; about the eventh or ing threats expressed by showing iccth;
notwithstanding any power of injury or TooTHWORT. n. s. [dentaria, Latin.) A defence.
Miller. The guiltiness of my mind drove the grosshess Top. n. s. [topp, Welsh ; top, Sax. top, of the foppery into a received belief, in despight Dutch and Danish; topper, a crest,Islandof the teeth of all rhime and reason, that they
ick.] were fairies.
Sbakspeare. The only way is not to grumble at the lot
1. The highest part of any thing. they must bear in spite of their teeth. L'Estrange.
I should not see the sandy hour-glass run,
But I should think of shallows and of flats, g. To show the TEETH. To threaten. When the law shews her tsetb, but dares not
And see my wealthy Andrew dock'd in sand,
Vailing her high top lower than her ribs. aks bite, And South-Sea treasures are not brought to
He wears upon his baby brow the round light.
And top of sovereignty.
Here is a mount, whose toppe seems to despise To Tooth.v. a. (from tooth.]
The farre inferiour vale that underlies: 1. To furnish with teeth; to indent.
Who, like a great man rais'd aloft by fate, Then saws were tootb'd, and sounding axes Measures his height by others mean estate. made. Dryden.
Broner. The point hooked down like that of an eagiez Here Sodom's tow'rs raise their proud tops on and both the edges toothed, as in the Indian crow. high;
Grew. The tow'rs as well as men outbrave the sky. Get a pair of tongs like a smith's tongs, strong
Cowles er, and toothed at the end. Mortimer. Thou nor on the top of old Olympus dwell'st
. 2. To lock in each other.
Miltas. It is common to tooth in the stretching course One poor roof, made of poles meeting at the two inches with the stretcher oniy. Moxon.. top, and covered with the bark of trees. Hoplin. TOOTH A'CH. n. s. (tooth and ach.] Pain That government which takes in the consent in the teeth.
of the greatest number of the people, may justly There never yet was the philosopher
be said to have the broadest bottom; and if it That could endure the toothach patiently,
terminate in the authority of one single persoa, However at their ease they talk'd like gods.
it may be said to have the narrowest top, and so Sbakspeare. makes the firmest pyramid.
Temple He that sleeps feels not the toothach. Sbaksp.
So up the steepy hill with pain
The weighty stone is rowl'd in vain;
Which having touch'd the top recoils,
And leaves the labourer to renew his toils
Granvill One was grown desperate with the tootbach,
Marine bodies are found upon hills, and at the TO'OTHDRAWER. n. s. [thoth and draw.]
bottom only such as have fallen down from their tops.
Woodwards One whose business is to extract pain 2. The surface; the superficies. ful teeth.
Plants that draw much nourishment from the Nature with Scots as fosthdrawers hath dealt, earth hurt all things that grow by them, espe Who use to string their teeth upon their belt. cially such trees as spread their roots near the Cleaveland. top of the ground.
Bacon. When the teeth are to be dislocated, a tooth. ‘Shallow brooks that flow'd so clear, drawer is consulted. Wiseman. The bottom did the top appear.
Drydet. TO'OTHED. adj. [from toob.] Having 3. The highest place. teeth.
He that will not set himself proudly at the top, TO'OTHLESS. adj. [from tooth.] Wanting of all things, but will consider the immensity of teeth; deprived of teeth.
this fabrick, may think, that in other mansions Deep-dinted wrinkles on her cheek she draws;
there may be other and different intelligent
beings. Sunk are her eyes, and footbless are her jaws,
What must he expect, when he seeks for preThey are fed with flesh minced small, having
ferment, but universal opposition when he is not only a sharp head and snout, but a narrow
mounting the ladder, and every hand ready to and toothless snout.
turn him off when he is at the top? Swift TO'OTHPICK. In. s. [tooth and pick.] 4. The highest person. TOOTHPICKERS An instrument by
How would you be,
If he, which is the top of judgment, should which the teeth are cleansed from any
But judge you as you are? Sbakspears thing sticking between them.
The utmost degree.
Zeal being the top and perfection of so many inch of Asia.
Shakspeare. religious affections, the causes of it must be
If you attain the top of your desires in fame,
all those who envy you will do you harm; and of hold, there will hardly be found in some places those who admire you few will do you good. Pepes enough to make a toothpick.
The top of my ambition is to contribute to If toothpicks of the lentisc be wanting, of a quill that work.
Pepee then make a toothpick.
6. The highest rank. the best toothpickers.
Take a boy from the top of a grammar school To'OTHSOME. adj. (from tooth.] Palat
and one of the same age bred in his father's fa
mily, and bring them into good company toge able; pleasing to the taste.
ther, and then sce which of the two will have Some are good to be eaten while young, but the more manly carriage. nothing toothsome as they grow old. Carew.
7. The cruti of the head. T 71.5OMENESS. 11. s. (from toothsome.] All the stur’i vengeances of heaven fall Plt tress to the taste.
On her ingralciul top!
'T is a per'lous boy,
3. To outgo; to surpass. Bold, quick, ingenious, forward, capable;
He's poor in no one fault, but stor'd with all, He's all the mother's from the top to toe. Shaks. -Especially, in pride. 8. The hair on the crown of the head; the -And topping all others in boasting. Shaksp. forelock.
So far he topp'd my thought,
Come short of what he did. Sbalspeare. Th' inaudible and noiseless foot of time
I am, cries the envious, of the same nature Steals, ere we can effect them. Sbakspeare.
with the rest: why then should such a man top 9. The head of a plant.
me? Where there is equality of kind, there The buds made our food are called heads or
should be no distinction of privilege. Collier. tops, as cabbage heads.
Watts. 4. To crop. 10. [top, Danish.] An inverted conoid
Top your rose trees a little with your knife
near a leaf bud. which children set to turn on the point, s. To rise to the top of.
Evelyn. continuing its motion with a whip.
If aught obstruct thy course, yet stand not still, Since I pluckt geese, play'd truant, and whipt But wind about till thou hast topp'd the hill: top, I knew not what it was to be beaten till lately.
Denban, Shakspeare. 6. To perform eminently: as, be tops his For as whipp'd tops, and bandied balls, The learned hold, are animals :
part. This word, in this sense, is sel. So horses they affirm to be
dom used but on light or ludicrous Mere engines made by geometry.
Hudibras. occasions. As young striplings whip the top for sport, TO'PARCH. n. s. [zór and apxi.] The On the smooth pavement of an empty court, principal man in a place. 'The wooden engine flies and whirls about,
They are not to be conceived potent monarchis, Admir'd with clamours of the beardless rout. Dry.
but toparcbs, or kings of narrow territories. Still humming on their drowsy course they
TO'PARCHY. n. s. [from toparch.] Com. And lash'd so long, like tops, are lash'd asleep.
mand in a small district.
Pope. A top may be used with propriety in a simili. To'ra 2. n. s. [topase, Fr. topazius, low tude by a Virgil, when the sun may be disho Latin.] A yellow gem. noured by a Mævius.
Broome. The golden stone is the yellow topaz. Bacon. II. Top is sometimes used as an adjective
Can blazing carbuncles with her compare?
The topbas sent from scorched Meroe? to express lying on the top, or being at
Or pearls presented by the Indian sea ? Sandys.
With light's own smile the yellow topaz burns. The top stones laid in clay are kept together.
Thomson. Mortimer. To TOPE. v. n. [topff, German, an earthen To TOP. v. n. (from the noun.]
pot; toppen, Dutch, to be mad. Skinner 1. To rise aloft ; to be eminent.
prefers the latter etymology; toper, Fr.] Those long ridges of lofty and topping moun
To drink hard ; to drink to excess. tains which run east and west, stop the evagation of the vapours to the north and south in hot
If you tope in form and treat,
'T is the sour sauce to the sweet meat, countries.
The fine you pay for being great. Some of the letters distinguish themselves
Dryden. from the rest, and top it over their fellows; To'pER. n. s. (from tope.] A drunkard. these are to be considered as letters and as cy- TO'PFUL. adj. [top and full.] Full to phers.
the top; full to the brim. 2. To predominate.
'Tis wonderful The thoughts of the mind are uninterruptedly
What may be wrought out of their discontent; employed by the determinations of the will, in
Now that their souls are topul of offence. fuenced by that topping uneasiness while it lasts.
Till a considerable part of the air was drawn 3. To excel.
out of the receiver, the tube continued topful of But write thy best and top, and in each line
water as at first.
Boyle. Sir Formal's oratory will be thine. Dryden. One was ingenious in his thoughes, and bright To Top. v. a.
in his language; but so topful of himself, that he let it spill on all the company.
Watts. 1. To cover on the top; to tip; to defend
Fill the largest tatkard-cup topful. or decorate with something extrinsick Topga'LLANT. n. s. [top and gallant.]
Swift, on the upper part. The glorious temple rear'd
1. The highest sail. Her pile, far off appearing like a mount
2. It is proverbially applied to any thing Of alabaster, topp'd with golden spires. Milton. elevated or splendid. To him the fairest nymphs do show
A rose grew out of another, like honeysuckles, Like moving mountains topt with snow. Waller. called top and topgallants.
Bacon, There are other churches in the town, and I dare appeal to the consciences of topgallant two or three palaces, which are of a more mo sparks.
L'Estrange dern make, and built with a good fancy: I was Topha'ceous. adj. [from tophus, Latin.] shown the little Notre Dame; that is handsomely designed, and topp'd with a cupola. Adilison.
Acids mixed with them precipitate a topba.
Arbuthnot. 7. To rise above.
A gourd planted by a large pine, climbing by TOPHE'avv. adj. [top and heavy.] Have the boughs twined about them, till it topped and ing the upper part too weighty for the covered the tree.
A roof should not be too heavy nor too light; In the cure of struma, the topicks ought to be but of the two extremes a house inpbeary is the discutient.
Wetton. TO'PKNOT. 1, s. [top and kno". A not Topbeavy drones, and always looking down,
worn by women on the top of the head. As over-ballasted within the crown,
This arrogance amounts to the pride of an ass Mutt'ring betwixt their iips some mystick thing.
in his trappings; when 't is but his master's tak
Dryden. These top heavy buildings, feared up to an in
ing away his topinot to make an ass of him again.
L'Estrange vidious height, and which have no foundation TO'Pless. adj. [from top.] Having no in merit, are in a moment blown down by the breath of kings.
top. As to stiff gales topbeavy pines bow low
He sent abroad his voice, Their heads, and lift them as they cease to blow.
Which Pallas far off echo'd; who did betwirt Pope.
them hoise TO'PHET. n. s. [.non Heb. a drum.] Hell; TO'Pwan. n. s. top and man.] 'The
Shrill tuinult to a topless height. Gbapesa. a scriptural name.
sauer at the top. The pleasant valley of Hinnom, topbet thence And black Gehenna call'd, the type of hell. Milt.
The pit-saw enters the one end of the stuff
, Fire and darkness are here mingled with all
the ts, man at the top, and the pitman under other ingredients that make that topbet prepared
him, the to; man observing to guide the saw ei. of old. Burnet.
actly in the line. TO'PICAL. adj. (from có-2.]
TO'Pmost. adj. [An irregular superlative 1. Relating to some general head.
formed from top.] Uppermost; highest.
A swarm of bees, 2. Local; confined to some particular
Unknown from whence they took their airy
flight, Topical or probable arguments, either from
Upon the topmosi branch in clouds alight. Dryd
. consequence of scripture, or from human rea
From stcep to steep the troops advanc'd with son, ought not to be admitted or credited, against
pain, the consentient testimony and authority of the In hopes at last the topmost cliff to gain; ancient catholick church.
But still by new ascents the mountain grew, An argument from authority is but a weaker
And a fresh toil presented to their view. Alle kind of proet; it being but a topical probation, Men pild on men with active leaps arise, and an inartiticial argument, depending on naked And build the breathing fabrick to the skies; asseveration.
A sprightly youth, above the to most rox, Iridences of fact can be no more than topical Points the tall pyramid, and crowns the shor. and probable.
Hale. What then shall be rebellion shall it be more TopO'GRAPHER. n. s. (=572 and you] than a topical sin, found indeed under some monarchical medicines?
One who wiites descriptions of particu3. Applied medicinally to a particular
TopO'GRAPHY. n. s. [topograpbie, Fr. part. A woman, with some unusual hemorrhage, is
SET D, and if c.] Description of par. only to be cured by topical remedies. Arbuibnet.
ticular places. TOʻPICALLY. adv. (from topical. With That philosophy gives the exact est tepe rette application to some particular part.
of the extramundane spaces. This topiciliy applied becomes a phanigmus,
The topogra; hy of sulmo in the Latin makes or rebitying medicine, and is of such tiery parts,
but an askevaid figure in the version. Created that they have of themselves conceived true and To'pping. adı. [from top.] Fine; noble ; burnt a house.
Bren. gallant. A low word. TOPICK. n. s. [topique, Fr. 7*3.]
The topping fellow I take to be the arcester 1. Principle of persuasion.
of the tine fellow. Contumacious persons, who are not to be fix. To'rliaGly. adv. Splendidly; nobly. ed by any principles, whom no topicks can work A low word. upon.
bilkins. TO'PPINGLY.adi. [from topping.] Fine; I might dilate on the difficulties, the temper
Obsolete. of the people, the power, arts, and interest of
gav; gallant ; shoir the contrary party; but those are invidious tue These toppin lie ghests be in number but tety
Dryden. picks, too green in remembrance.
As welcome to dairie as buares among men.
Toiset Let them argue over all the topicks of divine goodness and human weakness, and whatscerer To TO'PPLE. V. n. [fron top.] To fail other pretences sinking sinners catch at to save forward; to iumbe down themselves by, yet how urifiing must be their Tho' bladed corn be icdged, and trees bləri plea!
down; The principal branches of presching are, to Tho' castles topple on their warders heads. teil the people what is their duty, and then cise
*Stckcarts vince them that it is so: tue irpicks for both are The wisest aunt telling the saddest taki
brought from scripture and reason. -Jarigt. Sometime for three or stuk inis keth me; 2. A general head; something to which Tien slip I from her quite, cown topics she. other things are referred.
All arts and sciences have some general sub- TO'YPROUD. adj. [top and proud., Proud jects, called ispicis, or con mon plais; he carse in the highest eri. middle terms a:c borrowed, anu arjun ents de
This so frus'felios, rived from tium for the yreuf oiihen varias By intelligence I do know pro; ositiuus.
To be corrupt and treasonous. Sisteme 3. Things externally applied to any par. Tors.' ... so top and sail.] The binde ticular part.