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The noise of some tumultuous fight; SALT. n. s. (salt, Gothick ; sealt, Sax. They break the truce, and sally out by night.
sal, Lat. sel, Fr.]
Dryden. The summons take of the same trumpet's call,
1. Salt is a body whose two essential pro. To saiby from one port, or man one publick wall. perties seem to be, dissolubility in wa
Tate. ter, and a pungent sapor: it is an active SA'ILY PORT. n. so sally and port.] Gate incombustible substance: it gives all at wich sallies are made.
bodies consistence, and preserves them My slippery soul had quit the fort,
from corruption, and occasions all the But that she scorp'd the sallyport. Cleaveland.
variety of tastes. There are three kinds Love to our citadel resorts Through those deceitful sellyports ;
of salts, fixed, volatile, and essential : Our sentinels betray our forts.
fixed salt is drawn by calcining the matSA MAGU'NDI. n. s. (it is said to be cor
ter, then boiling the ashes in good rupted from selon mon gout, or sale à mon
deal of water: after this the solution is god:.] A mixture of chopped meat and
filtrated, and all the moisture evaporpickled herrings with oil, vinegar, pep
ated, when the salt remains in a dry per, dud onions.
form at the bottom : this is called a SA'LICN. n (salmo, Latin ; salmon,
lixivious salt. Volatile salt is that drawn A fish.
chiefly from the parts of animals, and The salmon is accounted the king of fresh some putrified parts of vegetables : it waer tish, and is bred in rivers relating to the rises easily, and is the most volatile of sea, yet so far from it is adinits no tincture of
any. The essential salt is drawn froin bracaichness. He is said to cast his spawn in
the juice of plants by crystallization. Au, ut: some say t:at then they dig a hole in
Harris, a sate place in the gravel, and there place their €935 v. spawn, after the melter has done his na
Is not discourse, manhood, learning, gentle tural othce, and then cover it over with gravel
ness, virtue and liberality, the spice and sult
that seasons a man? and stones, and so leave it to their Creator's pro
He perfidiously has given up, tection; wh.), by a gentle heat which he intuses into that cold elément, makes it brood and beget
For certain drops of salt, your city Rome,
To his wife and mother. life in the spawn, and to become samlets early
Shakspeare. in the spring: they haste to the sea before win
Since salts differ much, some being fixt, some ter, bith the melcer and spawner.—Sir Francis
volatile, some acid, and some urinous, the two Bacun observes the age of a salmon exceeds not
qualities wherein they agree are, that it is easily ten years. Aftur he is got into the sea he be
dissoluble in water, and affects the palate with a comes from a samlet, not so big as a gudgeon, to
sa pour, good or evil.
Boyle. be a salaon, in as short a time as a gosling be
A particle of salt may be compared to a chaos, Walton.
being dense, hard, dry, and earthy, in the centre, Incs puke them with an instrument some
and rare, soft, and moist, in the circumference; what like the salmon spear. Carew.
Newton. They take salmon and trouts by groping and
Salts are bodies friable and brittle, in some ticklingthern under the bellies in the pools, where
degree pellucid, sharp or pungent to the taste, they hover, and so torow them on land. Carew.
and dissoluble in water; but after that is
evapor Of fishes, you hind in arms the whale, dol ated, incorporating, crystalizing, and forming phin, salmon, and trout.
themselves into angular figures. Woodward SA'LMONT ROUT. n. s. A trout that has 2. Taste ; smack. some resemblance to a salmon,
'Though we are justices and doctors, and There is in many rivers that relate to the sca
churchmen, Mr. Page, we have some salt of our salmontreuis as much different from others, in youth in us; we are the sons of women. State shape and spots, as sheep differ in their shape 3. Wit; merriment. and bizness.
SALT. adj. SALPI'cox. n. s. [In cookery.] A kind of farce put into holes cut in legs of
1. Having the taste of salt; as, salt fish.
We were better parch in Africk sun, beef, veal, or mutton.
Bailey. Than in the pride and salt scorn of his eyes. SALSAMENTARIOUS, adj. [salsamenta.
Sbakspeare. TIK, Latin.) Belonging to salt things.
Thou old and true Menenius,
Thy tears are salter than a younger man's, SA'LSIFY. n.
And venomous to thine eyes. n. s. [Latin.) A plant.
or the common sort of goatsbeard, is 2. Impregnated with salt. of a very long oval figure, as if it were cods all Hang him, mechanical salt butter rogue: I over streaked, and engraven in the spaces be will awe him with my cudgel. Sbakspeare. tween the streaks, which are sharp-pointed to It hath been observed by the ancients, that wards the end.
Mortimer. salt water will dissolve salt put into it in less SALSO A'CID.adj. (salsus and acidus, Lat.]
time than fresh water.
Bacon. Having a taste compounded of saltness
A leap into salt waters very often gives a new and sourness.
motion to the spirits, and a new turn to the blood.
Addison. The salspacids help its passing off; as sal prunel.
In Cheshire they improve their lands by letFloyer.
ting out the water of the salt springs on them, SALSC'GINOUS. adj. (salsugo, Lat.] Salt always after rain.
Mortimer. isb; somewhat salt. The distinction of salts, whereby they are dis- 3. Abounding with salt.
He shall inhabit the parched places in the criminated into acid, volatile, or salsuginous, if I
wilderness in a salt land, and not inhabited. may so call the fugitive salts of animal sub
Jeremiah. stances, and fixed or alcalizate, may appear of proch use in natural philosophy.
Boyle. 4. [Salax, Lat.] Lecherous; salacious.
coines a goose.
Be a whore still:
SA’LTNESS. n. s. [from salt.) Taste of Make use of thy salt hours, season the slaves
salt. For tubs and baths; bring down the rose-cheek'd
Salt water passing through earth, through ten youth
vessels, one within another, hath not lost its saltTo the tub-fast, and the diet. Sbakspeare. All the charms of love,
ness, so as to become potable; but drained through Salt Cleopatra, sefren thy wan lip! Sbakspeare.
twenty, become fresh.
Some think their wits have been asleep, except This new-married man, approaching here, Whose salt imagination yet hath wrong'd
they dart out somewhat that is piquant and io Your well-defended honour, you must pardon.
the quick: men ought to find the difference between saltness and bitterness.
Bacon. Slakspente. SALI PE'TRE. n. s. [sal petræ, Lat. sal TO SALT. v. a. (from the noun.] To season with salt.
petre, French.] Nitre.
Nitre, or saitpetre, having a crude and windy If the offering was of flesh, it was salted thrice.
spirit, by the heat of the fire suddenly dilateth. Brown.
Bacon. SA’LT-PAN.] n. s. [salt and pan, or pit.] Nitre or saltpetre, in heaps of earth, has been SA'LT-PIT. Pit where salt is got. extracted, if they be exposed to the air, so as to Moab and Ammon shall be as the breeding be kept from rain.
Locke. of nettles, salt-pits, and a perpetual desolation. SALVA B’LITY. n. s. [from salvable.]
Possibility of being received to everlastCicero prettily calls them salinas salt-pans,
ing life. that you may extract salt out of, and sprinkle where you please..
Why do we Christians so fiercely argue against The stratum lay at about twenty-five fathom,
the salvability of each other, as if it were our by the duke of Somerset's salt-pans near White
wish that all should be damned, but those of our haven.
Decay of Piety. SAʼLTANT. adj. (saltans, Lat.] . Jump:
SA’LVABLE. adj. [from salvo, Latin.]
Possible to be saved. ing; dancing SALTA'TION. n. so [saltatio, Latin.]
Our wild fancies about God's decrees have in
event reprobated more than those decrees, and 1. The act of dancing or jumping.
have bid fair to the damning of many whom The locusts being ordained for saltation, their those left salvable.
Decay of Picty. hinder legs do far exceed the others. Brożen. SA'LVAGE. adj. [saulvage, Fr. selvaggio, 2. Beat; palpitation.
Italian, from silva, Lat.] Wild; rude ; If the great artery be hurt, you will discover it by its saltation and florid colour.
cruel. It is now spoken and written SA'LTCAT. n. s.
savage. Many give a lump of salt, which they usually
May the Essexian plains call a salteat, made at the salterns, which makes
Prove as a desert, and none there make stays the pigeons much affect the place. Mortimer.
Bu savage beasts, or men as wild as they
Waller. SA'LTCELL *R. n. s. [salt and celiar.] Vessel of salt set on the table.
A savage race inur'd to blood. Dryden. When any salt is spilt on the table-cloth, skake SALVAʼtion. n. s. [from salvo, Lat.] it out into the saltcellar.
Savift. Preservation from eternal death; recep. SA'LTER. . s. [from salt.]
tion to the happiness of heaven. 1. One who salts.
As life and death, mercy and wrath, are mat2. One who sells salt.
ters of understanding or knowledge, all men's After these local names, the most have been
salvation, and all men's endless perdition, are derived from occupations; as smith, salter, ar
things so opposite, that whosoever doth affirm Camcher.
the one must necessarily deny the other, Hooker.
Him the most High, SA'LTERN.n. 5. A salt-work.
Wrap'd in a balmy cloud with winged steeds, A saltcat made at the salterns. Mortimer. Did, as thou saw'st, receive; to walk with God SALTINBA'NCO. n. s. (saltare in banco,
High in salvation, and the climes of bliss, to climb on a bench, as a mountcbank SA'LVATORY. n. s. (salvatoire, Fr.] A
Exempt from death.
Miltont. mounts a bank or bench.) A quack or
place where any thing is preserved. mountebank.
I consider the admirable powers of sensation, Saltinbanuges, quacksalvers, and charlatans,
phantasy, and memory, in what salvatories or redeceive them: were Æsop alive, the Piazza and Pont-neuf could not speak their fallacies. Brown.
positories the species of things past are conserved.
Hale. He play'd the saltinbanco's part,
SALUBRIOUS. adj. [salubris, Latin.) Transform'd t'a Frenchman by my art. Hudib. SA'LTIER. n. s. (saultiere, Fr.j Term of
Wholesome; healthful ; promoting
health. heraldry. A saltier is in the form of a St. Andrew's
The warm limbeck draws cross, and by some is taken to be an engine to
Salubrious waters from the nocent brood. take wild beasts : in French it is called un sautoir:
Pbilips. it is an honourable bearing.
SALU'Brity. n. 's. [from salubrious.] SA'LTISH, adj. [from salt.] Somewhat Wholesomeness; healthfulness. salt.
SALVE. n. s. (This word is originally and Soils of a saltisb nature improve sandy grounds.
properly salf, which having salves in
Mortimer. the plural, the singular in time was borSA'LTLESS. adj. [from salt.] Insipid; not rowed from it: sealf, Saxon, undoubte tasting of salt.
edly from salvus, Latin.] SA'LTLY. adv. [from salt.] With taste 1. A glutinous matter applied to wounds of salt; in a salt manner.
and hurts; an emplaster.
Let us hence, my sov'reign, to provide SALVO. n. s. [from salvo jure, Latin, a
jakip. · form - used in granting any thing: as Sleep is pain's easiest salve, and.doth fulil All offices of death, except to kill..
salvojure put i.] An exception; a reserva Donne.
ation; an excue. Go study salve and treacle; ply Your tenant's leg, or his sore eye. Cleaveland.
They admit inany salvoes, cautions, and reserve The royal sword thus drawn,' has cur'd a
ationis, sv as they cross not the chief design.
King Charles. wound,
It will be hard if he cannot bring himself off For which no other salve could have been found.
Waller. at last with some saldo or distinction, and be bis Though most were sorely wounded, none were
L' Estrange. slain;
If others of a more serious turn join with us The surgeons soon despoil'd them of their arms,
deliberately in their religious professions of loyAnd some with salves they cure, Dryda.
alty, with any private salvoes or evasions, they
would do well to consider those maxiins in which 2. Help ; remedy.
all casuists are agreed.
Addison. If they shall excommunicate me, hath the doctrine of meekness any salve for me then? SA’LUTARINESS. n. s. [from salutar;.]
Wholesomeness; quality of contributing To Salve. via. (salvo, Latin; or from to health or safety. the noun.]
SA'LUTARY. adj. (salutaire, Fr. salu. 1. To cure with medicaments applied.
taris, Lat.] Wholesome; healthful; safe; Many skilful leeches him abide, To salo: his hurts.
advantageous; contributing to health or It should be to little purpose for them to salde
safety. the wound, by making protestations in disgrace
The gardens, yards, and avenues, are dry and of their own actions.
Hooker. clean; and so more saiutary as more elegant. The which if I perform, and do survive,
Rag. I do beseech your majesty may salve
It was want of faith in our Savio!ır's countryThe long-grown wounds of my intemperature.
men, which hindered him from shedding among Slutspeare.
thein the salutary emanations of his divine vir2. To help; to remedy.
tue; and he did not many mighty works there,
SALUTA'Trox. 1. s. [salutation, Fr. salu.
Sidney. tatio, Lat.] The act or style of salut. Our mother-tongue, which truly of itself is ing; greeting. both full enough for prose, and stately enough
The early village cock
Thy kingdom's peers
Swift. Hail, king of Scotland! 3. To help or save by a salvo, an excuse,
On her the angel hail
Bestow'd, the holy salutation used
In all publick meetings, or private addresses,
use those forms of salutation, reverence, and deMy mare particular, And that which most with you should salve my
cency, usual amongst the most suber persons. going,
Taylor, Is Fulvia's death.
Court and state he wisely shuns;
Nor bribd, to servile salutations runs. Dryden. to salve phanomena, framed to their conceit eco
TO SALU’TE, v. a. (saluto, Lat, saluer, centricks and epicycles; so they, to salve the prac.. French.] tice of the church, had devised a great number of 1. To greet; to hail. strange positions.
The golden sun salutes the inorn, There must be another state to make up the And, having gilt the ocean with his beams, inequalities of this, and salve all irregular appear Gallops the zodiack in his glist'ring coach. Sbak.
One hour hence This conduct might give Horace the hint to Shall salute your grace of York as mother. Shok. say, that when Homer was at a loss to bring any difficult matter to an issue, he laid his hero asleep,
2. To please; to gratify.
Would I had no being, and this salved all difficulty.
If this salute my blood a jot: it faints me, 4. (from salvo, Lat.) To salute. Obsolete. To think what follows.
3. To kiss.
SALU'TE. n. s. [from the verb.]
1. Salutation ; greeting:
The custom of praying for those that sneeze at first to carry away or save what was
is more ancient than these opinions hereof: so left.) A plate on which any thing is that not any one disease has been the occasion
of this salute and deprecation.
Brown, He has printed them in such a portable volume, O, what avails me now that honour high that many them may be ranged together on a To have conceiv'd of God, or that salute, single pla e; and is of opinion, that a salver of Hail highly favour'd, among women blest! Milt. spectat 07. na ld be as acceptable an entertain Continual salutes and addresses entertaining ment for the ladies, as a salver of sweetmeats. him all the way, kept him from saving so great
Addison. a life, but with one glance of his eye upon the
I shall not trouble my reader with the first sa I design this but for a sample of what I hope lutes of our three friends. dddison. more fully to discuss.
Woodward. a. A kiss.
Determinations of justice were very summary There cold salutes, but here a lover's kiss. and decisive, and generally put an end to the
Roscontron. vexations of a law-suit by the ruin both of plainSALU'ter, n. s. [from salute.] He who
tiff and defendant: travellers have recorded some samples of this kind.
From most bodies SALUTI'FEROUS. adj. ( salutifer, Latin.] Some litele bits ask leave to flow; Healthy ; bringing health.
And, as through these canals they roll, The king commanded him to go to the south Bring up a sample of the whole.
Prior. cf France, believing that nothing would contri
TO SA'MP: E. v.a. To show something bute more to the restoring of his former vigour
Ainsworthi than the gentle salutiferous air of Montpelier.
SAʼMPLER. n. s. [exemplar, Lat. whence SAME. adj. [samo, Gothick ; sammo,
it is sometimes written samplar.) A Swedish
pattern of work; a piece worked by 1. Not different; not another ; identical; young girls for improvement. being of the like kind, sort, or degree.
O love, why do'st thou in thy beautiful sampler Miso, as spitefully as her rotten voice could
set such a work for my desire to set out, which ufter it, set forth the same sins of Ainphielus.
And in a tedious sampler sewid her mind. Sbak.
We created with our needles both one flower, Holds on the same.
Milton. Th'echerial vigour is in all the same,
Both on one samplar, sitting on one cushion;
Both warbling of one song, both in one key,
As if our hands, our sides, voices and minds
Sbakspeare mitted all visible objects tinctured with the same colour; as we see whatever is beheld through a
And cheeks of sorry grain, will serve to ply coloured glass appears of the same colour with the class.
Milton. The merchant does not keep money by him;
I saw her sober over a sampler, or gay over a but if you consider what money must be lodged in the banker's hands, the case will be much the
Popes Locke. SA'NABLE, adj. (sanabilis, Lat.] CuraThe same plant producech as great a variety of ble ; susceptive of remedy ; remediable. juices as there is in the same animal
. Arbuthnet. Sana'tion: n. s. [sanatıo, Latin.] The 2. That which was mentioned before. act of curing:
Do but think how well the same he spends, Consider well the member, and, if you have Who spends his blood his country to relieve. no probable hope of sanation, cut it off quickly. Daniel.
Wisenant. S.I'MENESS. n. s. [from same.]
SANATIVE. adj. [from sano, Lat.] Power1. Identity ; the state of being not an ful to cure; healing other; not different.
The vapour of coltsfoot hath a sanative virtue Difference of persuasion in matters of religion towards the lungs.
Bacen. may easily fall out, where there is the sameness SA'NATIVENESS, n. s. [from sanative.] of duty, allegiance, and subjection. K. Charles,
Power to cure. 2. Undistinguishable resemblance.
SANCTIFICATION. n. so [sanctification, If all courts have a sameness in them, things
Fr. from sanctifico, low Latin.] may be as they were in my time, when all employments went to parliamentmen's friends. 1. The state of being freed, the act of free.
Swift. ing from the dominion of sin for the SA'MLET. n. s. (salmonet, or salmonlei.]
time to come. A little salmon.
The grace of this sanctification and life, which A salmon, after he is got into the sea, becomes
was first received in him, might pass from him to from a samlet, not so big as a gudgeon, to be a
his whole race, as malediction came from Adam unto all mankind.
Hookersalmon, in as short a time as a gosling becomes a goose.
Walton, 2. The act of making holy; consecration.
The bishop kneels before the cross, and deSA'MPHIRE. n. s. [saint Pierre, Fr. rith.
voutly adores and kisses it: after this follow's a mum, Lat.) A plant preserved in pickle. long prayer for the sanctification of that new sigia This plant grows in great plenty upon the of the cross.
Stilling fiet. socks near the sea-shore, where it is washed by SA'NCTIFIER. N. s. [from sanctify.] Ho the salt water. It is greatly esteemed for pick
that sanctifies or makes holy. ling, and is sometimes used in medicine. Miller. Half way down
To be the sunetifier of a people, and to be their God, is all one.
Derbaru Hangsone that gathers sampbire : dreadful trade! Methinks he seems no bigger than his head.
T. SANCTIFY. v. a. (sanctifier, Fr Sbakspeare.
sanctifico, Latin.) SA’MPLE. n. s. [from example.] A speci- 1. To free from the power of sin for the men ; a part of the whole shown, that
time to come. judgment may be made of the whole. For if the blood of bulls, sprinkling the un
He entreated them to tarry but two days, and clean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the tiesh, hov he himself would bring them a sample of the car.
much more shall the blood of Christ? Hebreti's
Raleigh. 2. To make loiy. I have not engaged myself to any: I am not What actions can express the entire purity loaded with a full cargo: 't is sufficient if I bring thought which retines and sanctifies a 'virenota a sample of some goods in this voyage. Dryden. man?
3. To make a means of holiness.
In their looks divine The gospel, by not making many things un
The image of their glorious Maker shone, clean, as the law did, hach sanctifies those things
Truth, wisdom, sanctitude, serene and pure.
Milion. generally to all, which particularly each man to himselt must san-tify by a reverend and holy SA'NCTITY. n. s. (sanctitas, Latin.]
Houter. Those judgments God hath been pleased to
1. Holiness; the state of being holy.
At his touch, send upon me are so much the more welcome, as a means which his mercy hath sanctified so to
Such sanctity hath Heaven given his hand, me as to make me repent of that unjust act.
They presently amend.
God attributes to place
No sanctity, if none be thither brought
Milton. devotion, or by any strength in themselves direct causes of it; but the grace of God is pleased 2. Goodness; the quality of being good; to move us by ways suitable to our nature, and purity; godliness. to sanctijy these sensible helps to higher pur
This youth poses.
Soutb. I reliev'd with such sanctity of love, 4. To make free from guilt.
And to his image, which methought did promise The holy man, amaz'd at what he saw,
Most venerable worth, did I devotion. Shaksp. Made hasté lo sanctify the bliss by law. Dryden. It was an observation of the ancient Romans, 5. To secure from violation,
that their empire had not more increased by the Truth guards the poet, sanctifies the line. Pope. strength of their arms than the sanctity of their
Addison, SANCTIMO'STous. adj. [from sanctimonia, 3. Saint ; holy being.
Latin.) Saintly; having the appearance About him all the sanctities of heav'n of sanctity.
Stood thick as stars, and trom his sight receiv'd A sanctimonious pretence, under a pomp of Beatitude past utt'rance.
Milton form, without the grace of an inward integrity. To Sa'NCTUARISE. v.n. [from sanctuary.} will not serve the turn.
L'Estrange. To shelter by means of sacred privileges. SA'NCTIMONY. N. so [sanctimonia, Latin.] Not in use.
Holiness; scrupulous austerity; appear No place indeed should murder sanctuarise. ance of holiness.
Sbakspeare. If sanctimony, and a frail vow between an er SANCTUARY. n. s.[sanctuaire, French; rant Barbarian and a supersubtle Venetian, be sanctuarium, Latin.] not too hard for my wit, and all the tribe of hell,
1. A holy place; holy ground. Properly thou shalt enjoy her.
Sbakspeare. Her presence is a pilgrimage, which holy un
the penetralia, or most retired and awful dertakwy, with most austere sanctimony, she ac
part of a temple. compush'd.
Having waste ground enough, There was great reason why all discreet princes
Shall we desire to raze the sanctuary, should beware of yielding hasty belief to the robes
And pitch our evils there?
Sbakspeare. of sanctimgay.
They often plac'd
Within his sanctuary itself their shrines. Milt. SA'NCTION. n. s. [sanction, Fr. sanctio, Let it not be imagined, that they contribute Latin)
nothing to the happiness of the country who only 1. The act of confirmation which gives to serve God in the duties of a holy life, who are any thing its obligatory power; ratifi tend his sanctuary, and daily address his goodCation.
Rogers. I have kill'd a slave,
2. A place of protection ; a sacred asyAnd of his blood causid to be mix'd with wine: lum : whence a sanctuary man, one who Fill every man his bowl. There cannot be
takes shelter in a holy place. A fitier drink to make this sanction in.
Come, my boy, we will to sanctuary. Shaksp.
Ben Jonson. I'll hence forthwith unto the sanctuary,
To save at least the heir of Edward's right.
Sbakspeare. To force their monarch.
Oft have I heard of sanctuary men; There needs no positive law or sanction of God
But sanctuary children ne'er 'till now, Shaksp. stamp an obliquity upon such a disobedience.
He fled to Beverley, where he and divers of South.
his company registered themselves sanctuary By the laws of men, enacted by civil power,
Bacon. gratitude is not enforced; that is, not enjoined by Howsoever the sanctuary man was protected the sanction of penalties, to be infricted upon the
from his creditors, yet his goods out of sanctuperson that shall not be found grateful. South.
ary should not.
Bacon. The satisfactions of the christian life, in its
3. Shelter; protection. prestat practice and future hopes, are not the
What are the bulls to the frogs, or the lakes merera;tures of enthusiasm, as the strictest profeiset of reason have added the sunction of their
to the meadows? Very much, says the frog; for
he thai's worsted will be sure to take sanctuary testimony.
L'Estrange. Tus uord is often made the sanction of an
The admirable works of painting were made cath: it is reckoned a great coroinendation to be a man oftonour.
fuel for the fire; but some reliques of it took Winting suretion and authority, it is only yet
sanctuary under ground, and escaped the comBaker. mon destiny.
Dryden. a private rork, 2. A lak; a decree ratified. Improper. SAND. ». s. [sand, Danish and Dutch.]
T is the first sanction nature gare to mall, 1. Particles of stone not conjoined, or Exh other to as ist in that they can. Denham. stone broken to powder. Sastoll Uit, n. s. Linon sunetus, Lat.) That finer matter called sand, as no other than diuinços, goodness; saintliness.
very small pebbles.