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proved, they pour it upon whiting, which is a 1. To cut with a knife. white chalk or clay, finely powdered, cleansed,
2. To edge; to sharpen. Not in use. and made up into balls.
When they are come to that once, and are When you clean your plate, leave the white ing plainly to be seen in all the chinks. Swift.
thoroughly wobitelad, then shill you have thea
cast their wanton eyes upon men's wwes. Whi'tish. adj. [from white.) Somew hit
To Whiz. V. n. (from the sound that it The same aqua-fortis, that will quickly change the redness of red lead into a darker colour,
expresses.] To make a loud humming will, being put upon crude lead, produce a white isb substance, as with copper it did a bluish. Boyle.
The exhalations, whizzing in the air, WHI'TISHNESS. n. s. (from whilisb.] The
Give so much light that I may riad by them.
Sbak.part. quality of being somewhat white.
Turn him about; Take good venereal vitriol of a deep blue, and I know him, he'll but wbiz, and straight go out. compare with some of the entire crystals, pur
Dritan posely reserved, some of the subtle powder of Soon all with vigo::r bend their trusty bzws the same salt, wbich will exhibit a very consi And from the quiver each his arrow chose: derable degree of wbitishness.
Boyle. Hippocoon's was the first; with forceful sway Whi'TLEATHER. n. s. [white and lea. It few, and rubizzing cut the liquid way. Dys
ther.} Leather dressed with alum, re WHO. pronoun. genitive whose; other cases markable for toughness.
wbom. [hpa, Saxon; wie, Dutch.) Whole bridle and saddle, wbitlether and nat,
1. A pronoun relative, applied to persons. With collars and harneis.
We have no perfect description of it, nor 227 He bor'd the nerves through, from the heel to
knowledge how, or by zebom, it is inhabited. ch’ankle, and then knit Both to his chariot with a thong of wbitleather, Oft have I seen a timely-parted ghost,
Cbapman, Nor do I care much, if her pretty snout
Of ashy semibiance, meagre, pale, and bloodles, Meet with her furrow'd chin, and both together
Being all descended to the lab'ring heart,
H'bo, in the confict that it holds with death, Hem in her lips as dry as good wbitleutber.
Attracts the same for aidance 'against the eaeSuckling
Stadspurt. WHITLOW. n. S. [hpit, Saxon, and loup, Were the grac'd person of our Banquo present,
a wolf. Skinner. Þpit, Saxon, and low, Whom I may rather challenge for unkindres, a fame. Lye.] A swelling between the Than pity for mischance.
Sbakefalle cuticle and cutis, called the mild whit.
The son of Duncan, low; or between the periosteum and
From whom this tyrane holds the due of birth,
Sead the bone, called the malignant whitlow. 2. Which of many.
Paronychia is a small swelling about the nails and ends of the fingers, by the vulgar people ge
A man can never be obliged to submit to any nerally called wbitflaw.
power, unless he can be satisfied wbo is the pero
son wbo has a right to exercise it. WHI'TSOUR. 11. s. A kind of apple.
We are still as much at a loss be civil poser WHITSTER, or W biter. n. s. [from belongs to. white.) A whitener.
3. As who should say, elliptically for as tut Carry it among the wbitsters in Datchet mead.
who should say.
Sbakspeare. Hope throws a generous contempt upoa WH'TSUL. n. s. A provincial word. usage, and looks like a handsome defiance of 2
Their meat was wbitsul, as they call it; mistortune: as wlo sbould say, you are sottie namely, milk, sour milk, cheese, curds, butter. what troublesome now, but I shall conquer you.
Collier against Despair
. i WHITSUNTIDE. n. s. [wbite and sunday; 4. Whose is the genitive of which, as well
because the converts newly baptized as of wbo, and is applied to things. appeared from Easter to Whitsuntide in Wbose soever sins ye remit, they are revita white. Skinner.] The feast of Pentecost. ted; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are Strephon, with leafy twigs of lacrel tree,
retained. garland made on temples for to wear;
The question whose solution I require, For he then chosen was the dignity
Is, what the sex of women most desije? Desde Of village lord that Whitsontide to bear. Sidney.
Is there any other doctrine, wbsse torners This they employ in brewing and baking
are punished? against W biísuntide.
Carew. 5. It has sometimes a disjunctive sense. And let us do it with no shew of sear;
There thou tell'st of kings, and zbo aspire; Nor with no more than if we heard that England W be fall, who rise, wbo triumph, who do mour, Were busied with a W bitson morrice dance,
Danish Sbakspeuren Tell who loves wbo; what favours some fara WHITTENTREE. n. s. (sambucus aqua
take, tica.) A sort of tree.
Dryden. WHITTIE. n. s. [hpyrel, Saxon.) 6. It is used often interrogatively; as, cuba 1. A white dress for a woman. Not in use. is this ? meaning, what is the character 2. (hyjrel, Saxon.] A knife.
or name of this person? Hbo shall do There's not a wbittle in th' unruly camp this ? that is, where shall any be found But I do prize it at my love, before
that can do this? The reverend'st throat in Athens. Şhaksp.
In the grave wb, shall give thee thanks?
W'bo is this chat darkeneth coupsel by wards TO WHI'TTLE, V, a, (trom the noun.] without knowledge?
W be first seduc'd them to that dire revolt? Some from vanity, or envy, despise a valuable The infernal serpent.
Milton. book, and throw contempt upon it by wholesale. #bo feeds that alms-house neat, but void of
WhoʻLESALE. adj. Buying or selling in Where age and want sit smiling at the gate? the lump, or in large quantities. Wbo taught that heav'n-directed spire to rise!
These are uolesale chapmen to Satan, that do The man of Ross, each lisping babe replies. Pope.
not truck and barter one crime for another, but WHO E'ver. pronour. (who and ever.] take the whole herd. Govern. of the Tongue.
Any one, without limitation or excep This cost me, at the who'esale merchant's, a tion.
hundred drachmas; I make two hundred by W hower doth to temperance apply
selling it in retail.
Addison His stedfast life, and all his actions frame, WHOʻLESOME. adj. (beelsam, Dutch, beyle Trust me, shall find no greater enemy,
sam, Teutonick: both from hæl, Sax. Than stubborn perturbation to the same. Sens. bealth.] I think myself beholden, ojerusy sien's me
1. Sound. Contrary to unsound, in docmy mistakes.
trine. Wboe'er thou art, that fortune brings to keep The rights of Neptune, menarch of the deep;
So the doctrine contained be but arbolesome Thee first it fits, stranger, to prepare
and edifying, a want of exactness in speaking The due libation, and the sclemn pra;er. Pope. may be overlooked.
Alterbury. Il bocver is really brave, has always this com 2. Contributing to health. fort when he is oppressed, that he ki ows himself
Night not now, as ere man fell, to be superior to those who injure lim, by for Mbolesozre, and cool, and mild; but with black giving it.
Pope. WHOLE. adj. (palz, Saxon; becl, Dutch.] Accompanied, with damps and dreadful glvom.
Silton. 1. All; total; containing all.
Besides the wholesome luxury which that place All the whole arn y siood agaz'd at hiin.
abounds with, a kitchen garden is a more plca
sant sight than the finest orangery. Addison.
She held it whelesomer by much My exaltation, and my whole delight. Niilton.
To rest a little on the couch.
Prisr. Looking down he sai The mohole worid file with violence, and all Hesh
3. Preserving; salutary. Obsolete. Corrurting each their way,
Duilion. The Lord helpeth his anointed, and will hear Woukist thou be soon destroy'd, and perish
him from his holy heaven; even with the whole ubole,
some strength of his right hand. Psalms Trust Maurus with thy life, ana Milbourne 4. Useful; conducive to happiness or with thy soul.
They suffer us to famish, repeal daily any Contiguous might distemper the whole frame. wbolesome act established against the rich, and
provide more piercing statutes to chain up the 2. Complete ; not defective.
Sbakspeares The elder did whole regiments afford,
'Tis no less The younger brought his fortune and his sword. To govern justly, make your empire flourish,
Waller. With wholesome laws, 'in riches, peace, and 3. Uninjured; unimpaired.
plenty ; Anguish is come upon me, because my life is Than, by the expence of wealth and blood, to yet whole in me.
make For while unhurt, divine Jordain,
Denbam, Thy work and Seneca's remain;
5. Kindly; pleasing. A burlesque use. Thou keep'st his body, they his soul,
I cannot make you a wbolesome answer; my He lives and broaches, restor'd and whole, Prior. wit's diseased.
To wail friends lost, 4. Well of any hurt or sickness, When they had done circumcising all the
Is not by much so wbolesome, profitable,
peos ple, they abode in the camp till they were whole.
As to rejoice at friends but newly found. Shaks.
WHOʻLESOMELY.ado. [from wholesome.)
Fostua. WHOLE. n. S.
Salubriously; salutiferously. 1. The totality; no part omitted ; the
WHO'LESOMENESS. n. s. (from whole. complex of all the parts.
some.] Fear God, and keep his commandments, for
1. Quality of conducing to health ; saluthis is the whole of man.
Ecclesiastes. brity. It contained the whole of religion amongst the His palate was so tractable, and subdued to antients; and made philosophy more agreeable. the dictates of an higher choice, that he really
Broome. thought no meat pleasant, but in proportion to There is a metaphysical mbele, when the es its wholesomeness.
Fell. sence of a thing is said to consist of two parts, We made a standard of the healthfulness of the genus and the difference, i.e. the general the air from the proportion of acute and epideand the special nature, which, being joined toge mical diseases, and of the wholesomeness of the ther, make up a definition.
Waits. food from that of the chronical. Graunt. 2. A system ; a regular combination.
At Tonon they shewed us a great fountain of Begin with sense, of every art the soul, water, that is in great esteem for its wbolesome Parts answering parts shall slide into a whole. ness; weighing two ounces in a pound less than
the same measure of the lake water. Addisoma WHOʻLESALE. n. s. [whole and sale.]
Little eesaw he that th' Almighty pow's, 2. Sale in the lump, not in separate small
Who feeds the faithful at his chosen hour,
Consults not taste, but wbolesomeness of food, parcels. 2. The whole mass,
Nor means to please their sense, but do them good.
2, Salutariness; conduciveness to good. To put out the word wbsre, thou dost me wo WHOʻLLY. adu. [from whole.]
Throughout my book; troth, put out woman 3. Completely ; perfectly.
Ben Jensen. The thrust was so strong, that he could not so
2. A prostitute; a woman who receives wholly beat it away, but that it met with his
men for money. thigh, through which it ran.
Orontes Thus equal deaths are dealt with equal chance;
Conveys his wealth to Tiber's hungry shores, By turns they quit their ground, by turns ad And fattens Italy with foreign woores. Dryden.
We weary'd should lie down in death: Victors and vanquish'd in the various field,
This cheat of life would take no more; Nor wholiy overcome, nor wholly yield. Dryden. If you thought fame bui empty breath,
This story was written before Boccace; but Your Phillis but a perjur'd rbore. Prior. its author being wholly lost, Chaucer is now be- To WHORE. v.n. (trom the noun.) To come an original.
Dryden. converse unlawfully with the other sex. 2. Totally; in all the parts or kinds.
'Tis a noble general's prudent part, Metals are wbolly subterrany. Bacon. To cherish valour, and reward desert: Nor wholly lost we so deserv'd a prey;
Let him be daubid with lace, live high, and orbere; For storms repenting part of it restor'd. Dryd. Sometimes be lousy, but be never poor. Dryd.
They employed themselves wholly in domes- To Whore. v.a. To corrupt with regard tick life; and, provided a woman could keep her house in order, she never troubled herself about
to chastity. regulating the commonwealth. Addison.
Have I svbord your wife? Congres WHOM. The accusative of who, singu. WHOʻREDOM. n. s. [from whore.] For. lar and plural.
nication. As God is originally holy in himself, so he
Sonie let go whoredom as an indifferent mat. might communicate his sanctity to the sons of ter, which yet strive for an holy-day as for their men, whom he intended to bring into the frui
HAIL tion of himself,
Nor can that person who accounts it his reThere be men in the world, whom you had
creation to see one man wallowing in his filthy rather have your son be, with tive hundred revels, and another infamous by his sensualny, pounds, than some other with five thousand. be so impudent as to allege, that all the enor
mous draughts of the one can leave the least WHOMSOE'ver. pron. [oblique case of
relish upon the tip of his tongue; or thiae all the
fornications and wboredoms of the other car whosoever.) Any without exception.
Soutb. With whomsoever thou findest thy goods, let WhoʻREMASTER. Z
quench his own lust. him not live.
1. s. [wbore and Nature has bestowed mines on several parts;
WHO'REMONGER.S master, or monger.] but their riches are only for the industrious and One who keeps whores, or converses frugal. Whomsoever else they visit, 'tis with with a fornicatress.
the diligent and sober only they stay. Locke. What is a wheremaster, fool ?-A fool in good WHOO'BUB. n. s. Hubbub. See HUBBUB. cloaths, and something like thee. Sbakspeare. In this time of lethargy, I picked and cut
As if we were drunkards by a planetary inmost of their festival purses: and had not the
fluence; an admirable evasion of wboremaster, old man come in with a wboobub against his
man, to lay his goatish disposition on the change daughter, and scared my choughs from the chaft,
of a star.
Sbaisceart. I had not left a purse in the whole army. Shaks.
Art thou fully persuaded that no zbarenger WHOOP. n. s. (See Hoop.]
nor adulterer shall have any inheritance in the
kingdom of God? and dest thou continue to 3. A shout of pursuit.
practise these vices?
Tillotsor. Let them breathe awhile, and then
A rank notorious ab remaster, to choose Cry wboop, and set them on again. Hudibras.
To thrust his neck into the marriage noose. A fox crossing the road, drew off a consider
Drudero able detachment, who clapped spurs to their If he were jealous, he might clip his wife's horses, and pursued him with whoops and bal
wings; but what would this avail, when there loos.
were flocks of wboremasters perpetually hot er 2. [upupa, Latin.) A bird.
ing over his house?
Alise. TO WHOOP. v.n. (from the noun.) To Who'RESON, n. s. (whore and son.) A
shout with malignity. It is written by bastard. It is generally used in a ludi. Drayton, whoot.
crous dislike. Treason and murder ever kept together,
Wboreson, mad compound of majesty, mela As two yoke devils sworn to either's purpose :
Sbakspeare. Working so grossly in a nat'ral cause,
Thou wioreson Zed! thou unnecessary letter. That adiniration did not wboop at them. Sbaks.
Sbakspeare Satyrs, that in shades and gloomy dimbles
How now, you wbareson peasant ? dwell,
Where have you been these two days loitering? Run whooting to the hills to clap their ruder
Drayton. Frog way a sly wboreson, the reverse of John. TO WHOOP. v.a. To insult with shouts.
You, like a lecher, out of wborisb loins
Sbakspearl. WHORE. n. s. (hor, Sax. boere, Dut.) By means of a wborisb woman a man is 1. A woman who converses unlawfully brought to a piece of bread. Preocrbs.
with men ; a fornicatress; an adultress ; WHO'rishLy. adv. (from wberisb.] a strumpet,
WHOʻRTLEBERRY. ll. s. [eoneberian, If her chill heart I cannot move,
W by I'll enjoy the very love.
Whence is this? why, from that essential suii
ableness which obedience has to the relation WHOSE. 1. S.
which is between a rational creature and his i. Genitive of wbo.
South, 'Though I could
WHY'NOT. adv. A cant word for violent With harefac'd power sweep him from my sight,
or peremptory procedure. And bid my will avouch it, yet I must not:
Capoch'd your rabbins of the synod,
And snapp'd their canons with a whynot. Hudib. 2. Genitive of which,
WI. (Saxon. ] Holy. Thus wimund, holy Thy name affrights me, in whose sound is peace; zeibert, eminent for sanctity ; death,
Sbakspeare. alwi, altogether holy; as Hierocles, Those darts whose points make gods adore Hieronymus, Hosius, &c. Gibson. His might, and deprecate his pow'r. Prior.
Wic, Wich, comes from the Saxon pic, WHO'so. pron. (who and soever.]
which, according to the different nature WHOSOEVER.) Any, without restric
and condition of places, hath a threetion. Whoso is out of use.
fold signification; implying either a Whoso is out of hope to attain to another's virtue, will seek to come at even hand by de
village, or a bay made by the winding pressmg another's fortune.
banks of a river, or a ca tle. Gibson. Let there be persons licensed to lend upon Wick. n. s. (pevce, Sax. wiecke, Dui.] nisury; let the rate be somewhat more easy for The substance round which is applied the merchant than that he formerly paid; for all
the wax or tallow of a torch or candle, borrowers shall have some case, be he merchant
But true it is, that when the oil is spent, or wbosoever.
The light goes out, and wick is thrown away; He inclos'd
So, when he had resign'd his regiment, Knowledge of good and evil in this tree,
His daughter 'gan despise bis drooping day. That whoso eats thereof, forthwith attains
There lives within the very flame of love Whosoever hath Christ for his friend, shall be
A kind of wick or snutt that will abate it. sure of counsel; and whosoever is his own friend,
Sbakspeare. will be sure to obey it
Bodies are innamed wholly and immediately, WHURT. 11.'s. A whortleberry; a bil without any wirk to help the inflammation. berry.
Bacon. For fruits, both wild, as wburts, strawberries,
Little atoms of oil or melted wax continually pears, and plams, though the meaner sort come
ascend apace up the wiok of a burning candle. short, the gentlemen step not far behind those
The fungous parcels about the wicks of can
dles only signifieth a moist and pluvious air about Why. adv. [hpi, forhpı, Saxon.)
Brown. 1. For what reason? interrogatively. WICKED. adj. [Of this common word If it be lawful to support the faith of the
the etymology is very obscure: picca, is church against an irresistible party, why not the
an enchanter; pæccan, is to oppress; government and discipline of the church?
sirian, to curse ; piceo, is crooked: all They both deal justly with you; why? not these, however, Skinner rejects for vitia from any regard they have for justice, but be atus, Latin. Perhaps it is a compound cause their fortune depends on their credit.
of pic, vile, bad, and bead; malum can Sais.
put.) 2. For which reason: relatively.
1. Given to vice; not good; flagitious ; In every sin, men must not consii'er the un- lawfulness thereof only, but the reason uby it
morally bad. should be unlawful.
The dwelling place of the wicked shall come Mortar will not have attained its utmost com
Job. pactness till fourscore years after it has been
And as the better spirit, when she doth bear employed; and this is one reason wby, in deno
A scorn of death, doth shew she cannot die; lishing ancient fabrics, it is more easy to break
So when the wicked soul death's face doth fear, the stone than the mortar.
Ev'n then she proves her own eternity. Davies. No ground of enmity
He of their wicked ways shall them admonish. Why he should mean me ill. Milton.
Milton. Such, whose sole bliss is eating; who can give
But since thy veins paternal virtue fires, But that one brutal reason wby they live. Dryd.
Go and succeed! the rivals aims despise;
For never, never wicked man was wise. 3. For what reason: relatively.
2. It is a word of ludicrous or slight I was dispatch'd for their defence and guard; And listen wby, for I will tell you now. Milt.
blame. We examine the why, the what, and the how That same wicked bastard of Venus, that blind of things.
rascally boy, that abuses every one's eyes beTurn the discourse; I have a reason coby cause his own are out, lec him be judge how I would not have you speak so tenderly. Dryd. deep I am in love.
Shakspeare. 4: It is sometimes used emphatically.
3. Cursed; baneful; pernicious; bád in Ninus' tomb, man; why, you must not speak
effect, as medicinal things are called that yet: that you answer to Pyram, Shaksp. virtuous. You have not been a-bed then?
The wicke! weed which there the fox did lay, W by, no; the day had bruke before we parted. From underneath his head he took away! Slaksyears,
of other parts.
As wicked dew as e'er my mother brush'd Many of the fathers were far wide from the With raven's feather from unwholesome fen, understanding of this place. Raleigt. Drop on you both.
Shakspeare. Consider the absurdities of that distinction WICKEDLY. adv. [from wicked.] Cri betwixt the act and the obliquity; and the con minally; corruptly; badly.
trary being so wide from the truth of scripture
and the attributes of God, and so norious to I would now send him where they all should
good lite, we may certainly conclude, that to see,, Clear as the light, his heart shine; where no man
the perpetration whatsoever sin there is not
at all any predestination of God. Hammonde Could be so wickedly or fondly stupid,
To move But should cry out, he saw, touch'd, felt wick. edness,
His laughtor at their quaint opinions wide.
Milter, And grasp'd it.
Ben Jonson, He behaved himself with great modesty and
Oft wile of nature must he act a part, wonderful repentance; being convinced in his
Make love in tropes, in bombast break bis heart.
Tieten conscience that he had done wickedly. Clarendon. That thou may'st the better bring about
WIDE, adv. Thy wishes, thou art wickedly devout. Dryden.
1. At a distance. In this sense will L'is phrase absurd to call a villain great: seems to be sometimes an adverb. Who wickedly is wise or madly brave,
A little wide Is but the more a fool, the more a knave. Pope. There was a holy chapel edified, WICKEDNESS. n. s. (from wicked.] Cor.
Wherein the hermit wont to say ruption of manners ; guilt; moral ill.
His holy things each morn and even ride Is it not good that children should know any
The Chinese, a people whose way of thin kung wickedness; old folks have discretion and know.
seems to lie as wide of ours in Europe as their the world. Sbakspeare.
Teapie. These tents thou saw'st so pleasant, were the
2. With great extent.
Of all these bounds enrich'd
With plenteous rivers, and wide skirted mead,
Sbakopeer. WI'CKER. adj. [vigre, a twig, Danish;
On the east side of the garden place twiggen, Dutch. ] Made of small sticks.
Cherubic watch, and of a sword the flame
Wide-waving; all approach far off to fright
. Made of fine twigs entrailed curiously, In which they gather'd flowers. Spenser.
She open'd, but to shut
Excell'd her pow'r; the gates wide open stood.
With huge two-handed sway The long broad shields, made up of wicker Brandish'd aloft, the horrid edge came down, rods, which are commonly used among the Wide wasting. northern Irish, but especially among the Scots, The south wind rose, and with black wings are brought from the Scythians. Spenser. Wide hovering, all the clouds together drie
... If your influence be quite damn’d up From under heav'n.
To shun che fervour of meridian skies;
While sweating slaves catch ev'ry breeze of ait, With thy long-levellid rule of streaming light. And with wide-spreading fans refresh the fair. Milton.
Gos: A foolish painter drew January sitting in a Yet wide was spread their fame in ages past, wicker chair, with four nightcaps on, by the fire; And poets once had promis'd they should Lost. and without doors green trees, as if it had been in the midst of July.
Peacbam. Widely, adv. [from wide.} Wi'cket. n.s. (wicked, Welsh; guighet, s. With great extent each way. Fr. wicket, Dutch.) A small gate.
Any that considers how immense the inter When none yielded, her unruly page
vals of the chaos are, in proportion to the but With his rude claws the wicket open rent, of the atoms, will hardly induce himself to be And let her in.
Spenser. lieve, that particles so widely disseminated cxled These wickets of the soul are plac'd on high, ever throng one another to a compact texture. Because all sounds do lightly mount aloft.
2. Remotely; far. Now St. Peter at heav'n's wicket seems
Let him exercise the freedom of his reaso, To wait them with his keys.
and his mind will be strengthened; and the light The cave was now a common way;
which the remote parts of truth will give to one The wicket, often opend knew the key. Dryd.
another, will so assist his judgment, that he will The chaffering with dissenters, and dodging about this or the other ceremony, is like open- To Widen. w. a. (from wide.] To
seldom be widely out. ing a few wickets, by which no more than one can get in at a time.
Swift. make wide; to extend. WIDE. adj. [pide, Saxon ; wijd, Dutcli.]
So now the gates are ope; now prove good 1. Broad ; extended far each way.
'Tis for the followers fortune widens them, They found fat pasture, and the land was wide
These accidents, when they first happen, And many-languag'd nations he survey'd. Pope.
seem but small and contemptible; but by de 2. Broad to a certain degree: as, tbrer
grees they branch out and coiden themselves into inches wide.
a numerous train of mischievous consequences: 3. Deviating i remote,
He was accutomed to sleep with a peaceable