Imagens das páginas



Think of her worth, and think that God did To Wot. v. n. (pitan, Saxon : whenoe mean,

weet, to know; of which the preterit | This wortby mind should avorthy things embrace:

was wot, knew ; which by degrees was Blot noć her beauties with thy thoughts un

mistaken for the present tense.] To clean,

Obsolete. Nor her dishonour with thy passion base. know; to be aware.


The sale of reformation they mightily call Happier thou mayst be, wortbier cang not be. for, but where, and what the sores are which

Milton. need it, as they wot full little, so they think not greatly material to search.

Hooker. 3. Having worth ; having virtue. The doctor is well money'd, and his friends

Well I wot, compar'd to all the rest

Of each degree that beggar's life is best. Spenser,
Potent at court; he, none but he, shall have her,
Though twenty thousand wortbier come to crave

More water glidech by the mill

Than wors the miller of.

Sbaks. 'The matter I handle is the most important,

W ot you what I found?

Forsooth, an inventory, within the whole extent of human nature, for a

thus importing. Sbakspo

Wove. The preterit and participle pas worthy person to employ himself about. Digby. We see, though order'd for the best,

sive of weave. Permitted laurels grace the lawless brow,

Adam, waiting her return, had wove Th’unworthy rais'd, the worthy cast below. Of choicesc How'rs a garland.

Milton Dryden. Woʻven. The part. pass. of weave. 4. Not good. A term of ironical com

WOULD. The preterit of will. mendation.

1. It is generally used as an auxiliary verb My worthy wife our arms mislaid,

with an infinitive, to which it gives the And from beneath my head my sword convey'd;

force of the subjunctive mood, The door unlatch'd, and with repeated calls

If God's providence did not so order it, cheats Invites her former lord within my walls. Dryd. s. Suitable for any quality good or bad ;

coulil daily be committed, which would justie

private men out of their rights, and unhinge equal in value ; equal in dignity. Flowers wortby of paradise.

Milton, Thou, Drances, art below a death from me: 2. I WOULD do it. My resolution is that Let that vile soul in that vile body rest,

it should be done by me. The lodging is well wortby of the guest. Dryd. Thou WOU'LDEST do it. Such must be the My suft'rings for you make your heart my

consequence to thee, that such should due;

he thy act. Be zertby me, as I am worthy you. Dryden. He WOULD, or it would. T!

must be 6. Suitable to any thing bad. The merciless Macdonald,

the consequence to him or it, that such Wortby to be a rebel; for to that

should be bis act, or its eifect. The multiplying villanies of nature

3. The plural as the singular. Do swarm upon him.


To themselves they live, 7. Deserving of ill.

And to their island, that enough would give What has he done to Rome that's worthy A good inhabitant.

Chapman. death?


He, hy the rules of his own mind, could conIf the winked man be worthy to be beaten, strue no other end of men's doings but selfthe judge shall cause him to be beaten. Deuter. seeking, suddenly feared what they could do, and Woʻrthy..n. s. (from the adjective.) A

as suddenly sus; ected what they would do, and

as suddenly hated them, as having both might man laudable for any eminent quality,

and mind so to do.

Sidney. particulariy for valour.

There are several who would, or at least preSuch as are constellated unto knowledge come tend they would, bear much in their own busishort of themselves if they go not beyond others, ness, who will bear nothing at all. Kettiewell. and must not sit down under the degree of wor 4. Was or am resolved; I wish or wished tbies.

Broun. Ir were a matter of more trouble than neces

to ; I am or was willing,

She would give her a lesson for walking se sity, to repeat in this quarrel what has been ledged by the worthies of our church. Holyday.

late, that should her keep within doors

for one fortnight. What do these worthies

Jealous Philoclea, that was eren jealous of But rob and spoil, burn, slaughter, and enslave

Milton. Peaceable nations?

herself; for Zelmane would needs bave her No worthies form’d by any muse but thine



You would be satisfied ? Could purchase robes to make themselves so fine.


-Would? nay, and will. Shukspeare.

They know not what they are, nor what they For this day's palm, and for thy former acts,

would be, any further than that they would not Thou, Arthur, hast acquir'd a fuiure fame,

be what they are.

L'Estrange. And of three christian wortbies art the tirst.

It will be needless to enumerate all the siin.

Dryden. The next wortby came in with a retinue of

ple ideas belonging to each sense: nor indeed is historians.


it possible, if we would : there being a great

many more of them belonging to most of the To Wo'rthy. v. a. (from the adjective.] senses than we have names for.

Locke. To render worthy ; to aggrandise; to By pleasure and pain I would be understood exalt. Not used.

to signify, whatsoever delights or molests us,

whether from the thoughts of our minds, or any He conjunct tripp'd me behind;

thing operating on our bodies.

Locke. And put upon him such a deal of man, That wortbied him; got praises of the king,

s. It is a familiar term for wish to do, or For him attempting who was self-subdued. to bave.

Sbakspeare. What wouldst thou with us



Mr. Slender, what would you with me? - Scratch thee but with a pin, and there retains I would little or nothing with you. Shaksp. Some scar of is.

Stakapean. $. Should wish.

He, stooping, open'd my left side, and took Celia, if you apprehend

From thence a rib: wide was the wound, The muse of your incensed friend;

But suddenly fill'd up and heal'd. Miltoz. Nor would that he record your blame,

Not poison, but a wound, the soldier slew. And make it live; repeat the same:

Rsere. Again deceive him, and again,

The aliment of such as have fresh pounds And then he swears he'll not complain. Waller. should be mild, without stimulaung or saline 7. It is used in old authors for should. substances.

Arbeteret. The excess of diet would be avoided. Bacon.

They feel the smart and see the scar of their As for percolation, which belongeth to sepa

former wounds; and know that they must be ration, trial would be made by clarifying by ad

made a sacrifice to the least attempi ton ards hesion, with milk put into new beer and stirred


Seift. with it.

Bacon. To WOUND. v.a. (from the noun.) To & It has the signification of I wish, or I

hurt by violence. pray. This, I believe, is improper, and

Th’untented woundings of a father's curse

Pierce ev'ry sense about thee. Sbakspeare fornied by a gradual corruption of the

I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal. phrase, would God; which originally

Deutersken. imported, tbat God would, might God The battle went sore against Saul, and the will, "might God decree, From this archers hit him, and he was sore wounded

1 Savard phrase, ill understood, came would to

He was wounded for our transgressions, he was God, thence I would to God; and thence

bruised for our iniquities.

Leiaé. I would, or elliptically would, came to

When ye sin so against the brethren, and signify I wish: and so it is used even wound their weak conscience, ye sin against in good authors, but ought not to be Christ.

I Corinthians imitated.

Adonis from his native rock
I would my father look'd but with my eyes.

Ran purple to the sea, suppos'd with blood

Of Thammuz, yearly woundech
I would this musick would come.

Heroes of old, when pounded, shelter sorghi. I, this sound I better know.

Sbakspeare: Wise men will do it without a law; I would The savages wounded Atkins, and slew bus fol.


lowers. there might be a law to restrain fools.

Robinsex C24. List! I would I could hear mo. Ben Jonson. WOUND. The preterit and participle pas. World to heaven that youth such spirit did sive of wind. feed

He had raisid to every ayry blow Now in my nerves, and that my joints were knit

A front of great height; and in such a place With such a strength, as made me then held fit

That round ye mighử behold, of circulai grace, To lead men with Ulysses.

Chapman. .
A walk so wound about it.

Cusp=க . This is yet the outward, fairest sive

These mathematical engines cannot be so Of our design: within rests more of fear

easily and speedily wound up, and so certainly Than, my most worthy lords, I would there

levelled, as the other.

Wikissa Daniel.

The parliament being called here, and the Would thou hadst hearken’d to my words,

main settlement of Ireland wound up in England, and stay'd

and put into the duke of Ormond's hands to pass With me, as I be sought thee, when that strange Desire of wand'ring, this unhappy morn,,

here into an act, all persons came over in a shoal. Milton.

Temple. Possess'd chee.

Would God we might prevent the need of such WOU'NDER., 11. s. [from wound.) He unkindly expedients, and, by a thankful sense that wounds. of what we have, provide to conserve it. WOU'NDLESS. adj. [from woand.) Ex

Decay of Piety.

empt from wounds. I scarce am pleas’d, I tamely mount the

WOU'NDWORT. 3, s. (vulneraria, Lat.) throne;

Miller. Would Aurengzebe had all their souls in one.

A plant.

Dryden. WOU'NDY. adj. Excessive. A low bad And would to heav'n the storm you felt would word. bring

We have a world of holidays; that "ris a On Carthaginian coasts your wand'ring king. wondy hindrance to a poor man that lives by

his labour.

L'Estrangt: WOU'LDING. 1. s. [from would.] Mo., These stockings of Susan's cost a wexady deal tion of desire ; disposition to any thing; of pains the pulling on.

Gaj. propension ; inclination; incipient pur. Wox. The preterit of wax. Became. розе.

Woxe.) Obsolete. It will be every man's interest to join good The ape in wondrous stomach zasx, performances to spiritual purposes; to subdue Strongly encourag'd by the crafty fox. Spesser. the exorbitances of the flesh, as well as to con Not one puff of wind there did appear, tinue the wouldings of the spirit. Hammond

That all the three the great wsx much afraid. WOUND), n. s. '(pund, Sax. wonde, Dut.]

Spenser. A hurt given by violence.

Woʻxen. The participle of To wax. obI am faint: my gashes cry for help:

solete. --So well thy words become thee as thy wounds, WRACK. n. s. [wract, Dut. præcce, Sax.

Spenser. They smack of honour both. Sharspeare. Now shew the wound mine eyes have made in

a wretch, The poets use wrack or thee i

wreck indifferently, as rhyme requires ;



the later writers of prose commonly

You should be free in every answer, rather wreck. See WRECK.)

like well-bred gentlemen in polite conversation,

than like noisy and contentious wranglers. 3. Destruction of a ship by winds or

Watts. rocks.

The captious turn of an habitual wrangler Now with full sails into the port 1 move, deadens the understanding, sours the temper, And safely can unlade my breast of love,

and hardens the heart.

Beattie, Quiet and calm: why should I then go back, TO WRAP. V. a. preterit and part. pass.

To tempt the second hazard of a wrack? Dryd. 2. Ruin; destruction. This is the true

wrapped or wrapt. [hpeonpian, Saxon, Saxon meaning.

to turn; wreffler, Danish.j With use of evil, growing more and more evil, 1. To roll together; to complicate.

Peter seeth the napkin that was about his head they took delight in slaughter, and pleased thenselves in making others wrack the effect of their wrapped together by itself.

Fobin. power.


This said, he took his mantle's foremost part, A world devote to universal wrack. Milton.

He 'gan the same together fold and wrap. TO WRACK. v.a. [from the noun:]


2. To involve; to cover with something 1. To destroy in the water; to wreck.

rolled or thrown round. It has often Sce WRECK. 2. It seems in Milton to mean, to rock;

the particle up intensive.

Nilus opens wide to shake.

His arms and ample bosom to the tide, Each on his rock transfix'd, the sport and prey And spreads his mantle o'er the winding coast, Of wracking whirlwinds.


In which he wraps his queen, and hides the fly3. To torture; to torment. This is

ing host. commonly written rack; and the in Wise poets, that wrap truth in tales, strument of torture always rack.

Knew her themselves through all her veils.

Carote. Merab rejoic'd in her wrack'd lover's pain, And fortity'd her virtue with disdain. Cowley.

The sword made bright is wrapt up for the Pharaoh's and Josepli's dreams are oftentimes


Ezekiel. wracked beyond their syinbolization. Brown.

Their vigilance to elude, !, wrapt in mist TO WRA'NGLE. v.a. (from wrangheseur,

Of midnight vapour, glide obscure. Milton,
Wrap candles up in paper,

Swift. Dutch, Minsbew. wrong, Skinner.] To dispute peevishly; to quarrel perverse

3. To comprise; to contain.

Leontine's young wife, in whom all his haply; to altercate ; to squabble.

piness was wrapt up, died in a few days after Yes, for a score of kingdoins you should the death of her daughter.

Addisona wrangle,

4. To WRAP up. To involve totally. And I would call it fair play. Sbakspeart.

Some deay cause
Scme unhatch'd practice

Will in concealment wrap me up awhile;
Hath puddled his clear spirit; and in such cases

When I am known aright, you shall not grieve Men's natures wrangle vith inferiour things, Lending me this acquaintance. Sbakspeare, Though great ones are their object. Sbakspeare.

King John fled to Lascus, who was careful How wounding a spectacle is it to see those, how to comfort him, wrapt up in so many calawho were by Christ designed for fishers of men,

mities, after the loss of his kingdom. Knolles. picking up shells on the shore, and unmanly

Things reflected on, in gross and transiently, wrangling about them too. Decay of Picty.

carry the shew of nothing but difficulty in them, In incompleat ideas we impose on ourselves,

and are thought to be wrapped up in impeneand wrangle with others.

trable obscurity.

Amongst unthinking men, who examine not

5. [It is often corruptly written for rap scrupulously ideas, but confound them with words, there must be endless dispute and

or rapt, from rapio, Latin.] To snatch wrangling

Locke. up miraculously. His great application to the law had not in Whatever things were discovered to St. Paul, fected his temper with any thing litigious; he when he was wrapped up into the third heaven, did not know what it was to wrangle on indif all the description he makes is, that there are ferent points.

Addison. such things as eye hath not seen, ear heard, nor Filld with the sense of age, the fire of youth,

hath it entered into the heart of man to cons Ascorn of wrangling, yet a zeal for truth. Pope. ceive.

Locke, And all the question, wrangle e'er so long, 6. To transport ; to put in ecstacy : for Is only this, if God has plac'd him wrong? Pope. rapt.

He advises therefore to set aside als logical Much more the reverent sire prepar'd to say, Wranglings, and to produce the testimonies of

Wrapp'd with his joy, how the two armies lay. the antients. Waterland,

Cowley WRA'NGLE. n. s. (from the verb.] A

7. Perhaps the following passage should quarrel; a perverse dispute,

properly be rapped; though wrapped is The giving the priest a right to the tithe, would produce law-suits and wrangles. Swift.

now frequently used in this sense. WRA'NGLER. N. s. [from wrangle. ] A

Wrapt up in silent fear he lies. Waller,

Wrapp'd in amaze the matrons wildly stare. perverse, peevish, disputative man. Tell him 'h'ath made a match with such a WRAPPER. 11. s. [from wrap.) wrangler,

1. One that wraps. That all the courts of France will be disturb'd With chases.


2. That in which any thing is wrapped. Lord, the house and family are thine,

My arms were pressed to my sides, and my Though some of them repine ;

legs closed together by so many wrappers, that Turn out these wranglers which defile thy seat,

I looked like an Egyptian mummy. Spectator. For where thou dweliest all is Herbert WRATH. 7. 8. {ppað, Saxon; wreden


Danish; tureed, cruel, Dutch.] Anger; To distant climes; then think what certain vere fury; rage.

geance Thou dost the prayers of the righteous seed

His rage may wreak on your unhappy orphan.

Swib. Present before the majesty divine,

Her husband scour'd away And his avenging wreth to clemency incline.

To wreak his hunger on the destin'd prey. Pepe

Spenser. With one fool's head I came to woo,

3. It is corruptly written for reck, to becu;

to care. But I go away with two: Sweet, adieu! I'll keep my oath,

My master is of churlish disposition, Patiently to bear my qurath.


And little breaks to find the way to heav'n I fear, lest chere be debates, envyings, ai raibs, By doing oceds of hospitality. Sbakspears strifes.

Corinthians. WREAK. 1. s. [from the verb.)
He hop'd not to escape, but shun

1. Revenge; vengeance. Obsolete, The present, fearing guilty what his wrath

Fortune, mine avowed foe,

Miltor. Might suddenly inflici.

Her wrathiui wreaks themselves do now allay. Achilles' wrath, to Greece the direful spring

Sferser. Of woes unnumber'd, heavenly goddess! sing. Join with the Goths, and with revengetui war

Pope. Take awreak on Rome for this ingratitude, WRA'THFUL. adj. (wrath and full.]

And vengeance on the traitor Saturnine. Stakst. Angry; furious ; raging.

Some ill's behind, rude swaine, for thee to He cried, as raging seas are wont to roar,

beare; When wintry storm his wrathf. wreck doth That fear'd not to devoure thy guests, and breake threat.

Spenser. All laws of humanes; ove sends therefore Fly froin wrath :


Cóapada. Sad be the sights, and bitrer fruits of war, 2. Passion ; furious fit. Obsolete. And thousand furies wait on wratiful swords.

What and if

Spenser. His sorrows have so overwhelm'd his wits, How now? your wrathful weapons drawn! Shall we be thus afflicted in his wreaks,

Shudspeare. His fits, his frenzy, and his bitterness? Sbakspa The true evangelical zeal should abound more

WRE'A KFUL. adj. [trom wreak.) Rein the mild and good-natured affections, than the

vengeful; angry. Not in use.

Sprat. vehement and wrathful pasions.

Call the creatures, WRATHFULLY. adv. [from wrathful.] Whose naked natures live in all the spite

Of wreakful heaven.

Sbakspeare. Furiously; passionately. Gentle friends,

She in Olympus' top

Must visit Vulcan for new arms, to serve her Let 's kill him boldly, but not wrathfully.

wreakful son.


WRE'AKLESS. adj. (I know not whether WRA’THLESS, adj. (from wrath.] Free

this word be miswritten for reckless, froin anger:

careléss; or comes from wreak, reBefore his feet so sheep and lions lay, Fearless and wratbless, while they heard him venge, and means unrevenging.) play.


So fies the wreakless shepherd trom the Folf;

So first the harmless flock doth yield his teece, TO WREAK. v. a. old preterit and part.

And next his chroat unto the butcher's knife. pass. wroke and wroken, now wrecked.

Sbalspegria It is likely that the word wrought, WREATH. n. s. [preoð, Saxon.] which is only used in the past tense, is 1. Any thing curled or twisted.

The wreath of three was made a apreath of originally the preterit of wreak. (præ

five; to these three first titles of the two houses, can, Saxon; wrecken, Dutch; rocken,

were added the authorities parliamentary and German.)


Biasa 2. To revenge.

Clouds began
In an ill hour thy foes thee hither sent, To darken all the hill, and smoke to roll
Another's wrongs to wreak upon thyself. Spens.

In dusky wreaths reluctant flames. Milten Him all that while occasion did provoke

He of his tortuous train Against Pyrocles, and new matter fram'd

Curl'd many a wanton wreath. Milten Upon the old, him stirring to be wroke

Let altars smoak, Of his late wrongs.

Spenser. And richest gums, and spice, and incense roll Pale death our valiant leader hath opprest : Their fragrant weaths to heav'n. Sasith Come wreak his loss, whom bootless ye complain.

2. A garland; a chaplet.

You could pursue

Now are our brows bound with victorious

wreaths, The son of Perops then, and did the goddess

Our bruised arms hung up for monuments. stir

Sbakspears. That villainy to wreak the tyrant did to her.


Dropp'd from bis head, a wreath lay on the ground.

Resceramos. 2. To execute any violent design. This The boughs of Lotos, form'd into a wreath, is the sense in which it is now used. This monument thy maiden beauty's due, On me let death wreak all his rage. Milton.

High on a plane-tree shall be hung to view. He left the dame,

Dryden. Resolv'd to spare her life, and save her shame,

When for thy head the garland I prepare, But that detested object to remove,

A second wreatb shall bind Aminta's hair; To wreak his vengeance, and to cure her love.

And when my choicest songs thy worth proclaim, Dryden.

Alternate verse shall bless Aminta's name. Think how you drove him hence, a wand'. ing To WREATH. V. a. preterit creatbed ;

Prier. ezile,

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part. pass. wreatbed, wreathen. [from

Not only Paradise, the noun.]

In this commotion, but the scarry cope 1. To curl; to twist; to convolve.

Had gone to wreck.


The soul shall Hourish in immortal youth,
Did never sonnet for her sake compile,

Unhurt amidst the war of elements, Nor ever laid his wreathed arms athwart

The wreck of matter, and the crush of worlds.

His loving bosom, to keep down his heart.

Sbakspeare. 3. Ruin ; destruction.
About his neck

Whether he was
A green and gilded snake had wreath'd itself, Combin'd with Norway, or did line the rebel
Who with her head, nimble, in threats ap-

With hidden help and 'vantage; or that with

both The opening of his mouth; but suddenly,

He labour'd in his country's wreck, I know not. Seeing Orlando, it unlink'd itself,

Sbakspeare. And with indented glides did slip away. Shaksp. 4. It is misprinted here for wreak.

The beard of an oat is wreatbed at the bottom, He cried as raging seas are wont to roar, and one smooth entire straw at the top: they When wintry storm his wrathful wreck doth take only the part that is wriaiheil, and cut off


Spenser, the other.


s. The thing wrecked : as, the ship was 2. It is here used for to writhe.

considered as a córeck. Impatient of the wound, He rolls and wreaths his shining body round;

To WRECK. v.a. (from the noun.) Then headlong shoots beneath the dashing tide.

1. To destroy by dashing on rocks or

Gay. sands. 3. To interweave ; to entwine one in an Have there been any more such tempests, other.

wherein she hath wretchedly been wrecked? Two chains of pure gold, of wreathen work,

Spenser. shalt thou make them, and fasten the wreatben

A piloe's thumb, chains to the ouches.


Wreck'd as homeward he did come. Shakspeare. As snakes breed in dunghills not singly, but

The coral found growing upon wrecked ships in knots, so in such base noisome hearts you shall

and lost anchors, that are daily dragged up out ever see pride and ingratitude indivisibly wreathe

of the sea, demonstrates that coral continues to ed and twisted together.

be formed to this day.

Woodwardha 4. To encircle as a garland.

2. To ruin, In the flowers that wreath the sparkling bowl

Weak and envied, if they should conspire,
Fell adders hiss, and pois'nous serpents rowl.

They wreck themselves, and he hath his desire.

Daniel. 5. To encircle as with a garland; to dress

3. In the following passages it is ignoin a garland.

rantly used for wreak, in its different For thee she feeds her hair,

serses of revenge and execute. And with thy winding ivy wreatbes her lance. Eighty odd years of sorrow have I seen,

Digden. And each hour's joy wreck'd with a week of teen.
The soldier, from successful camps returning,

With laurel wreatb’d, and rich with hostile spoil, I faint! I die; the goddess cried :
Severs the bull to Mars.

Prior. O cruel, couldst thou tind none other TO WREATH. v.n. To be interwoven ; To wreck thy spleen on, parricide! to be intertwined.

Like Nero, thou hast slain thy mother. Prior.
Here, where the labourer's hands have formd To WRECK. V. n. To suffer wreck.
a bow'r

With manlier objects we must try
Of wreatling trees, in singing waste an hour. His constancy, with such as have more shew


Of worth, of honour, glory, and popular praise, WRE'ATHY. adj. (from wreath.] Spaal; Rocks whereon greatest men have often wreck'd. curled ; twisted.

Milton. That which is preserved at St. Dennis, near

WREN, 1. s. sprenna, Saxon ; regulus, Paris, hath Turcotly spires, and cochleary turn Latin.) A small bird. ings about, which agreeth with the description of

The poor wren, an unicorn's horn in /Elian.

Brown. The most diminutive of birds, will fight, WRECK. n. s. [præcce, Saxon, a miser Her young ones in her nest, against the owl. able person ; wracke, Dutch, a ship

Sbakspeare. broken.]

All ages have conceived that the wren is the

least of birds; yet the discoveries of America 3. Destruction by being driven on rocks

have shewed us one far less, the hum-bird, not or shallow's at sea; destruction by sea. much exceeding a beetle.

Fair be ye sure; but hard and obstinate,
As is a rock amidst the raging floods;

To WRENCH. v. a. (pringan, Saxon; 'Gainst which a ship, of succour desolate,

wrengben, Dutch. ]
Doth suffer wreck both of herself and goods. 1. To pull by violence; to wrest; to

Spenser. force.
Like those that see their vreck

Wrench his sword from him. Sbakspeare.
Ev'n on the rocks of death; and yet they strain,

Oh form!
That death may not them idly find t'attend How often dost thou with thy case, thy habit,
To their uncertain task, but work to meet their Wrench awe from fools, and tie the wiser souls

To thy false seeming!

Think not that flying fame reports my fate; Give me that mattock and the wrencbig iron.
I present, I appear, and my own wreck relare.

Dryden. Cesar's army, wanting something, demanded 2. Dissolution by violence.

inission or discharge, with no intention it

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