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Who want, while through black life they least good-nat ure; what, would you accuse him dream along,
Dryden. Sense to be right, and passion to be wrong:
He who suffers wrong fully in a man's opinion,
resolves to give him reason for his suspicion. WRONG. adv. Not rightly; amiss.
Spectator. If he go wrong, she will give him over to his Wro'NGHEAD. 1 adj. (zurong and bead.] own ruin.
Ecclesiasticus. WRONGHEA’DED.) Having a perverse A thousand odd capricios men's minds are understanding: acted by, may make one man quote another Much do I suffer, much, to keep in peace man's words wrong.
This jealous, waspish, wrong bead, rhyming race. Ten censure wrong, for one that writes amiss.
Popes Pope. WrO'NGLESSLY. adv. [from wrongless.] TO WRONG. V. a. [from the noun.). To Without injury to any. injure; to use unjustly, either by doing Dearly esteemed of her for his exceeding good
parts, being honourably courteous, and injury, or imputing evil without jus
lessly valiant; considerately pleasant in conver
sation; and an excellent courtier, without una So worthy a part of divine service we should
Sidney. greatly wrong, if we did not esteem preaching as the blessed ordinance of God.
Wro'ngly. adv. [from wrong. ) UnFor fear the stones her tender foot should justly; amiss.
What thou wouldst highly, W7073 Be strew'd with fragrant flowers all along. That wouldst thou holily; wouldst not play false,
Špenser. . And yet wouldst wrongly win. Sbaksp. Judge me, you gods! wrong I mine enemy? Madmen having joined together some ideas
Sbakspeare. very wrongly, err, as men do that argue right Once more farewel! from wrong principles.
Locke, And know thou wrongist me, if thou think'st
WROTE. The pret. and part. of write. Ever was love or ever grief like mine. Addison. No man has the estate of his soul drawn upon WRONGDOʻER. n. s. [wrong and doer.]
his face, nor the decree of his election wrote
upon his forehead. He who would know a mano An injurious person.
thoroughly, must follow him into the closet of She resolved to spend all her years in bewail
his heart; the inspection of which is only the ing the wrong, and yet praying for the wrongdoer. Sidney.
prerogative of omniscience. If any seat be taken away by a stranger, the
WROTH. odj. [prad, Saxon; vrod, Dan.] 'churchwarden may have action against the Angry. Out of use. wrongdoer.
Aylife. The Lord said unto Cain, Why art thou WRO'NGER. n. s. [from wrong. ) He
Genesis. that injures; he that does wrong.
WROUGHT. (prozo, Saxon. The pret. That cuckold lives in bliss,
and part. pass. as it seems, of work; as -Who, certain of his fate, loves not his wronger. the Dutch wercken makes gerocht; or,
more analogically, of the old word Many times a prince is driven to spend far
zurenk.] more of his treasure in punishing by war the avrongers of his people, than the loss of his peo
1. Effected; performed. ple diù amount unto.
Why trouble ye the woman? for she hath
wrought a good work upon me. Matthew. WRO'NGFUL. adj. [wrong and full.] In The Jews wanted not power and ability to jurious; unjust.
have convinced the world of the falsehood of I am so far from granting thy request,
these miracles, had they never been wrought. That I despise thee for thy wrongfui suit.
Stephens. Sbakspeare. 2. Influenced ; prevailed on. He that hath wronged so in daily trade, that Had I thought the sight of my poor image he knows not in what measure he hath done it, Would thus have wrought you, for the stone is must redeem his fault by alns, according to the
mine, value of his wrongful dealing. Tuyler. I'd not have shewed it.
Shakspeare Those whom forms of law's
If thou be one that hast, by the help of God's Condemn'd to die, when traitors judg'd their
grace, been prought upon by these calls, and cause,
brought from a prophane, er world!y, to a chrisNor want they lots, nor judges to review
tian course of life, thou art surely in the highest The wrongful sentence, and award a new. degree tied to magnify and praise his goodness. Dryden.
Duty of Man, WRO'NGFULLY. adv. [from wrongful.] Nor number nor example with him wrouchi Unjustly.
To swerve from truth.
Nilton. Dorus, said Pamela, blame you
Do not I know him? could his brutal mind fortune
your very wrongfully, since the fault is not in for Be wrought upon ? could he be just or kind? tune, but in you, that cannot frame yourself to
This Artemisa by her charms, your fortune; and as wrong fully do rcquire Mopsa to so great a disparagement as to her fa
And all her sex's cunning, wrougit the king. ther's servant. Sidney.
Rowe. This porr fellow
3. Produced ; caused. He had thought to murder wrong fully. Sbaksp.
All his good prov'd ill in me,
And wrought but malice.
Milton. Urges his cause may in the court be heard, They wrongbi by their faithfulness the publick And pleads, the prize is wrong fully conferrd. safety,
This wrought the greatest confusion in the I cry thee merty, for suspecting a friar of the unbelieving Jews, and the greatest conviction in
whe Gentiles, who every where speak with which so many successes had wrougbi the nation astonishment of these truths they met with in up to.
Skrift. this new magazine of learning which was opened. Whatever littleness and vanity is to be observed
Addison. in the minds of women, it is, like the cruelty of His too eager love
butchers, a temper that is wrought into them by Has made him busy to his own destruction, that life which they are taught and accustomed His threats have wrought this change of mind in to lead.
Pbilips. 13. Guided ; managed. 4. Worked ; laboured.
A ship by skilful steersman wrougbt. Milter. They that wrought in silver, and whose works
14. Agitated; disturbed. are unsearchable, are gone down to the grave. We stay upon your leisure
-Give me your favour; my dull brain w24 Moses and Eleazar took the gold, even all
wwrought wrougbt jewels. Numbers, With things forgot.
Sbakst. Celestial panoply, divinely wrought. Miltor. What might be wrougbt
WRUNG. The pret. and part. pass. of Fusil, or graven in metal.
auring s. Gained ; attained.
He first cald to me; then my hand he wrang. We ventur'd on such dang'rous seas,
Cbajaan. That if we wrought out life, 'twas ten to one.
No mortal was ever so much at ease, but his Sbakspeare. shoe wrung him somewhere.
L'Estrage. 6. Operated.
The tender anguish narare shouts
WRY. adj. (from writbe.] Wrought still within them.
Milton. 1. Crooked ; deviating from the right di7. Used in labour.
rection. Take an heifer which hath not been wrougbt Sometimes to her news of myself to tell with, and which hath not drawn in the yoke. I go about, but then is all my best
Deuteronomy. Wry words, and stamm'ring, or else doltish 8. Worked ; driven.
dumb; As infection from body to body is received Say then, can this but of enchantment come? many times by the body passive, yet is it by the
Sidney good disposition thereof repulsed and wrougbt 2. Distorted.
out, before it be formed in a disease. Bacon. It is but a kick with thy heels, and a ry 9. Actuated.
mouth, and sir Roger will be with thee. Arbetb. Vain Morat, by his own rashness wrought, Instructive work! whose wry-mouth'd pure Too soon discovered his ambitious thought ;
traiture Believ'd me his before I spoke him fair,
Display'd the fates her confessors endure. Pepe. And pitch'd his head into the ready snare. Cutting the wry neck is never to be practised,
Dryden. but when the disorder is a contraction of the 30. Manufactured.
Sbart It had been no less a breach of peace to have 3. Wrung ; perverted; wrested. wroughs any nine of his, than it is now a breach He mangles and puts' a wry sense upon proof peace to take a town of his in Goiana, and testant writers.
Atterbury. burn it.
Ralcigh. To WrY. V.n. (from the adjective.] TO 11. Formped.
be contorted and writhed; to deviate He that hath wrogbe us for the same thing, from the right direction. is Code
These wry too much on the right hand, ascrib15. Excited by degrees; produced by de ing to the holy scripture such kind of perfectiva grees.
as it cannot have.
Sunt The spirit is wrought, To dare things high, set up ali end my thought.
To WrY. v.a. [from the adjective.] To Chapwan.
make to deviate; to distort. The two friends had wrought themselves to
To what pass are our minds brought, that such an habitual tenderness for the children un
from the right line of virtue are wrzed to these der their direction, that each of them had the
Sider. real passion of a father.
Addison. WrY'NECK, 1. s. (torquilla, Latin.] Á Advantage was taken of the sanguine temper
Is a letter, which, though found in Saxon words, begins no word in the English
rously ; skilfully. roneously, for a consonant; at the end,
The sijken tackles and when it follows a consonant, is a
Swell with the touches of those flower-soft
hands, vowel, and has the sound of i. It is
Sbakspeare. used at the end of words, and whenever YARN. n. s. [gearn, Sax.) Spun wool;
That yarely frame the office. two iï's would come together; and in
woollen thread. words derived from the Greek, to ex You would be another Penelope ; yet they press the w. Y was much used by the
say, all the yarn she spun in Ulysses's 'absence Saxons, whence y is found for i in did hut fill Ithaca full of moths. Sbaksp. the old English writers. Y is, in oid The web of our life is of a mingled yarn, good English, sometimes prefixed as an in
and ill together; our virtues would be proud, if creasing syllabie to preterits and pas
our faults whipt them not ; and our crimes sive participles of verbs. It seems bor.
would despair, it they were not cherished by our virtues.
Sbakspeare. rowed from ge, the Saxon augmentum l'arn is a commodity very proper to this counof the preterit. It is so sometimes
try, which of all others ought to be most encoufore present tenses, but I think erro raged.
It may be useful for the reeling of garn.
Wilkins. YACHT. n. s. [a Dutch word.) A small
The fates but only spin the coarser clue, ship for carrying passengers.
The finest of the wool is left for you. YARD. n. s. (geand, Saxon.]
Spare me but one small portion of the twine; 1. Enclosed ground adjoining to a house.
And let the sisters cut below your gue: One of the lions leaped down into a neigh
'The rest among the rubbish may they sweep, bour's yard, where, nothing regarding the crow
Or add it to the yarn of some old miser's heap. ing of the cocks, he eat them up. Brown.
Dryden. Lanthus one day sent Escop into the yard, To YARR,
V. n. (from the sound; birrio, and bade him look well about him. L'Estrange. Lat.) To growl or snarl like a dog. His wanton hids, wich buuding horns prepar'd,
Aixstuorth. Fight harmless battles in his homely yard, YA’RROW. n. s. [millefolium, Latin.] A
Dryden. 2. [gers, Sax.) A measure of three feet.
plant. A peer, a councedor, and a judge, are not to
YAWL. n. 5. A little vessel belonging to be measured by the common yard, but by the
a ship, for convenience of passing to pole oi special grace.
and from it. The arms spread cross in a straight line, and To YAWN. v. n. (geonan, Saxon.] measured from one end of the long finger on one hand to that of the ther, madr a ineasure equal
1. To gape; to oscitate ; to have the to the stature, and is named a fathom. Half of
mouth opened involuntarily by fumes, that, viz. from the end of the long tinger of
as in sleepiness. either arın, so spread, to the middle ot the breast, The sad-eyed justice, with his surly hum, is with us cailed a yard.
Holdier. Delivering o'er to executors pale An aqueduct of a Gothick structure, that The lazy yarıning drone.
Sbaksp. conveys water from Mount St. Francis tó Spo In yawning, the inner parchment of the ear letto, from the foundation of the lowest arch to is extended. When a man yanneth, he cannot the top, is two hundred and thirty yards.
hear, so well,
Bacon. Addison, At length hook off himself, and ask'd the 3. The supports of the sails.
darne, A brecze from shore began to blow;
And asking yawn':!, for what intent she came? The sailors ship their cars, and cease to row;
To whom the yawning pilot, fast asleep, Then hoist their yards a-trip, and all their sails Ler fall to court ihe wind.
Me didst thou bid to trust the treacherous deep? YARDWÄND. n. s. (yard and wand.] A
Drydsa. measure of a yard.
2. To open wide. All the revolutions in nature can give it no
The gashes, thing more than different degrees of dimensions.
That bloodily did yawn upon his face. Sbaksp. What attinity has thinking with such attributes?
'Tis now the very witching time of night, When churchyards gatun.
Sbakso no more than there is between a syllogism and a yurdw..nd.
up VARE. vdj. (geanpe, Saxon.] Ready;
For swallowing up the treasure of the realm.
Sbat speare. dexterous; eager:
He shall cast up the wealth by him devour'd, Yare, yare, good Iros, quick. Methinks I Like vomit from his yawning entrails pour d. bear Antony call. Shaksfcure.
Sandys. I do desire to learn, sir; and I hope, if you
Hell at last have occasion to use me for your turn, you shall l'arning receiv'd them whole, and on them
find me yare.
The sword pierc'd his tender sides;
Prior. 3. To express desire by yawning.
The chiefest thing at which lay-reformers yawn, is, that the clergy may, through conformity in condition, be poor as the apostles were. In which one circumstance if they imagine so great perfection, they must think that church which hath such store of mendicant friars, a church in that respect most happy,
Hooker. Yawn, n. s. [from the verb.] 1. Oscitation.
Thee, Paridel, she mark'd thee there,
The pains and penalties of idleness. Pope. 2. Gape; hiatus.
Hence to the borders of the marsh they go, That mingles with the baleful streams below; And sometimes with a mighty yawn, 'tis said, Opens a dismal passage to the dead; Wbo, pale with fear, the rending earth survey, And startle at the sudden flash of day,
1.Hison. YA'WNING. adj. [from yawn.] Sicepy ; slumbering
Ere to black Hecate's summons The shard-born beetle, with his drowsy bums, Hath rung night's yawning peal, there shall be
done A deed of dreadful note.
Sbaksp. YCLAD. part. for clad. Clothed.
Hor sight did ravish, but her grace in speech, Her werd gelad with wisdom's majesty, Make nietrom wond'ring fall to weeping joys.
Sbukspeare, YCLE'red. [the participle passive of clepe, ..to call; clepan, Saxon; with the in
creasing particle y, which was used in the old English, in the preterits and participles, from the Saxon ge.] Called; termed; named.
But come, thou goddess fair and free, In heav'n gelend Euphrosyne, And by men 'heart easing mirth. 11:lton. YDRA'D. The old preterit of To dread.
Spenser. Ye. The nominative plural of thoit.
Ye are they which justify yourselves. Luke, YEA, adv. (ea, or yea, Saxon; ja, Da.
nish, German, and Dutch.] 1. Yes. A particle of affirmation
i mean. ing, it is so, or, is it so?
Yea, hath God said, ye shall not cat of every tree in the garden?
Genesis. Let your conversation be yea, yea; nay, nay.
Matibu. Why do disputes in wrangling spend the day? Whilst one says only yea, and t'other nay.
Denbare 2. A particle by which the sense is in
tended or enforced ; not oniy so, but more than so. I am weary; zoa, my memory is tir'd.
Sbakspeare. A rascally, yea, forsooth knave, to bear a gentleman in hand, and then stand upon secuBity,
From these Philippinæ are brought costly spices, yea, and gold too.
Abbott. All the promises of God are gea, and amea; that is, are verified, which is the importance of pea; and confirmed, which is, meant by amen, into an immutability.
Notwithstanding this great proximity of man to himself; yea, and notwithstanding the obses. vations made in all ages, we still remain igrice rant of many things concerning ourselves.
Hale. To YEAD, or Yede, v. n. preterit yule,
[This word seems to have been corruptly formed from geod, the Saxon preterit of zan.) To go; to march, Obsolete.
They wander at will, and stay at pleasure, And to their folds geade at their orn luisue.
Spenser. Then bad the knight this lady gedo aloci, And to an hill herself withdraw aside, From whence she might behold tha: batile's
proof, And eke be safe from danger far descry'd
Sponsor Yet for she gode thereat half aghast, And Kiddy the door sparred after her fast.
Spenser That same nighty man of God, That bloud red billow's like a walled front, On either side disparted with his rod, Till that his army dry-foot through them do
Spenser TO YEAN. 9, n. [eanian, Saxon.) To bring young: Used of sheep.
This I scarcely drag along, Who yeaning on the rocks has left her young,
Diri Ewes gean the polled lamb with the least dan, ger.
Mchiar. YEA'NLING. n. s. [from jean.) The young of sheep.
All the yeanlings which were streak'd and pied Should fall as Jacob's hire.
Seskse YEAR, n. s. (gear, Saxon.] 1. If one by the word gear mean twelve
months of thirty days cach, i. e. three hundred and sixty days; another intend a solar year, of three hundred sixty-five days; and a third mean a lunar year, or twelve lunar months, i.e. three isundred sixty-four days, there will be a great variation and error in their ac. count of things, unless they are well apprized of each other's meaning.
See the minutes, how they run : How many make the hour full compleat, How many hours bring about the day, How many days will finish up the gear, How many years a mortal man may live.
Sbakspeare With the year Seasons return, but not to me returns Day, or the sweet approach of eyen or morn.
Though we suppose but the addition of one man for every thousand years, yet long before this time there should have been a greater number than there could be sands in the earth.
The doctor, upon occasion, calculating his ex
Yet for all the yearning pain pences on himself, found them to be not above Y' have suffer'd for their loves, in vain, tive pound in the year.
Fell. I fear they'll prove so nice and coy, Oviparous creatures have eggs enough at first To have, and i' hold, and to enjoy. Hudibras. conceived in them, to serve them for many Where our heart does but relent, his melts; years laying, allowing such a proportion for where our eye pities, his bowels yearn. South. every year as will serve for one or two incuba At beholding the miseries of others, they find tions.
Ray. such yearnings in their bowels, and such sensible He accepted a curacy of thirty pounds a year. commotions raised in their breasts, as they can Swift, by no means satisfy.
Calamy. 2. It is often used plurally, without a Your mother's heart yearns towards you.
Addisori. plural termination. I fight not once in forty year.
Unmoy'd the mind of Ithacus remain'd;
But Anticlus, unable to controul,
Pope. That smiles his cheek in years, and knows the
TO YEARN. v. a. To grieve; to vex. crick
She laments for it, that it would To make my lady laugh when she's dispos'd,
T'earn your heart to see it. Told our intents.
Sbakspeare. There died also Cecile, mother to king Ed
I am not covetous of gold, ward iv. being of extreme gers, and who had
It yearns me not if men my garments wear. lived to see three princes of her body crowned,
Sbakspeare. and four murthered.
YEAST. n. s. See YEST. He look'd in gears, yet in his years were seen Yelk. 1. s. (from zealepe, yellow, Sax.] A youthful vigour, and autumnal
The yellow part of the egg. It is comYe'Arling, adj. [from year.] Being a monly pronounced, and often written
yolk. A yearling bullock to thy name shall smoke, The yolk of the egg conduceth little to the Untam'd, unconscious of the galling yoke. Pope. generation of the bird, but only to the nourishYE'Arly. adj. (from year.] Annual ;
ment of the same : for if a chicken be opened, happening every year; lasting a year.
when it is new-hatched, you shall find much of the yolk remaining.
Bacon, The yearly course that brings this day about,
That a chicken is formed out of the yelk of an Shall never see it but a holiday. Sbakspeare.
egg, with some antient philosophers, the people Why the changing oak should shed
Brown, The yearly honour of his stately head;
All the feather'd kind Whilst the distinguish'd yew is ever scen,
From th' included golk, not ambient white, arose. Unchang'd his branch, and permanent his green.
Dryden. Prior. YEARLY. odv. Annually; once a year.
T, YELL, V. n. To cry out with hor.
rour and agony. He that outlives this day, and sees old age, Will yearly on the vigil feast his neighbours,
Nor the night raven, that still deadly yells, And say, to-morrow is Saint Crispin. Salsp.
Nor grisly vultures, make us once affear'd. For numerous blessings yearly shower'd,
Each new morn,
Newwidows howl, new orphans cry; new sorrows For these, and more, accept our pious praise.
Strike heav'n on the face, that it resounds,
As if it felt with Scotland, and yelld out
Like syllables of dolour.
Now worse than ere he was before, And yearly some are falling of the few. Young.
Poor Puck doth yell, poor Puck doth roar, TO YEARN. v. n. [eannan, Saxon.) To
That wak'd queen Mal), who doubred sore feel great internal uneasiness. In Spen Some treason had been wrought her. Drayton. ser it is sometimes earn. It is by Spen.
Yelling monsters that with ceaseless cry
Milton. ser used for desire, or the pain of long
Night-struck fancy dreams the yelling ghost. ing; it now implies tenderness or pity.
Tbomson, He despis'd to tread in due degree, But chaff'd, and foam’d, with courage fierce and Yell. 11. s. [from the verb.) A cry of
Spenser. As when, by night and negligence, the fire
Is spread in populous cities. Shakspeare, Leave roaring, when in rage he for revenge Hence are heard the groans of ghosts, the pains
Spenser. Of sounding lashes, and of dragging chains.
The Trojan stood astonish'd at their cries,
And ask'd his guide from whence those yells
Others in frantick mood
yells And we must yearn therefore. Shakspeare.
Rend the dark welkin.
Pbilipse Joseph made haste; for his bowels did yearn YE’LLOW. adj. [gealepe, Sax. gbeleuwe, 2pon his brother: and he sought where to weep, and he enter'd into his chamber. Genesis,
Dutch; giallo, Italian.] Being of a When the fair Leucothoe he spy'd,
bright glaring colour, as gold. To check his steeds impatient Phæbus yeara'd, Only they that come to see a fellow Though all the world was in his course con In a long motley coat, guarded with yellow, iern'd. Walier, Will be deceiv'd.