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Deed of ces liberal cession to the United States, of a portion of their
respective claims, for the common benefit of the union: and whereas this cominonwealth did, on the second day
of January, in the year one thousand seven bundred See vol. 10 and eighty one, yield to the congress of the United page 364. · States, for the benefit of the said states, all right, title
and claim, which the said. commonwealth had to the territory worthwest of the river Ohio, subject to the con. ditions annexed to the said act of cession. And
WHEREAS the United States in congress assembled have, * See ante pa. by their act of the thirteenth of September last,* stipu. 667.
lated the terms op which they agree to accept the cession of this state should the legislatore approve thereof which terms, allrough they do not come fully up to the propositions of this commonwealth, are conceived, on the whole, to approach so nearly to them, as lo induce this state to accept thereof, in full confidence, that congress will, in justice to this state, for the liberal cession she hath made, earnestly press upon the other states claiming large tracts of waste and uncultivated territo. ry, the propriety of making cessions equally liberal, for
the cominou benefit and support of the union. Be it Delegates authorized to d to
enacted by the Gencral Assembly, That it shall and convey to the way be lawful for the delegates of this state to the conUnited Staies gress of the United States, or such of them as shall be the territory northwest of
fassembled in congress, and the said delegates, or such the Ohio, &c. of them, so assembled, are hereby fully authorized and
einpowered, for and on behalf of this state, by proper deeds or instrument in writing, under tbeir bands and seals, to convey, transfer, assign, and make over, unto the United States in congress assembled, for the benefit of the said states, all right, title, and claim, as well of soil as jurisdiction, which this commonwealth hath to the territory or tract or country within the limits of the
Virginia charter, situate, lying, and being, to the norih. i west of the river Ohio, subject to the terms and condi
cions contained in the before recited act of congress of Conditions, the thirteenth day of September last; that is w say,
upon condition that the territory so ceded shall be laid
ont and formed into states, containing a suitable extent Territory to al territory, not less than one hundred, nor more than be laid out One hundred and oliy miles square, or as near therela
s rircumstances will admit; and that the states en Dormer sliall be distinct republican states, and admitted members of the federal union; having the same rights of
sovereignty, freedom, and independence, as the other Deed of cesstates. That the necessary and reasonable expenses in- sion. curred by this state, in subduing any British posts, or in maintaining forts or garrisons within, and for the defence, or in acquiring any part of, the territory so Expenses of
* Vi ginia in ceded or relinquished, shall be fully reimbursed by the sub United States: and that one commissioner shall be ap- detenuing the pointed by congress, one by this commonwealth, and ceded te rrito:
i ry to be reanother by those two commissioners, who, or a majority of them, shall be authorized and empowered to adjust and liquidate the account of the necessary and reasonable expenses incurred by this stale, which they shall judge to be comprised wiibin the intent and meaning of the act of congress, of the tenth of October, one thousand seven hundred and eighty, respecting suel expenses. That the French and Canadian innabitants, and other settlers of the Kaskaskies, Sı. Vin- French in. cents, and the neighbouring villages, who have protes
have their sed themselves citizens of Virginia, shall have their possessions possessions and titles confirmed to them, and be pro- confirmed. tected in the enjoyment of their rights and liberijes. That a quantity not exceeding one hundred and fifty thousand acres of land, promised by this state, shall be allowed and granted to the then colonel, now general George Rogers Clarke, and to the officers and soldiers of his regiment, who marched with him when the post of Kaskaskies and St. Vincents were reduced, and to the
150,000 acres officers and soldiers that have been since incorporated 10 be granted into the said regiment, to be laid off in one tract, the toClarke's relength of which not to exceed double the breadth, in giment. such place, on the northwest side of the Ohio, as a majority of the officers shall choose, and to be atierwards fivided among the said nfficers and soldiers in due proportion, according to the laws of Virginia. Deficienc of That in case the quantity of good land on the southeast military.
buties in side of the Ohio, upon the waters of Cumberland river, and prom. and between the Green river and Tevessee river, which ised by Vir. have been reserved by law for the Virginia Iroops, upon gilla, continental ostablishment, should, from the North Car
vale tween Scioto oliva line bearingin further upon the Cumberland lands and Little than was expected, prove insufficient for their legal Miami. bounties, the deficiency should be made up to the said troops, in good lands, to be laid off between the rivers Scioto and Little Miami, on the oorthwest side of the river Onio, in such proportions as have been engaged
Deed of ces to them by the laws of Virginia. That all the lands sion within the territory so ceded to the United States, and
not reserved for, or appropriated to, any of the beforeto be a com. mentioned purposes, or disposed of in bounties to the mon fund for officers and soldiers of the American army, shall be the United considered as a common fund for the use and benefit States.
of such of the United States as have become, or shall become members of the confederation or federal alliance of the said states, Virginia inclusive, according to their usual respective proportions in the general charge and expenditure, and shall be faithfully and bona fide dis
posed of for that purpose, and for no other use or purThree dele.
pose whatsoever. - Provided, that the trast hereby represent. posed in the delegates of this state, shall not be execu
ted unless three of them at least are present in congress.
AND WHEREAS, the said general assembly, by their resolution of June sixth, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three, had constituted and appointed us, the said Thomas Jefferson, Samuel Hardy, Arthur Lee, and James Monroe, delegates to represent the said commonwealth in congress for one year, from the first
Monday in November then next following, which resoDelegates lution remains in full force: Now, THEREFORE, KNOW convey the
YE, that we, the said Thomas Jefferson, Samuel Hardy, Arthur Lee, and James Monroe, by virtue of the power and authority committed to us by the act of the said general assembly of Virginia, before recited, and in the name, and for and on behalf, of the said commonwealth, do, by these presents, convey, transfer, assign, and make over, unto the United states, in congress assembled, for the benefit of the said states, Virginia inclusive, all right, title and claim, as well of soil as of jurisdiction, which the said commonwealth hath to the territory or tract of country within the limits of the Vir. ginia charter, situate, lying, and being, to the northwest of the river Ohio, to and for the uses and purposes and on the conditions of the said recited act. lo testimony whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names and affixed our seals, in congress, the first day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-four, and of the independence of the United States the eighth.
TH. JEFFERSON, (L. s.)
JAMES MONROE, (L. s.)
| BEN. BANKSON, Junr..
CHA. THOMPSON. [From the original, in the clerk's office of the house of delegates, among the governor's communication of 1784.]