Journal of the Federal Convention
The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., 2003 - 805 páginas
[Madison, James]. Journal of the Federal Convention Kept by James Madison. Special Edition. Edited by E.H. Scott. Chicago: Scott, Foresman and Co., 1898. 805 pp. Reprinted 2003 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. LCCN 2002024327. ISBN 1-58477-256-5. Cloth. $110. * Founding father (and fourth President of the United States) James Madison [1751-1836] appreciated the significance of the Federal Convention and took great care to compile an accurate report of its proceedings. His journal, which covers the period from May 14 and September 17, 1787, is often referred to as "The Madison Papers" or "Madison's Notes." It remains the most complete record of the proceedings, which were held behind closed doors. This volume is based on the edition of 1840, which was published by the United States government from Madison's original manuscripts under the direction of President Andrew Jackson who authorized payment of the sum of "thirty thousand dollars" (Preface, 4) to Mrs. Madison, which later passed as an Act of Congress for the reduced sum of "five thousand dollars," (Preface, 5) still an exorbitant amount reflecting their comprehension of the historical significance of the notes to the nation. The volume also includes the text of another manuscript that traces the history of American constitutionalism from 1754 to 1787. This edition with E.H. Scott's complete "general and analytical" index.
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Página 161 - Resolved, that each branch ought to possess the right of originating acts; that the National Legislature ought to be empowered to enjoy the legislative rights vested in Congress by the Confederation, and moreover to legislate in all cases to which the separate states are incompetent, or in which the harmony of the United States may be interrupted by the exercise of individual legislation...
Página 455 - Congress be authorized to make such requisitions in proportion to the whole number of white and other free citizens and inhabitants, of every age, sex, and condition, including those bound to servitude for a term of years, and threefifths of all other persons not comprehended in the foregoing description, except Indians not paying taxes...
Página 456 - ... be final and decisive, the judgment or sentence and other proceedings being in either case transmitted to congress, and lodged among the acts of congress for the security of the parties concerned : provided that every commissioner, before he sits in judgment, shall take an oath to be administered by one of the judges of the supreme or superior court of the state, where the cause shall be tried, "well and truly to hear and determine the matter in question, according to the best of his judgment,...
Página 147 - Confederation, but according to some equitable ratio of representation, namely, in proportion to the whole number of white and other free citizens and inhabitants, of every age, sex and condition, including those bound to servitude for a term of years, and threefifths of all other persons, not comprehended in the foregoing description, except Indians not paying taxes, in each State.
Página 456 - Whenever the legislative or executive authority or lawful agent of any state in controversy with another shall present a petition to congress stating the matter in question and praying for a hearing, notice thereof shall be given by order of congress to the legislative or executive authority of the other state in controversy, and a day assigned for the appearance of the parties by their lawful agents...
Página 742 - In these sentiments, sir, I agree to this Constitution, with all its faults, if they are such ; because I think a General Government necessary for us, and there is no form of government, but what may be a blessing to the people if well administered...
Página 364 - ... Resolved, that all acts of the United States in Congress, made by virtue and in pursuance of the powers hereby, and by the Articles of Confederation, vested in them, and all treaties made and ratified under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the respective States, so far forth as those acts or treaties shall relate to the said States or their citizens ; and that the Judiciary of the several States shall be bound thereby in their decisions, any thing in the respective...
Página 62 - Judiciary, ought to compose a council of revision with authority to examine every act of the National Legislature before it shall operate, and every act of a particular Legislature before a Negative thereon shall be final; and that the dissent of the said Council shall amount to a rejection, unless the Act of the National Legislature be again passed, or that of a particular Legislature be again negatived by of the members of each branch.