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“ you, That ye (g) shall weep 11 “ and your joy no man (m) taketh “ and lament, buc (b) the world - from you." 6 shall rejoice: and ye shall be " sorrowful, but your sorrow " shall be turned (1) into joy. A

Saint Philip and Saint James's Day. “ woman (k) when she is in tra“ vail hath sorrow, because her

The Collect. “ hour is come: but as soon as | O ALMIGHTY God, whom truly " she is delivered of the child, | to know is everlasting life; Grant " she remembereth no more the us perfectly to know thy Son

anguish, for joy that a man is 7 Jesus Christ to be the way, the

born into the world. And ye truth, and the life; that follow. “ now therefore have sorrow : | ing the steps of thy holy Apostles, “ but I will see (1) you again,

Saint Philip and Saint James, we " and your heart shall rejoice, may stedfastly walk in the way

0. 20.

(8) “ Ye shall weep," &c. When our Saviour was apprehended, the disciples all forsook him and Aed, Matt. xxvi. 56. and as they had not foreseen that he was to suffer, &c. and expected that his was to be a temporal kingdom, it would of course give them great distress to find all their hopes blasted, and the person to whom they looked up removed from

them, as they might suppose, for ever. v. 20. (b) “ The world," i.e. my opposers:

this shall be their time of triumph. In Luke xxii. 53. when he was apprehended, he said, “ This is your hour,

" and the power of darkness.” v. 20. (i) “Turned into joy." How speedily

and effectually was this prophecy ful. filled ? What transport and delight must they have felt when they saw him so repeatedly after his resurre&tion, as to be certain that he had indeed risen, and when that conviction was put beyond all pos. sibility of doubt by the gift of the Holy Ghost, which enabled them to speak languages they had never learnt, to cure diseases, and perform other miraculous works? The effect it produced in their conduct was what might have been expected. After commenting upon the grounds we have from the apostolical accourts for being satisfied of the resurrection, Bp. Porteus, in 2 Lect. 317. writes thus ; “ But besides the positive “ proof of this fact, there is a pre“ sumptive one of a most forcible nature, “ to which I have never yet seen any “ answer, and am of opinion that none “ can be given. The proof I allude to

“ is that which is drawn from the asto" nishing change which took place in “ the language and the conduct of the “ apostles, immediately after the period

" when they affirmed that Jesus had | “ risen from the dead. From being, “ as we have seerr, timorous and dejected,

and discouraged at the death of their “ Master, they suddenly became cou. “ rageous, undaunted, and intrepid; and “ they boldly preached that very Jesus,

whom before they had deserted in his “ greatest distress. This observation “ will apply in some degree to all the “ apostles : but with regard to St. “ Peter more particularly it holds with “ peculiar force." He then contrasts with great force Peter's timidity before the crucifixion, with that instance of his courage of which we have an ac. count in Acts iv. It may be observed too, that this courage and intrepidity of the apostles was not temporary, but lasted for their lives, and that from the opposition and persecutions they ex. perienced, it was put very severely to the test. See ante 25, note on Rom. xiii. 11.

(k) A woman," &c. he puts this as e a parallel case: as the woman's subse. quent joy makes her think nothing of the pain she endured, so shall it be with you.

(1) “ Again," i. e. on his Resurrec. + 381

(m) “ No man taketh," i. e. can take. 8.31 It will be above the control, attacks, &c. of man.

tion.

that leadeth to eternal life, through || wavereth, is like a wave of the the same thy Son Jesus Christ our | sea driven with the wind and Lord. Amen.

tossed. For let not that man 7.

think that he shall receive any The Epistle. James i. 1.

thing of the Lord. A (t) double- 8. JAMES (n), a servant of God and minded man is unstable in all his of the Lord Jesus Christ, to () the ways. Let (u) the brother of low 9. twelve tribes which are scattered degree rejoice in that he is exabroad, greeting. My brethren, alted :, but the rich, in that he is 10. count it all joy when ye fall into made low : because as the flower divers (p) temptations; knowing of the grass he shall pass away. this, that the trying of your faith For the sun is no sooner risen 11. worketh patience. But let pa with a burning hear, but it withertience have her (9) perfect work, eth the grass, and the flower therethat ye may be perfect and en of falleth, and the grace of the tire, wanting nothing. If any fashion of it perisheth: so also of you lack (r) wisdom, let him shall the rich man fade away in his ask of God, that giveth to all ways. Blessed (x) is the man that 12. men liberally, and upbraideth endureth temptation : for when not; and it shall be given him. he is tried, he shall receive the But let him ask in faith, no crown of life, which the Lord hath thing (s) wavering. For he that promised to them that love him.

(2) " James.” This is supposed to have been the son of Cleophas, a brother of Jude the apostle, (post, note on Jude i.): he was crucified for professing Christianity, A. D. 63. James the apostle, the son of Zebedee and brother of John, was put to death by Herod, Acts xii. 2. which must have been long before the supposed

time of writing this Epistle. 1.6)" The twelve tribes." This Episthe scalled General, (or Catholic, which In the same as general,) because it was ad

dressed generally to all Jewish converts. * W* Temptations.” i. e. Trials, at

tempts to draw you off from your faith, persecutions. The strong exhortations here and elsewhere to patience imply that they were in circumstances which put their resolution very strongly to the test,

(9)“ Perfect work,” i. e. Succeed; come off victorious. 5. () “ Lack wisdom," perhaps, knows

not in a particular instance how he ought to act, what God would have him do.

Philip. iii. 15. St. Paul says, “ If in "any thing ye be otherwise minded,

(meaning probably differ), God shall "reveal even this unto you," i. e. shall shew you what is right,

(s) “ Nothing wavering," i. e. (yroba- v.6. bly,) settled in his adherence to Christianity, not undetermined about abiding in it ; firmly fixed to do whatever God shall suggest.

(c) “ Double minded," unfixed, with v.8. two minds; whose whole mind is not on God.

(u) “ Let,” &c. This verse is not to v.g. be literally understood : the object from verse 2. is to shew the advantages of affliction, and the conclusion of verse jo, and the whole of verse 11. assign reasons why the rich should rejoice in being reduced, but no reason is given why the poor should rejoice for being exalted. Verse 9. therefore may be ironical. “Let the poor “ brother, if he will, rejoice in that he “ is exalted," he little knows what it will bring upon him ; the rich has much greater cause for rejoicing in being reduced. If the rich, whether raised from poverty or not, will pass away as the flower of the field, will fade away in his ways, a brother of low degree has no ground for rejoicing, because he is made rich.

(x) “ Blessed,” &c. This is properly v. 12. added as a consolation to the rich for be. ing reduced, and to all for their sufferings during trial.

The Gospel John xiy. 1. || me. If ye had known me, ye AND Jesus said unto his dis " should have known my Father ciples, “ Let (y) not your heart 6 also: and from henceforth ye

“ be troubled: ye believe in God, « know him, and have seen 2. “ believe also in me. In my Fa. | 66 him." Philip saith unto him,

“ ther's house are many man “ Lord, shew us the Father, and “ sions: if it were not so, I would " it sufficeth us.” Jesus saith “ have told you. I go to pre unto him, “Have I been so long “ pare a place for you. And « time with you, and yet hast « if (2) I go and prepare a place " thou not known me, Philip? “ for you, I will come again, and “ He that hath seen me hath seen o receive you unto myself; that “ the Father; and how sayest “ where I am, there ye may be 6 thou then, Shew us the Father? “ also. And (a) whither I go ye “ Believest thou not that I am in “ know, and the way ye know." " the Father, and the Father in Thomas saith unto him, “Lord, “ me? The words that I speak “ we know not whither thou go " unto you I speak not of my

“ est; and how can we know " self: but the Father, that dwell6. “ the way?” Jesus saith unto « eth (6) in me, he doeth the

him, “I am the way, and the 66 works. Believe me that I am
« truth, and the life: no man 66 in the Father, and the Father
“ cometh unto the Father but by « in me: or (c) else believe me

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(5) « Let," &c. Our Saviour had been saying to his apostles, " yet a little 6 while I am with you; ye shall seek me; « and whither I go, ve cannot come," John xiii. 33. and this had probably made them uneasy. In part of the same conversation, John xvi. 6. he says, “ be“ cause I have said these things unto “ you, sorrow hath filled your hearts.” This was after Judas was gone out to bargain with the chief priest to betray our Saviour, and the very night on which our Saviour was apprehended.

(2) “I go." St. John records many of our Saviour'sintimations that he was about to leave them, which the other evangelists do not mention. This and many of the others from John xiii. to the end of John xvii. occurred at the last supper, when John was present, next to our Saviour, and leaning on his bosom. This is

the testimony therefore of an ear-witness. 9.4. (a). “ Whither I go,” &c. He ex

plains in verse 6. that he was going to the
Father, and that the only way to the
Father was by him, i. e. through his
means by believing on him, and walking

in his commandments.
v.10. (6)“ Dwelleth in me.” Animates me,

inspires me, &c.

(c) “ Or else,” &c. The meaning seems to be, believe me, because I say it; you ought to have that confidence in me as to believe whatever I assert without requiring any proof or confirmation; but if you have not faith to this extent, look at the works that I do; are they not such as could not be done but through God's aid? He uses the same argument to the Jews who took up stones to stole him for saying, “ I and my Father are “ one," John x. 37. “ If I do not the " works of my Father, believe me not ; " but if I do, though ye believe not me, “ believe the works." So John v. 36.X. 25. As our Saviour appeals to the works he did as a proof that he was the Messiah, and that God was with him, and as they furnish one strong ground for our belief, it may be of some advantage to collect some of them together, and we may then ask ourselves this question, what should we think of any one who should do such mighty works, and works of such benevolence in our sight ; who should assert at the same time that he came from God; who should appear too at a time when there was ground from incontrovertible prophecies to expect some such person, and in whom the

" for the very work's sake. Ve- || “ that believeth on me, the works . “ rily, verily, I say unto you, He “ that I do shall (d) he do also ;

marks stated in those prophecies for dis fig tree, let no fruit grow on thee hence-
tanguishing this Messenger were found to forward for ever, it presently withered
exist ? According to Matth. x. I. “ He away. According to John ii. 7 to it.
* gave his twelve disciples power against he turned water into wine. According
* unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to John iv. 47 to 53. he healed the son
"to heal all manner of sickness and all of a nobleman at Capernaum, who was at
" manner of disease.” According to the point of death, by saying only, “ go
Matt. xii. 10 to 13. he directed a man “ thy way, thy Son liveth.” Accord-
who had a “ withered hand to stretch it ing to John v. 1 to 9. he healed an im-
* forth," and he stretched it forth, and it potent man, who had had an infirmity
was restored “ whole like as the other.” thirty-eight years, by saying only, “rise,
According to Matt. xii. 22. he healed “ take up thy bed, and walk." According
me possessed with a devil, blind and to John vii. 31. many of the people said,
dumb, so that he both saw and spake. “ when Christ cometh, will he do greater
According to Matt. xiv. 17 to 21. « miracles than these which this man
John vi. 8 to 13. he fed five thousand men “ hath done ?" According to John ix.
besides women and children with five I to 7. he gave sight to one born blind,
loaves and two fishes, so that they did by putting clay upon his eyes, and bid-
all eat and were filled, and the fragments ding him to wash in the pool of Siloam.
that remained filled twelve baskets ; and According to John'xi. I to 44. he re-
according to Matt. xv. 32 to 39. he fed stored Lazarus to life after he had been.
four thousand men, besides women and dead four days. These selections are
children, with seven loaves and a few fishes, made from St. Matthew and St. John,
and they did all eat and were Glled, because they were two of the apostles,
and left seven baskets of fragments. Ac. who were in constant attendance upon
cording to Matt. xiv 35, 36. when he was our Saviour, and who were therefore
in the land of Gennesaret, they brought probably eye-witnesses of what they re-
into him all that were diseased, and as cord. How then shall we answer the
smy as only touched the hem of his question proposed at the beginning of the
garment were made perfectly whole. note ? and what shall we say of a religion
According to Matt. xv. 22 to 28. he of which this evidence constitutes but a
beled the daughter of the woman of small part of its proofs ? When we add
Canaan who was grievously vexed with a the completion of the prophecies in the
deril, by a word only, without ever seeing Old Testament, the completion of the
ket. According to Matt. xv. 29 to 31. prophecies in the New, the destruction of
when he was in a mountain near the sea of Jerusalem and the Jewish nation, the in-
Galilet, great multitudes came unto him, nocence of our Saviour's life, the peace-
"having with them those that were lame, able character of his religion and pre-
" blind, dumb, maimed, and many others, cepts, and the conduct of his apostles
" and cast them down at Jesus's feet, and and of St. Paul, can any one really
"he healed them ; insomuch that the doubt? have we not a body of proof
* maltitude wondered when they saw the which is truly irresistible ? Let it be re-
* dumb to speak, the maimed to be whole, membered too, that where God has taken
* the lame to walk, and the blind to see, pains to supply so much evidence, it is
" and they glorified the God of Israel." probable he considers our belief a mat-
According to Matt. xvii. 14 to 18. he ter of great moment. Is it likely that
healed a child who was lunatic. Accord he who does nothing in vain should have
ing to Matt. xix. 1, 2. when he went furnished such an abundance of light,
into the coast of Judea, beyond Jordan, had he thought it indifferent whether
"great multitudes followed him; and he mankind saw or not? The destruction of
" healed them there." According to the Jews is an awful lesson. God grant
Matt. 24. 29 to 34. he touched the eyes that we may make the proper use of it !
of two blind beggars, and immediately

(d) “He do also." The apostles, &c. v.12. their eyes received sight. According to did accordingly perform miracles, and Matt. xxi. 19. when he said to the barren | those of the same kind as our Saviour's.

.

6 and greater (e)works than these among the sundry and manifold

6 shall he do; because I go unto changes of the world, our hearts 13. “ my Father. And whatsoever may surely there be fixed, where

ye shall (f) ask in my name, true joys are to be found, through 6 that will I do, that the Father Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

“ may be (8) glorified in the Son. 14. “ If ye shall ask any thing in my

The Epistle. James i. 17 " name, I will do it.”

Every good (b) gift, and every perfect gift, is from above, ani

cometh down from the Father o Fourth Sunday after Easter.

lights, with whom is no variable

ness, neither shadow of turning The Colle&t.

Of his own will begat he us O Almighty God, who alone with the word of truth, that we canst order the unruly wills and should be a kind of first-fruits of affections of sinful men ; Grant his (i) creatures. (k)Wherefore, unto thy people, that they may my beloved brethren, let every love the thing which thou com man be swift to hear, slow to mandest, and desire that which speak, slow to wrath: for the thou dost promise ; that so, wrath of man (1) worketh not the

In Aas üi. 1. &c. is the account of is done in my name, and from seeing the
Peter's healing a man who had been efficacy of my religion, glory may be
lame from his birth. In Acts viii.7. whilst given to God; God's glory may be
Philip was preaching in Samaria, the increased. Ante 140. note on John
people saw the miracles which he did, xv. 8.
* for unclean spirits, crying with loud (6) “ Gift," &c. St. James had been
" voice, came out of many that were saying, verse 13. “Let no man say
“ possessed with them; and many taken “ when he is tempted, I am tempted of
“ with palsies, and that were lame, were “ God, for God cannot be tempted with
“ healed.” In Acts ix. 33 and 40. are “ evil, neither tempteth he any man;"
accounts of Peter's healing a man named and the meaning here is, God is so far
Æneas, who had kept his bed eight years, from assailing us with temptations, that
and was sick of the palsy, and of his every good gift comes from him, and he
bringing to life again a disciple named is not changeable, first trying to gain us
Tabitha. This power of working miracles by what is good, and then trying
(a power in which they could not be de temptation will draw us off; on the con-
ceived), was a certain assurance to the trary, he voluntarily begat us, i. e. made
apostles that God was with them, and us as children to him, by the word of
with the conviction they had from their truth, i. e. by the Gospel.
other powers, especially that of speak. (0) “ His creatures," i. e. of them
ing languages they had never learned, who were especially to be so called; of
and from their having seen our Saviour those, who according to Tit. ii. 14. were
repeatedly after his resurrection, satisfac to be “ a peculiar people, zealous of
torily accounts for their courage and good works."
perseverance in defiance of all persecu. (k) “ Wherefore,” ime, because God
tions and dangers in preaching the hath so dealt with us, has made us as
Gospel.

children to him, a kind of first-fruits of v. 12. (c) “ Greater works.” This was ful

his creatures, let one of the first results filled when the apostles spoke in lan be that you control your tempers, lay guages they had never learnt.

apart all filthiness, &c. &c. 13. (f) “ Ask," &c. See ante 140. note (?) “ Worketh not," either “ is in 1 on John xv. 7.

consistent with," or " advanceth 9. 13. (8) “Glorified," &c. that from what

Il « not."

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