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1. righteousness (m)of God. Where " that I go away: for if I go not

fore lay apart all'filthiness and “ away, the (r) Comforter will superfluity of naughtiness, and re « not come unto you; but if I ceive with meekness the (n) en 6 depart, I will send him unto grafted word, which is able to you. And when he is come, 8. are your souls.

“ he will reprove (s) the world

“ of (t) sin, and of righteousness, ✓ The Gospel. John xvi. 5.

and of judgement: Of sin, be- g. JESUS (0) said unto his disciples, 66 cause (u) they(x) believe not on "Now I () go my way to him me; Of (y) righteousness, be 10. * that sent me; and none of you “ cause I go to my Father, and * asketh me, Whither goest " ye see me no more; Of judge. 11.

thou ? But because I have said 66 ment, because the prince of

these things unto you, (g) sor 66 this world is judged. I have 12. "row hath filled your heart. " yet many things to say unto * Nevertheless I tell you the “ you, but ye cannot bear them * truth; It is expedient for you “ now. Howbeit when he, the 13.

(m) “ The righteousness of God," ie. the Gospel dispensation, Christ's religion.

“ Ingrafted word,” i. e. what is called verse 18.“ The word of truth.”

O "Jesus said.” This is part of what gar Saviour said at the last supper, after Judas was gone out to bargain with the

cf priests for betraying him, and the very night he was betrayed. John was et to our Saviour, and was therefore 2 ear-witness.

* I go my way,” &c. This was a distinct intimation that his life was at is close; and there are several other simlar intimations in this discourse. The recollection after he was risen of these instances of our Saviour's foreknowledge would have strengthened their faith, if after the certain knowledge they had of

his resurrection, and the possession in | themselves of preternatural powers, any

confirmation could have been requisite. bo (9) “ Sorrow.” They probably ex.

pected, even down to this time, that our Saviour's was to be a temporal kingdom, tee of the kingdoms of this world: when he had told them before that he should be betrayed and killed, though he also told then he should be raised again the third day, they were exceeding sorry ; (see ante 133. note on Luke xxiv. 45.) and It appears that our Saviour made his communications to them according as be found they had strength of mind to receive them. See in this very Gospel, Perse 12.

(r) “ The Comforter," i. e. " the 0.7. “ Holy Ghost, whom the Father will “ send in my name," John xiv. 26. “ the “ spirit of truth," John xiv. 17. "the “ spirit of truth, which proceedeth from " the Father, whom I will send unto “ you from the Father.” John xv, 26.

(s) “ Reprove the world,” i. e. esta- v. 8. blish to the rebuke of the world these three points ; ist, that the not believing on me was sin ; zdly, that mine is the true religion, because otherwise how could I go up to God; and, 3dly, that judgment is coming upon the prince of this world, the opposers of my religion, the worldly-minded. This judgment came most tremendously at the destruction of Jerusalem. (t) “ Of," i.e. concerning.

0. 8. (u) “ Because," i.e. “ in that.” v.9.

(x) “ They believe not on me,” i.e. v.9. I am not believed, my religion is not adopted.

(y) “ Righteousness.” The gospel v. 10. dispensation. Christianity is often called “ righteousness," or the righteousness of God.” See James i. 20. (ante 146.) In Rom. iii. 21, 22, it is called “ the “ righteousness of God without the “ law,” (i.e. the Mosaic law) “even " the righteousness of God, which is by “ faith of Jesus Christ." See also Rom. i. 17. So Rom. x. 3. the gospel dispensation is called “ the righteousness of “ God," the law of Moses “their” (the Jews) " own righteousness.”

“ Spirit of truth, is come, he will || same, through our Lord Jesus
“ guide you into all truth: for Christ. Amen.
" he shall not speak of him-
“ self; but whatsoever he shall

The Epistle. James i. 22.
“ hear (2), that shall he speak :

Be ye doers (a) of the word, and -« and he will shew you things to

not hearers only, deceiving your " come. He shall glorify me:

own selves. For if any be a 6 for he shall receive of mine,

hearer of the word, and not a " and shall shew it unto you.

doer, he is like unto a man be 15. “ All things that the Father hath holding his nátural face in a glass: " are mine : therefore said I,

for (6) he beholdeth himself, and " that he shall take of mine, and

goeth his way, and straightway “ shall shew it unto you.”

forgetteth (c) what manner of man he was. But whoso looketh into the perfect (d) law of liberty, and

continueth therein, he being not Fifth Sunday after Easter.

a forgetful hearer, but a doer of The Collect.

the work, this man shall be bles. O LORD, from whom all good sed in his (e) deed. If () any things do come; Grant to us thy man among you seem to be relihumble servants, that by thy holy gious, and bridleth not his tongue, inspiration we may think those but deceiveth his own heart, this things that be good, and by thy | man's religion is vain. Pure remerciful guiding may perform the ligion (g), and undefiled before

1.13

(z) « Hear," i.e. either from God word, like a glass, shews him his defeats, or me. In the next verses our Lord says, and he will not correct them, he in effei " He shall receive of mine, and all things straightway forgetteth what manner of

that the Father hath are mine ;' so man he was. that it will be the same whether the com (d) “ Perfect law of liberty," i.e. munication is by me or God.

the gospel dispensation; he calls it “the 0.22 (a) “ Doers." The necessity of good “ law of liberty” again, ch. ii. v. 12.

deeds is strongly pressed by our Saviour, and he might mean, that it was a law
and the apostles, ante 33. note on Phi which was free from the bondage of ce.
lipp. iv. 5. and yet it should seem by one remonial ordinances, and required inward
part of this Epistle, that there were some purity and good acts, and nothing more.
who taught that “ faith without works" St. Paul, when he presses upon the Ga.
might suffice. In Jam. iii. 14. he says, latians to rely solely upon the gospel, and
“ What doth it profit, my brethren, to pay no attention to the Mosaic instie
“ though a man say he hath faith, and tutions, says, Gal. v. I. “ Stand fast,
“ have not works ; can faith save him?" " therefore, in the liberty where with
So, verse 17. “ Faith, if it hath not « Christ hath made us free, and be not
works, is dead;" and, verse 19. The “ entangled again in the yoke of bund.
" devils believe," (that is, have faith) “ age."
" and tremble." Indeed, if the tree (e) “ His deed," i.e. all he does.
is good, it must produce good fruit. See f) “ If,” &c. One of the first rea
ante 139. note on John. xv. 2.

quisites of a “doer of the word " is to 0:24. 6) “ For he,” i.e. “ who ;" it is keep his tongue under proper restraints

not every one who forgets, and the pa See ante 85, note on Eph. v.4. .
rallel only holds with those who do.

(8) “ Pure religion, &c. The sum 1.24. (c) “ Forgetteth.” A hearer, whose of religion is beneficence and purity... 'n

condua is not influenced, is in at least as | Micah vi. 8. is another summary:“What bad a situation as if he forgot. If the “ doth the Lord require of thee, but to

God and the Father, is this, To His disciples said unto him, “Lo, 29. visit the fatherless and widows in “ now speakest thou plainly, and their affliction, and to keep him. “ speakest no proverb. Now 30. self unspotted from the world. are we sure that thou knowest

all things, and needest not that The Gospel. John xvi. 23.()

« any man should ask thee: by " VERILY, verily, I say unto you, “ this we believe that thou camest " Whatsoever ye shall ask the “ forth from God.” Jesus an- 31. " Father in my (i) name, he will swered them, “Do ye now be" give it you. Hitherto have ye “ lieve? Behold, the hourcometh, 32. - asked nothing in my name : “ yea, is now come, that ye shall " ask, and ye shall receive, that “ be scattered (1), every man to

your joy may be full. These « his own, and shall leave me

things have I spoken unto you “ alone: and yet I am not alone, " in proverbs : but the time 66 because the Father is with me. “ cometh when I shall no more “ These things have I spoken 33. " speak unto you in proverbs, unto you, that in me ye might “ but I shall shew you plainly “ have peace (m). In the world I“ of the Father. At that day ye “ ye shall have tribulation (n): “ shall ask in my name: and I “ but be of good cheer ; I have “ say not unto you that I will pray “ overcome the world.” “ the (k) Father for you; for " the Father himself loveth you, " because ye have loved me, and

Ascension Day. " have believed that I came out ** from God. I came forth from

The Collect. * the Father, and am come into Grant, we beseech thee, Al " the world : again, I leave the mighty God, that like as we do

world, and go to the Father.” || believe thine only-begotten Son

" do justly, and to love mercy, and to "waka humbly with thy God.”

(6) Part of what passed at the last supper, on the evening our Saviour was betrayed. St. John was present, and

iat next to him. 33, In my name," i.e, on the ground

of being my disciples. 16 (1) " Will pray the Father." I shall

bave no occasion; the Father shall do it of himself. . “Be scattered,” i. e, shall desert me. So Matt. xxvi. 31. “ All ye shall "be offended because of me," i.e. shall fall off from me, shall be afraid to de. clare your adherence to me “this night,” i.e. the same night of which St. John speaks ; and accordingly, in the selfSame night, they “ all forsook him and " Aled," and Peter three times denied knowing him.

(m) « Peace," i. e. comfort, from an u. 33. assurance that your dependance on me would not be vain.

(n) “ Tribulation.” The prospect of v.33. « tribulation in the world” was not cal. culated to bring back such of our Sa. viour's followers as had once deserted him, nor to produce new converts. How then are we to account for the subsequent return of the apostles, their constancy and intrepidity, and for the num. bers who embraced Christianity? Upon the supposition that the disciples really saw our Saviour in several instances after his crucifixion, that they were enabled to speak languages they had never learnt, to perform miracles, and to execute other powers of the spirit, the whole is intelli. gible and natural ; were it not for this supposition, the thing seems unaccount. able.

our Lord Jesus Christ to have | sion by many infallible proofs, ascended into the heavens ; so we being ( ) seen of them (9) forty may also in heart and mind thi- || days, and speaking of the things ther ascend, and with him conti pertaining to the kingdom of nually dwell, who liveth and reign God : and, being assembled to- 4. eth with thee and the Holy Ghost, gether with them, commanded one God, world without end. them that they should not de. Amen.

part from Jerusalem, but wait

for the (r) promise of the Father, For the Epistle. Acts i. 1.

“ which," saith he, " ye have The former (6) treatise have I heard of me: for (s) John truly ;made, O Theophilus, of all that 66 baptized with (t) water ; but

Jesus began both to do and teach, “ ye shall be baptized with the 2. until the day in which he was ta. “ Holy Ghost not (u) many days

ken up, after that he through the “ hence.” When they therefore 6. Holy Ghost had given command were come together, they asked ments unto the apostles whom he of him, saying, “ Lord, wilt thou had chosen ; to whom also he " at this time (x) restore again shewed himself alive after his pas « the kingdom to Israel?” And 7.

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(6) “ Former treatise,” i.e. the Gos-
pel according to St. Luke. The Acts
are supposed to have been written by
St. Luke, and to have been published
about A.D. 64. They do not record
the actions of all the disciples, but are
principally confined to the works of
St. Peter and St. Paul, and to part of
their works only. They state nothing of
St. Peter after Herod's death, A.D. 44,
though he lived twenty-four years after-
wards, and but little of St. Paul till he
went to Iconium, A. D. 46, twelve
years after his conversion ; nor do they
state any thing of St. Paul after his
reaching Rome. St. Luke was much
with St. Paul from A. D. 46, to
A. D. 58.

(0) « Seen." Their conviction from
seeing him after his resurrection, and
from the powers conferred on them by
the Holy Ghost, of speaking languages
they had never learnt, healing diseases,
casting out devils, &c. accounts satis-
factorily for their intrepidity and perse-
verance in preaching the gospel,

(9) “ Forty days," not uninterrupt. edly, but occasionally during that time. The apostles mention eight distinct appearances : the appearances were such as fully to satisfy the apostles, and the power given them by the Holy Ghost was a point in which they could not be deceived.

(r) “ The promise," of the Com- .4 forter, or spirit of truth, mentioned repeatedly by our Saviour in his conversa. tion at the last supper, the night he was betrayed. John xiv. 17. 26.—XV. 26.xvi. 7. 13. ante 147. post 155.

(s) “ John," i.e. the Baptist. s.

(0) « With water.” So said the Bap. 1.5. tist himself, Matt. iii. 11. “ I indeed “ baptize you with water unto repente “ ance; but he that cometh after me" (i. e. the Messiah) “ is mightier than I; " he shall baptize you with the holy “ ghost and with fire." I only assume to bring you to repentance, to prepare you for the Christ; it is from him you are to expect your further advancement and powers.

(u) “ Not many days hence." It oC. v.j. curred on the day of Pentecost, i.e. Whitsunday, ten days after the Ascene sion,

(x) “ Restore," &c. Even at this t.b. time they seem to have expected that our Saviour was to restore temporal power to the Jews. They were not aware that the kingdom of heaven, Christ's kingo dom, was, as he says, John Avili. 30 “ not of this world, but (as he states Luke xvii. 21.) « the kingdom of God “ is within you," that is, it is a domis nion over the heart, mind, passions, and propensities of man,

9.3.

he said unto them, “ It is not for || as they sat at meat, and upbraided “ you to know the times or the them with their unbelief and hard

seasons which the Father hath ness of heart, because they be8. “ put in his own power. But ye lieved not them which had seen “ shall receive power, after that him after he was risen. And he 15. is the Holy Ghost is come upon said unto them, “ Go ye into all “ you: and ye shall be witnesses " the world, and (z) preach the “ unto me both in Jerusalem, “ Gospel to every creature. He 16. " and in all Judea, and in Sama that believeth and is (a) bap" ria, and unto the (y) uttermost “ tized shall be saved ; but he “ part of the earth.” And when " that believeth not shall be he had spoken these things, while 66 damned. And these (b) signs 17. they beheld, he was taken up;

6 shall follow them that believe: and a cloud received him out of “ In my name shall they cast out 6 their sight. And while they “ devils; they shall speak with

looked stedfastly toward heaven, 66 new tongues; they shall take 18. as he went up, behold, two men up serpents; and if they drink stood by them in white apparel ; any deadly thing, it shall not which also said, “ Ye men of “ hurt them; they shall lay hands “ Galilee, why stand ye gazing

" on the sick, and they shall re“ up into heaven? This same 6 cover.” So then after the 19. “ Jesus, which is taken up from Lord had spoken unto them, he " you into heaven, shall so come was received up into heaven, and " in like manner as ye have seen sat on the right hand of God. “ him go into heaven.”

And they went forth, and preached 20.

every-where, the Lord working The Gospel. Mark xvi. 14.

with them, and confirming the Jesus appeared unto the eleven word with signs following.

2.& 6)“ Uttermost part of the earth.”

Our Saviour had told them before his crucifixion, in his noted prophecy of the destruction of Jerusalem, Matt. xxiv. 14.

This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness

toto all nations, and then shall the "end" (i.e. the destruction of Jerutalem) “ come;" and accordingly the gospel was preached before the destruction of Jerusalem in Asia Minor, Greece, and Italy, as far north as Scythia, south a Ethiopia, east as Parthia and India, and west as Spain and Britain, 2 Newt. Proph. 156. This shews the zeal of the apostles, their conviction of the truth of what they preached, and God's as. Sistance to the cause. It shews too that

e gift of tongues, the power of speakTag languages they had never learnt, was not a mere display of God's power, nor a mere attestation from him that he was

with them, but an essential requisite for
their propagating the religion : for how
could they have preached to the distant
nations, unless they could have spoken
their languages?

(2) " Preach." See note on verse 8. v.se

(a) “ Baptized,” i. e. lives suitably v.id to his belief. For according to 1 Pet. iii. 21. “Baptism is not the putting away " of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good concience towards " God.”

(6). “ These signs." The apostles v.1%. must have known whether they possessed and exercised these powers. This was a point in which they could not be deceived: The possession of these powers therefore was an undeniable assurance that God was with them, and a sufficient ground for defying all dangers, and braving all persecutions.

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