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him should not perish, but have || manifest that they are wrought 17. everlasting life. For God sent in God.

not his Son into the world to
condemn the world; but that

Tuesday in Whitsun Week. the world through him might be For the Epistle. Aes viii. 14. 18. saved. He that believeth on him

When the apostles which were is not (t) condemned: but he

at Jerusalem heard that Samaria that believeth not is condemned

had received the word of God, already, because (u) he hath not

they sent unto them Peter and believed in the name of the only.

John (): who, when they were 19. begotten Son of God. And this

come down, prayed for them, is (x), the condemnation, that

that they might receive the Holy light is come into the world, and

Ghost : (for as yet he was fallen men loved darkness rather than

upon none of them; only they light, because their deeds were

were baptized in the name of the 20. evil. For every one that doeth

Lord Jesus.) Then (z) laid they evil hateth the light, neither

their hands on them, and they cometh to the light, lest his

received the Holy Ghost. 21. deeds should be reproved : But he that doeth truth cometh to the

The Gospel. John x. 1. (a) light, that his deeds may be made VERILY, verily, I say unto

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" was upon him, and with his stripes we
“ are healed.” So 1 John iv. 9. “In this
or was manifested the love of God to-
6 wards us, because that God sent his
“ only begotten Son into the world, that

“ we might live through him.”
v. 18. (c) “ Not condemned,” i. e. escapes

condemnation ; is exempted from the
condemnation to which he would other-

wise be liable.
v. 18. (u) “ Because," &c. If all have sinned,

(and who has not ?) if condemnation is
the ordinary consequence of sin, and faith
in Christ is the only condition upon
which God will exempt from condemna-
tion, it follows, that he who will not
perform the condition (by believing in
Christ) must continue in a state of con-
demnation. This corresponds with what
St. Peter says, Acts iv. 12. “ Neither is
“ there salvation in any other: for there

is none other name under heaven given
“ among men whereby we must be
“ saved.” Ought not we to turn in our
minds the observation, Heb. ii. 3. “ How
“ shall we escape, if we neglect so great

" salvation ?"
v. 19. (x) “ This is the condemnation," i.e.

(perhaps) this justifies it, this shews its
propriety and reasonableness, that it is sin |
only that obstructe this belief : whoever

has a good disposition, is ready to walk in God's commandments, and to do his will, must be convinced : the proofs are so decisive, it is only where the disposition to examine and judge is obstructed by sinful habits and sinful propensities, that belief can be withheld. If when our Saviour has put into our hands the power of driving out Satan we do not choose to co-operate, but rather prepare ourselves to give him again a welcome reception, we have no right to complain if we are worse off than if our Saviour had not given us this power. Matt. xii. 45. (See post, 2 Cor. iv. 3, 4.

(y) “ John," i.e. the Evangelist. !

(z) “ Laid,” &c. This was a point ! on which the apostles could not well be deceived. They must have known whether the persons on whom they laid their hands did receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. And their conviction as to this, and their other extraordinary powers, with their assurance of our Saviour's Resurrection and Ascension, would sa. tisfy them beyond all doubt that God was with them, and accounts decisively for their courage, intrepidity, and exertions in preaching the gospel..

(a) This is a continuation of our Saviour's reproof to the Pharisees, after be

« you, He (6) that entereth not || Then said Jesus unto them again, 7. " by the door into the sheepfold, | “ Verily, verily, I say unto you, “ but climbeth up some other “ I am the (d) door of the sheep. “ way, the same is a thief and a “ All that ever came before me 8. « robber. But he that entereth ll " are thieves and robbers: but 6 in by the door is the shepherd " the sheep did not hear them. “ of the sheep. To him the “ I am the door : by me if any 9. « porter openeth; and the sheep “ man enter in, he shall be

hear his voice: and he calleth “ saved, and shall go in and out, « his own sheep by name, and “ and find pasture. The thief 10. 4. “ leadeth them out. And when 6 cometh not, but for to steal,

he putteth forth his own sheep, 6 and to kill, and to destroy : I « he goeth before them, and the “ am come that they might have « sheep follow him : for they life, and that they might have

know his voice. , And a stran Il " it more abundantly." “ ger will they not follow, but “ will flee from him : for they

“ know not the voice of stran6. “ gers.” This parable spake TRINITY SUNDAY. (e)

Jesus unto (c) them : but they understood not what things they

The Collect. were which he spake unto them. Almighty and everlasting God,

had restored to sight the man that was born blind. The Pharisees had been questioning the man; and upon his inferring from the miracle that Jesus must

be of God, had cast him out. 0.1. (6) “ He that entereth,” &c. i. e. as

a clandestine intruder ; one who does not come in openly, or by the ordinary entrance, is naturally concluded to be a thief and a robber; so may you fairly conclude, that he does not come from God, whose works are such as God would never sanction: if the means are bad, it is not unfair to infer that the end cannot be good. You may judge by what he does, whether a man is an im. postor or not. And on the contrary, as he who enters in by the door is rightly supposed to be the shepherd, so if my works are such as none but one who came from God could do, you ought to be convinced that I really did come from God. And I not only “ enter in by the door," that is, do these works, but I am the door itself, (verse 7.); it is through me alone that any can enter.

See infra, verse 7. v. 6. (c) “ Them, i.e. the Pharisees. 0.7. (d) “ The door." Our Saviour here

advances one step farther. He had be.

fore inferred, that he was the true Shep-
herd, because “ he entered in by the
“ door ;” and he now intimates, that it
was by him only that any could enter;
that there was no other means of salva-
tion but through him. So he says,
John xiv. 6. I am the way, and the
“ truth, and the life : no man cometh
" unto the Father, but by me,” And
agreeably thereto St. Peter says, Acts iv.
11. “There is none other name under
“ heaven given amongst men whereby
“ we must be saved.”

(e) Upon the subject of this great mystery, it may not be amiss to notice, with some little alteration, the humble language of the great Hooker, Book 1. S. 2. p. 71. “ Dangerous it were for as the feeble brain of man to wade far " into the nature of the Most High; or whom although to know be life, and " joy to make mention of his name, yet

our soundest knowledge is, to know, " that we know him not as indeed he is, “ neither can know him : and our safest “ eloquence concerning him is our si“ lence, when we confess, in humble contemplation, that his glory is inex" plicable, his greatness above our capa“ city and reach. He is above, and we

who hast given unto us thy ser- || about the throne were four and vants grace, by the confession of || twenty seats: and upon the seats a true faith to acknowledge the || I sat four and twenty elders sitglory of the eternal Trinity, and ting, clothed in white raiment ; in the power of the divine Ma- | and they had on their heads jesty to worship the Unity ; We crowns of gold. And out of the beseech thee, that thou wouldest | throne proceeded lightnings and keep us stedfast in this faith, and thunderings and voices: and there evermore defend us from all ad. were seven lamps of fire burning versities; who livest and reignest, before the throne, which are the one God, world without end. seven Spirits of God. And be. Amen.

fore the throne there was a sea

of glass, like unto crystal: and For the Epistle. Rev. iv. 1. . in the midst of the throne, and AFTER this I looked, and, be round about the throne, were hold, a door was opened in hea. four (b) beasts, full of eyes beven; and the first voice which I fore and behind. And the first heard was as it were of a trum beast was like a (c) lion, and the pet talking with me; which said, second beast like a calf, and the cs Come up hither, and I will third beast had a face as a man,

- shew thee things which must be and the fourth beast was like a 2. “ hereafter.” And immediately | flying eagle. And the four beasts

I was in the (f) Spirit : and, be had each of them (k) six wings hold, a throne (8) was set in about him ; and they were full

heaven, and one sat on the throne. of (1) eyes within : and they rest 3. And he that sat was to look upon not day and night, saying, “ Holy,

like a jasper and a sardine-stone : " holy, holy, Lord God Aland there was a rainbow round “ mighty, which was, and is, and

about the throne, in sight like “ is to come.” And (m2) when 9 4. unto an emerald. And round those beasts give glory and ho

“ upon earth ; therefore it behoveth our
“ words to be wary and few." The

words in italics are alterations,
V.2. ) “In the spirit," i. e. in a vision,

or trance ;--spiritualized.
V. 2. (8) “A throne,” &c. This seat, and

those of the twenty-four elders, &c. &c.
correspond exactly with the form of the
encampments in the wilderness. See infra
note on verse 7. The throne answers to
the tabernacle, the elders to the Levites
and priests, and the beasts to the four
camps of Israel.

(6) “ Four beasts." These represent
the Christian churches through the four
quarters of the world.

(0) “ A lion," &c. The Israelites had four standards, that of Judah, Eph. raim, Reuben, and Dan; and the first had the ensign of a lion, the second that

of an ox, the third that of a man, and Il the fourth that of an eagle. In their

encampments and marches in the wilderness, according to Numb. ii. Judah was to take the east, Ephraim the west, Reuben the south, and Dan the North ; and the tabernacle and Levites were to be in the midst. So Ezek. i. 10. the four living creatures which came from the north had the faces of a man towards the south, of an eagle towards the north, of a lion on one side, and of an ox on the other.

(6) “Six wings," to fly about every where to fulfil God's commands.

(1) « Of eyes," i. e. sharpsighted, top understand God's mysteries.

(m) “ When,” &c. i. e. when the u churches perform their services, the elders fall down, &c.

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nour and thanks to him that sat || Jesus by (n) night, and said unto

on the throne, who liveth for him, “ Rabbi, we know that c. ever and ever, the four and “ thou art a teacher come froin twenty elders fall down before " God; for no man can do these him that sat on the throne, and “ miracles that thou doest, exworship him that liveth for ever « cept God be with him.” Jesus 3. and ever, and cast their crowns answered and said unto him, before the throne, saying, “ Thou 6. Verily (), verily, I say unto “ art worthy, O Lord, to re " thee, Except a man be born “ceive glory and honour and “ again (p), he cannot see the

power; for thou hast created “ kingdoin of God." Nicode. 4. * all things, and for thy pleasure mus faith unto him, “ How can a " they are and were created.” “ man be born when he is old ?

“ can he enter the second time The Gospel. John iii. 1. « into his mother's womb, and be There was a man of the Phari 6 born?” Jesus answered, “ Ve- 5. sees, named Nicodemus, a ruler “ rily, verily, I say unto thee, of the Jews: the same came to “ Except a man be born of

(ra) “ By night,” therefore probably St. Paul tells the converts to put off the ** secretly, for fear of the Jews."

old man, and put on the new, and to be () - Verily,” &c. This was per 6 renowed in the spirit of your mind." haps intended as a rebuke to him, for So Col. iii. 9, 10. he speaks of them as coming by night : and the meaning pro having “put off the old man with his deeds, bably is, it is not sufficient for you " and having put on the new man, which privately to acknowledge me, I must have «c is renewed in knowledge, after the 1 public avowal. If you are really con “ image of him that created him," viz. vinced I am the Messiah, no fear of man God. In Rom. xii. 2. he tells them to minst deter you from professing it. be “transformed in the renewing of their Agreeably to Matt. x. 32. “ Whoso. “ mind.” And Rom. xiii. 14. he exhorts

Ever shall confess me before men, him them to put on the Lord Jesus Christ, * will I also confess before my Father " and not make provision for the flesh, * which is in heaven ; but whosoever “ to fulfil the lusts thereof." In Gal. iii. * stall deny me before men, him will I 27. he reminds them, that “ as many of "also deny before my Father which is " them as had been baptized into Christ,

in beanen.” So Luke xiv. 26. “ If « had put on Christ." And Gal. vi. 15. he "any man come to me, and hate not" says, In Christ Jesus neither circum(i.e. in comparison of his duty to me) “'cision availeth any thing, nor uncir" his father and mother, and wife and ( cumcision, but a new creature.And " children, and brethren and sisters, yea, 2 Cor. v. 17. “ If any man be in Christ, " and his own life also, he cannot be my “ he is a new creature.So in the Old " disciple.”

Testament, Ezek. xi. 19.“ I will give 6) “ Born again," i. e. regenerate,

" them one heart, and I will put a new putting off all carnal habits, dispositions, “ spirit within you : and I will take the &c. and putting on spiritual ones. “ Put. « stony heart out of their flesh, and will "ting off,” according to Ephes. iv. 22. " give them a heart of flesh." And " the old man, which is corrupt,” &c.

Ezek. xxxvi. 25, 26. “I will sprinkle " and putting on the new man, which 6 clean water upon you, and you shall : “after God is created in righteousness,

“ be clean, &c. a new heart also will I " and true holiness.” The expressions "I give you, and a new spirit will I put of “ being renewed,” “ putting off the “ within you.” So Ps. li. Jo. “ Make “ old man,” and “ putting on the new « me a clean heart, O God, and renew " man," or “ putting on Christ,” are “ a right spirit within me." Persons not unfrequent. Thus, Ephes. iv. 23. || admitted as proselytes into the Jewish

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