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17 Break thou the power of || “ their arrows within the quiver the ungodly and malicious : take us that they may privily shoot a away his ungodliness, and thou || 6 them which are true of heart. shalt find none (z).

3. “ For the foundations wil 18 The Lord is King for ever Il “ be cast down : and what hat! and ever : and the heathen are | " the righteous done (d)?perished out of the land.

4 The Lord is in his hol 19 Lord, thou hast heard the temple : the Lord's seat is ii desire of the poor : thcu pre heaven. parest their heart, and thine ear 5 His eyes consider the poor hearkeneth thereto;

and his eye-lids try the childre 20 To help the fatherless and of men. poor urito their right : that the 6 The Lord alloweth (e) th man of the earth (a) be no more righteous : but the ungodly, an exalted against them.

him that delighteth in wickedness

doth his soul abhor. Psalm xi. (6)

7 Upon the ungodly he shal

rain snares, fire and brimstone In the Lord put I my trust : how storm and tempest : this shall b say ye then to my soul, “ That their portion to drink. - she should flee as a bird unto . 8 For the righteous Lori 66 the hill?

loveth righteousness : his coun 2 (c) “ For lo, the ungodly tenance will behold the thing (f “ bend their bow, and make ready

nd make ready that is just.

" the sword, and your wives shall be count of his confidence in God. It was
" widows, and your children fatherless.”' perhaps written, when Saul first began
Exod. xxii. 22 to 24. Solomon says, to conceive ill-will against him. See
“ Rob not the poor, because he is poor, 1 Sam. xviii. 9. 11. &c. This was about
“ neither oppress the afflicted; for the 1063 years before the Birth of Christ.
Lord will plead their cause, and spoil (c) These verses contain the argumenti
“ the soul of those that spoiled them.” used to induce him to fly : and in the fol
Prov. xxii. 22, 23.; and again, “enter not lowing verses he states his grounds to
" into the fields of the fatherless, for their rejecting the advice.
“ redeemer is mighty.” Prov. xxiii. 10. (d) The Bible translation is, “ If th
And Isaiah gives as a reason for God's Il “ foundations be destroyed, what ca
entering into judgment with the antients “ the righteous do ?” and this seems pr
of his people, and the princes thereof, that ferable. The meaning probably is, 1
“ the spoil of the poor is in their houses. the foundations (i. e. of Justice, Govert
“ What mean ye that ye beat my people ment, &c.) are so disregarded that the ur
" to pieces, and grind the faces of the godly bend their bow, &c. at them tha
“ poor, saith the Lord of Hosts?" Is. are true of heart, what can the right
iii. 14, 15. See also Ps. xii. 5, 6. ous do, but fly. In Ps. Ixxxii. 5. wher
Xxxv. 10.-cxl. 12.—cxlvi 6 to 9. the conduct of the judges is arraigned, it

(z) “ And thou shalt find none," i. e. said, “ all the foundations of the earth an till thou leave none remaining ; take it “ out of course," as if the foundations away utterly, effectually.

were a known expression for “ law, ju (a) “ The man of the earth,” i. e. the “ tice,” the basis of all government. oppressor, the man who careth not for || (e) “Alloweth,”'i.e. favoureth, lovet!

in opposition to “ abhor.” (6) A spirited Hymn of David's, dis- (f) For “ thing,” read “ man ;''Go daining to seek safety by flight, on ac will watch and protect the upright mari

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the heathen be judged in thy sight.

20 Put them in fear, O Lord: that the heathen may know themselves to be but men.

Psalm x. (s)

Why standest thou so far off, O Lord : and hidest thy face in the needful time of trouble?

2 The ungodly for his own lust doth persecute the poor : let them be taken in the crafty wilihess that they have imagined.

3 For the ungodly hath made boast of his own hearts desire: and speaketh good of the covetous, whom God abhorreth.

4 The ungodly is so proud, that he careth not for God: neither is God in all his thoughts.

5 His ways are alway (/) grievous : thy judgements are far above (u) out of his sight, and therefore defieth he all his enemies.

6 For he hath said in his heart, "Tush, I shall never be cast "down : there shall no harm "happen unto me."

7 His mouth is full of cursing, deceit, and fraud : under his tongue is ungodliness and vanity.

8 He sitteth lurking in the

(s) Upon the oppressions of the wicked, their atrocities and contempt of God, with an appeal to God for deliverance, and a triumphant conclusion, as if God had instantly heard the appeal, and granted the deliverance.

5- (/) " Alway," i. e. never otherwise.

5- (u) "Far above." The distance to

which God's judgments are removed is elsewhere described as influencing man's conduft, when " sentence against an "evil work is not executed speedily, "therefore the heart of men is fully set "in them to do evil." Eccles. viii. 11.

thievish corners of the streets: and privily in his lurking dens doth he murder the innocent; his eyes are set against the poor.

9 For he lieth waiting secretly; even as a lion lurketh he in his den : that he may ravish the poor.

I o He doth ravish the poor: when he getteth him into his net.

II He falleth down, and humbleth himself: that the congregation of the poor may fall into the hands of his captains.

12 He hath said in his heart, "Tush, God hath forgotten: "he hideth away his face, and "he will never see it."

13 Arise, O Lord God, and lift up thine hand : forget not the poor.

14 Wherefore should the wicked blaspheme (x) God : while he doth say in his heart, "Tush, "thou, God, carest not for "it."

15 Surely thou hast seen it: for thou beholdest ungodliness and wrong.

16 That thou mayest take the matter into thy hand : the poor committeth himself unto thee; for thou art the helper (y) of the friendless.

But " when God's judgments are in the "earth, the inhabitants of the world will "learn righteousness." Is. xxvi.

(x) "Blaspheme," i. e. by insinuating v- ,4that God regardeth not his afts.

(y) " The helper," &c. The scrip- v.\6. tures abound with comfortable assurances to the poor; one of God's injunctions to the Israelites was, "ye shall "not afFeft any widow or fatherless "child: if thou afflift them in any wise, *' and they cry at all unto me, I will "surely hear their cry; and my wrath "shall wax hot, and I will kill you with

Psalm xii. (n)

3 The Lord looked down from How long wilt thou forget me,

heaven upon the children of O Lord, for ever ? how long wilt men : to see if there were any thou hide thy face from me?

that would understand (9), and 2 How long shall I seek coun seek after God. sel in my soul, and be so vexed 4 But they are all gone out of in my heart ? how long shall mine

the way, they are altogether be enemies triumph over me?

come abominable : there is none 3 Consider and hear me, O

that doeth good, no, not one. Lord my God : lighten mine 5 Their throat is an open eyes, that I sleep not in death;

sepulchre.(r); with their tongues 4 Lest mine enemies say, “ I

have they deceived : the poison 66 have prevailed against him”: of asps is under their lips. for if I be cast down, they that 6 Their mouth is full of trouble me will rejoice at it.

cursing and bitterness : their feet 5 But my trust is in thy mercy :

are swift to shed blood. and my heart is joyful in thy sal

7 Destruction and unhappiness vation.

is in their ways, and the way of 6 I will sing of the Lord, be peace have they not known : cause he hath dealt so lovingly

there is no fear of God before with me : yea, I will praise the

their eyes. Name of the Lord most Highest.

8 Have they no knowledge,

that they are all such workers of : : Psalm xiv. (0)

mischief : eating up my people The fool hath said in his heart : || as it were bread, and call not “ There is no God (p).

upon the Lord ? 2 They are corrupt and be 9 There were they brought in come abominable in their doings : great fear, even where no fear (1) there is none that doeth good, no, was : for God (t) is in the genenot one.

ration of the righteous.

(12) An earnest prayer to God for de- | Hebrew MSS. nor in the Syriac or Challiverance, apparently commenced in great dee versions, nor in the Bible translation, distress, with a triumphant conclusion, nor in several copies of the Septuagint. as if God had acceded to his prayer. It (o) “ No God.” See Ps. 8. 12, 14. is supposed to have been written by Where the wicked is represented as insiDavid.

nuating, not absolutely that there is no (0) Upon the blasphemy, wickedness, God, but, that God hath forgotten, &c. of the persons against whom the that “ he hideth away his face, and Psalm is written, with an allusion to “ will not see,” &c. some discomfiture God had given them. (9) “ Would understand," &c. i. e. 1 The occasion of writing it is not known; that had understanding and wisdom to some suppose it was written by David seek after God. upon Absalom's rebellion ; others that (r) “An open sepulchre" i. e. as mer: 1 it was written during the Jews captivity ciless as the grave. See ante, note on in Babylon. It is nearly verbatim the Ps. v. 10. same as the Psalm liii. except that the (s) “ No fear,” i. e. no cause for fear. 4 53d omits the 5th, 6th, and 7th verses, (0) « For God is in the generation," and they are probably an addition trans &c. and therefore assisted them by raiscribed from Rom. iii. 13, &c. where the | ing fears in the minds of their adversaries 4th verse is cited, for they are not in the || when there was really no danger. 1

Lesions for the Second Day of the Month throughout the Tear.

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(1) ante 46. (i) ante 214- (3) ante 117.136. 35. (4) ante 202. 167. (j) ante 93.

(7) ante 190. 76.

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(6) auto 42.

EVENING PRAYER. Psalm xii. (g) Help me, Lord, for there is not one godly man left : for the faithful are minished from among the children of men.

2 They (A) talk of vanity every one with his neighbour : they do but flatter with their lips, and dissemble in their double heart.

3 The Lord shall root out all deceitful lips : and the tongue that speaketh proud things y

4 Which have said, " With "our tongue will we prevail: "we are they that ought to "speak; Who is lord over us?"

5 Now for the comfortless

(g) An appeal to God for protection against the wicked, with a spirited introduction of God, premising to give it. It is supposed to have been written by David.

(h) " They," i.e. men, the generality of men.

(1) " Pure," i. e. fully to be depended upon, without any alloy See Ps. xviii. 30.

(i) "Them," i. e. the poor and needy mentioned in verse 5.

troubles sake of the needy : and because of the deep sighing of the poor;

6 "I will up," saith the Lord: "and will help every one from "him that swelleth against him, "and will set him at rest."

7 The words of the Lord are pure (/') words : even as the silver, which from the earth is tried, and purified seven times in the fire.

8 Thou shalt keep them (k), O Lord : thou shalt preserve him (/) from this generation for ever.

9 The ungodly walk on every side : when they are exalted, the children of men are put to rebuke {m).

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Psalm xiii. (»)

How long wilt thou forget me, O Lord, for ever ? how long wilt thou hide thy face from me?

2 How long shall I seek counsel in my soul, and be so vexed in my heart ? how long shall mine enemies triumph over me?

3 Consider and hear me, O Lord my God : lighten mine eyes, that 1 sleep not in death;

4 Lest mine enemies say, " I "have prevailed against him ": for if I be cast down, they that trouble me will rejoice at it.

5 But my trust is in thy mercy: and my heart is joyful in thy salvation.

6 I will sing of the Lord, because he hath dealt so lovingly with me : yea, I will praise the Name of the Lord most Highest.

Psalm xiv. (0) The fool hath said in his heart: "There is no God (/>)•"

2 They are corrupt and become abominable in their doings: there is none that doeth good, no, not one.

(») An earnest praver to God for deliverance, apparently commenced in great distress, with a triumphant conclusion, as if God had acceded to his prayer. It is supposed to have been written by David.

(0) Upon the blasphemy, wickedness, &c. of the persons against whom the Psalm is written, with an allusion to some discomfiture God had given them. The occasion of writing it is not known; some suppose it was written by David upon Absalom's rebellion; others that it was written during the Jews captivity in Babylon. It is nearly verbatim the same as the Psalm liii. except that the 53d omits the 5th, 6th, and 7th verses, and they are probably an addition transcribed from Rom. iii. 13, &c. where the 4th verse is cited, for they are not in the

3 The Lord looked down from heaven upon the children of men : to see if there were any that would understand {q)y and seek after God.

4 But they are all gone out of the way, they are altogether become abominable : there is none that doeth good, no, not one.

5 Their throat is an open sepulchre (r); with their tongues have they deceived : the poison of asps is under their lips.

6 Their mouth is full of cursing and bitterness : their feet are swift to shed blood.

7 Destruction and unhappiness is in their ways, and the way of peace have they not known: there is no fear of God before their eyes.

8 Have they no knowledge, that they are all such workers of mischief : eating up my people as it were bread, and call not upon the Lord?

9 There were they brought in great fear, even where no fear (s) was : for God (/) is in the generation of the righteous.

Hebrew MSS. nor in the Syriac or Chaldee versions, nor in the Bible translation, nor in several copies of the Septuagint.

(p) " No God." See P"s.x. 12, 14. *•> Where the wicked is represented as insinuating, not absolutely that there is no God, but, that God hath forgotten, that "he hideth away his face, and "will not see," &c.

(?) " Would understand," &c. i. e. v Jthat had understanding and wisdom to seek after God.

(r) "An open sepulchre" i. e. as mer- v. jciless as the grave. See ante, note on Ps. v. 10.

(j) " No fear," i. e. no cause for fear. r.o.

(/) " For God is in the generation," v.9&c. and therefore assisted them by raising fears in the minds of their advirsariiM when there was really no danger. Thi»

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