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come upon him (a) unawares, and his net that he hath laid privily, catch himself : that he may fall into his own mischief.

9 And, my soul, be joyful in the Lord : it shall rejoice in his salvation (b).

10 All my bones shall say, *' Lord, who is like unto thee, "who deliverest the poor from "him that is too strong for him: "yea, the poor, and him that is "in misery, from him that spoil« eth him?"

11 False witnesses did rise up: they laid to my charge things that I knew not (c).

12 They rewarded me evil for good : to the great discomfort of my soul (d).

13 Nevertheless {e), when they were sick, 1 put on sackcloth, and humbled my soul with fasting : and my prayer shall turn into mine own bosom.

14 I behaved myself as though

to discourage his enemies from going on with their hostilities; he does not pray for punishment upon them in the next life, nor for general calamities upon them in this, but merely for discomfiture upon them in their ungrounded attacks upon him. v.8 (a) For "him," " his," "himself," "he,"and"his" read "them," " their," "themselves," " they," and " their." The connection requires it, and the alter, ation is supported by many of* the antient versions. v. 9. (&) " His salvation," i. e. the preservation he shall vouchsafe me.

•.II. (c) " That I knew not," i. e. things of which I had not the least knowledge. Afts that had never entered even into my thoughts.

•.12. (d) "Discomfort of my soul," i.e. danger of my life.

v. 13. (') " Nevertheless," &c. He contrasts his behaviour towards than, with theiri towards him.

v. 17. (/) " My darling." i. e. my life, what is most precious to me. So Ps.

it had been my friend or my brother : I went heavily, as one that mourneth for his mother.

15 But in mine adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together : yea, the very abjefts came together against me unawares, making mouths at me, and ceased not.

16 With the flatterers were busy mockers : who gnashed upon me with their teeth.

17 Lord, how long wilt thou look upon this : O deliver my soul from the calamities which they bring on me, and my darling (/) from the lions.

18 So will I give thee thanks in the great congregation (g): I will praise thee among much people.

19 O let not them that are mine enemies triumph over me ungodly (h) : neither let them

xxii. 20. "Deliver my soul from tfc "sword, my darling from the power « "the dog."

(g) " The great congregation/' »i * "among much people," 1. e. in "* great religious meetings of the peoplt. So Ps. xxii. 25. " My praise isoftlw "in the great congregation, my vows will •' I perform in the sight of them that h' "him;" and cxvi. 16. " I willpaymy "vows unto the Lord in the tight ojdj "his people, in the courts of the Lord's "house, even in the midst of thee, U "Jerusalem." And Ps. xl. II. 13;"' «» have declared thy righteousnes w lhc "great congregation," and " I have not "kept back thy mercy and truth jw "the great congregation."

(h) For "enemies triumph over nv • *' ungodly," read " enemies wrongf"^ "triumph over me:" this is the Bible translation; and " they that hate «ne<j'"r "out a cause," answers to those^ * "are mine enemies wrongful!)'. Ps. xxxviii. 10.

wink with their eyes (/), that hate me without a cause.

20 And why? their communing (it) is not for peace : but they imagine deceitful words (/) against them that are quiet in the land.

21 They gaped upon me with their mouths, and said : "Fie on "thee, fie on thee, we saw (m) "it with our eyes."

22 This thou hast seen, O Lord : hold not thy tongue then, go not far from me, O Lord.

23 Awake, and stand up to judge my quarrel : avenge thou my cause, my God, and my Lord.

24 Judge me, O Lord my God, according to thy righteousness : and let them not triumph over me.

25. Let them not say in their hearts, "There, there, so would "we have it" : neither let them

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•■ '9- (/) "Wink with their eyes," i. e. in

derision, or exultation. *• JO. (i) «« Their communing," &c. i.e. if they consult together, it is not for peaceful purposes, but to bring mischief upon them that are quiet, &c. «".J0. (/) For •' imagine deceitful words," the reading may be, "fabricate false "stories." ".21. (nr) " Saw," &c. imputing not only that he had done what was heinous, but that they had themselves seen it, so as to exclude all doubt upon the matter. *,27- {") "lilessed," &c. Give them this additional motive for looking up to thee, and glorifying thy name. He often insinuates that God'8 protection to the good furnishes ground for praising and depending upon him, and that his suffer

27 Let them be glad and rejoice, that favour my righteous dealing : yea, let them say alway, "Blessed (n) be the Lord, who "hath pleasure in the prosperity "of his servant."

28 And as for my tongue, it shall be talking of thy righteousness : and of thy praise all the day long.

Psalm xxxvi. {0)

My heart sheweth me the wickedness of the ungodly : that there is no fear of God before his eyes.

2 For he flattereth himself in his own sight : until his abominable sin be found out.

3 The words of his mouth are unrighteous, and full of deceit: he hath left off to behave himself wisely, and to do good.

4 He imagineth mischief upon his bed (p), and hath set himself in no good way : neither doth he abhor any thing that is evil.

5 Thy mercy, O Lord, reacheth (q) unto the heavens : and thy faithfulness unto the clouds.

.6 Thy righteousness standeth

ing them to be oppressed and in adversity, gives occasion to the ungodly to question his providence and power.

(0) Supposed to have been written by David during his persecution by Saul. It characterizes the conduct of his enemies, as being unrestrained by any fear of God, &c. notices the certainty and all-sufficiency of God's protection and prays for its continuance, and concludes as if his enemies had met with some fresh discomfiture during the Psalm.

(p) "Upon his bed." This strongly v. 4. marks its malevolent character: not the transport of sudden indignation, but the result of cool deliberation.

(j) " Reachcth," &c. So that nothing v. 5. is beyond its compass.

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(I) ante no. 179. (6) ante 178. 180.

(II) ante 118. (16) ante 39.

(1) ante 191. (3) ante 19a 76. (4) ante 89. 107- (5) ante aao. 1/9

(7) ante 180. (8) ante 188. (9) ante 1*7. 66. (10) ante 19J.

(i») ante 57. 6l. (13) ante 181. 170. (14) ante 81. (ij) ante 115.

v 6 (r) "Like the strong mountains," i. e. fixed, immoveable, or obvious to view.

v.6. (') " Like the great deep," i.e. (perhaps,) more than our weak imaginations can fathom.

v. 7. (') For " shalt save," the Bible translation (which seems better,) is "pre"serves!."

v. 7. («) "The shadow," or "covering." Sec ante, note on Ps. xvii. 8.

v. 8. (x) "Drink," &c. i.e. as abundant

a supply of pleasures, as a river would furnish of drink.

(j) "The well," &c. i. e. an inex- «■ haustible fountain of real life. See John iv. 10 to 14. where our Saviour speaks of the water he could give, as " a well "of water springing up into everlasting "life."

(z) " In thy light," &c. i.e- J* *jj *,J have thy favour, we cannot fail of ttu joy, &c.


Psalm xxxvii. {a)

Fret not thyself because of the ungodly : neither be thou envious against the evil doers.

2 For they shall soon be cut down (£) like the grass : and be withered even as the green herb.

3 Put thou thy trust in the Lord, and be doing good: dwell (c) in the land, and verily thou shalt be fed.

4 Delight thou in the Lord: and he shall give thee thy heart's desire.

5 Commit (d) thy way unto the Lord, and put thy trust in him : and he shall bring it (e) to pass.

6 He shall make thy righteousness as clear as the light : and thy just dealing as the noon-*. day.

7 Hold thee still in the Lord, and abide patiently upon him: but grieve not thyself at him

(a) On the short continuance of the successes of the wicked and of the afflictions of the good; on the great advantages of righteousness, and a strong exhortation to trust in God. In the Hebrew the Psalm is alphabetical.

*■2- {&) " Cut down." In Ps. Ixxiii. where the occasional prosperity of the wicked is noticed as matter of great surprize, this explanation is given, namely, *' how "tho u dost set them in slippery places, i" and fastest them down, and destroyest "them. Oh! how suddenly do they "consume, perish, and come to a fearful "end!" •

''.3. (c) Read, '* so shalt thou dwell," &c. This is the Bible translation: and the "dwelling in the land," is one of the rewards for trusting in God, &c.

"•5- ((/) "Commit," &c. So Prov. xvi. 3. "Commit thy works unto the Lord, "and thy thoughts shall be established."

whose way doth prosper, against the man that doeth after evil counsels.

8 Leave off from wrath, and let go displeasure : fret not thyself, else shalt thou be moved to do evil.

9 Wicked doers shall be rooted out : and they that patiently abide the Lord, those shall inherit (/) the land.

10 Yet a little while, and the ungodly shall be clean gone (g): thou shalt look after his place, and he shall be away.

11 But the meek-spirited shall possess the earth : and shall be refreshed in the multitude of peace.

12 The ungodly seeketh counsel against the just : and gnasheth upon him with his teeth.

13 (h) The Lord shall laugh him to scorn : for he hath seen that his day (/) is coming.

14 The ungodly have drawn out the sword, and have bent their bow : to cast down the poor

!e) "It," i.e. thy purposes. *>-5

/) " Inherit," &c. So said our v.9. Saviour in his sermon on the Mount, MaU. v. 5. "Blessed are the meek; for "they shall inherit the land." And see post, verse 11. 18. 22. 30. 35.

(g) " Gone," &c. How magnifi- z>, 10. cently is this expressed, Job xx. 4 to 7.? "Knowest thou not this of old, since "man was placed upon earth, that the "triumphing of the wicked is short, and "the joy of the hypocrite but for a mo"ment? Though his excellency mount "up to the heavens, and his head reach "unto the clouds, yet he shall perish "for ever: they which have seen him "shall say, Where is he."

(h) This is an answer to verse 12; v.i$. and verse 15 is an answer to verse 14.

(»') "Day," i.e. ruin, time of ad- f. 13versity.

and needy, and to slay such as are of a right conversation.

15 Their sword shall go through their own heart (£): and their bow shall be broken.

16 A small thing that the righteous hath : is better than great riches of the ungodly.

17 For the arms of the ungodly shall be broken : and the Lord upholdeth the righteous.

18 The Lord knoweth (/) the days of the godly : and their inheritance shall endure for ever.

19 They shall not be confounded in the perilous time: and in the days of dearth they shall have enough.

20 As for the ungodly, they shall perish, and the enemies of the Lord shall consume as the fat of lambs (ni) : yea, even as the smoke shall they consume away.

a 1 The ungodlyborroweth(w), and payeth not again : but the righteous is merciful and liberal.

22 Such as are blessed of God, shall possess the land : and they that are cursed of him, shall be rooted out.

23 The Lord ordereth a good man's going : and maketh his way acceptable to himself.

24 Though he fall (0), he shall not be cast away : for the Lord upholdeth him with his hand.

25 I have been young, and now am old : and yet saw I never the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging their bread.

26 The righteous is ever merciful, and Iendeth : and his seed is blessed.

27 Flee from evil, and do the thing that is good : and dwell (j) for evermore.

28 For the Lord loveth the thing that is right : he forsaketh not his that be godly, but they are preserved for ever.

29 The unrighteous shall be punished : as for the seed of the ungodly, it shall be rooted out.

30 The righteous shall inherit the land : and dwell therein for ever.

31 The mouth of the righteous is exercised in wisdom : and his tongue will be talking of judgement.

32 The law of his God is in his heart : and his goings shaU not slide.

33 The ungodly seeth tK righteous : and seeketh occaaon to slay him.

34 {q) The Lord will not leave him in his hand : nor condemn him when he is judged.

35 Hope thou in the Lord, and keep his way, and he shall promote thee, that thou shalt


(i) "Go through their own heart," i. e. be turned upon themselves, to their own destruction. See note on Ps. vii. 16.

v. 18. (/) "Knoweth," i.e. preserveth, prolongeth. See note on Ps. i. 7. So Ps. Mvi. 13. "Right dear in the sight of "the Lord is the death of his saints."

i>. 20. (m) "Fat of lambs," which soon melts,

cannot resist the fire. •• 21. (") "Borroweth," &c. The meaning probably is, that the ungodly is so poor, that he has not wherewithal even to pay

what he hasborrowed, whilst the righteous hath sufficient for all the purposes of beneficence and liberality.

(o) "Though he fall," &c. i.e. (j*0* ri* bably), though he do meet with misfortune, it shall not be such as to overwhelm him. .

(*) "Dwell," dec. i.e. thou shalt ^.J,not be disturbed in thy possessions, **•! thou shalt be prosperous. .,

(y) This is an answer to verse JJ-'"

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