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Psalm lix. (x)

Deliver me from mine enemies, O God : defend me from them, that rise up against me.

wood or thorns; the latter made the quicker fire, and gave the stronger heat. The same idea occurs in Ps. xxi. 9. "Thou shalt make them like a fiery "oven in time of thy wrath: the Lord "shall destroy them in his displeasure, "and the fire shall consume them.'' The Bible translation is, "Before your pots "can feel the thorns,'' (which was probably a proverbial expression to denote extreme suddenness) "he shall take "them away as with a whirlwind, both "living, and in his wrath.'' No doubt the objeft is either to pray that some very heavy judgment might fall upon them, or to foretell that it would.

(<) " Rejoice." He would have two grounds for being thankful; the one

2 O deliver me from the wicked doers : and save me from the blood-thirsty-men.

3 For lo, they lie waiting k my soul : the mighty men are gathered against me, without

that he was not included in the destruction, the other that he is delivered from the oppression, &c. of those on whom it did fall.

(u) "Wash," &c. i.e. the destruction shall be such, that he shall have the opportunity even of washing his feet » the blood of the slain. So Ps. lxviii. JJ. God is represented as having promised to bring again his people with such vengeance upon their adversaries, "that. tDT "foot may be dipped in the blood ot "thine enemies, and that the tongue ol "thy dogs may be red through the tt ssmc'

(*) A prayer for deliverance froTM some'unjust attack, expressing the umost confidence that God would grW

any offence or fault of me, 0 Lord.

4 They run and prepare themselves without my fault ( v) : arise thou therefore to help me, and behold.

5 Stand up, O Lord God of hosts, thou God of Israel, to visit all the heathen (z) : and be not merciful unto them that offend of malicious wickedness.

6 They go to and fro in the evening : they grin like a dog, and run about through the city.

7 Behold, they speak (a) with their mouth, and swords (b) are in their lips : for " who doth 11 hear(f)?"

8 But thou, O Lord, shalt have them in derision : and thou shalt laugh all the heathen to scorn.

9 My strength will I ascribe unto thee : for thou art the God of iny refuge.

i o God sheweth me his goodness p-lenteously : and God shall let me see my desire (d) upon mine enemies.

11. Slay them not (e), lest my

it. It is supposed by some to have been written by David when Saul sent messengers to his house to watch and kill him, and Michal his wife let him down through a window. See I Sam. xix. Others suppose that it was written in Hezekiah's time, when Sennacherib, king of Assyria, sent Rabshakeh to Jerusalem with a great army.

♦• 00 "Without my fault," i. e. without any fault in me.

J. (z) "Heathen," i. e. perhaps, wicked doers.

7- (a) "They speak,'' &c. i. e. when they speak, it is as if swords were in their lips, what they say is so destructive.

7- (i) "Swords," &c. See note on Ps. lv. 22. ante 309.

•7- {c) "Who doth hear." These are

people forget it : but scatter them abroad among the people, and put them down, O Lord, our defence.

12 For the sin of their mouth, and for the words of their lips, they shall be taken in their pride: and why? their preaching is of cursing and lies.

13 Consume them in thy wrath, consume them, that they may perish : and know that it is God that ruleth in Jacob, and unto the ends of the world.

14 (/) And in the evening they will return : grin like a dog, and will go about the city.

15 They will run here and there for meat : and grudge if they be not satisfied.

16 As for me, I will sing of thy power, and will praise thy mercy betimes in the morning: for thou hast been my defence and refuge in the day of my trouble.

17 Unto thee, O my strength, will I sing : for thou, O God, art my refuge, and my merciful God.

probably the words of the wicked; at in Ps. x. 12. 14. "Tush, God hathfor"gotten, he hideth away his face, and "he will never see it," &c.

(d) " See my desire." See Psalm v. 10. liv, 7. ante 307.

(e) " Slay them not," &c. i. e. (per- v. 11. haps) not in an ordinary way: not in such

a way as that my people may forget it; he prays in verse 13. that they may be consumed, &c. and it would be inconsistent to be praying here that they should not be slain at all.

(/) The Bible translation is (taunt- f.14. ingly) "Let them return, &c. and go 15. "about the city; let them run," &c. Let that be their punishment, which, according to verse 6. is now part of their offence.

Psalm Ix. (g)

O God, thou hast cast us out, and scattered us abroad : thou hast also been displeased ; O turn thee unto us again.

2 Thou hast moved the land, and divided it : heal the sores thereof, for it shaketh.

3 Thou hast shewed thy people heavy things : thou hast given us a drink (£) of deadly wine.

4 Thou (/') hast given a token for such as fear thee : that they may triumph, because of the truth.

5 Therefore were thy beloved

delivered : help me with thy righi hand, and hear me.

6 (£) God hath spoken in hii holiness, "I will rejoice anc

"divide Sichem : and mete ou "the valley of Succoth.

7 " Gilead is mine, and Ma "nasses is mine : Ephraim alsc "is the strength of my head "Judah is my lawgiver;

8 "Moab is my washpot; ove "Edom will I cast out my shoe "Philistia(/),bethougladofme.'

9 Who will lead me into th strong city : who will bring m into Edom?

10 (m) Hast not thou cast m

(g) This Psalm is supposed to have been written by David. It refers to tome great distresses the people had had, notices an assurance God had given David that he should reduce the neighbouring nations to subjection, and expresses a conviction that God's assistance would secure him success. It was probably written soon after David was anointed king over Israel. Upon the battle in which Saul was slain, many of the Israelites deserted their citie6, and left them to the Philistines, who dwelt in them. David was at first king over the house of Judah only, and one of Saul's sons, Ishbosheth, was made king over the rest of Israel; there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David, and it was not until after he had reigned seven years and six months over Judah that David was made king over all Israel. It is probably therefore to these events that David alludes in the early part of the Psalm. The last eight verses are nearly the same as the last eight in Ps. cviii. f-3- (i) "A drink," &c. A figurative expression for great affli&ion. So Is. li. 17. *• Awake, awake, stand up, O "Jerusalem, which hast drank at the "hand of the Lord the cup of his fury, "thou hast drunken the dregs of the cup "of trembling, and wrung them out." See also Is. li. 22.—Jer. xxv. ic. So our Saviour repeatedly speaks of his afflictions under the figure of " a cup." Thus, Matt. xx. 22. he puts the question to Zebedee's children, "Are ye able to

'« drink of the cup that I shall drink of." In Luke xxii. 42. his prayer in the gar den at the time of his agony, was, "Fa"ther, if thou be willing, remove itii "cup from me;" and John xviii. ir. "The cup which my father hath gives "me, shall I not drink it?" See also Ps. Ixxv. 9, 10.

(i) Read, "But thou hast given," &c.

(i) The right reading may perhaps be, "God hath given me this assurance in "his san&uary, I shall rejoice and &■ "vide Sichem," &c. &c. and then tie meaning is, I shall divide, i. e. haveuA7 my dominion, Sichem and Succoth;Gilead, Manasses, Ephraim, and Judah se already mine; I shall have the ■* power over Moab as over my wash-p<*l I shall be able to tread Edom under my feet, and Philistia shall be so completely subdued unto me, as to be glad to have me to rule over her. Or God may « considered as speaking, and David nugW understand that he was to be the instrument in God's hand to subdue these powers.

(/) "Philistia," &c. In Ps.cvui.SH the expression is, " Upon Philuta vrm « I triumph." The meaning here probably is, be thou glad of me at thj^ ttr, to be under my controul and government. So Ps.lxxxix.12." Tabor and

"Hermon shall rejoice in thy name. (

(m) The reading should VerH[v' "Hast thou then cast us out, 01/°°> &c.

out, O God : wilt not thou, O Cod, go out with our hosts?

11 O be thou our help in trouble : for vain is the help of man.

12 Through God will we do great acts : for it is he that shall tread down our enemies.

Psalm Ixi. (n)

Hear my crying, O God : give ear unto my prayer.

2 From the ends of the earth (0) will I call upon thee: when my heart is in heaviness.

3 O set me up upon the rock that is higher than I : for thou hast been my hope, and a strong tower for me against the enemy.

4 I will dwell in thy tabernacle for ever : and my trust shall be under the covering (^) of thy wings.

5 For thou, O Lord, hast heard my desires : and hast given an (q) heritage unto those that fear thy Name.

6 Thou shalt grant the King a long life : that his years may endure throughout all generations.

7 He shall dwell before God for ever : O prepare thy lovingmercy and faithfulness, that they may preserve him.

fn) This is understood to be a Psalm of David's, and is supposed to have been written on account of his flight upon Absalom's rebellion. It begins with an anxious appeal to God for protection, and concludes as if he either had received it, or was fully assured he should. '.2. («) "The ends of the earth," i.e. the distant parts to which he had been constrained to flee. In Ps. xlii. 8. which was written on the same occasion, he says, he will remember God " concern"'nS" (or» even from) "the land of "Jordan, and the little hill of Hermon."

8 So will I always sing praise unto thy Name : that I may daily perform my vows.

Psalm lxii. (r)

My soul truly waiteth still upon God : for of him cometh my salvation.

2 He verily is my strength and my salvation : he is my defence, so that I shall not greatly fall.

3 How long will ye imagine mischief against every man : ye shall be slain all the sort of you j yea, as a tottering wall (j) shall ye be, and like a broken hedge.

4 Their device is only how to put him out whom God will exalt : their delight is in lies; they give good words with their mouth, but curse with their heart.

5 Nevertheless, my soul, wait thou still upon God : for my hope is in him.

6 He truly is my strength and my salvation : he is my defence, so that I shall not fall.

7 In God is my health and my glory : the rock of my might, and in God is my trust.

{/>) " Covering," &c. See note on v.$. Ps. xvii. 8. ante 255.

(y) For " given an heritage unto," v.5. B. T. reads, " given me the heritage of," &c. meaning the land of God's people, of the Israelites.

(r) This Psalm is supposed to have been written by David. It expresses in a strong and confident manner his reliance upon God's protection against the attempts of his enemies, and exhorts the people to put their trust in him.

(j) " A tottering wall," i. e. so far v.*, from being able to make any resistance, as to be hardly capable of standing by

8 O put your trust in him alway, ye people : pour out your hearts before him, for God is our hope.

9 As for the children of men, they are but vanity : the children of men are deceitful upon the weights (r); they are altogether lighter than vanity itself.

I o O trust not in wrong and robbery; give not yourselves unto vanity : if riches increase, set not your heart upon them.

II («) God spake once, and twice I have also heard the same: that power belongeth unto God;

12 And that thou, Lord, art merciful : for thou rewardest every man according to his work.

Psalm lxiii. (x)

O God, thou art my God: early will I seek thee.

itself, even when no attack is made upon it. "•91 (/) " Upon the weights," i. e. when weighed, when brought to the test, they are deficient. The explanation of part of the handwriting against Belshazzar was, "thou art weighed in the balances, and "art found wanting." Dan. v. 27. This was about 538 years before our Saviour's birth, j, («) These verses give the reasons why ,, it is absurd to trust in wrong, &c. ; because God is full of power and mercy, or justice; and will therefore out of mercy and justice towards those on whom wrong, &c. is committed, punish with his power those who commit it.

(.v) This Psalm is supposed to have been written by David: perhaps when he fled because of Absalom, about 1023 years before the Christian aera. It expresses his delight in praising God, his confidence in God's protection, and his convi&ion that God would discomfit his enemies. v.2. (_y) " In a barren," &c. As a man thirsteth and longeth for water in a barren and dry land, where no water is, so does my soul thirst and long for thee.

2 My soul thirsteth for thee; my flesh also longeth after thee: in a barren (y) and dry land, where no water is.

3 Thus (z) have I looked for thee in holiness : that I might behold thy power and glory.

4 For thy loving-kindness is better than the life itself: my lips shall praise thee.

5 As long as I live, will I magnify thee on this manner: and lift up my hands in thy name.

6 My soul shall be satisfied, even as it were with marrow (a) and fatness : when my mouth praiseth thee with joyful lips.

7 Have I not remembered thee in my bed : and thought upon thee when I was waking?

8 Because thou hast been my helper : therefore under the


The idea of feeling the same longing after God, as extreme thirst creates for water, often occurs. Thus Ps. xlii. I, *. "Like as the hart desireth the water "brooks, so longeth my soul after thee, "O God. My soul is athirst forC4 , "yea, even for the living God: »«• 1 "shall I come to appear before the pre- j "sence of God." And Ps. cxliii- ft. "My soul gaspeth unto thee as a thirsty *« land."

(z) "Thus," i. e. with the same' anxiety, and then read " have I desired "to see thee in the sanftuary, to behold "thy power aud glory." The Bible translation is, " to see thy power and "glory, as I have seen thee in the sane"tuary." He was probably lamenting his absence from the tabernacle at Jerusalem, which he often makes a subject of regret. See Ps. xlii. and lxxxiv. Upon his flight on Absalom's account, he left the ark of God behind. See 2 Sam. xv. 25, 26.

(a) " With marrow," &c. The meaning is, the praising thee with joyful lip* will be as gratifying to my soul, as marrow, &c. that is, the choicest dainties, to the palate.

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