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cé lem, and all things that are (8) || the things which were spoken. " written by the prophets con And it came to pass, that as he 35. • cerning the Son of man shall was come nigh unto Jericho, a “ be accomplished. For he shall certain blind man sat by the way « be (5) delivered unto the (1) side begging: and hearing the 36. « Gentiles, and shall be mocked, multitude pass by, he asked what c and spitefully entreated, and it meant. And they told him 37. « spitted on : and they shall that Jesus of Nazareth passeth by. 6 scourge him, and put him to And he cried, saying, “ Jesus, 38.

6 death : and the (k) third day " thou (m) son of David, have 4. “ he shall rise again.” And 66 mercy on me.” And they 39.

they () understood none of these which went before rebuked him, things : and this saying was hid that he should hold his peace : from them, neither knew they but he cried so much the more,

1.31. () « Written.” There are many

passages in the Old Testament from which it might be collected that the Messiah was to suffer. See particularly Psalm xxii. 7, 8. 17, 18.- Isaiah liii.

(b) “ Delivered." The accounts by St. Matthew and St. Mark differ in some respects from this of St. Luke, but not very materially. St. Matthew says, “ Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, “'and the Son of Man shall be betrayed " unto the chief priests, and unto the <scribes, and they shall condemn him " to death, and shall deliver him to the << Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, " and to crucify him; and the third day " he shall rise again." St. Mark states it thus: “ Behold, we go up to Jerusa“ lem, and the Son of Man shall be " delivered unto the chief priests, and “ unto the scribes; and they shall con“demn him to death, and shall deliver “ him to the Gentiles ; and they shall “ mock him, and shall scourge him, and “ shall spit upon, and shall kill him ; " and the third day he shall rise again." This difference in unimportant particulars, and correspondence in substantials, is a strong confirmation that the conversation really occurred. Fabricated accounts, generally agree in particulars as well as substantials.

© “ The Gentiles." Pilate, to whom he was delivered, and from whom the order came for his crucifixion, was a Roman Governor, not a Jew, and the Romans were among those whom the Jews called “ Gentiles." The Jews had not, at the time of our Saviour's crucifixion, the power of awarding a capital punishment.

(k) « The third day,” &c. This v. 33. was furnishing a decisive test for trying his pretensions, one that an impostor would never have offered.

(1) “ Understood none," &c. It is v. 34. probable the apostles were not yet aware that the Messiah's was to be merely a spiritual kingdom ; and they might ex. pect, as the Jews did, that it was to be temporal. In Matt. xvi. 21, 22. when our Saviour began to shew unto his disciples that he should suffer many things, and be killed, Peter said unto him, “ Be “ it far from thee Lord, this shall not “ be unto thee.” According to Matt. xvii. 22. when he gave them the same intimation, “they were exceeding sorry." When our Saviour charged Peter, James, and John to tell no man what they had seen at the transfiguration till the son of man were risen from the dead, “ they 6 questioned one with another what the “ rising from the dead should mean." Mark ix. 10. Mary Magdalen and the women who went with her to embalm our Saviour's body the third day after his crucifixion, could not have understood that he was to rise on that day, for if they had, they would not have gone to embalm him. See post, note on Luke xxiv. 45. and post, note on John xvi. 6. Even after the resurrection they asked our Saviour, “ Lord wilt thou at this time restore the kingdom unto Israel.” Acts i. 6.

(m) “ Thou son of David.” This v. 38. was the same as calling him the Messiah : when our Saviour asked the Jews whose son the Christ was to be, they imme

diately answered, “ David's." Matt. Il xxii. 42.

“ Thou son of David, have || Create and make in us new and 40. “ mercy on me.” And Jesus contrite hearts, that we worthily

stood, and commanded him to lamenting our sins, and acknowbe brought unto him: and when ledging our wretchedness, may - he was come near, he asked him, obtain of thee, the God of all 41. saying, “ What wilt thou that I

mercy, perfect remission and for. ..." shall do unto thee?” And he || giveness, through Jesus Christ

said, “ Lord, that I may receive our Lord. Amen. Im gonna “ my sight.” And Jesus said

This Collect is to be read every day in Laut,
unto him, “ Receive thy sight : after the Collect appointed for the day.]
“thy (n) faith hath saved thee.”
And immediately he () received For the Epistle. Joel ii. 12.)
his sight, and followed him, glo-
rifying God : and all the people, Turn ye even to me, saith the
when they saw it, gave praise Lord, with all your heart, and
unto God.

with fasting, and with weeping,
and with mourning; and rend 13.
your heart, and not your gar-

ments, and turn unto the Lord
The First Day of LENT,

your God : for he is gracious and called Ash-Wednesday.

merciful, slow to anger, and of si : The Collect.

great kindness, and (P) repenteth ALMIGHTY and everlasting God, || him of the evil. Who knoweth 14. who hatest nothing that thou hast if he will return and repent, and made, and dost forgive the sins leave a blessing behind him; of all them that are penitent; even a meat-offering, and a

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42. - (n) - Faith,” i. e. confidence in my

: o “ Received his sight." The na-
ture of our Saviour's miracles, and the
publicity with which they were per-
formed, require observation. They were
in general works of mercy, (such as re-
moving bodily infirmities,) and in that
respect corresponded with what had been
foretold of the times of the Messiah,
Isaiah xxxv. 5. “ then the eyes of the
« blind shall be opened,” &c. They
were shadows or types of his power and
disposition as to our souls. His readi.
ness, &c. to relieve the body from what he
intimates, Luke xiii. 16. * are the bonds
“ of Satan," viz. diseases and corporal de-
fects, would to the Jews, to whom types
and figures were particularly familiar,
imply a like readiness to relieve their
souls from his bondage. They were also
done in a public manner, in the sight of
multitudes, and in many instances upon
persons who had been known for years
to labour under the infirmity which he

removed. St. Mark calls the person on whom this miracle was performed, “ blind “ Bartimæus," as if he were a know character.

o) “ Repenteth him," &c. God's g. 13. readiness to give up the vengeance he has meditated, upon the repentance of those who were to be the objects of it, is strongly expressed, Jer. xviii. 7. “ at “ what instant I shall speak concerning a “ nation, and concerning a kingdom, to “ pluck up, and to pull down, and to “ destroy it ; if that nation against “ whom I have pronounced turn from “ their evil, I will repent of the evil that “ I thought to do unto them." Should not this consideration have an influence upon the conduct of individuals, at least in times of national calamity, when God's judgments are in the earth? The righteousness, &c. of a nation is the aggregate of the righteousness, &c. of individuals, and who can tell how far his own righteousness will contribute towards saving his country?

drink-offering, unto the Lord Il « up for yourselves treasures 5. your God? Blow the trumpet | “ upon earth, where moth and

in Zion, sanctify a fast, call a rust doth corrupt, and where 16. solemn assembly; gather the " thieves break through and

people, sanctify the congregation, “ steal : but lay up for your. 20. assemble the elders, gather (r) the “ selves treasures in heaven, children, and those that suck the “ where neither moth nor rust breasts: let the (s) bridegroom go " doth corrupt, and where

forth of his chamber, and the 66 thieves do not break through 17. bride out of her closet: let the " nor steal: For where your 21.

priests, the ministers of the Lord, | “ treasure is, there will your
weep between the porch and the • heart he also.”
altar, and let them say, “ Spare
“ thy people, O Lord, and give
© not thine heritage to reproach,

Saint Matthias's Day.
“ that the heathen should rule

The Collect.
over them:(t)wherefore should
“ they say among the people,

O ALMIGHTY God, who into
" " Where is their God?

the place of the traitor Judas

didst choose thy faithful servant The Gospel. Matt. vi. 16. (u) Matthias to be of the number “ WHEN ye fast, be not, as

of the twelve Apostles; Grant “ the hypocrites, of a sad coun that thy Church being alway pre“ tenance: for they disfigure

served from false Apostles, may “ their faces, that they may ap

be ordered and guided by faithful “ pear (x) unto men to fast. and true Pastors, through Jesus " Verily I say unto you, They

Christ our Lord. Amen.
“ have their reward. But thou,
us when thou fastest, anoint thine

. For the Epistle. A&ts i. 15.
“ head, and wash thy face; that In () those days Peter stood up

thou appear not unto men to in the midst of the disciples, and
“ fast, but unto thy Father which said, (the number of the names
" is in secret : and thy Father, together were about an hundred

“ which seeth in secret, shall and twenty,) « Men and bre- 16. 19. “ reward thee openly. Lay not “ thren, this (2) Scripture must

hat there to They

0.16. () “ The children,” &c. Old and which it is right our acts should be in the young, so as to omit none.

sight of men, that our example may in0.16. (s) “ The bridegroom," &c. Let fluence the conduct of others. See ante, there be no excuse.

33. note on Philipp. iv. 5. 0.17. “ Wherefore," &c. This was a (v) “ In those days," i.e. shortly after v. 15.

common topic, on which God's protec our Saviour's ascension. tion was importuned. See post, note . (z) “ This scripture." The passage v. 16. on Isaiah Ixiii. 11.

generally supposed to be referred to is (u) This is part of our Saviour's Psalm xli. 9. Yea even mine own fami. sermon upon the mount,

“ liar friend, whom I trusted, who did 1.16. (a) “Appear unto men,” &c. Where “ also eat of my bread, hath laid great

ostentation is the object, to obtain praise “ wait for me ;' but perhaps the alluof men, the act has no merit in the sight sion was to the passages afterwards men. of God; but there are occasions, in ll tioned in v. 20.

“ needs have been fulfilled which | " ther take." Wherefore o
“ the Holy Ghost by the mouth « these men (d) which have com
“ of David spake before con ~ panied with us all the timi
“ cerning (a) Judas, which was “ that the Lord Jesus went in

guide to them that took Jesus. " and out among us, beginning “ For he was numbered with us, from the baptism of John unto « and had obtained part of this " that same day that he was os ministry. Now this man pur “ taken up from us, must one 6 chased (6) a field with the re “ be ordained to be a witness “ ward of iniquity; and falling “ with us of his (e) resurrec. 6 headlong, he burst asunder in « tion.” And they appointed

" the midst, and all his bowels two, Joseph called Barsabas, 19. « gushed out. And it was known who was surnamed Justus, and

unto all the dwellers at Jeru Matthias. And they prayed and « salem; insomuch as that field said, “ Thou, Lord, which know" is called in their proper tongue, « est the hearts of all men, shew " Aceldama, that is to say, The

" whether of these two thou « field of blood. For it is (c) writ " hast chosen, that he may take 66 ten in the book of Psalms, “Let part of this ministry and 66 his habitation be desolate, and " apostleship, from which Judas 65 let no man dwell therein : " by transgression fell, that he " and, His bishoprick let ano “ might go to his own place.”

p. 16.

(a) “ Concerning Judas." In Psalm xli. 9. David probably alluded to Ahitophel only, without any prophetic re. ference to Judas; and if so, and if St. Peter really referred to Psalm xli. 9. this is a strong instance of stating a passage to have been written of a thing to which it is merely applicable. See ante, note on Matt. ii. 13. Abp. Newcome translates it thus : « This Scripture, " which the Holy Ghost spake before by " the mouth of David, must needs be “ fulfilled concerning Judas," &c. and that seems the natural reading of the Greek.

(6) " Purchased," &c. According to the account in Matt. xxvii. 5-7. the field was purchased, not by Judas, nor in his life, but by the chief priests, after his death, and Judas ended his life by hanging himself. Abp. Newcome reconciles the difference by considering, that as he was the occasion of the purchase, it was notv going beyond scripture phraseology to state that be purchased it, and that he fell from the place where he hung himself, and burst asunder by the fall. In truth, if the variances could not be reconciled, it would be of little consequence, for the points of difference are

wholly unimportant; and as each writer probably wrote in this instance from report, from what he had heard, not from what he had seen, one of them might have been misled.

(c) “ It is written," &c. These pet. ? haps are the passages referred to in v. 16.; the first is Psalm 1xix. 26. and the other Psalm cix. 8.

(d) « Of these men,” &c. This im. 1 ports that Peter and the rest of the apostles, and many others, were generally with our Saviour from the time he was baptised by John the Baptist, Matt. iii. 15. until the time of his ascension, so that they saw what he did, and heard from his mouth what he said. In St. Matthew's Gospel, therefore, we have in general the testimony of an eye and ear witness, and if St. Peter overlooked St. Mark's Gospel (as is generally supposed), we have in effect the same testimony there.

(e) « Of his resurre&tion." As this a was the great event which had recently occurred, and probably had called forth all their courage, and destroyed all their timidity, it was natural they should state that prominently, as the point to be attested.

V. 18.

. And they gave forth their lots :

First Sunday in Lent. and the lot fell upon Matthias ; and he was numbered with the

The Collect. eleven Apostles.

O LORD, who for our sake didsti

fast forty days and forty nights;; The Gospel. Matt. xi. 25. Give us grace to use such abstiAt that time Jesus answered nence, that our flesh being suband said, “ I thank thee, O Fa dued to the Spirit, we may ever “ther, Lord of heaven and earth, obey thy godly motions in righ“ because thou hast hid these teousness and true holiness, to " things from the wise and pru. thy honour and glory, who livest “dent, and hast revealed them and reignest with the Father and "unto (f) babes. Even so, Fa the Holy Ghost, one God, world " ther: for so it seemed good without end. Amen. " in thy sight. All things are “ delivered unto me of my Fa

The Epistle. 2 Cor. vi. 1. “ ther: and no man knoweth We then, as workers together " the Son but the Father ; nei with him, beseech you also that

ther knoweth any man the ye receive not the grace (h) of “ Father, save the Son, and he God in vain. (For (i) he saith, 2. "to whomsoever the Son will “ I have heard thee in a time acI“ reveal him. Come 'unto me - cepted, and in the day of sal" all ye that labour and are heavy “ vation have I succoured thee :". " laden, and I will give you rest. behold, now is the accepted time; “ Take my yoke upon you, and behold, now is the day of salva. . " learn of me; for I am (8) meek tion.) Giving no offence in any. 3. " and lowly in heart: and thing, that the ministry be not

" ye shall find rest unto your blamed: but in all things ap- 4. D." souls. For my yoke is easy, proving ourselves as the ministers, " and my burden is light.” of God, in much patience, in

15. )" Babes," i. e, the unlearned.

See note on Psalm viii. 2. In 1 Cor. i. 27. St. Paul notices, that in the gospel propagation, “ God hath chosen the

foolish things of the world to con., " found the wise, and the weak things " of the world to confound the mighty;" and he assigns as a reason why he came not onto the Corinthians with excellency of speech or of wisdom,“ that their faith

should not stand in” (i.e. should not have for its foundation) “ the wisdom of men, " but the power of God.” i Cor.ii. 1.5.

(8) " Meek,” &c. This was a qua. lity the prophecy in Zech. ix. 9. would induce them to expect in the Messiah : | "Rejoice greatly, o daughter of Zion; “shout, o daughter of Jerusalem : be" hold thy king cometh unto thee : he is "just, and having salvation; lowly,&c. • (5) “The grace of God," i, e. God's

gracious offers.

(i) “ For he saith,” &c. The q. 2. meaning is this : the passage in Isaiah xlix. 8. “I have heard thee, &c., should convince you that God fixes a particular, time for accepting, saving, &c. because he : speaks of “a time accepted,” and “the “ day of salvation;" this is that time, so that you must by no means let it slip.' ' See Luke iv. 19. and note there. The same is implied, Isaiah lv. 6. in the ex- · hortation to “ seek the Lord, while he : may be found, and call upon him while " he is near," and by the intimations in Matt. xxv. 10. and Luke xiii. 25.4 that the door would be shut against those who were out of time; and also by Luke xix. 42. where, because they knew not the time of their visitation, the things which belonged to their peace were hecome hid from their eyes. See also, Prov. i. 24. to 30.

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