Imagens das páginas

96,71,753 rupees, the average rate in the account of that government. Mr. Elphinstone estimates the incumbrances arising from the provision for the Suttara Rajah, the stipend of eight lacs to Bajee Rao, of three lacs to his brother Cbiinnajee, with other necessary charges resulting from the new arrangement, at no less than 34 lacs per annum. The net gross acquisitions of revenue by the British government will, therefore, be but 62 lacs, including the cessions by the treaty of Poona, which were destined to maintain the auxiliary force ; but from the resumed Jageers and Suranjamee tenures of the Poona state, a further permanent revenue of 24,40,000 rupees is anticipated. Wherefore, after a very liberal allowance for the requisite addition to the military force, in proportion to the ceded territory, and to the establishment for the civil administration thereof (sources of charge which in the western provinces of Bengal average 16 per cent, on the gross receipts of revenue), we may assume that the dominions of the late Bajee Rao will yield a net revenue of 50 lacs.

But I will go beyond this calculation, and infer, that when the/ Ceded Districts shall become more habituated to European management, and a perfect confidence shall be established between our new subjects and the governing state, a great increase of revenue will arise from the import and inland sale of English manufactures; and this reasonable expectation, from the introduction of our fabrics, will apply to the acquisitions from the Berar or northern Mabratta country, made by the late war; in fact, there is every thing to hope, and nothing to apprehend from the new intercourse with an extensive tract of India, which we may say has been hitherto hid from Europeans. The ceded lands of the" Bhoosla were entered in the accounts of that state at 22,47,000 rupees. Those comprehended in the treaty

of Mundisor, which have been retained in our hands, appeared by Holkar's accounts to have yielded no more than 4,42,500 rupees j but this must have been owing to the complete anarchy which prevailed at that period, for the same terirtories in 1766 yielded to Tuckogee Holkar no less than 17,03,000 rupees; a produce of 10 lacs may, therefore, be reasonably expected. From S&gur and other retained territories, we reckon upon five lacs. We may calculate a revenue of four lacs more for Ajimeer; and the Rajpoot tributes cannot be assumed at less than 15 lacs. The result may be estimated, therefore, as under:

Bhoosla ceded territories 22,47,200

Holkar 10,00,000

Sagur 5,00,000

Ajimeer 4,00,000

Tributes from Jeypore,

&c. &c 15,00,000

Total... i Rs. 56,47,200 Poona gross.. Rs. 87,11,753

Grand total.. Rs. 1,43,58,958 Thus, in ensuing years, when time shall have allowed the new acquisitions to reach the full measure of their productive powers, we may look for a gross addition to the territorial revenues of 87 lacs from Poona, and 57 from other quarters: and after paying the charges of additional establishments, the net advantages may be considered 90 lacs. This, added to the former surplus revenue from Bengal, will swell the balance of those presidencies to 1,90,00,000, but we may say, upwards of two millions sterling. Such may be fairly reckoned as the satisfactory results of a war, in which we have been compelled to engage by the covert designs and open aggressions of the native powers. But the solid advantages which such splendid successes have brought in their train are minor considerations, compared with the vast additional happiness, and the actual security of property it will and

confer upon subjects and countries, when he says:
which since the days of the bold
insidious Sevagee, have been

subject to annual devastation and depopulation. In exchange for these, they acquire a mild paternal government, with an extension of agriculture and commerce, unknown in that part of India for ages. These will prove to be the moral effect* and the ultimate benefits of being transferred to British rule; and the political result must be a large increase of revenue. But then, to cultivate this field, and reap these desirable fruits, the Indian governments must not be crippled by regulations which would deprive them of a local discretion in sudden emergencies, nor must there be an insufficiency of troops to maintain our predominance; least of all, should the miserable want of European officers be continued. The military events at Corry Gaum, and at Nagpore, are strong proofs of the hazards run from a paucity of European officers; and every man who has been in India can testify, that the hand of Providence was with us in these desperate encounters. The Company's servants since returned home will, it is to be hoped, point out the actual necessity of keeping our native corps 'most complete with officers; for, as Mr. Hastings wisely said, "We hold India by a thread, but if you draw it too tight it will breakj" but I say, if you adopt regulations bordering on selfishness and parsimony, you thereby endanger the state. Mr. Prinsep reasons most truly,

The most obvious and striking benefits that present themselves to our view are the maintenance,and means of accumulation too, which the management of so large a concern affords, in its various departments, to many thousands of British subjects; and the annual accession to the national capital of numerous private fortunes, remitted to England, to say nothing of other funds supplied to British consumption, from income drawn in India." Further, as there is a constant influx of our youth to India, so the annual retirement of civil and military servants add wealth to the parent state. These are high considerations, and should not be forfeited to gratify a few unreflecting proprietors, or a misjudging portion of the British public; whether embarrassed manufacturers, overtrading speculators, or bewildered politicians. These are the sentiments of one who has resided some years in Bengal, and may be supposed to have collected some criteria for estimating the high merits of a Wellesley, a Hastings, a Moira, a Hislop, a Munro, an Elphinstone, a Malcolm, and a Jenkins : names which must be dear to India and to England, whilst the pages of history shall record their actions.—I am, Sir, your most obedient servant, H. S.

P. S. Stanton is now a Major, but I do not see that a C. B. has been the reward of his unequalled merits as an officer. Wbat is this to be attributed to?




We have just received the memorial of Lieut.col. Fagan, late Adj. gen. of the Bengal army, addressed to the hon.,the Court of Directors,

and time will not allow us to give more than a hasty sketch of its contents. It contains a general narrative of his services, from the period of his

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arrival in Bengal in 1796 to the year 1816, when, indefatigable attention to the very arduous duties of his office having undermined his health, he obtained leave for ten months to take a voyage to sea, with a view to its restoration. After some months passed at the Cape of Good Hope, finding it far from being reestablished, he was under the necessity of applying for a furlough to Erjrope. His residence in a congenial climate hits once more restored him to health, and has been the happy means of giving back to the duties of his profession as zealous, capable, and useful an officer as is to be found in the Company's service, rich as it is in men of superior merit. Almost at the very outset of his career he lost an arm, at the memorable siege of Seringapatam, in which he had volunteered his services. His conduct then was such as to draw the attention of the Governov-gcn. the Marquis Wellesley, a nobleman who, in addition to every high qualification which can distinguish a statesman, possesses the inappreciable tact which enabled him to discern and avail himself of merit wherever it was to be found.

He was soon after appointed by that nobleman to a staff situation, and in 1812 was nominated to that of Adj gen. which he filled until his departure from India, a period which included various important military operations, but particularly that of the Nepaul war, the original plans and subsequent direction of which, during the whole of its arduous course, devolved principally upon his office, under his Exc. the Conimandet -in-chief.

Among the leading and important benefits which the Company's service has derived from the extensive and considerate views of Lieut.col. Fagan, we may record the present efficient state of the Bengal Commissariat, in praise of which too much can be hardly said, and which was formerly managed by contract, to the great detriment of the service and the Company's pecuniary inte

rests. To him we are likewise indebted for the existence of the Company's stud, the abolition of which had been contemplated by Sir George Barlow, with a view to economy. The preservation of this establishment has been the means of giving vigour and facility of operation to our military force; and we cannot but consider the proper equipment of the cavalry of vital and paramount importance, as far as regards the predominance of our Indian empire.

The repeated harassing and preda'ory incursions of the Pindarrees along the western frontier of the Bengal Presidency shewedhow much we were assailable on that side, and pointed out the necessity of acquiring the most exact information with regard to its local weaknesses, and its capabilities for defence. 15y the judicious selection of officers, from whatever branch of the service they could be procured —engineers, cavalry, or infantry — Lieut.col. Fagan obtained minute, scientific, topographical, and statistical surveys of the whole line of frontier, from the Indus to the northern limits of Cuttack, an extent of at least 1,200 miles. Thus has been accomplished, in a comparatively short space of time, a survey, which, connected on the north-west with what was ascertained by Mr. Elphinstone, and on the south-east with what was prtviously known, extends from the high mountains of Hindoo Koosh to the sea-shore at Jaggernauth; a range which, if we only include its more considerable sinuosities, cannot be estimated under 2,000 miles. The inestimable advantages of such exact and detailed information, cannot but have had the most decided influence in the brilliant success which has attended our widely extended and simultaneous operations during the late eventful wars. To Col. Fagan we arc indebted for the reformation of the Medical Establishment, whiph combines whatever is required by a paternal and humane regard for the preservation of the soldier's life, health, and well-being, and a just and liberal provision for the members of that meritorious body. But as a proof how much he was alive to whatever could in any way promote the real prosperity and permanence of the Company's government, by recommending whatever could be deemed useful, we will here only mention that he laid before Sir George Nugent, at that time commander-in-chief in Bengal, the original plan, which was afterwards adopted by the Bengal government, for the annual admission into the civil college of Fort William of a certain proportion of young military students, wilh a viewto their receiving a solid course of instruction in the oriental languages. As none were allowed to join that institution but. ihose who had a predilection for such pursuits, the most ample success attended this praiseworthy measure; and the Company thus had added to their most efficient servants many young men, who cannot fail of being of the highest utility in the'extensive field of military and political duties. It was in reference to this very measure that we have the high sanction of that most amiable and excellent man, the late Lord Minto, who, in his annual address to the College of Fort William, in September 1813, expresses himself as follows : — "But the satisfaction derived from a result founded on that principle (the proficiency of the civil and military scholars of the college) is reasonably augmented by the reflection that the public interest is "advanced, as well as the reputation of the college, by the oriental acquirements of its military students." And again: "But the general advantage of the state is, in my judgment, essentially promoted by the accomplishment of several of its military servants in languages which, besides fitting them for a more easy and perfect performance of their ordinary professional duty, and qualifying them for occasions which the military

service frequently presents of conducting important affairs, requiring both personal and written intercourse with nativechiefsandprinces, qualify them also to undertake,with great advantage to the public, and much honour and benefit to themselves, political deputations and commissions not immediately connected with their military functions. The scope of their own personal views is by these means honourably extended, while the public fund of available talents and endowments is happliy enlarged."

In support of what has just been advanced, we could record the splendid acquirements of an Ayton, a Br ice, a Turner, a Sleeman, a Ruddell, and many other young military men of equally distinguished merit.

When the important advantages resulting front Lieut.col. Fagan's active and fostering exertions are the subject of consideration in their proper place, they will no doubt meet that applause and remuneration to which they are entitled: he has appealed to those who have never wilfully overlooked the merits of their servants. But there is one point to which we would call attention, namely, that—in the distribution of those honours and emoluments which have been conferred on so many brave and meritorious officers, from the rank of General to that of those commanding battalions and detachments, including Majors, and the Deputy Qr.mast.gens. of the forces attached to one of the divisions of the army—an officer of his merit should be forgotten, does appear extraordinary, and can only be accounted for, as he himself says, by the unfortunate state of his health and circumstances since he left India, which obliged him to absent himself from England, and seek the mild air of the south of Europe. It is to be remembered that he filled a most arduous situation, the unremitted duties of which have essentially contributed to impair his health : a situation second

to none in any light, except in its emoluments, which were necessarily reduced to a very limited amount, by the large establishment he had to support while attending the Commander-in-chief in the field.

Throughout a most extensive and diversified range of duties, his ardour and application to business have been unremitted; and the high state of efficiency of all the subordinate branches of the army has, no doubt, contributed much to the success of the Company's arms in India, and enabled the Commanderin-chief to direct with undivided attention the diversified operations of the large force employed in the late war, and has, consequently, given that unity and precision to its combined movements, so essential to the success of all military enterprizes. But the favourable and honourable estimate entertained by the government of Bengal of Lieut, col. Fagan's merits will be best learnt from the subjoined abstract of the general order issued by the Governor-gen. in Council, permitting him to return to Europe for the recovery of his health :—

"While the Governor-gen. indulges his regret at what the service has suffered in the relinquishment of the situation of Adj.gen. by Lieut.col. George Fagan, his Excellency must endeavour to diminish the effects of that loss by rendering the memory of Lieut.col. Fagan's official exertions au example aud incitement to the

army. The universal tribute of acknowledgment paid to the ability and indefatigable zeal of Lieut.col. Fagan ought to stimulate every officer to aim at attaining a similar character. This, however, is not to be acquired by ardour alone; recollection of the tone of Lieut.col. Fagau's professional energy should impress this conclusion on every one disposed to strive for equal reputation, that no talents, not even such as Lieut.col. Fagan possessed, will cany an individual to proud distinctions, unless he joins to them habits of application and a judicious direction of his genius. It is to the combination of these qualities that Lieut.col. Fagan lias owed the high estimation in which his talents were held, and the sorrow now expressed that the service has ceased to benefit by them.

(Signed) G. Young, Officiating Secretary to Government Military Department.

This honourable testimonial is of itself sufficient to speak volumes, and we think his case hardly requires to be made more publicly known. Rumour speaks of honours to be conferred at the approaching coronation; of course the brilliant services of the Indian army will not be forgotten: but in the distribution of favours to the distinguished individuals to be selected for honourable notice, we can only say, " Palmam qui meruit ferat."

Lieut.col. Fagan has just returned to Bengal to complete the period required by the Regulations, and to promote his fortune, now more than ever made necessary by the cares of a large and rising family.


{Continuedfrom foI. IX. p. 545.)

Part II.


A Part of our limited engagement in the introduction to this sketch, was to give the dates of the more remarkable events in the reign of Geo. III.; reserving to the compiler an occasional liberty to enlarge the tenor of the narrative beyond the narrow channel of chronology, when a wave of simultaneous causes,

or a confluence of rapid, effects require breadth and depth.

Sect. I. Indian Retrospect. The progress of the British Empire in India is coeval with the whole reign. For the sake of unity, therefore, we propose to confine our review to Indian affairs until the several branches of that subject be finished. Passing over the details of many weighty negociations and

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