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wisdom of the national legislature, to keep in mind the true policy, or rather the indispensable obligațiou, of adapting its measures to the supposition; that the only course to that happy event, is in tho vigorous employment of the resources of wat. And paiuful as the reflection is, this duty is particularly cusorced, by the spirit and vianner in which the war continues to be waged by the enemy; who, uninflu. cnced hy the unvaried examples of humanity set them, are adding to the savage fury of it, on one frontier, a systein of plunder aud conflagration, on the other, equally forbidden by respect for national character, and by the established rules of civilized warfare.

As an encouragement to persevering and invigorated exertions to bring the coutest to a happy result, I have the satisfactiou of being able to appeal to the auspicious progress of our arms, both by land and on the water.

In continuation of the brilliant achievements of our infant navy, a signal triumph bas been gained by Captain Lawrence and his companions in the Hor. net sloop of war, which destroyed a Britisha sloop of war, with a relerity so unexampled and with a slaughter of the enemy sa disproportionate to the loss in the Hornel, as to claim for the conquerors the highest praise, and the full recompense provided by Congress in preceding cases. Our public ships of war in general, as well as the private armed ves, sels, have continued also their activity and success against the comperce of the enemy, and by their vi. gilance and address have greatly frustrated the efforts of the hostile squadrons distributed along our coasts to intercept them iu returning into port, and resuining their civizes.

The augmentation of our naval force, as authoriz. ed at the last session of Congress, is iu progress. On the lakes our superiority is near at hand where it is not already established.

The events of the campaign, so far as they are known to us, furnish matter of cooptatulation, and shew that under a wise organization and efficient di. rection, the arnıy is destined to a glory not less bril. liant than that which already encircles the navy. The attack and capture of York is, in that quarter, a presage of future and greater victories; while, on the western frontier, the issue of the late siege of Fort Meigs lcares us nothing to regret bot a single act of inconsiderate ralor.

The provisions last made for filling the ranks and enlarging the staff of the ariny, have bad the best effects. It will be for the consideration of Congresa, whether other provisiovs, depending on their autho. rity, inay nut still further improve the military esta. Llishment and the means of defence.

T'he sudden deatb of the distinguished citizen who represented the United States in France, without any special arrangements by him for such a contingency. has left us withont the expected sequel to his Inst communications: nor has the French government taken any measures for bringing the depending pe: gotiations to a conclusion, through its representative in the United States. This failure adds to delays, beforc so unreasonably spun.out. A successor to our deceased minister bas been appointed, and is ready to proceed on his mission : the course which he will pursue in fulfilling it, is that prescribed by a seady regard to the true interests of the Uviied States, which eqrally avoids an abandonment of their just demands, and a counexion of their fortunes with the systems of other powers.

The receipts into the Treasury from the 1st of Oc. tober to the 31st day of March last, including the soms received on account of treasury notes, and of the loans authorized by the acts of the last and the preceiling sessions of Congress, hare amonnted to fifteen millions four hundred and twelve thousand dollars. Tlie expenditures duriu; the same period, amounted to fifteen millions, nine hundred and twen. ty thousand dollars, and left in the Treasury, on the 1st of April, the sum of one million cight hundred and fifty-seven thousand dollars. The loau of sixteen millions of dollars authorized by the act of the 8th of February last, has been contracted for. or that sum, more than a million of dollars had been paid into the 'Treasury, prior to the 1st of April, and formed a part of the receipts as above stated. The remainder of that loan, amounting to near filteen millions of dollars, with the sum of five mil. lions of dollars authorized to be issued in treasury potes, and the estimated receipts from the customs and the sales of public lands, amounting to nine mil. lions three hundred thousand dollars, and making in the whole twenty-nine millions three hundred thousand dollars to be received during the last nine months of the present year, will be necessary to meet the expenditures already authorized, and the engagements contracted in relation to the public debt. These engagements amount during that period to ten millions five hundred thousand dollars, which, with near one million for the civil, miscella. neous, and diplomatic expenses, both foreign and domestic, and seventeen millions eight hundred thou. sand dollars for the military and naval expenditures, including the ships of war building and to be built, will leave a sum in the Treasury, at the end of the present year, equal to that on the 1st of April last. A part of this sum may be considered as a resource for defraying any extraordinary expenses already authorized by law, beyond the suns above estimat. ed; and a further resource for any emergency may be found in the sum of one million of dollars, the loan of which to the United States bas been autho. rized by the state of Pennsylvania, but which has not yet been brought into effeot.

This view of our finances, whilst it shews that due provision has been made for the expenses of the enr. rent year, shews at the same time, by the limited amount of the actual revenue and the dependence on loans, the necessity of providing more adequately for the future supplies of the treasury. This can be best done by a well digested system of internal revenue, in aid of existing sources, which will have the effect, both of abridging the amount of vecessary loans, and on that account, as well as by placing the public credit on a more satisfactory basis, of improving the terms on which loans may be obtained. The loan of sixteen millions was not contracted for at a less interest than about seven and a half per cent. and although other causes may have had an agency, it cannot he doubted, that with the advantage of a more extended and less precarious revenue, & lower rate of interest might have sufficed. A longer postponement of this advantage could not fail to have a still greater influence on future loans.

In recommending to the national legislature this resort to additional taxes, I feel great satisfaction in the assurance, that our constituents, who have already displayed so much zeal and firmness in the cause of their country, will cheerfully give every other proof of their patriotism which it calls fot. Hlappily no people, with local and transitory exceptions never to be wholly avoided, are more able than the people of the United States, to spare for the public wants a portion of their private means, wbether regard be had to thic ordinary profits of industry, or the ordinary price of subsistence in our country, con:pared with those in any other. And in no case could stronger reasons be felt for yielding the requisite contributions. By rendering tbe public resources certain, and commensurate to the public exigencies, the constituted authorities will be ablo to prosecute the war the more rapidly to its proper issue; every hostile hope founded on a calculated failure of our resources, will be cut off; and by adding to the evidence of bravery and skill.in combats on the

occan and on the land, an alacrity in supplying the treasure necessary to give them their fullest effect, and thus demoustrating to the world the public ener. Sy which our political institutious combine with the personal liberty distinguishing them, the best security will be provided against future enterprizes on the rights or the peace of the nation.

The contest in which the United States are engaged, appeals for its support to every motive that can animate an uncorrupted and enlightened people; to the love of country; to the pride of liberty; to an emulation of the glorious founders of their inde. pendence, by a successful vindication of its violat. ed attributes; to the gratitude and sympathy which demand security from the most degrading wrongs, of a class of citizens who have proved themselves so worthy the protection of their country, by their heroic zeal in its defence; and finally, to the sacred obligation of transmitting, entire, to future generatjuus, that precious patrimony of national rights and independence, which is held in trust by the present, from the goodness of Divine Providence.

Being aware of the inconveniences to which a protracted scssion at this season would be liable, I limit the preseut communication to objects of primary importance. Iu special messages which may ensue, regard will be had to the same consideration.

JAUMES MADISON.

Washington, May 25, 1813.

Ordered, That the said message be committed to the committee of the whole House on the state of the union.

Mr. Jennings presented a petition of sundry in. habitants of Ilarrison county, in the Indiana terri. tory, praying that a tract of public land in said county may be granted to Stephen Sparks for the purpose of erecting a mill upon the same.

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