Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis: An Integrated Approach

Capa
Springer Science & Business Media, 2002 - 372 páginas
2 Críticas
The field of multiple criteria decision analysis (MCDA), also termed multiple criteria decision aid, or multiple criteria decision making (MCDM), has developed rapidly over the past quarter century and in the process a number of divergent schools of thought have emerged. This can make it difficult for a new entrant into the field to develop a comprehensive appreciation of the range of tools and approaches which are available to assist decision makers in dealing with the ever-present difficulties of seeking compromise or consensus between conflicting inter ests and goals, i.e. the "multiple criteria". The diversity of philosophies and models makes it equally difficult for potential users of MCDA, i.e. management scientists and/or decision makers facing problems involving conflicting goals, to gain a clear understanding of which methodologies are appropriate to their particular context. Our intention in writing this book has been to provide a compre hensive yet widely accessible overview of the main streams of thought within MCDA. We aim to provide readers with sufficient awareness of the underlying philosophies and theories, understanding of the practi cal details of the methods, and insight into practice to enable them to implement any of the approaches in an informed manner. As the title of the book indicates, our emphasis is on developing an integrated view of MCDA, which we perceive to incorporate both integration of differ ent schools of thought within MCDA, and integration of MCDA with broader management theory, science and practice.
 

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Índice

INTRODUCTION
1
12 WHAT CAN WE EXPECT FROM MCDA?
2
13 THE PROCESS OF MCDA
5
14 OUTLINE OF THE BOOK
8
THE MULTIPLE CRITERIA PROBLEM
13
22 CASE EXAMPLES
16
23 CLASSIFYING MCDM PROBLEMS
31
PROBLEM STRUCTURING
35
72 LINEAR GOAL PROGRAMMING
213
73 GENERALIZED GOAL PROGRAMMING
220
74 CONCLUDING COMMENTS
230
OUTRANKING METHODS
233
82 ELECTRE I
234
83 ELECTRE II
241
84 ELECTRE III
242
85 OTHER ELECTRE METHODS
250

32 WHERE DOES MCDA START?
36
33 PROBLEM STRUCTURING METHODS
39
34 FROM PROBLEM STRUCTURING TO MODEL BUILDING
52
35 CASE EXAMPLES REVISITED
64
36 CONCLUDING COMMENTS
77
PREFERENCE MODELLING
79
42 VALUE MEASUREMENT THEORY
85
COPING WITH UNCERTAINTY
95
44 SATISFICING AND ASPIRATION LEVELS
104
45 OUTRANKING
106
46 FUZZY AND ROUGH SETS
111
47 RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF CRITERIA
114
48 FINAL COMMENTS
117
VALUE FUNCTION METHODS PRACTICAL BASICS
119
52 ELICITING SCORES INTRACRITERION INFORMATION
121
53 DIRECT RATING OF ALTERNATIVES BY PAIRWISE COMPARISONS
132
54 ELICITING WEIGHTS INTERCRITERION INFORMATION
134
55 SYNTHESISING INFORMATION
143
56 SENSITIVITY AND ROBUSTNESS ANALYSIS
148
57 THE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS
151
58 CONCLUDING COMMENTS
159
VALUE FUNCTION METHODS INDIRECT AND INTERACTIVE
163
62 USE OF ORDINAL AND IMPRECISE PREFERENCE INFORMATION
165
63 HOLISTIC ASSESSMENTS AND INVERSE PREFERENCES
188
64 INTERACTIVE METHODS BASED ON VALUE FUNCTION MODELS
193
65 CONCLUDING COMMENTS
204
Summary of main notational conventions for chapter
207
GOAL AND REFERENCE POINT METHODS
209
86 THE PROMETHEE METHOD
252
87 FINAL COMMENTS
258
IMPLEMENTATION OF MCDA PRACTICAL ISSUES AND INSIGHTS
261
ESTABLISHING A CONTRACT
265
93 THE NATURE OF MODELLING AND INTERACTIONS
266
94 ORGANIZING AND FACILITATING A DECISION WORKSHOP
271
95 WORKING OFFLINE AND IN THE BACKROOM
275
96 SMALL GROUP INTERACTION AND DIY ANALYSIS
279
97 SOFTWARE SUPPORT
281
98 INSIGHTS FROM MCDA IN PRACTICE
283
99 INTERPRETATION AND ASSESSMENT OF IMPORTANCE WEIGHTS
288
910 CONCLUDING COMMENTS
291
MCDA IN A BROADER CONTEXT
293
102 LINKS TO METHODS WITH ANALYTICAL PARALLELS
294
103 LINKS TO OTHER ORMS APPROACHES INTEGRATING AND EMBEDDING
310
104 OTHER METHODOLOGIES WITH A MULTICRITERIA ELEMENT
320
105 ORMS APPLICATION AREAS WITH A MULTICRITERIA ELEMENT
327
106 CONCLUSIONS
329
AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO MCDA
331
112 AN INTEGRATING FRAMEWORK
333
113 THE WAY FORWARD
338
114 CONCLUDING REMARKS
343
MCDA Software Survey
345
Glossary of Terms and Acronyms
351
References
353
Index
369
Direitos de autor

Palavras e frases frequentes

Passagens conhecidas

Página 363 - Saaty, TL 1980, The Analytic Hierarchy Process, McGraw-Hill, New York. Saaty, TL 1990, How to make a decision: the analytic hierarchy process, European Journal of Operational Research, vol.
Página 361 - Lotfi, V., Stewart, TJ, and Zionts, S. (1992). "An Aspiration-Level Interactive Model for Multiple Criteria Decision Making," Computers and Operations Research, 19, 671- 681.
Página 361 - Korhonen, P., Wallenius, J., and Zionts. S. (1984), "Solving the discrete multiple criteria problem using convex cones", Management Science 30 (11) 1336-1345.
Página 354 - Belton, V., 1985. The use of a simple multiple criteria model to assist in selection from a shortlist.
Página 367 - R. and Weber, M. (1993). The effect of attribute ranges on weights in multiattribute utility measurements.
Página 362 - Scientific information, social values, and policy formation: the application of simulation models and judgement analysis to the Denver regional air pollution problem.
Página 362 - Multicriteria filtering methods based on concordance and non-discordance principles", Annals of Operations Research, 80, 137-165.
Página 359 - E. Jacquet-Lagreze, Y. Siskos, Assessing a set of additive utility functions for multicriteria decision-making. The UTA method, European Journal of Operational Research 10 (2) (1982) 151-164.
Página 358 - Gershon, M., Duckstein, L, and McAniff, R. (1982). "Multiobjective River Basin Planning with Qualitative Criteria", Water Resources Research, 18(2), 193-202.
Página 362 - JF (1993). Group support systems research: Experience from the Lab and field.

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