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Ordered, That the said letter and resolutions do lie on the table.

The House proceeded to the consideration of the bill from the Senate, (No. 41,) entitled “ An act concerning the town and village commons in Missouri;" and the amendments reported thereto by the Committee on Private Land Claims were read, and concurred in by the House.

Ordered, That the said amendments be engrossed, and that the bill be read a third time to-morrow.

An engrossed bill (No. 542) entitled “ An act to authorize the Secretary of War to purchase an additional quantity of land for the fortifications at fort Washington, 'upon the river Potomac,” was read the third time, and passed.

Ordered, That the Clerk request the concurrence of the Senate in the said bill.

Bills from the Senate of the following titles, viz:
No. 19. An act for the relief of Joseph E. Sprague;
No. 53. An act for the relief of Francis Larche, of New Orleans;

No. 58. An act for the relief of James Thomas, late Quartermaster General of the army of the United States;

No. 59. An act to enable the President to extinguish Indian title within the State of Indiana; were, severally, read the first and second time, and referred

No. 19. To the Committee on the Judiciary;
No. 53.
No: 58:} To the Committee of Claims;
No. 59. To the Committee on Indian Affairs.

The House proceeded to the consideration of the bill (No. 80) for the relief of Nathaniel Patten; when it was,

On motion of Mr. Pettis, Ordered, That the further consideration of the said bill be postponed until to-morrow.

The House resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole House on the bill (No. 541) for the benefit of Percis Lovely; and, after some time spent therein, the Speaker resumed the chair, and Mr. Speight reported the said bill with amendments; which were read, and concurred in by the House.

Ordered, That the said bill be engrossed, and read a third time to-morrow.

The House proceeded to the consideration of the bill (No. 548) to reduce the bounty on pickled fish exported; when it was,

On motion of Mr. Ingersoll, Ordered, That the further consideration of the bill be postponed until Thursday next, the 13th instant.

The House resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole House on the bill from the Senate, (No. 16,) entitled "An act for the relief of Aaron Fitzgerald,” and on the bill from the Senate, (No. 18,) entitled “An act for the relief of Thomas Fitzgerald;" and, after some time spent therein, the Speaker resumed the chair, and Mr. Findlay reported the said bills without amendment.

Ordered, That the said bills be, respectively, read a third time to-day. The said bills were, accordingly, then read the third time, and, severally, passed.

Ordered, That the Clerk acquaint the Senate therewith.
The House proceeded to the consideration of the bill (No, 420) to esta-

blish certain post roads, and to alter and discontinue others, and for other purposes: when it was

Ordered, That the further consideration of the said bill be postponed until Thursday next.

The House proceeded to the consideration of the bill (No. 330) for the relief of James Monroe: when it was

Ordered, That the further consideration of the said bill be postponed until to-niorrow.

The House resolved itself into the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union; and, after some time spent therein, the Speaker resumed the chair, and Mr. Drayton reported that the committee had, according to order, had the state of the Union generally under consideration, particularly the bill (No. 507) to authorize the construction of three schooners for the naval service of the United States; which bill he was directed to report to the House without amendment.

Ordered, That the said bill be engrossed, and read a third time to-morrow.

The House resolved itself into the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union; and, after some time spent therein, the Speaker resumed the chair, and Mr. Polk reported that the committee had, according to order, had the state of the Union generally under consideration, particularly the bill (No. 63) for the erection of a national armory upon the western waters; which bill he was directed to report to the House with amendments; which were read, and concurred in by the House.

The question was then stated, Shall the bill be engrossed, and read a third time?

And, pending this question,
The House adjourned until to-morrow, 12 o'clock meridian.

TUESDAY, JANUARY 11, 1831.

Mr. Wickliffe, from the Committee on the Public Lands, to which was referred, on the 21st ultimo, the petition of inhabitants of the Piqua_land district, in the State of Ohio, reported a bill (No. 552) to authorize the President of the United States to change the locations of the land offices in the United States; which bill was read the first and second time, and the further consideration thereof was postponed untill Tuesday, the 18th day of the present month.

Ordered, That the Committee on the Public Lands be discharged from the further consideration of the petition of William Matheson, and that it lie on the table.

Mr. Hoffman, from the Committee on Naval Affairs, reported a bill (No. 553) to provide for certain surveys therein specified; which bill was read the first and second time, and committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union.

Mr. Hoffman, from the Committee on Naval Affairs, reported a bill (No. 554) to carry into effect the act to provide for a survey of the coast of the United States; which bill was read the first and second time, and committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union.

Ordered, That the Committee on Foreign Affairs be discharged from the further consideration of the petition of Caze and Richard, and that it be referred to the Committee of Claims.

Mr. Drayton, from the Committee on Military Affairs, to which was referred the bill from the Senate, ( No. 4,) entitled “ An act to authorize the mounting and equipment of a part of the army of the United States," reported the same without amendment.

Ordered, That the said bill be committed to a Committee of the whole House on Tuesday, the 18th day of the present month of January.

Mr. Ellsworth, from the Committee on the Judiciary, to which was referred the bill from the Senate, (No. 19,) entitled “ An act for the relief of Joseph E. Sprague,” reported the same without amendment.

Ordered, That the said bill be committed to a Committee of the Whole House to-morrow.

Ordered, That the Committee on the Judiciary be discharged from the further consideration of the petition of Samuel Buell, and that it lie on the table.

Mr. Alexander, from the Committee of Ways and Means, made an unfavorable report on the petition of Rhoda Cook; which was read, and laid on the table.

On motion of Mr. Hunt, Ordered, that the Committee on the Public Lands be discharged from the further consideration of the petition of Augustine and David Browder, heirs of Isham Browder ; also, from the petition of John Rack and John Walker, executors of William Stewart ; and that the said petitions do lie on the table.

Ordered, That the Committee on the Public Lands, which was instructed, on the 31st of December ultimo, to inquire into the expediency of pro. viding for permitting each settler on such of the public lands as have been officially returned as not fit for cultivation, or not worth surveying, to locate a quantity of said land, not exceeding 160 acres, under such regulations and at such price as the said committee may deem reasonable, be discharged from the further consideration of the subject.

On motion of Mr. Duncan, Ordered, That the Committee on the Public Lands, to which was referred, on the 29th ultimo, the petition of inhabitants of the northern part of the State of Ohio, and of the southern part of the Territory of Michigan, and to which was also referred the petition of William Loughrey, be discharged from the further consideration of the said petitions, and that they lie on the table.

On motion of Mr. Verplanck, Ordered, That the Committee of Ways and Means be discharged from the further consideration of a letter from the Secretary of the Treasury to a member of said committee, upon the subject of the erection of a new custom-house in the city of New York, and that it be referred to the Committee on Commerce.

Mr. Gilmore, from the Committee of Ways and Means, made an unfavorable report on the petition of John P. Garcia ; which was read, and laid on the table.

Ordered, That the Committee on Commerce be discharged from the consideration of the petition of George J. Knight, and that it be referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs.

Ordered, That the Committee on the Judiciary, which was instructed, on the 14th of December ultimo, to inquire into the expediency of reporting a bill comprising all the acts and provisions now in force on the subject of the naturalization of aliens, be discharged from the further consideration of the subject.

Mr. Clay, from the Committee on the Public Lands, to which was referred the bill from the Senate, (No. 51,) entitled “ An act to amend an act entitled · An act to provide for paying to the States of Missouri, Mississippi, and Alabama, three per cent of the nett proceeds arising from the sale of the public lands within the same,'” reported the same without amendment.

Ordered, That the said bill be read a third time to-day.

The resolution moved by Mr. Drayton on the 10th instant, and laid on the table, was read, considered, and agreed to by the House.

The resolution moved by Mr. Thompson, of Georgia, on the 10th instant, and laid on the table, was read, considered, and agreed to by the House.

On motion of Mr. Wilde, Resolved, That the Committee on Military Pensions be instructed to inquire into the justice and expediency of placing on the pension roll of the United States the name of William Jones, of Jasper county, in the State of Georgia, a soldier of the Revolution.

On motion of Mr. Wayne, Resolved, That the Commitiee on Military Pensions be instructed to inquire into the propriety of placing John Benton, of the county of Liberty, in the State of Georgia, upon the pension roll.

Mr. Haynes moved the following, viz:

Whereas, Without a considerable diminution of revenue, the public debt will, in a very few years, be redeemed and discharged:

And whereas, The end of republican government is the prosperity and happiness of the people:

And whereas, This end cannot more certainly be promoted than hy a system of taxation which shall leave the largest portion of the products of labor in the pockets of the people:

And whereus, The necessaries of life should, as far as practicable, be exempted from taxation:

And whereas, Brown sugar has become an article of great and necessary consumption among all classes:

And whereas, The present duty on that article imported from foreign countries hears an unjust and extravagant proportion to the original cost in foreign markets:

And whereas, There is good reason to believe that the tax collected by the Government upon its importation, amounting to one million four hundred and thirty-four thousand nine hundred and sixty-one dollars and eleven cents, is less than half the sum taken from the pockets of the people under the operation of the existing duty, the quantity manufactured in the United States within the year 1830 having been estimated at one hundred thousand hogsheads, equal to one hundred millions of pounds, at three cents per pound protecting duty, equal to three millions of dollars:

Resolved, That the Committee of Ways and Means be instructed to inquire into the expediency of reducing the duty on brown sugar imported into the United States from foreign countries.

This resolution being read,

The question, Will the House now proceed to the consideration thereof? was demanded by Mr. Denny;

And on the question, Will the House now consider the said resolution ?

It passed in the affirmative, {Nass

. 88,

. 85. The yeas and nays being desired by one-fifth of the members present, Those who voted in the affirmative, are,

Messrs. Mark Alexander, Robert Allen, Willis Alston, John Anderson, William G. Angel, William S. Archer, William Armstrong, John S. Barbour, Robert W. Barnwell, Daniel L. Barringer, Robert E. B. Baylor, John Bell, James Blair, John Blair, Ratliff Boon, Peter I. Borst, John Broadhead, Elias Brown, Churchill C. Cambreleng, John Campbell, Thomas Chandler, Nathaniel H. Claiborne, Clement C. Clay, Richard Coke, jr., Henry W. Conner, Robert Craig, David Crockett, Jacob Crocheron, Thomas Davenport, Warren R. Davis, Edmund Deberry, Robert Desha, Charles G. De Witt, Joseph Draper, William Drayton, Edward B. Dudley, Jonas Earll, jr., Thomas F. Foster, Nathan Gaither, William F. Gordon, Thomas H. Hall, Jehiel H. Halsey, Joseph Hammons, Jonathan Harvey, Charles E. Haynes, Thomas Hinds, Cornelius Holland, Michael Hoffman, Henry Hubbard, Leonard Jarvis, Jonathan Jennings, Cave Johnson, Perkins King, Henry G. Lamar, Pryor Lea, Joseph Lecompte, James Lent, Dixon H. Lewis, George Loyall, Wilson Lumpkin, William D. Martin, Thomas Maxwell, William McCoy, George McDuffie, Rufus McIntire, Charles F. Mercer, George E. Mitchell, Robert Monell, William T. Nuckolls, John Mercer Patton, James K. Polk, Robert Potter, Abram Rencher, John Roane, William B. Shepard, Augustine H. Shepperd, Jesse Speight, Michael C. Sprigg, James Standefer, Wiley Thompson, James Trezvant, Starling Tucker, Gulian C. Verplanck, James M. Wayne, John W. Weeks, Campbell P. White, Richard H. Wilde, Lewis Williams, and Ephraim K. Wilson.-88. Those who voted in the negative, are,

Messrs. Benedict Arnold, John Bailey, Noyes Barber, Isaac C. Bates, Abraham Bockee, Tristam Burges, Samuel Butman, William Cahoon, Thomas Chilton, James Clark, Lewis Condict, Richard M. Cooper, Henry B. Cowles, Joseph H. Crane, Thomas H. Crawford, William Creighton, jr., Henry Daniel, Harmar Denny, Joseph Duncan, Samuel W. Eager, William W. Ellsworth, George Evans, Edward Everett, James Findlay, Isaac Finch, John Gilmore, Benjamin Gorham, Innis Green, George Grennell, jr., Henry H. Gurley, Joseph Hawkins, Joseph Hemphill, James L. Hodges, Benjamin C. Howard, Thomas H. Hughes, Jonathan Hunt, Jabez W. Huntington, Peter Ihrie, jr., Ralph I. Ingersoll, Thomas Irwin, William W. Irvin, Kensey Johns, jr., Richard M. Johnson, Joseph G. Kendall, William Kennon, John Kincaid, Adam King, Humphrey H. Leavitt, George G. Leiper, Robert P. Letcher, Chittenden Lyon, John Magee, Rollin C. Mallary, Alem Marr, Henry C. Martindale, Lewis Maxwell, William McCreery, Henry A. Muhlenberg, Walter H. Overton, Dutee J. Pearce, Isaac Pierson, William Ramsey, John Reed, Joseph Richardson, Robert S. Rose, Williant Russel, Jonah Sanford, John Scott, Thomas H. Sill, Samuel A. Smith, William Stanberry, John B. Sterigere, James Strong, Joel B. Sutherland, Samuel Swan, Benjamin Swift, John W. Taylor, John Test, John Thomson, Phineas L. Tracy, Samuel F. Vinton, Elisha Whittlesey, Edward D. White, Joel Yancey, and Ebenezer Young.-85.

And thereupon debate arose upon the said resolution, which continued until the hour allotted for the consideration of reports and motions expired: when

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