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Palantesque vident socios, hostemque receptum. 780
Talibus accensi firmantur, et agmine denso
794. Acerba. See Ecl. 3, 8. Et, &c. He will not flee, and he cannot resist. — 804. Germanae, Junoni. — 806. Clipeo, defensively; dextra, offensively.-811. Et with ipse has the force of, and above all, Mnestheus with his thundering might.'
In fuvium dedit: ille suo cum gurgite flavo
818. It will be observed that Aeneas has no share in the events of this Book.
LIBER X. An assembly of the gods, and address of Jupiter, deprecating the war
between the Latins and 'Trojans, 1-15. Address of Venus, recapitulating the past misfortunes of the Trojans, and scornfully asking for the safety at least of Ascanius elsewhere, if Juno is determined to prevent the rise of the power of Aeneas in Italy, 16-62. Indignant reply of Juno, who imputes the whole blame to the Trojans themselves, 63-95. Jupiter, amidst various opinions, declares that the Fates shall decide the fortune of the day, without divine interference, 96-117. The Latins still beleaguer the Trojan camp, which is strenuously defended by Ascanius and others, 118-145. Aeneas, who had formed a league with the revolted subjects of Mezentius, the Etrurian king, is descending the river, 146-162. Address to the Muses, 163-165. Account of the Tuscan allies, who followed Aeneas in thirty ships, arranged in four troops. The first is led by Massicus, at the head of the warriors from Clusium, the city of Porsenna, south-west of the Trasimene lake, and Cosae on the coast, 166-169. The second is headed by Abas, with those of Populonium, on the coast, off which lies Ilva (the island of Elba), which also sends its contingents, 170-174. The third, by Asilas, with the men of Pisae, founded by a colony from Pisa, in Elis, watered by the Alpheus (see vol. i. p. 142, line 5), 175-180. The fourth, by Astur, with those from Caere (see p. 2, line 33), Minio, a rivulet of Etruria, to the north of Caere; Pyrgi, the seaport of Caere; and Graviscae on the coast, north of the Minio, 180-184. There also follow auxiliaries from Liguria, headed by Cinyras and Cupavo, the sons of Cycnus, 185-197. Mantua, head of twelve confederate states-four (populi) to each of the three (gentes) nations, probably of Etrurians, Umbrians, and Greeks, with a preponderance of Etrurian blood-sent troops under the command of Ocnus, 198-206; and probably of Aulestes, 207-214. Sailing by the light of the moon, Aeneas is met by his ships, now nymphs, and warned of the danger of his camp by Cymodoce, one of them, who pushes on his ship, 215-249. Aeneas, amazed, prays to Cybele, and prepares his companions for the contest, 249-259. The Trojans in the camp seeing his approach, shout and shoot, 260-266. The Rutulians discover the cause; but Turnus, nothing daunted, encourages them, 267-286. Landing of the troops, and
misfortune of Tarchon, 287-307. Various combats, 308-361. Pallas rallies the fleeing Arcadians, 362-379. Feats of Pallas, 380-425. Feats of Lausus, 426-430. Pallas and Lausus are about to meet, 431-438. Warned by his sister, Turnus engages Pallas, whom he slays, ignorant that this deed shall seal his own doom, 439-505. His friends bear off the dead body of Pallas, and the tidings rouse Aeneas to terrible havoc, 505-604. Ascanius and his party sally forth, 604-605. Jupiter taunts Juno with the unaided prowess of the Trojans, but at her request, permits her to postpone the death of Turnus, 606-632. She sends a phantom-cloud in the guise of Aeneas, who, seeming to flee before Turnus, lures him into a ship, and then, after it has carried him far away, leaves him to despair; but, protected by Juno, he is borne to his native Ardea, 633-688. Feats of Mezentius, and wrath of the Etrurians, 689-746. Other combats witnessed by the gods, 747-761. Mezentius encounters Aeneas, who accidentally kills Antor, and then wounds Mezentius, 762-788. Lausus, the gallant son of Mezentius, assisted by his followers, covers his father's retreat from the sword of Aeneas, 789-809. Aeneas in vain warns Lausus of his danger, slays, and bewails him, 809-832. Mezentius, while dressing his wounds at the river's brink, hears of his son's death, and unable to fight on foot, mounts his favourite steed, 833-872. He attacks Aeneas, who slays his horse, and then himself, willing to die, 873-908.
PANDITUR interea domus omnipotentis Olympi,
Coelicolae magni, quianam sententia vobis
Jupiter haec paucis: at non Venus aurea contra 1. Olympi. See Ecl. 5, 56.-4. Dardanidam, Trojanorum. See A. 6, 648.-5. Bipatentibus, with double folding-doors. — 13. Alluding to the passage of Hannibal over the Alps, and Juno's partiality for Carthage. See A. 1, 12, &c., and a similar allusion, A. 4, 622, &c.— 15. Sinere, to leave matters alone.
O Pater, O hominum rerumque aeterna potestas! -
Et, quamcunque viam dederit Fortuna, sequatur: 18. O never suffers elision.-19. Venus has no other refuge than Jupiter.-22. Marte. See A. 2, 311.-24. Moerorum, an old form of murorum.--28. Surgit. See A. 11, 225, &c. Arpi, or Argyripa, the city of Diomede (Tydides), called Aetoli, because he was of Aetolian descent, though an Argive king.--29. Venus indignantly anticipates a second time encountering Diomede, and being again wounded, as she was on the occasion mentioned A. 1, 97. See also A. 11, 276.-36. See A. 5, 641, &c. Erycino. See vol. i. p. 142, line 17.–37. Tempestatum, &c. See A. 1, 50, &c.--38. Irim. See A. 4, 694; and 9, 1, &c.41. Allecto. See A. 7, 323, &c.
Hunc tegere, et dirae valeam subducere pugnae.