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was the sister of ylf, the most powerful of Wilde wrote nothing after his release from the Danish earls, who had married his cousin prison. I may add that an advertisement in Estrith, the sister of Cnut. A. R. BAYLEY. The Publishers' Circular will probably pro

Has HELGA consulted The Norman Con- cure for C. B. a copy of Dr. Meyerfeld's quest, by the late Prof. Freeman, and 'The

translation of 'De Profundis.' Foundations of Eogland, by Sir J. H.

W. F. PRIDEAUX. Ramsay ?

ARTHUR HUSSEY. The English edition of De Profundis,' Tankerton-on-Sea, Kent.

published by Messrs. Methuen on 23 FebGudin or Godwin, Earl of Kent, son of ruary last, was edited by Mr. Robert Ross, Ulfnadr or Wulfnoth, a herdsman, married to whom the original MS. was entrusted by Gytha, daughter of Ulf or Ulfr, a jarl, and Mr. Wilde. Mr. Ross exercised his discretion Estritha (Astrith), daughter of Svein, King as to what portions should be published, and

, of Denmark, his wife. Godwin's wife died the German translation was not issued till after 1067. Harold, their son, was the last some weeks afterwards. Asterisks in several Saxon king of England. The facts about places in the English edition indicate that Gytha are too meagre for ‘D.N.B.' to notice, omissions have been made-e.g., pp. 11, 13, and the chronicles give various versions as 15, 19, 20, &c. A short memoir of Mr. Wilde, to her parentage. See Lappenberg's 'History to be published at the Holywell Press, Oxof England' and Turner's History of the ford, very shortly, will contain a complete Anglo-Saxons.


list of his published writings, and a full

bibliography is in course of preparation. OSCAR WILDE'S 'DE PROFUNDIS' (10th S. iv.

STUART Mason. 168).- The German translation of this book Oxford. which is referred to by C. B. was made by

The German edition was issued before the Dr. Max Meyerfeld, and contains some letters English, and it contains a large number of to Mr. Robert Ross, with personal and family passages, names, &c., not to be found in the references that were not included in the English edition. I have before me a marked English edition published by Mr. Methuen copy of the German translation, in which shortly afterwards. Dr. Meyerfeld also pro- every word is indicated in pencil that is not duced a German translation of Wilde's play to be found in the English edition, and the

The Duchess of Padua,' which has never whole of the omissions in the latter total up been issued in English, though its approach to about sixty pages of print of the size of ing publication was announced by Messrs. the English issue. Elkin Mathews & John Lane so long ago German edition has been long out of print.

I may add that the as 1894. Some 'Notes for a Bibliography of

E. MENKEN. Oscar Wilde,' by W. R., in which neither of E0, Great Russell Street, W.C. Dr. Meyerfeld's translations was included, were published in Books and Book-Plates : CHIMNEY - STACKS (10th S. iv. 128). - In The Book-Lover's Magazine (Edinburgh, Otto Grainge's 'Vale of Mowbray' appears the Schulze & Co.', vol. v. pp. 170-83. This following statement concerning Arden Hall : Bibliography was announced as “merely "The only relics of the priory remaining, are & tentative," and, while very useful on the chimney, probably that of the kitchen, which yet whole, there are a few faults of omission and retains its antique appearance, and performs the commission in it. The former are of the same part in the modern building as it did in the slightest importance, such as the failure to which the payment of 401. a year from the owner

old. It is popularly said to be the title deed, by record that seventy-five copies of 'The Happy of the park lands of Upsall, is secured to the lord Prince,' 1888, were issued on large paper with of the manor of Arden ; while the chimney endures the plates in two states, and each copy signed the claim holds good-when it ceases to exist, the by author and publisher, and also that fifty told in the neighbourhood, if true it must certainly

claim becomes void. This is the common story copies of De Profundis, 1905, were issued be ranked among singular tenures.”—P. 321. on Japanese vellum. Amongst the latter is

ST. SWITHIN. the attribution to Wilde of a book in which he had no share-a translation of Barbey “ ACADEMY OF THE MUSES ” (10th S. iii. 449; d'Aurovilly's 'Ce Qui Ne Meurt Pas,' under iv. 54, 177).—There is very little resemblance the title of What Never Dies.' Your corre between this name and “The Temple of the spondent will find from a letter by Mr. Robert Muses," applied by Lackington or his sucRoss, published in The Daily Chronicle for cessors to the bookshop in Finsbury Place. 7 February, that with the exception of two I have a rough note that an " Academy for letters on prison life contributed to that Young Gentlemen," conducted in Loman journal, and The Ballad of Reading Gaol, Street about 1796, was so called ; unfortu

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nately I omitted to record the source of this good lady and Grandmother the Countesso a information. Of more value is the rough Shrewsbury. The child says :draft of a circular issued by Messrs.

“Good Lady Grandmother, I haue sent yor L Mensforth & Richards,” announcing their the endes of my heare, which was cutt the sixt dą intention “to engage some rooms near the of the moone, on Saturday laste ; and with them Plash Dog, Bridge Street Row,

wherein an pott of gelly which my seruante made; I pray Gol Academy will be opened on Monday the 2nd you finde it good.......Yo Lapu humble and obbe

diente childe, ARBELLA STEWARD." of January, 1786.” A later hand has written,

J. ELIOT HODGKIN. in explanation of an asterisk placed against the name Richards, “This was the same In 'The Compleat Houswife: or, Accomperson who is now Sir Richard Philipps [sic], plished Gentlewoman's Companion,' by E1822"; and on the next page, against the S- (third edition, London, 1729, p. 311), is address, "An Academy of the Muses.” The the following :following is worth quoting from the same “ An Ointment to cause Hair to grow. Take circular, although not relevant to the query: two ounces of Boar's-grease, one dram of the Ashes

“Ladies and the Mathematics taught in a private of burnt Bees, one dram of the Ashes of Southero Apartment. No entrance money, fine money, or wood, one dram of the Juice of a white Lilly other impositions ; Rods or Canes will not be used, Root, one dram of Oil of sweet Almonds, and in their stead will be introduced rewards and a

six drams of pure Musk; and according to Art

, knowledge of the disgrace which attend [sic] wrong make an Ointment of these ; and the day before doing, and the principal cause of using the above the full Moon, shave the place, and anoint it every instruments will be omitted, that is, Tasks out of Day with this Ointment. It will cause Hair to School."

grow where you will have it." ALECK ABRAHAMS.

ROBERT PIERPOINT. 39, Hillmarton Road, N.

PICTURES OF SCENES IN "JULIUS CESAR' ABSTEMIUS IN Æsop's 'FABLES' (10th S. iv. AND 'ROMEO AND JULIET' (10tb S. iv. 169)149).-In addition to the information given If convenient, MR. HERBERT should apply in the editorial note, I can supply the personally, if possible--at the Memorial following: L. Abstemius did not live Library, Stratford-upon-Avon, where he will much after 1505, date of his preface to the probably find copies of all the graphic and Aurelius Victor printed in 'Venice. The pictorial illustrations which exist by well

Hecatomythium was first printed in 1495 known artists of Shakespearian subjects in Venice with L. Valla's translation of sone For a few pence an illustrated catalogue of of Æsop's fables. Other editions are Stras- the gallery there can be had. The British burg, 1522 ; Paris, 1529; Lyon, 1534, 1544, Museum Shakespeare Catalogue may be 1545 ; Heidelberg, 1610 ; Frankfurt. 1660. consulted with advantage, and the PrintOther works are his 'Annotationes Variæ in Room there too. The Birmingham Reference Obscura Loca Veterum,' and 'Libellus de Library possesses a large number of Shake Compluribus verbis Communibus, quæ nunc spearian illustrations, as well as the Lenos malo appellantur deponentia,' Venice, 1519. Library at New York. WM. JAGGARD. A MS. geographical work of his, · De Totius Orbis Civitatibus,'is in the Barberini Library Romeo and Juliet, Act V. sc. iii., of which

James Northcote painted a picture of at Rome.

LUDWIG ROSENTHAL. 16, Hildegardstrasse, Munich.

I have an engraving by P. Simon.

LUDWIG ROSENTHAL Was the name of Abstemius assumed by Hildegardstrasse, 16, Munich. Lorenzo Bevilaqua in reference to the teetotal significance of his patronymic ?

R. Westall, RA., painted 'Brutus and the ST. SWITHIN.

Ghost of Cæsar.' [Presumably.]

John Opie, Jas. Northcote, and William MOON AND HAIR-CUTTING (10th S. iv. 29, Juliet.'

Miller painted scenes from *Romeo and

CONSTANCE RUSSELL 116, 173).— The superstition which connects

Swallowfield. the cutting of the hair at certain phases of the moon with some contingent advantage to the GEORGE BUCHANAN (10th S. iv. 147).—"The shorn one is of ancient origin, and has, if I Witty and Entertaining Exploits of George mistake not, been often mentioned in com- Buchanan, commonly called the King's Fool. paratively recent folk.lore literature. There Glasgow: Printed for the booksellers" (no lies before me a holograph letter, of most date), is the first chap-book in the three beautiful calligraphy, dated 8 February, volumes entitled "John Cheap the Chap1587, written in her twelfth year by Arabella man's Library: The Scottish Chap. LiteraStowart to “The right honorable my very ture of Last Century, classified. With Life


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of Dougal Graham. Glasgow : Robert Lind- of Strowan, in which the information as say, Queen Street. 1877.

recorded in Douglas's' Baronage was given, I do not find the story alluded to by and the following question asked : W. B. in this edition of the chap-book, unless Williain Robertson, who married Helen Millar it be that about the French king's puzzling at Ferryport-on-Craig in 1650, not a son of letter_saying, “Will I come? Will I come this James ?" This has, so far as I am aware, Will I come? The last but one of the neither been confirmed nor contradicted. chap-books in the first volume of ‘John James is said to have settled in Forfarshire, Cheap' is 'Grinning Made Easy, on p. 8 of but where I have been unable to trace, and which is an anecdote about Buchanan, when am doubtful if he ever had any connexion he was tutor to James I., giving “his most with this county. I trust PERTHSHIRE'S sacred majesty a flogging." This story is query will elicit some definite information told more fully in Chalmers's Biographical about this member of one of the most imDictionary. The following story appears in portant Scottish families. YARROW. “The Scotch Haggis' (Edinburgh, 1822), p. 66: Buchanan, when travelling in Italy, owing to

THE WAR OFFICE IN FICTION (10th S. iv. the freeness of his writings, was suspected of heresy, 127). --One such allusion as is sought may be and taken hold of by the inquisition. By writing found in Jane Austen's ‘Pride and Prejudice' this distich to his Holiness the Pope, he was (chap. xlii.), where it is recorded that released.

“Elizabeth (Bennet] hoped that by the following Laus tua, non tua fratus, virtus non copia rerum, Christmas (Kitty) might be so tolerably reasonable Scandere te fecit hoc decus eximium.

as not to mention an officer above once a day, Thus Englished:

unless, by some cruel and malicious arrangement Thy praise, not fraud ; thy virtue, pot thy store,

at the War Office, another regiment should be Made thee to climb that height which we adore.

quartered in Meryton.” Being out of the Pope's jurisdiction, he sent to his

ALFRED F. ROBBINS. Holiness, and desired, according to his true niean- BENBOW (10th S. ii. 29, 111). —Some paring, to read the same verses backwards—thus:

ticulars of the descendants of Admiral John Eximium decus hoc fecit te scandere rerum, Copia, non virtus, fratus tua, non tua laus.

Benbow might be obtained from his will. Englished:

It is in the P.C.C. and registered 47 Degg. The hoight which we adore, what made thee climb? throw some light on this family-Series

The following three Chancery suits should Not virtue, not thy worth, rather thy crime." “Fratus” is evidently a misprint for fraus.

1714-58, Benbow v. Benbow, bundle 1360 Is it not probable that there were two Benbow v. Benbow, bundle 1201 ; Shepherd George Buchanans, one the historian, the

v. Benbow, bundle 1208.

GERALD FOTHERGILL. other the jester, and that some of the jokes

11, Brussels Road, New Wandsworth, S.W. of the latter were foisted on the former? Many of the stories in the chap-book could ORIGINAL REGISTERS SOUGAT (10th S. iv. not, one would think, have ever been sup- 167).-All the documents stored in St. Mary's posed to have anything to do with the George Tower at York were destroyed at the siege Bucbanan.

ROBERT PIERPOINT. of York in the seventeenth century. Copies REV. WILLIAM HILL (10th S. ii. 427, 490). —

of many of these documents will be found in

vol. vii. of the Dodsworth MSS. in the Bod. At the first of these references I craved in- leian Library at Oxford: formation concerning this once well-known leader in the Chartist movement, and

at the field is in the office of Mr. H. A. Hudson, the

The register of Archbishop William Greensecond I received a useful item... But in Archbishop's registrar, at York:

. had to my

, address from another of your readers a mass Hon. Sec. Yorkshire Archæological Society. of biographical information enabling me to Whitehouse, Northallerton. compile the article 'The Rev. William Hill: New-Churchman and Chartist,' which occu

GARIBALDI: ORIGIN OF THE NAME (10th S. pies the first place in the number of The iv. 67, 132).—The Garibaldi are a very ancient New-Church Magazine for July. To you and Ligurian family. The first who used the to your two contributors I render hearty Duke of Bavaria, A.D. 584.

name would seem to have been_Garibald, thanks. CHARLES HIGHAM.

From him

descended Grimaldus, King of Lombardy, ROBERTSON OF STRUAN (10th S. iv. 150).- A.D. 673. His son was Garibaldus. Then the Some time ago in a weekly newspaper I name disappears. But it is early found noticed a reply to a query about James, among the nobles of Genoa, and at the insti. fourth son of Robert Robertson, tenth Baron tution of the Liber Aureus,' in 1528, its

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members are recorded as of the ancient published anonymously, but attributed to nobility. From 1528 to 1751 the successive John Galt. It contains well-executed stipple generations of the Garibaldi are recorded in portraits of all the king's children. the · Libro d'Oro'; and the last name but

W. B. H. one there entered is Joseph Garibaldi, born

See 'Memoirs of George III.,' by R. Huish, 1792, probably an ancestor. of the dictator. pp. 666-7 (London, 1821), for details of the In 1685 Jeannetia Garibaldi was one of the finess and death of the Princess Amelia four senators who accompanied the Dogo of 1783-1810, and for the “pretty plaintire Genoa to. Versailles, after Louis XIV. had lines” by her, quoted by Thackeray in The nearly destroyed Genova la Superba by Four Georges as being “more touching bombs, to apologize to the ruthless tyrant. than better poetry": See The Standard, 29 September, 1860. The famous 'Golden Book' of Genoa has I laughed, and danced, and talked and sung, &c.

Unthinking, idle, wild and young, never been printed; but as I possess one of

WM. H. PEKT. the very few MS. copies of it, I transcribe the entries of the Garibaldi family. The

M. REBOUL will find portraits and bionames occur on leaf 172, and are placed one graphies of nearly all the daughters of under another.

D. M. J. George III. in La Belle Assemblée of 1806 [We have forwarded the transcript to MR. HEBB.]

and 1808, several of the portraits being after

the pictures of Sir W. Beechey, R.A., now SHEPHERD's Bush (10th S. iv. 89). — It may at Buckingham Palace. .


W. ROBERTS. be well to remember, in connexion with this question, Milton's testimony that


iv. 168). Like your querist, I was for a long Every shepherd tells his tale

time seeking information upon this subject, Under the hawthorn in the dale.

L'Allegro,' 67-8.

and have only just found it in the Report I may also profitably note. the annexed made to the Charity Commissioners conMysteries, published by the Surtees Society with the parishes of St. Margaret and passage from the preface of the Townleey cerning the Endowed Charities within the

Administrative County of London connected (p. xv), which mysteries contain references St. John, Westminster, and ordered by the

the neighbourhood of Wakefield, in Yorkshire : - House of Commons to be printed 25 Feb

ruary, 1901.

The information is rather “When the two Shepherds appoint to meet the place which they appoint is the crokyd thorn.scanty, but we may gather that Now though it cannot, perhaps, be shown that “King Henry the VIIth founded an Almshonse in there was any place or tree then precisely so the Little Almonry, for 13 poor men, to whom he denominated, yet it can be shown that at no great appointed certain allowances in money, coals, and distance from Horbury there was at that time a clothing, to be made by the Abbot of Westminster, remarkable thorn tree which was known by the with further allowances to three women, who name of the Shepherd's Thorn. It stood in Mapple dressed their meat and tended them in sickness." well, near the borders of the two manors of Notton The Report goes on to state that and Darton. A Jury in the 20th of Edward IV.,

à question between Janues Strangeways of " by the charter of 2 Elizabeth, which established Harlsey and the Prior of Bretton, found that the the present Chapter of Westminster, these AlmsShepherd's Thorn 'was in Darton'; and in the men were incorporated into the collegiate church, time of Charles I., one John Webster, of Kex. and we are therefore preoluded from any further borough, then aged 77, deposed that the inhabitants inquiry concerning them. of Mapplewell and Darton had been accustomed to There are still twelve pensioners supported turn their sheep on the moor at all times, and that it extended southward to a place called The from the funds of the Dean and Chapter of Shepherd's Thorn,' where a thorn tree stood." Westminster. These pensioners of the present

St. SWITHIN. day (who are doubtless the successors of the

former almsmen) are appointed by royal GEORGE III.'s DAUGHTERS (10th S. iv. 167); warrant on the recommendation of the Dean. -Much information on their public and The charity is confined to old sailors and private life can be obtained from the Diary old soldiers, there being six of each, but no and Letters of Madame D'Arblay, who held residential qualification is required. Each the position of Second Keeper of Robes to pensioner receives 121. 178. per annum, and : the Queen from July, 1786, to July, 1791. EVERARD HOME COLEMAN.

purple or violet gown every two years; but 71, Brecknock Road.

I believe gowns are in future only to be given

when the previous one is too shabby to be See George the Third, his Court, and worn. This garment has long hanging_loose

' Family,' 2 vols., London, Colburn, 1820, Isleeves; upon the left one is placed the Tudor



padge of the rose and crown in solid silver. was composed (music and, I think, words

am informed that Canon Hensley Henson also) by James Corfe. I do not recognize the nas stated that these badges are not im- fourth and fifth lines. I always heard them probably the original ones; if this should sung Fiot be the case, they are undoubtedly of very What arts might he know, incient make, massive, and of much interest.

What acts might he do,

And all without hurry or care. Che pensioners are required (if in good health) to attend divine service at the Abbey on And so it reads in the only book which conSunday morning and afternoon, excepting taing it, printed in 1795. Here is the rest of in two Sundays in the year. They are further it, if I rightly remember :əxpected and enjoined, as part of their

But we that have but span-long life

The thicker must lay on the pleasure; luties, to be present at any State cere- And since Time will not stay, nonials there. They have also to assist in We'll add the night unto the day; Ponducting the Dean into the Abbey upon Thus, thus we 'll

fill the measure. various occasions when it may be ordered for

ALDENHAM. Ethem to do so. It may be stated that the almshouses in Izard is familiar to students of American

IZARD (10th S. iv. 47).-The name of Ralph the Little Almonry were taken down between revolutionary history. He was born near fifty and sixty years ago, under an Act of Charleston, South Carolina, in 1742. His Parliament for improving the City of Westminster, one of the first actions of the West grandfather was one of the founders of that

. minster Improvement Commissioners being

colony. Ralph inherited a large estate, and the formation of Victoria Street, the line of was educated in England, as stated in the --which was through the Almonry, and a large went to London, where he associated with

query. After graduating at Cambridge he number of equally insanitary and ill-favoured Burke and other distinguished men. In 1774 courts and alleys, which were thereby blotted he went to France, and in December, 1776, out of existence. W. E. HARLAND-OXLEY.

the American Congress appointed him a - Henry VII., early in his reign, erected an Commissioner to the Court of the Grand 'almshouse north of the Almonry, close to the Duke of Tuscany. He spent his time, howwest end of the Abbey, near the Gate House, ever, at Paris, and severely censured the and endowed it for thirteen almsmen, whose negotiations of Franklin and other American blue-gowned successors may still be seen at agents. Izard returned to America in 1780, the Abbey services, though the almshouse was a delegate to the Continental Congress niwas destroyed long ago, and the pensioners in 1782, and a senator from South Carolina

no longer live in the precincts. Near unto from 1789 to 1795. He was a man of conthis house westward,” says Stowe,

siderable ability and eloquence, but his native * was an old chappell of St. Anne, over against pride and hasty temper marred his success. the which the Lady Margaret, mother to King He died near Charleston in 1804. His CorHenry VII., erected an almeshouse for poore women. respondence from 1774 to 1784' was published, ......

The place wherein this chappell and almeshouse with a brief unemoir by his daughter, at Distandeth was called the Eleniosipary or Almonry, Boston in 1844. His son George entered the now coruptly the Ambry, for the almes of the Abbey were there distributed to the poore.”

and became a major-general in the army,

war of 1812. George's son James was also a A. R. BAYLEY.

soldier, and was killed in a war with the The following extract from Seymour's Seminole Indians in Florida in 1836. Other Survey of London and Westminster,' 1735, members of the family held public positions. vii. 499, may be what Miss LAVENDER I do not know the career of Walter Izard. requires :

J. P. LAMBERTON. “ Queen Mary brought in the Monks again, with

Philadelphia. an Abbot named Feckenham, to the Monastery of St. Peter, Westminster, who not long after being

DARWINIAN CHAIN OF ARGUMENT (10th S. expulsed by Act of Parliament, Queen Elizabeth iv. 169).- Darwin, aided by, Col. Newman, converted it into a Collegiate Church

in 1560. For connects clover with cats in the third chapter there she ordained a Dean, twelve Prebendaries, of "The Origin of Species' (pp. 57, 58, sixth &c., and twelve Poor soldiers."

edition): Walford's Old and New London,' viii.

"We may infer as highly probable that if the 404, gives it as twelve almsmen.

whole genus of humble-bee became extinct or very JOHN RADCLIFFE. rare in England, the heartsease and red clover

would become very rare or wholly disappear. The AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (10th S. number of humble bees in any district depends in a iv. 168, 197).-The duet MR. PICKFORD quotes! great measure on the number of field mice, which

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