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3 Medium of Intercommunication



No. 91.


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NOTES:-Tête-à-Tête Portraits in 'The Town and Country

it; but although two correspondents have stated that such a key was in their possession, it has never been published.

The identity of many of these tête-à-tête

Magazine, 241-Jubilee of 'The Daily Telegraph. 243-personages is obvious at first sight. Jemmy
Magdalen College School and the 'D.N.B., 244-"Kaba-

futoed "-"Test Match"-Frost and Doncaster Races-
Genealogical Research. 246-Farm held for Three and a
Half Centuries-" Christ's Hospital," 247.
QUERIES:-Portrait of the Younger Rich -- Rev. John
Durant-Corisande - Puzzle Pictures - Earthquake in
Calabria-Dowries for Ugly Women-Kit's Coty House,
247-" Caterpillers of the Commonwealth
Virgil or Vergil ?-Carey or Cary Minnisinks-Mereday,
Christian Name-Almansa-John Vaus, Grammarian, 248
-Authors of Quotations Wanted -Omar Khayyam
Ceremony at Ripon - First National Anthem-Fame-


The Cloister and the Hearth-Italy "a geographical expression "-Denny Family, 249. REPLIES:-Wheel as a Symbol in Religion, 250-Gibbets, 251 French Revolutionary Pottery-J. H. Christie "The Screaming Skull, 252-Yorkshire Spellings-Quillin or Quillan-The Greyfriars Burial-Ground, 253-Philippina Philopœna - St. Paulinus and the Swale, 254 Piccaninny". Parish Records Neglected - Chess between Man and his Maker-Dickens or Wilkie Collins ?An Early Latin-English-Basque Dictionary, 255-King John poisoned by a Toad-" England," "English," 256

Yorkshire Dialect, 257.

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TETE-A-TETE PORTRAITS IN THE TOWN AND COUNTRY MAGAZINE.' (See 2nd S. vi. 190, 337: 3rd S. iv. 476, 528; x. 187; 7th S. ii. 287, 419; v. 488; vi. 10, 136, 175; vii. 55; 9th S. iii. 77.)

HITHERTO the correspondence on this subject has been more perfunctory than one would expect. Almost the sole information of value, given on the authority of Dr. Busby's book on the 'Letters of Junius' and Sir R. Phillips's 'London Anecdotes: Popular Authors, is to the effect that the Italian Count Carraccioli was the author of the Bon Ton' articles, and that while he was a contributor the circulation of the magazine exceeded 14,000 copies per month (2nd S. vi. 337; 7th S. vi. 136). The criticism which these famous tête-à têtes have received has been conflicting. While MR. S. T. WHITEFORD declares stoutly, on 18 August, 1888, that "the supposed portraits and memoirs are quite spurious." MR. F. G. STEPHENS, writing a fortnight later, suggests, with more discretion, that there is much truth in these chroniques scandaleuses." On three occasions a key has been requested, and the editor of the day has declared his willingness to print

Twitcher and Baron Otranto (vol. i. pp. 561, 617) are betrayed by their sobriquets; and the features of Maria, Lady W......, and Germanicus (vol. i. p. 13; vol. ii. p. 9) cannot be mistaken. It must be confessed, however, that the letterpress is more true to life than the illustrations. The most learned print collector-even Mr. Joseph Grego himselfwould be puzzled to trace the likeness of each figure in contemporary portraits. Many familiar nicknames are sprinkled through the pages. Sir Bullface Doublefee, Mungo, Tom Tilbury, Bloomsbury Dick, Lord Crop, Malagrida, The Bird of Paradise, The White Crow, are all chronicled. In some cases the people are very obscure. Without the recollection of an appalling trial it would be impossible to discover the personalities of 'The Favourite Captain and the Modern Chaste Lucretia' (vol. xvii. p. 345). At other times the magazine gives the clue, as in_the_memoirs of "The Amorous Gauger and Penelope Pigtail' (vol. xxii. pp. 531-3). In every instance it would appear that the key lies hidden in the volumes of N. & Q.' itself. A case in point is The Premier Cit,' depicted in vol. xxii. p. 147. Only one possible clue is given :

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He meditated the destruction of Temple Bar." Turning to N. & Q' we find the information required on p. 492, vol. vii. of the Fifth Series. The enemy of the ancient landmark was Mr. Alderman Pickett, who was Lord Mayor, and thus "Premier Cit," in April, 1790, when this tête-à tête appeared. Unfortunately time will not allow the application of such methods to every obscure personage.

The amazing accuracy of these brief memoirs will be evident, should one endeavour to fit in a name indicated by the blank lettering, but not intended by the biographer. Occasionally the history is a little vague and ambiguous, and thus might apply to more than one contemporary character. In such cases I have inserted a note of interrogation. On the whole, however, the author is precise and communicative, and it should be possible to reveal every one of his subjects. It must be noted that often he admits the facts have been contributed by a correspondent.

In the case of 'The Eloped Clara and the Combustible Lover' (vol. viii. p. 9), since all the details point to Peter Andrews as the hero, I presume the lady to be Anne Brown, afterwards Mrs. Cargill, on the assumption


Vol. II. (1770).

-Sir Robert Ladbroke and.


that the name of Clara is intended as a 12. P. 617, Baron Otranto and Mrs. Heidelburgh.→ Horace Walpole and Mrs. Clive. sobriquet. Yet, unless the actress was nicknamed "Clara," as Mrs. Wells was termed 13. P. 673, Dr. Squintum and Parrawanka.-George Whitefield and Parrawanka, 66 Becky," or unless Clara was a character in Indian squaw. a play in which she appeared, I do not believe that the editor would have taken such 14. P. 9, Germanicus and Signora G.........-Marquis a liberty with her nomenclature. A moment's of Granby and Signora Guadagni. reflection must convince any one that the 15. P. 65, The Father of the City and Mrs. T.......s magazine would not have run for twentyfour years if these tête-à-têtes, which unques- 16. P. 121, Lord Pybald and Mrs.—Hugh, second Viscount Falmouth, and...... tionably are its most distinguished feature, 17. P. 177, The Old Soldier and the Youthful Hebe. had been spurious or inaccurate. Sir George Trevelyan has pointed out that in the early 18. P. 233, Sir Bullface Doublefee and Mrs. G..h..m. days of Charles James Fox the fashionable world of London was very small, and that every one took an absorbing interest in its 19. P. 289, L. daily life. The editor of The Town and Country Magazine would not have been able to produce so much smoke unless he had been assisted by a certain amount of fire.

-Sir John Ligonier and Mrs. Watson.

-Sir Fletcher Norton and Mrs
Goreham (?).

d R... S.... and Miss Ken. dy.-Lord Robert Spencer and Polly Kennedy. 20. P. 345, Tom Tilbury and Mrs. T..rr...t.-Robert, Earl of Northington, and.....

21. P. 401, The Cheshire Cornuto and Miss W...tts.
-Lord Grosvenor and Nancy W.
22. P. 457, E..1 of R.......d and Miss Gr.....n.-Lord
Rochford and Polly Green.
Count H......g and Madame M..y..r.—
Count Haslang and Madame Meyer.
Col. Las.....lles and Miss
Lascelles and Miss Catley.

23. P. 513,

24. P. 569,

Deloraine and Miss Holland.

Although my list is incomplete, and possibly in many instances inaccurate, I am sending it in its present form with the hope that the readers of 'N. & Q.' will be able to fill up the vacant places more quickly than I can do myself. Those familiar with the lives of Richard Rigby and Sir Fletcher Norton 26. P. 681, will be able to decide the identity of Mrs. S......n and Mrs. G..h..m.* It is dangerous to make phonetic guesses, notwithstanding that 27. P. 9, The Hostile Scribe and the Stable Yard many of the blanks appear sufficiently obvious.

KEY TO THE TETE-A-TETES, VOLS. I.-XX. Vol. I. (1769). 1. P. 13, Dorimont and Maria.-Duke of Gloucester and Lady Waldegrave. 2. P. 57, Americanus and Eliza.-George, third Earl of Albemarle, and Mrs. Anne G..n..r.

25. P. 625, Lord and Miss H..ll..d.-Lord Simony Scruple and the Subtle


Sinner. Rev. Martin Madan and

VOL. III. (1771).


Messalina.-William, 2nd Viscount
Barrington, and Lady Harrington.
28. P. 65, L.d_W...... and Miss H......
Lord Weymouth and Miss Harriett

29. P. 121,
30. P. 177,

L..d and Mrs. D.v.s.-Robert,
Earl of Catherlough, and Mrs. Davis.
The Sorry Motion Maker and Miss-
Ev.ns.-George, Earl of Onslow, and
Miss Evans.

Duke of 31. P. 233, Lord Vainlove and Mrs. M.rsh...1.-
William, second Viscount Vane, and
Mrs. Marshall.

3. P. 114, Palinurus and Annabella.
Grafton and Nancy Parsons.
4. P. 170, Gordianus and Messalina.-Lord Wm.
Gordon and Lady Sarah Lennox.
5. P. 225, Dunkara and Marianne.-Earl of Halifax
and Mrs. Donaldson.

Mungo and Miss Dyson and......

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L..d S...... and Mrs. M.lls. Henry,
twelfth Earl of Suffolk, and Mrs. Mills.
The Duke of R....... and Mrs.
-John, third Duke of Rutland, and
Mrs. Drake.

6. P. 281, Volpone and Mrs. S..-Lord Holland and Mrs. Saunders.

32. P. 289,
33. P. 345,
34. P. 401,


7. P. 237, Honorius and Mrs. Wh..te.-Hugh, first Duke of Northumberland, and Mrs. White.

35. P. 457,

36. P. 513,

37. P. 569,

Lord T......y and Miss J......n.

38. P. 625,

Ad....l K...... and Mrs. W..lls.-Admiral
Augustus Keppel and......

Lord T..... and Mrs. Talbot

8. P. 394, Scotius and the Countess of L......a.Earl of March and Countess La Rena. 9. P. 449, Nauticus and the Countess of D.h.ff.Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland, and the Countess of Dunhoff. 10. P. 505, The Amorous Agent and Miss B...e.John Calcraft and Miss Bride. 11. P. 561, Jemmy Twitcher and Miss R...y.-Lord Sandwich and Martha Ray.

Since writing the above I have found that Mr. F. G. Stephens has suggested in his monumental work, 'A Catalogue to the Satirical Prints and Drawings in the British Museum' (vol. iv. p. 687), that Mrs. G..h..m is a Mrs. Goreham.

Tyrawley and Miss Johnson.


The Middlesex Champion and Miss J..nes.-Col. Henry Lawes Luttrell and Polly Jones.

39. P. 681, The Reverend Joiner and the Female Politician.-Dr. Thomas Wilson and Mrs. L......n.


Fox Oak, Walton-on-Thames.

(To be continued.)


JUBILEE OF THE DAILY TELEGRAPH. THE Jubilee of the first penny daily paper to be published in London deserves to be placed on record in N. & Q. The Holy War for an unstamped Press had, after many a hard-fought battle, ended in victory; and from June, 1855, newspapers could be issued either with or without a stamp. A glance at 'Mitchell's Newspaper Press Directory' for 1856 will show to what enterprise this gave rise in the newspaper world, especially in the provinces. But London was not to be behind, and on the 29th of June, 1855, when England and France were looking forward to the fall of Sebastopol, the first number of The Daily Telegraph and Courier appeared, the price being twopence.


Stanley's expedition to Africa was
neered" by The Daily Telegraph in conjunction
with The New York Herald. The results of
that journey are described in 'Through the
Dark Continent.' Other geographical feats
with which the paper is associated are the
exploration of Kilimanjaro by Sir Harry
Johnston in 1884-5, and Mr. Lionel Decle's-
march from the Cape to Cairo in 1899-1900.

Reference is also made in the article to theincreased use of telegraphic communication by war correspondents. "The old idea was that a carefully written account of any incident abroad was better in itself, and more appreciated by the general body of readers, than a more or less brief telegraphic summary." But the war of 1870 altered this On the 17th of September of the same year, state of things, and Sir John Robinson, of the paper having passed into the hands of The Daily News, when he sent out Archibald Mr. J. M. Levy, the price was reduced to one Forbes, instructed him to send home his penny. Each issue consisted of four pages, dispatches by telegraph. The result of this and the title of Courier was allowed to fall was to increase the sale of The Daily News: into the background. Mr. Levy also pur- by leaps and bounds, and the daily Press now chased The Morning Chronicle, and thus follows the same method. The Daily Teleextinguished that venerable paper. What a graph numbers among its war correspondents curious and interesting contribution to the the veteran Sir William Howard Russell, history of English newspapers a record of who represented the paper in the South that paper would be! The Westminster | African war of 1881. Its present principal Gazette recalls the fact that Nelson privately war correspondent is Mr. Bennet Burleigh. communicated to The Morning Chronicle Taking advantage of wireless telegrams, the death of Sir William Hamilton. There The Daily Telegraph has for over twelve still hangs over the publishing office of The months supplemented from steamers crossDaily Telegraph the original clock of the ing the Atlantic the official meteorological older paper. This reminds me of our old service; and a few weeks ago the special' clock at The Athenaeum, which has indicated correspondent of the paper, on his way to the time for publishing, without intermission, the Peace Conference at Portsmouth, madesince the days when it was placed in the use of four eastward - bound steamers to office in Catherine Street, in the house rented transmit by Marconi's etheric waves an from the notorious Molloy Westmacott. interview with M. Witte in mid-Atlantic.

The Daily Telegraph article on its Jubilee tells us the names of some of those who contributed to its success in the past, the list including Thornton Hunt, Geoffrey Prowse, George Hooper, the Hon. Frank Lawley, Edward Dicey, H. D. Traill, Sir Edwin Arnold, and George Augustus Sala. Among those of the present day may be named Mr. W. L. Courtney and Mr. J. M. Le Sage. The article also records with just pride the opportunities taken by it for the public good. Among the first was its strong support of Mr. Gladstone in the repeal of the Paper Duties, Lord Burnham (then Mr. Lawson) being an active member of the Association founded by my father for freeing literature and the Press from taxation. In June, 1873, The Daily Telegraph sent Mr. George Smith to Nineveh, where he discovered the missing fragments of the cuneiform account of the Deluge. In 1875

The works of public benevolence with which the paper has been associated include the relief of the sufferers in Lancashire by the cotton famine in 1862; aid sent to Paris at the end of the Franco-German war; the Jubilee Hospital Fund, 1897, for which 37,000l. was raised; while the Boer War Orphan Fund amounted to 253,0002.


With such a record The Daily Telegraph rightly claims to "have shared in a general movement which has revolutionized modern Press, and carried its power and influence into many quarters which, before. the spread of compulsory education, had no knowledge of, or interest in, the events of the busy world." And although the newspaper


may have its faults and its failings, at least it cannot be denied that it is one of the most tremendous organs of public enlightenment which the developments of civilization have ever engendered." JOHN C. FRANCIS.

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