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Since writing the above I find that the not play me false, the steeple at Pembridge subject was very fully discussed at the follow- stood detached, like an Italian campanile. ing references : 7th S. ix. 107, 169, 277 ; X. 18,

W. K. W. CHAFY. 356.

West Haddon, Northamptonshire.

At Lapworth, in Warwickshire, the belfry

is connected with the church by a covered Add Middleton, in Teesdale. R. B-R.

passage. South Shields.

At Pembridge, in Herts, the detached In Cornwall are several, e.g., at Mylor, Tal-belfry is built entirely of wood, the frame in land, Gunwalloe, Gwennap, and Feock. At the ground, with merely a casing of boards.

which the bells are hung rising at once from Lamorran an old tower has been allowed to

A. R. BAYLEY. stand when a new church was built close by, and the same has occurred at Illogan.



also thanked for replies.]
The quaint belfry of Brookland (Romney
Marsh, Kent) has been sketched and de-
scribed by Mr. C. G. Harper in his recent

GEORGE III.'s DAUGHTERS (10th S. iv. 167, work on ‘The Ingoldsby Country.” “Imagine," 236). – To any one fairly acquainted with the

history of George III.'s Court, the story of " three old-fashioned candle-extinguishers, placed the lives of the six beautiful golden-haired

upon the other, and you have that odd princesses must appeal, entailing mingled campanile very closely imitated. It stands apart feelings of interest and sympathy. from the church, is of massive oak fransing, Their fair faces, as they appeared in youth, weather-boarded, and thickly and most liberally depicted by Gainsborough, Hoppner, and tarred.Mr. Harper thinks" the real reason for this Castle and Buckingham Palace, and as each

Beechey, still gaze from the walls of Windsor detached wooden belfry" is the waterlogged grew up, gracious and graceful, şuitors were site not being "capable of giving support to talked of for their respective hands; but so heavy a structure as a stone tower,” and years sped by and they remained long unwed. he adds a local legend which all Brookland Perhaps their royal father shuddered at the people will thank me for not repeating here.

prospect of any repetition of the disastrous F. A. W.

Danish marriage of his younger sister Matilda, I have seen the following :

or the loveless union of his elder sister St. Mary's, Marston Morteyne, Beds. Augusta to the Duke of Brunswick. Or SS. Mary and Helena, Elstow, Beds. perhaps tho prudent Queen Charlotte reSt. Mary Magd., Fleet, Lincs (with spire). flected in those revolutionary days that no

St. Mary, West Walton, Norfolk (very continental Courts offered any prospect of a fine).

peaceful or permanent establishment for her St. Clement, Terrington, Norfolk.

children. St. Mary, Long Sutton, Lincs (with spire). Whatever the causes, however, may have The last-named is not absolutely detached, been, it was not till 1797 that the Princess but just touches the south-west angle of the Royal, then in her thirty-first year, was south aisle.

married to the Hereditary Prince of Wurtem. The cause of the detachment of Terrington berg, a widower, whose first wife had perished St. Clements and its prospect of reattach- under sinister circumstances, boding little ment must be learnt from local inforipants. happiness for the English bride; but the

H. K. ST. J. S. alliance proved fortunate in all respects, Bedford.

the princess quickly acquiring esteem and Beccles, in Suffolk, must be added to the popularity in her adopted country, where list of churches having a detached bell-tower

she died as Queen-Dowager, 6 Oct., 1828. of ancient date.

Princess Augusta, born in 1768, was two If wooden structures carrying the bell, or lived and died an old maid ; plump, good

years junior to the Princess Royal. She bells, were included in the inquiry, many natured, not averse to the pleasures of the examples could probably be given. I. CHALKLEY GOULD.

table, she appears to have been perhaps the

most amiable nember of the whole royal Some forty or fifty years ago, when I used family. When her brother William became to exercise my, tutor's gay little pony in king, she was invited to become a regular Herefordshire, I remember exploring Pem- inmate of his Court, where she remained bridge, Titley, &c., and, if my memory does installed throughout his reign. She died

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at her own residence of Clarence House, General FitzRoy, to whom her will bequeathed 22 Sept., 1840.

all her jewels and personal property. Next of the sisters in order of birth was So many years have elapsed since all these the Princess Elizabeth, born 22 May, 1770. princesses were in the heyday of youth and H.R.H. possessed a pretty taste for art, and beauty that the real facts relating to the the American Minister Rush records that she romances of their lives are now little likely it was who chiefly assisted the Queen to “do to be ever fully disclosed ; but should the the honours" in the days of the Regency. whole truth become known, it will be proPrincess Elizabeth had long been considered bably learnt that beneath the demure roof of a confirmed spinster, when irreverent courtiers the austere Charlotte it was not her wild received with considerable mirth the news sons only who sought and encountered many of her engagement, at the mature age of forty strange adventures.

H. seven, to the Prince of Hesse-Homburg, of whose person and manners the caustic Creevey TRIPOS VERSES (10th S. iv. 124, 172).–For paints a very unattractive picture in his this subject see A Short Manual of Com. biting memoirs. But there seems no doubt parative Philology,' by P. Giles (Macmillan, that Queen Charlotte had been unfortunate 1895), p. 58, and Wordsworth’s ‘Scholæ Acain her attempts to make their home a happy demicæ, pp. 17-21. The former says, “The one for hor daughters ; though the Princess honour-lists were printed on the back of the Elizabeth did not escape the comments of a sheet containing these verses." censorious world for quitting the aged and I possess (1886) this is undoubtedly so. I very dying queen.

much regret that the practice has lapsed. It must be admitted that as Landgravine

H. K. ST. J. S. of Hesse-Homburg the princess's many ex- FRENCH REVOLUTION POTTERY (10th S. iv. cellent qualities were displayed in later life 228, 252). – If J. F. R. will refer to the May to great advantage. A volume of correspond-number of The Connoisseur, he will find ence dealing with her last years was pub-on p. 15 an excellent article on 'Speaking lished not long ago. H.R.H. died 10 Jan., Pottery of France,' by L. Solon. It also 1840. The Princess Mary followed Elizabeth in referred to.

contains interesting illustrations of the ware

CHARLES GREEN. seniority. Born in 1776, she formed an early attachment to her cousin Prince William, Full information as to the patriotic Revoafterwards Duke of Gloucester. is said lution pottery may be found in Champfleury, that reasons of State prevented for many · Histoire des Faïences Patriotiques de la years the royal sanction to their union, the Révolution,' Paris, 1867. ruling powers having decided that the prince

LUDWIG ROSENTHAL, must be kept in reserve as a possible husband Hildegardstrasse 16, Munich. for the Heiress-Presumptive, the Princess Charlotte. No sooner had the marriage of

DOWRIES FOR UGLY WOMEN (10th S. iv. 247). the latter with Leopold of Coburg taken

-See Herodotus, bk. i. ch. cxcvi., and No. 511 place than Princess Mary's dreary period of of The Spectator. The account in Herodotus waiting came to an end. 'Her union with the is the subject of a well-known picture by the Duke of Gloucester was celebrated 22 July, late Edwin Long, R.A., The Babylonian 1816, and she died his widow 30 April, 1857.

Marriage Market,' now in the Royal Holloway The fifth daughter was the Princess Sophia,

College, Egham. EDWARD BENSLY. born 3 Nov., 1777. To disinter dead-and

Aldeburgh. gone scandals is an ungrateful task, but it is The quotation sought for is from Herodotus. undeniable that gossip made free with the The idea has probably done service often in good name of this princess ; Creovey's pages fiction. In The Marriage Act,' a farce by again supply the details. Her royal highness Charles Dibdin, the plot turns on an edict lived in great retirement for a series of years, by the governor of an imaginary island that and died in her apartments at Kensington all the celibate inhabitants are to be married Palace, 27 May, 1848.

forth with : The youngest of the sisters, and the darling

“The maidens shall assemble this day in the of her father's heart, was the Princess Amelia, garden of the castle, there to be ranged and bid for born 7 Aug., 1783 ; but she in her turn was by the young men, according to their different fated to know misfortune. She expired after degrees of beauty...... Whoever would make a choice, a rather mysterious illness on 2 Nov., 1810, must give more or less for his wife in proportion as and it appears certain that she had some time purchase the handsome goes to portion the ugly,

she is handsome or ugly...... The money given to previously contracted a secret marriage with that so they may easier get husbands."

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This farce, produced at Covent Garden account is taken from "a late publication, Theatre on 17 Sept., 1781, was made out of intitled 'An Excursion to the Lakes.'"

In the underplot of Charles Dibdin's comic opera that the river's name is spelt

" Yeoman." "The Islanders' produced at Covent Garden See also Murray's Handbook to WestmoreTheatre on 25 November, 1780. The text of land, Cumberland,' &c. the latter was not printed. Two pieces by

ROBERT PIERPOINT. St. Foix, 'L'Isle Sauvage' and · La Colonie,' [S. H. and W. B. H. are also thanked for replies.] were drawn on for the plot.

EDW. RIMBAULT DIBDIN. SWEDISH ROYAL FAMILY (10th S. iii. 409, Morningside, Sudworth Road, New Brighton. 456; iv. 91, 196).–Failing any possible de

[Several other correspondents supply the refer- scendants of Prince Gustavus, the son of ence. We have forwarded to MR. King the long Eric XIV.-the eldest son and heir of Gus. extract from Beloe's translation copied out by tavus (Vasa) I.-the Czar is undoubtedly PRINCIPAL SALMON.]

heir general of the original house of Vasa, the BROUGHAM CASTLE (10th S. iv. 229).-MR. wife of his ancestor Frederick IV., Duke of BIRNBAUM will find a very good paper upon daughter of Charles X., and sister, and in

Holstein Gottorp, having been the eldest this castle in the Archeologia of the Society her issue heir, to Charles XI. The descendof Antiquaries, vol. lviii., by Mr. E. Towry ants of Charles X.'s sisters can have no claim Whyte. The owner is Lord Hothfield. F. G. HILTON PRICE.

to the representation of this_family while

those of his daughter exist. Eric XIV. was In the time of Edward the Confessor the dethroned by his brothers in 1568, and his lord of the manor was Walter de Burgham, son took refuge with the Emperor, and, I whose male descendants held it till the reign believe, died unmarried, but I have never of Edward III., when the succession ended in been able to ascertain this for certain. three coheiresses, whose issue inherited it in

RUVIGNY. three portions till 1676, when it was united Galway Cottage, Chertsey. in James Bird, Esq. At his death the estate was sold to John Brougham, Esq., descended

A NAMELESS BOOK (10th S. iv. 123, 176).--from a younger branch of the ancient lords, Since I sent a note about this volume, a brief and apparently it thus became the property

surcease from business has afforded me an of the distinguished statesman Henry, opportunity of looking through Simon Lord Brougham. Much concerning the old Wilkin's

, edition of Sir Thomas Browne's castle will be found in James Dugdale's Works,' first published in 1836, and re

British Traveller,' 1819, vol. iv. p. 441; printed ten years afterwards in Bohn's "AnW. Hutchinson's 'Excursion to the Lakes, tiquarian Library.” In the second of these, with a Tour through Part of the North of on pp. 171-2, mention is made of the book, England in 1773-4.' also his History of which bears the following title, “IIepiaupa Cumberland '; Lewis's Topographical Dic- l'Etedrjpcov: or, Vulgar Errors in Practise tionary,' s.v. Brougham’and Penrith'; and Answered. London, Royston, 1659, pp. 112.” last, but not least, Burke's 'Peerage. There Then follows a summary of the seven chapters, is also a 'History of Penrith,' which I have but the author's name is not stated. All this seen.

J. 6, Elgin Court, W.

existence when first published. Furthermore,

the dates do not favour the sugMR. BIRNBAUM will find two papers on this interesting castle in the Transactions of the EDWARD Bensky, who, to our advantage,

gestion of our learned correspondent MR. Cumberland and Westworland Antiquarian is no longer an Antipodean, for it is and Archäological Society-(1) by the Rev. clear that a book printed in 1659 could James Simpson, F.S.A., M.A. (vicar of Kirkby not have accompanied another that ap; Stephen), vol. i. (O.S.), p. 60; (2) by G. T. peared three years before, the original Clark, F.S.A., vol. vi. (O.S.), p. 15. The title of which is, according to Lowndes, : A castle was visited by the Society in 1893. T. CANN HUGHES, M.A., F.S.A.

Discourse of Auxiliary Beauty, or Artificiall Lancaster.

Handsomeness, in Point of Conscience be

tween Two Ladies. London, 1656." The There is a view of Brougham Castle, drawn words "With some Satyrical Censures on in 1774, in 'The Antiquities of England and the Vulgar Errors of these Times” would Wales,' by Francis Grose (London, 1776), seem to have been added to the edition of vol. iv., with more than a page of letterpress, 1662 by the publisher, R. Royston, who may wherein the river is called “Eimot, vul- have reprinted the little work as being of garly pronounced Yeoman." Most of the a similar character to the larger book, and,

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more so.


possibly, by the same author, who, in that Nor can I be quite sure if it is allowable to case, would be Dr. John Gauden, according employ the words "more nearly" or 6: less to Anthony Wood. JOHN T. CURRY. nearly" A fact, or the expression of a fact,

can only be correct in one way. An attempt AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (10th S. at expression may be incorrect in a thousand iv. 168, 197, 237).—Most probably LORD ways. Suppose a class of boys is asked to ALDENHAM is correct in his emendation. I spell a difficult word. A has one letter wrong, transcribed the duet “ Could a man be B has two letters wrong, and C has three secure," &c., from the Memoir of William letters wrong. May B be described as being Bullock' in Jerdan's 'Men I have known'“ nearly correct," while A is “ more nearly (p. 80).

correct," and C is "less nearly correct”? I Tom Moore in one of his lyrics has the should prefer to say that they are all insame idea:

correct, but A is less so than B, and C is The best of all ways

Or take a similar word-straight To lengthen your days

D has a decidedly retroussé nose. Politeness Is to steal a few hours from the night, my dear. demands that we should call it nearly Harold Skimpole (supposed to be Leigh straight," while in strict accuracy, it is Hunt), in . Bleak House," issued in 1852, quotes slightly crooked.” Logically, I do not these lines.

JOHN PICKFORD, M.A. think we can qualify adjectives of an absolute Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.

nature, although a strict adherence to this I possess a copy of the duet beginning, rule might curtail our power of expression. “Could a man be secure.” The title is, “ Could

There is another common fault, of wbich a man be secure: Duet, originally sung at writers with a high reputation for style are the Je ne scais quoi Club; composed by occasionally guilty. This morning I received Starling Goodwin, with an 'express Accom- a copy of Stevenson's Essays in the Art of paniment for the Piano Fortè. London ;

Writing.' On cutting the pages I came across Printed and Sold by Birchall and Co., 110, New the following sentence in the essay on 'TechBond Street. Price Is. 6d.Undated.

nical Elements of Style' (p. 33). "The two

: The words are :

first (selections], one in prose, one in verse, I Could a Man be secure

chose without previous analysis.' Surely That his Life would endure,

here we ought to read “the first two," and As of old, for a thousand, a thousand long years ; not "the two first." One selection precedes What arts might he know,

the other, and they are read in single file. What acts might he do,

There is, by the way, an unpardonable mis. And all without hurry, all, all without hurry or

print on p. 35, where “Xanadu" from Cole care! But we that have but span-long, span-long Lives,

ridge's Kubla Khan' is spelt "Xanady." The thicker niust lay on the Pleasure ;

W. F. PRIDEAUX. And since Time will not, Time will not stay,

It would be foolish to say that the classical We'll add the night, We'll add the night unto the Day,

writers had not both judgment and taste; And thus we'll fill, thus, thus we'll fill the and if we follow the analogy of their syntax Measure.

in regard to such a word as correct,” wo Many a time have I heard my father sustain shall see that it was their custom to compare the bass part in it. WALTER W. SKEAT. the adjective "rectus." Horace has “Si quid [MR. J. STERMIN is also thanked for a reply.]

novisti rectius istis.” And Quintilian, the

grammarian, uses the expression “rectissima “CORRECT" (10th S. iv. 189).- If GYPSY will ratio."

W. B. kindly refer to my note (ante, p. 66), he will see that the responsibility for the use of the

CUMBERLAND DIALECT (10th S. iv. 169).- If expressions "more correct” or “less correct " I may guess, I should say that the translation rests not on me, but on the Secretary of would run, Thy thigh tickles, what must State for India, or the "high authority

» you do with it?"

"Scratch it." whom he consulted with regard to the trans

St. SWITHIN. literation of the Amir of Afghanistan's name. Intending to cross the Spey by wading, I Personally, I am of opinion that the adjective was told it would take me to the "thee,"

Ι correct is not susceptible of degrees of which I saw must mean thigh. This enables comparison. I am therefore compelled to me to say that “Theau theo kittles, what disagree with Gypsy in his tolerance of the mun ye do wi' it? Scrat it," must be in use of "most" for the purpose of emphasis, English, “Thy thigh tickles, what must you though “perfectly" aud quite," having do with it? Scratch it." I never heard merely an expletive force, may be admissible. “thou," "thine," " thee," or "thy” used in



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Scotland, so the query cannot have come languishing condition of the house and its • from a Scotsman.

JOHN MILNE. surroundings. Recently walking in the Aberdeen.

neighbourhood of Copenhagen Fields," he "Thoo kittles, what mun you do with it? says, Scrat it." This is not very "pure” Cuin- "I was much grieved to see the alteration in apbrian, but it means, "What must you do if pearance of this once delightful spot. Verdure is you tickle ? Scratch.”


now almost destroyed, and clamps of burning bricks

occupy the spot where the weary citizen, after the If MR. HENRY SMYTH will send me his toils of the day in the close counting-house, used to address, I think I can supply an answer to refresh

binself with a mouthful of fresh air. In

a few months it will probably be covered with a his query privately. MATTHEW H. PEACOCK.

parcel of Aimsy houses, run up with rubbishing

materials ; and the poor, worn-out clerk and artizan Wakefield Grammar School.

will have to walk an additional mile or two to get a

sight of a green field......Perhaps some may recollect ROMANOFF AND STUART PEDIGREE (10th S. that most delightful rural lane, called Hagbuah Lane, iv. 108, 157, 197).—The Czar Nicholas II. has which used to run in a northern direction from near seven, not three, descents from King James I. Copenhagen House towards Highgate. This lane and VI., and consequently fourteen from of vehicles was the great northern road. This

was an ancient packhorse road, and before the use Henry VII. As the Czarina has also three thoroughfare was closed some few years since by a descents from King James, their children system of gradual encroachment, in the most unhave ten lines of descent from James I. and justifiable manner, and all signs of its former existVI., a Stuart paternally and maternally.

ence destroyed.”—P. 533. See 'The Blood Royal of Britain.'

Then, according to Tomlins's 'Perambula

RUVIGNY. tion of Islington,' the Corporation of London Galway Cottage, Chertsey.

purchased Copenhagen House and grounds COPENHAGEN HOUSE (10th S. iv. 205);-The the south ward, about 75 acres in all

, and con.

and the large fields in the front thereof to entry in Francis Place's • Diary' would seeinverted the same into a cattle market, which to convey an erroneous impression as to the

was opened on 13 June, 1855. Hence the state of this pleasure resort in 1824. One present Metropolitan Cattle Market, between dead dog, although a promising symptom, the York and Caledonian Roads. The site of does not make a decayed tea garden. In the old tea gardens, says Mr. Warwick Wroth, 1815, according to the author of 'The Epi- is approximately marked by the great clockcure's Almanack,' the house was famous for tower in the market. its ales, " which served as excellent

J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL. stimulus to those who halt...... preparatory to the ascent of Highgate Hill.” Then from Pleasant personal recollections are enter1816 to 1830 Copenhagen House was a tained of Copenhagen House in the late favourite Sunday tea-garden with the middle forties and early fifties. It was then well classes ( Picture of London' for 1823 and known for its tea-gardens, but was more 1829), who flocked there, especially in the famous for its pedestrian matches. Copensummer time, during the hay harvest in the hagen Fields, where the latter were run (the fields around. Although the builders were site of the present Cattle Market), adjoined making their way up to Copenhagen House the house, and were enclosed by, a high from London, says Mr. Warwick Wroth in hoarding of deal boards. We schoolboys his invaluable London Pleasure - Gardens' used to cut holes in these with our pocket (1896), it still commanded an extensive view knives, the better—as outsiders-to view the of the metropolis and western suburbs, with fun going on within. the heights of Hampstead and Highgate "and Nelson, in his ‘History of Islington' (1823), the rich intervening meadows." In 1841 the says one story of the origin of its name was tavern and tea-gardens were yet in existence, that a Danish prince, or ambassador, resided and the space between them and Highgate there during the Great Plague ; and another was still open fields (plan of Lewis's "Isling- that in the beginning of the seventeenth ton'). Attached to the house at that time century it was first opened as a place of was a well-known cricket.ground (J. Hollings- entertainment by a Dane, that being about head's 'My Lifetime,' i. 13, quoted in Wroth's the time the King of Denmark paid his visit • Pleasure - Gardens'). This cricket-ground to James I. Coopen-Hagen” is the name was between Copenhagen House and Maiden given it in the map that accompanies CamLane.

den's 'Britannia' (1695). In 1812, Nelson A correspondent (J. C. P.) of The Builder, renarks, a company was formed for establish30 October, 1847, seems to mark the then ing a sea-water bathing-place, the salt water


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