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12 preliminary leaves, exclusive of the frontis- MONTAIGNE, WEBSTER, AND MARSTON: piece, and 96 leaves of text, aggregating 108

DR. DONNE AND WEBSTER. leaves. The blank leaves noted in the collation are G5 and Hi.

(See ante, pp. 41, 121, 201.) The following pages are misnumbered, the correct figures being

THE parallels in Montaigne and Marston given in brackets: [99], 299; [102], 202; [103], are so numerous and so close that I find it 203 ; [106], 206; (107], 207 ; [110], 210 ; [111], will save time and labour to students if I 211.

record them as they occur in Marston's work. Perfect copies of Amanda' are of great Only close or interesting coincidences in the rarity, * and even that in the British Museum two authors will be noticed, and those that lacks the half-title, and is in generally poor have already been dealt with will, of course, condition, the frontispiece turning its back be excluded from this list, which 'is far from upon the title-page, instead of facing it. This being complete. half-title has the word “Amanda " printed

Several of Montaigne's quotations from vertically upon it, the type, with a comma Latin and other authors are used by Marston after the name, being the same setting as that and Webster :of the name on the title-page. The frontis. Malheureux. O miseri quorum gaudia crimen piece is said by a former possessor of my habent.—'The Dutch Courtezan,' II. 1. 82. copy to be "the chef-d'oeuvre of Faithorpe, This sentence occurs in the Essays,' book iü. the best engraver of his day.” Copies either chap. v. p. 448, col. the reference being to without the half-title or the frontispiece, or Cor. Gal. El.,' I. 183. the blank leaves G5 and Hi, are not in- We can confidently assume that Marston frequently met with; and the last perfect did not consult the original in the above copy which contained all these desiderata case; and it is still more unlikely that he that I can trace in the sales realized 371. at went to St. Jerome for the following, which Sotheby's on 17 May, 1901 (lot 311), and has Montaigne cites in the same chapter, p. 438, probably gone to America.

col. 2: An excellent account of ‘Amanda' was Diaboli virtus in lumbis est !- The Dutch Courgiven in the New York Philobiblion, 1863, ii, tezan,' II. i. 92. 87, 105. Though the literary interest of the Now, this quotation from St. Jerome comes book is small, Hookes was a reader of immediately after matter in Montaigne that Shakespeare, and several faint echoes of the Marston has copied literally in The Fawn, great dramatist were pointed out by R. R. at III. i. 227–36, as will appear in the proper the last reference that I have cited at the place. head of this note. Hookes draws his allu- Following the saying of St. Jerome is the sions from the most recondite quarters, and question of Malheureux as to whether or not I will conclude with a passage that might a wise man may be in love; and then we give some trouble to a conscientious editor : come to Freevill's saying about living upon We have good Musick and Musicians here,

the smoke of roast-meat. As I have shown If not the best, as good as any where:

already, both passages copy Montaigne, still A brave old Irish Harper, and you know

the same chapter : English or French way few or none out-go

Freevill. No matter, sir; insufficiency and sottishOur Lutanists; the Lusemores too I think

ness are much commendable in a most discommend. For Organists, the Sack-buts breath may stink,

able action.-Ll. 115-17. And yet old Brownes be sweet, o' th Violin Saunders plays well, where Magge or Mel han't Literally from Montaigne, same book and been.

chapter:Then on his Cornet brave thanksgiving Mun,

And yet if I were to beginne anew, it should bee Playes on Kings Chappel after Sermon's done:

by the very same path and progresse, how fruitlesse At those loud blasts, though he's out-gone by none,

soever it night proove unto me, insuficiency and Yet Cambridge glories in your self alone :

sottishnesse are commendable in a discommendable No more but thus, he that heares only you,

action.-P. 453, col. 2. Heares Lillie play, and Doctor Coleman too. These lines are from a poem addressed to

Montaigne says that love “is a matter “Mr. Lilly, Musick-Master at Cambridge." everywhere infused, and a centre whereto all Dr. Charles Coleman is commemorated in the lines come, all things looke.”—P. 436, col. 1.

Freevill. Love is the centre in which all lines. Dict. Nat. Biog.,' as well as Davis Mell; and doubtless. Saunders, Magge, and Mun are not close, the common bond of being. -LI. 121-2. forgotten in musical circles at the University. Freevill. Incontinence will force a continence; W. F. PRIDEAUX. Heat wasteth heat, light defaceth light, &c.

LI. 126-7. * They will be found in the Bodleian and in the Nimirum propter continentiam incontinentia neces. Dyce Library at South Kensington.

saria est, incendium ignibus extinguitur: "Belike

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we must be incontinent that we may be continent, deeds must needs be far more loathsome than ap burning is quenched by fire."-P. 436, col. 2.

act which is so natural, just, and necessary, as that Absentem marmoreamque putes.

of procreation ; you shall have an hypocritical Martial, xi. 60. vestal virgin speak that with close teeth publicly,

which she will receive with open mouth privately ; Here again Marston and Montaigne cite thọ &c. - The Dutch Courtezan," III. i. same passage, the latter in p. 449, col. 1, and the former in l. 145.

The worst of my actions or condicions seeme not

so ugly unto me as I finde it both ugly and base not Malheureux. To kill my friend! O'tis to kill to dare to avouch them. Every one is wary in the myself!

confession; we should be as heady in the action.Yet man's but man's excrement-man breeding man Book iii. chap. v. p. 429, col. 2. As he does worms; or this, to spoil this nothing. Crispinella. I give thoughts words, and words

[He spils. truth, and truth boldness ; she whose honest free"The Dutch Courtezan,' II. ii. 213-15.

ness makes it her virtue to speak what she thinks. Mr. K. Deighton thinks that the reading of will make it her necessity to think what is good.this passage should be :

"The Dutch Courtezan,' III. i. 39-42. Yet man's but excrement-man breeding man,

Is it not herein as in matters of books, which As he does worns, or this (He spits], to spoil this being once called in and forbidden, become more nothing.

saleable and publik?-Book iii. chap. v. p. 431, The Old Dramatists, Conjectural Readings,' p. 7.

col. 1. I agree with the emendation, which is sup: would have nothing prohibited by policy, but by

Crispinella. I love no prohibited things, and yet I ported by the passage which Marston copied: virtue ; for as in the fashion of time those books

There have Philosophers beene found disdaining that are call'd in are most in sale and request, 80 in this naturall conjunction : witnesse Aristippus, nature those actions that are most prohibited are who being urged with the affection he ought his most desired.—'The Dutch Courtezan,' III. i. 42-7. children, as proceeding from his loyns, began to spit, saying, That also that excrement proceeded

I love a lightsome and civil discretion, and loathe from him, and that also we engendred wormes and had a constant countenance, but lightsome and

a roughnes and austerity of behaviour...... Socrates lice.-Book i. chap. xxvii. p. 84, col. 1.

smyling: not frowardly constant, as old Crassus, Montaigne declares that the affection be- who was never seene to laugh... Vertue is a pleasant tween man and woman is not to be compared and buxom quality.-Book iii. chap. v. page 429, with the real friendship that sometimes col. 2. exists between man and man; the former Crispinella. Fie, fie! virtue is a free, pleasant, lapguisheth and vanisheth away: enjoying doth buxom quality. I love a constant countenance lose it, as having a corporall end, and subject to well; but this froward ignorant coyness, sour satietie."-Book i. chap. xxvii. p. 84, col. 2.

austere lumpish uncivil privateness, that promises

nothing but rough skins and hard 'stools ; ha ! fie Malheureux.

to kill a friend

on't, good for nothing but for nothing.–The Dutch To gain a woman! to lose a virtuous self

Courtezan,' III. i. 51-6.
For appetite and sensual ond, whose very having
Loseth all appetite, and gives satiety!

Crisp. Virtuous marriage! there is no more affinity That corporal end, &c.

betwixt virtue and marriage than betwixt a man • The Dutch Courtezan,' II. ii. 221-5. and his horse ; &c.—The Dutch Courtezan,' III.

i. 88-90. Montaigne and Marston are both very out

Those who thinke to honour marriage by joyning spoken, they call a spade a spade ; but the love unto it (in mine opinion) doe as those who, to Frenchman is more refined in his speech than doe vertue a favour, holde that nobilitie is no other his imitator, who-to use a pet phrase of his thing then vertue. Indeed, these things have own-is "gross-jawed”:

affinitie, but therewithall great difference; their Non pudeat dicere, quod non pudet sentire. Let names and titles should not thus be commixt'; both us not bee ashamed to speake what we shame not

are wronged 80 to be confounded.-Book iji. chap. v. to thinke...... For my part I am resolved to dare p. 432, col. 1. speake whatsoever I dare do.-Book iii. chap. v. See also "The Fawn,' III. i. 212, where p. 429, col. 2.

Marston says that “love or virtue are not of Beatrice. Fie, Crispinella, you speak too broad. the essence of marriage." Crisp. No jot, sister; let's ne'er be ashamed to

CHARLES CRAWFORD. speak what we be not ashamed to think : I dare as boldly speak venery as think venery.—The Dutch

(To be continued.) Courtezan,' III. i. 26-9.

Why was the acte of generation made so naturall, 80 necessary and so just, seeing we feare to speake A PRIVATE LIBRARY C. CHARLES I. of it without shame, and exclude it from our serious and regular discourses; we pronounce to rob, to

The following list of books occurs in an murther, to betray; and this we dare not but be inventory of the goods of Edward Russell, tweene our teeth.-Book iii. chap. v. p. 431, col. 1.

Esq., “late clerk of his Majesties Accatery, Crispinella. Now bashfulness seize you, we pro- dated 23 October, 1639, among the records nounce boldly, robbery, murder, treason, which of the Court of Requests :

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1. Sr Walter Raleigh Historie of the World. 65. The Garden of Spirituall flowers. 2. Bpp Andrewes Sermons in one volume.

66. A Gramer Anglois. 3. The Historie of Josephus.

67. An English Exposition of hard words. 4. The Councell of Trent in English.

68. A Bruiseed Read by Dor Sibes. 5. Shakspeers Workes.

69. Brittains remembrance by Withers. 6. Et Governador Christiano.

70. A feast for wormes Devine poems by Frauncis 7. Mich de Montayne his Essays.

Quarles. 8. The diall of Princes, 1 qt. vol.

71. Pleales & Dialoges by Thomas Heywood. 9. Discourses of Michaell and Overnent.

72. The Practice of Pietie. 10. S. Phillipp Sidneis Arcadia.

73. Castra. 11. Love and Reveing by Pyondy.

74. Au Interpreter of hard words in English. 12. The Triumphs of Gods Reveing by Jo: Renolds. 75. Babrach his Epistles in English. 13. The Arch Bpp's relacon 1639.

76. The Tradagie of Cleopatra. 14. Bapnells History of England.

77. Ovid his Epistles in English. 15. Hookers Eccli'all Pollicie.

78. Mr Harberts tutred poems. 16. BPP of Exeters Paraphrase upon St John. 79. Ovid his Metamorphosis in English. 17. Taylors Workes the water poet.

80. A Gramer. 18. Godfrey of Bulloigne.

81. Suplicacons and Suites. 19. Danells Historie of England conteyned by 82. The Anotomy of the world. Heywood.

83. Curiosities of Nature. -20. The Bible in English.

84. Meditacons by the BPP of Exeter. All in folio.

85. A peice of Lucan in English. 21. Mr Willm Austens Meditacons.

86. The Guide of Honor. 22. Riders Dictionarie wth a Thornatius.

87. The Mirrour of Mindes by Bartly English. All in folio.

88. Comon Prayer booke. 23. Boulton Meditacons.

89. An Almanacke 1639 Pond. 24. Sr Richard Bakers Meditacons upon the Lordes

F. J. POPE. prayer.

36, St. Mary's Mansions, Paddington, W. 25. The Bible in quarto. 26. Riders Dictionarie in Colme.

[Many of these titles are, of course, misspelt: 27. The Arraignment of Idle weomen.

Anglaura” for 'Aglaura, Remembrance for 28. The Booke of Comon prayer & New Testament. thenei" for Argalus and Parthenia,' &c. See

Wither's 'Remembrancer, Argulus and Par. 29. A Dialoge of Wine beere and Tobacco. 30. A Defence of Eternitie.

also 'Library of a Gentleman of the Seventeenth 31. Altucca Christiana.

Century,' ante, p. 222.] 32. A written sermon of the Bpr of Oxford. 33. A forme of Comon prayer wth the order of fast- “PAGAN.”—It is, of course, agreed by every

ing in tyme of Infeccon. 34. Burtons Appologue or Appeale.

one that

pagan, meaning heathen, is 35. A Comodie called the wittie faire one.

identical with Latin paganus. But what is 36. Tidmuns Sermons.

the sense-development of the English word ? 37. A Comodie called the Traitor.

The Latin paganus was used in many senses. 38. The historie of Sampson.

From which of these senses was

pagan," in 39. Prayers for the 27th March. 40. The Articles profest in England.

the sense of heathen, derived ? Two answers 41. The Holy Table name & thing.

have been given to this question. The 42. A forme of prayer for the 27th March.

usual answer is that the English meaning 43. The Marquesse Hambletons declaracon for the of "pagan" is derived directly from paganus, Scottish Affaires.

in the sense of “villager, countryman.” Só 44. A Small historie of the Turkish manners. in the Oxford Dictionary says Dr. Murray, 45. Anglaura Coniedie S- John Sucklin.

who remarks that the derived sense of 46. A Coale from the Alter. 47. Lucia & Virginia and Symon & Cama.

“heathen” “indicates the fact that the 48. The Dukes Mr Comedie.

ancient idolatry lingered on in the villages 49. Argulus and Parthenei.

and hamlets after Christianity had been 50. The Conspiracie. 51. The Challenge for beautie.

generally accepted in the towns and cities of 52. The Icantuncy of a troubled Soul.

the Roman Empire," and quotes in support 53. A prayer booke in latten liber preca' public seu of this view a passage from Orosius, Ex minnistery Ecclic'a.

locorum agrestium compitis et pagis pagani 54. A latten bible printed at Amsterdam.

vocantur." This explanation is rejected by 55. Poems and Elegies by ID on the authors death.

many modern ecclesiastical historians-for 56. A Catalogue of the Nobilitie. 57. Cornwallis Essayes.

example, by Harnack and Zahn (see Bigg's 58. Aristippus.

lectures on The Church's Task,' 1905, p. 42). 59.. The Jugurth warr by Salustus two bookes in The other answer is that our pagan English.

directly derived from paganus, in the sense 60. Mich Drayton his poems. 61. Hipolito & Issabell in English.

of “a civilian” as opposed to " & soldier," a 62. The Compleat Justice.

sense to be found in Pliny, Juvenal, Tacitus, 63. Haywoods Historie of Queene Elizabeth.

and Tertullian. Christians were regarded as 64. Gonersalls Poems.

soldiers of Christ, bound to His service by a

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sacramentum (a military oath). To them the being strictly subjective, and only indirectly outside world were simply “civilians,”. or affecting others, Had the guide tumbled pagani. It is suggested by historians that and been trampled on during such an efferthe use of "pagan as opposed to “Chris- vescence of ecstatic rapture, it would have

may be found nearly two hundred been hopelessly inaccurate to say that he years before “Christianity had been gene- was “belappit. On the other hand, Gavin rally accepted in the towns and cities of the Douglas's rendering of Virgil's genua amRoman Empire.”. Dr. Bigg thinks that the plexus, in the form "he lappit me fast by first instance of this use is to be found in an baith the theis" ('Æneid,' iii. 607), has direct inscription of the second century, given by kinship with Scott's terminology. Lanciani ('Pagan and Christian Rome,' p. 15).

THOMAS BAYNE. This inscription was written on the tomb of Glasgow. a daughter, of whom the father says, quod inter fideles fidelis fuit, inter alienos pagana gth S. ii., iii., iv. passim.) – A letter in a London

BLACK IMAGES OF THE MADONNA. (See fuit." But is fidelis here equivalent to Christian”? This sense

of the word fidelis daily paper revives an old controversy. It does not appear to have come into general seems incredible that there should exist use before the time of St. Ambrose and people who still think, as this writer

appears St. Augustine. If Dr. Bigg is right, we have to believe, that the “Black Madonnas in this inscription a very early instance of

invented by missionaries of the Western

Church as the use not only of paganus, but of fidelis,

means of making converts with a Christian connotation.

among Eastern peoples. The researches of

Prof. Kondakoff on the miniatures of the

A. L. MAYHEW. Oxford.

Christian world produced before the eleventh

century, and the numerous works on mosaic ST. LUKE'S DAY, 18 OCTOBER.-In 1677 one and on Byzantine painting, have evidently John Smith, of Greatham, was charged in produced no effect on the general public. the Court of the Archdeacon of Durham What are commonly called “Black Virgins" with "plowing on St. Luke's day" (Surtees are not only known among the most celeSoc., vol. xlvii. p. 228).

W. C. B. brated representations of the Mother of “ BELAPPIT.”—In The Oxford Book of history can be traced from the very earliest

God” in Spain, France, and Russia, but their English Verse,' p. 69, Mr. Quiller-Couch gives dates down to the eikons (almost exactly Alexander_Scott's “Hence, Hairt, with Hir identical) which are still produced at Mount that most Departe," assigning it the title 'A Athos for sale at Kiev and Moscow. The Bequest, of his Heart.' The third stanza of type is that of the Syrians, numerous in the the lyric, as modernized by the anthologist, Holy Land, to the present day.

B. I. O. opens thus:Though this belappit budy here

“THE FIRST WARLIKE KING.”—No doubt Be bound to servitude and thrall,

there were

many, warlike kings before My faithful heart is free entier

Agamemnon, but who was the first it would And mind to serve my lady at all.

be hard to say, notwithstanding all our In a foot-note Mr. Quiller-Couch explains modern knowledge of ancient history. In that “belappit” means "downtrodden." 'Haydn's Dictionary of Dates, however, we What should have induced him to think so is are told, under “War' (twenty-third edition, not very clear, especially with the context to p. 1368), that it was Osymandyas of Egypt. suggest lapping or wrapping round and the The only ancient historian who mentions this thraldom of a bond slave. Lap," no doubt, king is Diodorus Siculus, who places him is also the past tense of "leap"; but in this eighth before the founder of Memphis, whom sense it needs some such particle as or he calls Uchoveus. Twelve generations after

upon to impart to it a transitive force. the latter, he says, came Moris, and seven In its intransitive application it was never generations after him a king called by him better illustrated than in the report given Sesoosis, evidently intended to be the same by a Scottish farmer of his experiences in whom Herodotus calls Sesostris, and whose taking the village schoolmaster home from legend (it is really no more) became so the public-house. At one stage in the pro- famous, depicting him as the conqueror of ceedings the shoe of the tipsy dominie, a great part of Asia. As to Osymandyas, having come off in the mud, had to be Herodotus makes no mention of him, nor of readjusted ; "and then," afterwards said his any king except Meris, between Menes and comrade, “he jamp an' he lap, an' he ture Sesostris. Diodorus gives a very elaborate an' he swure," the whole animated display account of a monument erected to Osy

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mandyas at Thebes, which is really that of France.” It seems to me_that the writer Rameses II., the Pharaoh of the oppression. means countries besides France, and not The former cannot, therefore, be recognized those that are at the side of France. I quite

an historical personage, and probably agree with the idea of getting rid of the Thothmes I. was the first Egyptian king who whenever possible, and accordingly I always led an army beyond that country.

write amid, among, &c.; but the writer quoted W.T. LYNN. has no such idea, for a few lines below he

“do very little RODERIGO LOPEZ.-Lopez the Jew, who uses the word "towards”. became chief physician to Queen Elizabeth towards further developing."

RALPH TAOMAS. in 1586, and was executed in 1594 on a charge of conspiring to poison her, was at one time THE HARE AND EASTER.-An instance of undoubtedly very high in her favour. She the association of the hare with Easter is that granted him leases of the estates of the of the tenure of the glebe at Coleshill, in bishops of Worcester, known as “Lopez- Warwickshire. The vicar of this parish leases," which Bishop Thomas (1683-9) used holds-or used to hold-his glebe on the

hopeless leases” (Oxf. Hist. Soc., condition that if the young men of the parish xvi. 397). The people were loud in express- were able to catch a hare and bring it to him ing their satisfaction at his fate. Bishop before ten o'clock on Easter Monday morning, John King records that when “D. Lopus he was bound to give them a calf's head and and his fellowes "were "executed at Tyborne a hundred eggs for their breakfast. This there was

"such a showte of the people to curious connexion of the hare with Easter is seale their affections and assentes, as if they still exemplified in the representations of a had gained an harvest, or were deviding a hare dancing on its hind legs and holding a spoile," and his own opinion is that their ends pair of cymbals, which are often to be met

“too too merciful for traitors......and I with on Belgian and French Easter cards. doubt not but the Angelles in heaven

FREDERICK T. HIBGAME. reioyce" ("Lectvres vpon Ionas, at Yorke, “ DROWND DEERHOUND. In Wright's 1594, 1597, p: 138). All that the D.N.B.' English Dialect Dictionary' it is stated that (xxxiv. 134) knows of his wife is that her "drownd was recorded fifty years ago in

was Sara, and that she came from South Wales as = "greyhound," but that now Antwerp. She was a daughter of Dunstan the word cannot be traced. When I was in Anes, purveyor of the Queen's grocery, who Wales some years ago I noticed that (1) the was the son of George Anes, of Valladolid in people write more than we do hyphened Spain (Harl. Soc., i. 65).

W. C. B.

words—e.g., "post-office" with them has one METROPOLITAN MUNICIPAL COUNCILS. - It only accent in pronunciation, viz., on the

is generally thought that municipal bodies,

post"; (2) in such cases they omit h more other than the Corporation of the City and than we do, e.g., not only forehead,” but the London County Council, were unknown

blockhead," lost the h. “Drownd,” then, in the capital before the passing of the

is simply “deerhound" in the Welsh proLondon Government Act of 1899; but this nunciation, and a greyhound is a Scotch


T. NICKLIN. idea evidently was not shared by the editor of the now long defunct Morning Herald, a CHARLES LAMB.—In the excellent notice of report in which, on 19 November, 1855, thus Mr. Lucas's Life of Charles Lamb' which commenced:

appeared ante, p. 257, appropriate allusion is "Marylebone Municipal Council. The first sitting made to Lamb's preference for Fleet Street of the new vestry, or more properly speaking 'Muni- as compared with rural scenes. All admirers cipal Council, of St. Marylebone, under Sir Benja- of " Elia” will heartily endorse this. In view min Hall's Metropolis Local Management Act, was held, on Saturday, at the Marylebone Court House.'

of this attitude of his, it has more than once But the name Municipal Council,". thus applied to the metropolitan Vestri as struck me as a fact of moment that the most

imaginative letter of the poet of The never took root; and it was as “vestries"

Seasons'owes its literary survival to his care.

Unfortunately, there is, I believe, no prothat they were always known until the end. ALFRED F. ROBPINS.

bability of ascertaining its intimate history.

The letter was written from Barnet in the “BESIDE."-I have noticed frequently of autumn of 1725, announcing to Thomson's late this word used instead of or for yesides." friend Cranston the approaching publication Thus in an English journal of larg” circula- of Winter.' A hundred years later it was tion I find, "The industry is nr.w firmly discovered in Ms. by Lamb, and transcribed established in almost every coun ry beside and published by him. The letter is divided



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