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said to be a fish of the shark kind; but in the bear and staff, to which he was entitled neither of these latter authorities is tintorera through deriving his pedigree from the illusso be met with. ROBERT CRAWFORD. trious Earls of Warwick, Now when Sir

Robert Dudley was outlawed and went to GEORGE BUCHANAN (10th S. iv. 147, 234). — Florence, he there assumed the title of Earl There were, as MR. PIERPOINT surmises, two of Warwick, and it is highly probable that George Buchanans.

The one was the poet he also adopted the bear and staff of his and historian, who instilled scholarship into ancestors as arms, badge, or crest. The green ames I., and the other was the monarch's lion with two tails, quartered with the bear ester. Owing to the influence of chap-books, and staff, may be seen carved in the very egends of the latter continue to float among interesting and artistically executed device he Scottish peasantry, and he is the only of John Dudley, the grandfather of Sir George Buchanan of whom they have any Robert, on the right of the fireplace in the :nowledge. Even scholars, imperfectly in Beauchamp Tower of the Tower of London. ormed, sometimes confound the activities of

J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL. he two men. The following riddle on a Bottle of ale perpetuates the jester's per- History," by P. Heylyn, D.D., London, 1680 :

The following is from 'A Help to English onality among the schoolboys of to-day :As I can' ower Stirlin' brig

A.D. 1551. John Dudley, Earl of Warwick, I met in wi' George Buwhannan;

and Lord Admiral, Duke of Northumberland, I took aff his head and drank his blude, beheaded by Queen Mary. O. a Lyon RamAn' left his body stannin'.

pant, az., double quivee, vert.” THOMAS BAYNE.

MONKBARNS. In a note to 'The Household Book of the "THE FIRST EARRING' (10th S. iv, 228).ady Marie Stuart, (1815, p. 37), Charles This painting by Sir David Wilkie, which Girkpatrick Sharpe observes

now hangs in the Tate Gallery, Westminster, "In the year 1637 professed fools were on the represents, I believe, certain members of the ecline......James the Sixth, besides Archie and Bedford family in the reign of William IV. eorge Buchanan the historian, whom vulgar tra- It is, I should say, a study

in expression, that ition classes with these sages, possessed another pol, David Drummond.”

on the child's face being divided between a

R. L. MORETON. natural fear of the operation which she is THE ORIGIN OF 'SHE STOOPS TO CONQUER’ of wearing the jewels which are seen in the

about to undergo, and a pleased anticipation oth S. iv. 261).-Excepting the substitution elder lady's lap. But in my opinion, although f “Fetherston” for "Featherston” as the the phrase "il faut souffrir pour être belle” ame of Mr. Hardcastle's prototype, there

nothing new in MR. EDWARD MANSON'S may justly be applied to the pain of earImmunication. Goldsmith's juvenile blunder boring, it is even more applicable to the ad the trick played upon him by Lord suffering endured by those who strive to

acquire a slim waist or small feet by artificial lare's daughter are mentioned by most iographers. As regards the former, howver, MR. MANSON will be able to correct perhaps, like to know that a rather clever

By the way, your correspondent would, ome of his details by a reference to Forster's little poem descriptive of Sir D. Wilkie's Amirable Life and Times of Oliver Gold- picture appeared in The Lady a few years mith,' bk. i. ch. i. E. RIMBAULT DIBDIN.


F. W. WATTS. DUDLEY ARMS (10th S. iv. 230).-The efforts hich Sir Robert Dudley made to prove his

ROBERT HARLEY, EARL OF OXFORD (10th S. gitimacy as son of Robert Dudley, Earl iv, 206).- D.N.B., vol. xxxvi. p. 410, says: Leicester, would certainly not afford any Robert Harley, first Earl of Oxford, and

“The actual relationship, however, between round for supposing that he repudiated, or en modified, the arms of his father, although Abigail Hill has never been discovered. be latter used to speak of him as his " base The Duchess of Marlborough asserted that on.". The son's arms were probably there- her aunt, Mrs. Hill, told her that "her hus-re identical with those of his father, who, band was in the same relation to Mr. Harley

as his appointment by Elizabeth to the she was to me.” Nathaniel (1665-1720), third overnorship of the Low Countries, gave a son of Sir

Edward Harley, and younger gnificant indication of his ambitious cha- | brother of Oxford, was a merchant.

A. R. BAYLEY. Ccter by relinquishing his own crest of the een lion with two tails, and signing all "PICCANINNY" (10th S. iv. 27, 128, 255).-At struments with the more ancient one of the last reference it is suggested that we


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have the same first element in piccaninny and A version of the song. (seven stanzas) picayune. This is not the case. Picayune is appears in Kyle's Comic Vocalist, con an Anglicized phonetic version of the French taining the Songs as edited and sung by picaillon. In Paris this word is only em- Sam Cowell. Glasgow :-Morison Kyle. In ployed in the plural (les picaillons) as a some- this version the name is “Villikins both in what slangy expression for money generally, the title and in the song. There are other something like our term the pieces "; but variations, and there in Florida and Louisiana it is applied speci- interpolations. The old edition which I have fically to the half-real, or five cents. Picayune quoted has been here for some fifty years. is unfortunately a bad spelling. It should Some of these bygone comic songs appear have been picayoon, and would then more very strange to-day; so many of them are easily be seen to fall under the general rule tales of tragedy-e.9., Vilikens and his that French final-on becomes -oon in English, Dinah'; Alonzo the Brave and the Fair as in macaroon, pantaloon, &c. Compare the Imogene'; "The Ratcatcher's Daughter'; Anglo-Irish boggoon, bosthoon, gossoon, for old Billy Vité and Nelly Green; or, the Ghost French bacon, baston, garçon.

of a Sheep's Head'; 'Oh my Love's Dead.?

JAS. PLATT, Jun. I have before me four books of comic songs; 'VILLIKINS AND HIS DINAH' (10th S. iv. 188, not one has a publisher's date. 277).—An old edition of this song, with the

ROBERT PIERPOINT. music for the voice and the piano, is "David

St. Austin's, Warrington. son's Musical Treasury, No. 691, Price · Villikins and his Dinah' was sung by Threepence. London : Davidson, Peter's Robson, the great actor, nightly for months Hill, Doctors' Commons." The title on the at the Adelphi.

P. G. W. front page is Vilikens [pot “Villikins "] and his Dinah.' Under it is a picture of a JANE WENHAM, THE WITCH OF WALKERN dirty fellow in patched clothes, and a broken (10th S. iv. 149, 197).-To the bibliography of white hat with a black band, with a sodden, Jane Wenham given in N. & Q., 2nd S. iv. unshaven face, carrying a clarionet under 131, may be added "The Defense of the Pro

The name of the draughtsman is ceedings against Jane Wenham......By Francis given as Bonner.

Across one corner is Bragge," published the same year as the other printed in grotesque writing, “ this is the pamphlets by E. Curll. I can find no trace of ginooine Song and no mistake Jem Baggs + any portrait of the unfortunate woman. his marc." At the foot, “The Publisher

H. C. ANDREWS. reserves to himself the right to translate this beautiful Poem into the French Language

“ BOBBY DAZZLER” (10th S. iv. 208).-4 according to International Treaty."

policeman who was used to a uniformity of The title on the second page, where the clothing, as worn by the poor, might fairly song and music begin, is :

be thought to be dazzled by any break in

their general costume which exhibited "new "The Celebrated Antediluvian and Dolefully Pathetic Lyrical Legend of Willikind and his or fine articles of clothing.", A similar slang Dinah, with the Melancholy and Uncomfortable expression in Barrère and Leland's Dic Fate of Ye Dismal Parients,' sung by Mr. T. tionary' is bobby-twister”-i.e., a barglar Robson at the Royal Olympic Theatre, And by who would hesitate at nothing, not even at Mr. J. L. Toole (Comedian), at the Theatres shooting any policeman who might be Royal Cork, Dublin, and Edinburgh, with immense Success ; also at the various Literary Institutions endeavouring to capture him. in London, in his popular Entertainment of

J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL “Sayings and Doings.'

The instruction at the beginning is “Con gusto, and rather ritoorallando." There are

Miscellaneous. six stanzas, and a “Mori-al" as a seventh ; then three "Extra Verses, only recently

NOTES ON BOOKS, &c. recovered from the original Chaldean MSS. The History of England from the Accession in the British Museum," the last of which is

George the Close of Pitt's First Administra "Another Mori-al-Number Two." Altogether tion, 1760-1801. By William Hunt, M.A. (Long ten stanzas.

mans & Co.) The “ spoken "interpolations are the same THis admirable work, by the President of the as those which appear in ‘120 Comic Songs Royal Historical Society, is the first volume of sung by Sam Cowell,' where similarly the new series undertaken by Messrs. Longman, “bero" is called “Vilikons” in the title, but exaggerate. In conception the series in questic

importance and value of which it is difficult “ Willikind” in the song.

runs on lines similar to those of 'The Cambrid

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(odern History. Both are to be in twelve volumes, evidence for it. Bute, at any rate, contributed to nd are the results of co-operative labour; both harden George III. in that dogged resolution to mploy in their production the best historical rule which was to be responsible for so niany alent of the day; and the two constitute a curious calamities, individual and national. The king of nd significant innovation upon modern practice. Fanny Burney we do not see, but we hear of him, Points of difference are at least as noteworthy as at least at the outset, as a pure-minded and well. hose of resenıblance. Instead of extending over bred young man," whose political system was, it is various countries and continents, as does the series said, largely based on Bolingbroke's essay 'On the arlier in its appearance, the present collection of Idea of a Patriot King. As an instance of the histories is contined to Britain, and indeed, in a corruption that prevailed, Dr. Hunt says that in sense, to England. Devoting as it does one of its 1761 the new-rich bought seats as openly as welve volumes to history antecedent to 1066, the they bought their horses," and states that the ater series cannot call itself modern, and though borough of Sudbury advertised itself as for sale. many writers participate in the entire work, each of George III.'s queen it is succinctly said that one has a volume to himself, and the work is less she did not meddle in affairs of State, she bore

compilation by various hands than a series of fifteen children, and had many domestic virtues." separate works attached to each other by no Her influence seems, none the less, to have been hain stronger than that of sequence. The considerable and beneficial. Severe things are said arlier is, as its name signifies, an outcome about the circumstances attendant on Pitt's first of Cambridge; the present belongs mainly to resignation. A fair amount of information is given Oxford University College and King's College, anent Sir Francis Dashwood in the

“childish London, Edinburgh University, the Victoria mummery, the debauchery, and blasphemy of the University of Manchester, and Yale University, Franciscans"" at Medmenham. Of Burke it is said New Haven, are all represented, but two-thirds that he had "little tact, an impatient temper, and of the contributors boast Oxford degrees. For often spoke with execrable taste." particulars concerning a scheme promising in Many admirable thumbnail sketches strike us conception and propitious in commencement our during perusal. Here is one of Grafton : "A man ceaders must turn to the published announcements. of pleasure and of culture, in some points a true We have but to commend the general plan, and descendant of Charles II., ho was out of his proper welcome the opening and, it may be supposed, plement in political life. He grudged leaving his typical specimen set before us.. Three volumes are kennels at Wakefield Lodge or the heath at New. to be expected during the remaining quarter of the market to transact public business in London, and year, and the subsequent portions of the work will, preferred reading a play of Euripides at Euston to It is hoped, appear in bi-monthly instalments. being bored by a debate at Westminster. It is Each volume will, however, like the present, have staggering to hear of the corruption at the election an appendix describing the chief authorities, with of 1768, and to find the city of Oxford offering to. some indication of their respective trustworthiness, return its two sitting members if they would pay together with a separate index and two or more the city's debts, 5,6701. A severe judgment is passedi maps.

upon Junius, who is accepted as Francis, possibly Vol

. x. is the first to appear. It is by Dr. William helped by Temple. Very interesting chapters Hunt, joint editor with Dr. Reginald Lane Poole of are those devoted to Wilkes and Beckford. With the entire series, and gives, it may be supposed, a the colonial rebellion we reach, naturally, the full idea of the system to be adopted throughout. On most important and stimulating portion of the the period now dealt with Dr. Hunt is an acknow. book. Our author traces back to 1690 the influences ledged authority; witness his lives of George III., which underlay the American rebellion, and regards Pitt, and others contributed to the ‘D.N.B.' It may it as, sooner or later, inevitable. It is needless to be supposed also to have been accepted by him on say that in this, as in all parts of the work, he account of its difficulties and its unattractiveness, writes with complete temperance and impartiality. since it comprises a period of extreme political His book, which we cannot further follow, is in. corruption, and deals with the grievous mismanage almost all respects ideal. There are partisans who ment of our colonies, the loss of America, the will charge portions of it with Jingoism, and much surrender of English armies to those who were of it is strongly influenced by what has been regarded as rebels, continual outbreaks in Ireland, recently written on the command of the sea. In and, at the same time, terrible poverty and suffer these matters we are with Dr. Hunt, and we regard ing at home. We had, of course, a self-proclaimed the entire work with admiration. If continued Englishman on the throne in place of aliens such with equal brilliancy the series will be invaluable, es were his two predecessors. George III. was, and we unhesitatingly, pronounce the present. ndeed, so far as his lights extended, a loyal, patriotic volume statesmanlike, scholarly, and erudité. gentleman, distinguished for far more than that

Registers of Burials at the Temple Church, 1628Household virtue most uncommon

1853. With an Introduction by the Rev. H. G. Of constancy to a bad ugly woman,

Woods, D.D. (Sotheran & Co.) with which alone Byron would credit him... The By order of the Library Committee of the Inner descriptiqn of George III. is the first of the brilliant Temple, and with the consent and support of the pen-and-ink portraits with which. Dr. Hunt's Society of the Middle Temple, the register of volume is charged. By the side of this must needs burials at the Temple Church, a portion of which pe studied the characters of his mother, by whom he has already appeared in the shape of appendixes. was so strongly influenced, and of Bute, who shared to Inderwick's Calendar of the Inner Temple her unpopularity, and was credited with being Records,' has now been published separately and her paramour. It is satisfactory, though not unex. in its entirety, with an introduction by the Master pected, to find Dr. Hunt rejecting this accusation as of the Temple, many of whose predecessors have i malicious scandal, and declaring that there is no officiated at one or other of the interments recorded



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Apart from the great names supplied of judges and higher than ever, it contains a marvellous amount other legal luminaries belonging to one or other of of wit and wisdom, of wise reflection and quaint the two inns, the burials include those of many utterance. men eminent in letters. First in rank comes, of course, Oliver Goldsmith, and next, perhaps, sed Goethe's Faust. Translated by Anna Swanwick longo intervallo, John Selden, James Howell of the (Bell & Sons.)

Epistolæ Ho-elianæ,'Daines Barrington, and James To "The York Library” has been added Mix Boswell the younger, the Shakespeare editor, with Swanwick's vigorous and acceptable translation of others of less reputation, and a few men more or Faust.' In another useful and commendable form less distinguished in science. More interesting, in the work has long been accessible. Both parts of some senses, are the records of obscurities who by Faust' are included in the volume, as is all the accident are there sepultured,” for the list is far translator's very useful prefatory matter. To bring from being confined to benchers and legal lumi- it up to date an introduction and a bibliography naries or to those now scarcely more obscure are added by Dr. Karl Breul, one of the bestindividuals who exercised humbler professions, as informed and most accurate of modern scholars clerks, servants, pannyermen, gardeners, butlers, The volume thus constituted is, accordingly, one of or even laundresses. Now and then we wonder the best and most serviceable of a fine series. We how Mr. Anthony Lewis, sea captain, comes to welcome with delight each succeeding volume of depart this life in 1634 at Baron Trever's chambers "The York Library," and rarely fail to reread in the Inner Temple; or read how “One Longe, a portion, if not the whole, in this new and alluring stranger," that died in Middle: Temple Walkes of guise. This volume is specially welcome, since, the plague in 1636, is buried in the churchyard; apart from the fact that it supplies us with the or how on 5 September, 1832, there was “Buried best results of modern criticism of Goethe, it io. in the churchyard a man found drowned at the spires us with the hope that the autobiography, the Temple Stairs. Name unknown.” In the year 1665 Wilhelm Moister,' the Conversations with Ecker appears frequently at the end of a record, Of the mann, and other works may follow in the same

This dismal entry is generally affixed to exquisitely readable shape. Is not a reprint com the name of a servant, the master having, pre-ceivable of Lewes's 'Life of Goethe'? sumably, departed to live or die in the country. In 1652 Mrs. Katheryne Shuter is announced as the

The Newspaper Reader's Companion, a serviceable " wife of John Shuter, esquire, antientest

barrester little book by Mr. Albert M. Hyanison, has been of the honourable societie of the Inner Temple." added to Routledge's "Miniature Reference Series “Antient" is often used, but "antientest" is un

The last number of The Photominiature is of common. Richard Aburey is simply described as helpfully practical nature. Some pictures by Mr.

an ancient gent. In 1773-4 (p. 69) are recorded Curtis of Red Indians are specially excellente the deaths of Joseph, Valentina, Jane, Sophia, Charles, Martha, Sarah, Catherine, Charles, Lucy, Humphrey, Joseph (2), Ann, Robert, and John

Notices to Correspondents. "Temple. Why the name should occur so freely will be better understood when it is stated that the We must call special allention to the following patronymicin question is that constantly bestowedon notices :foundlings, who appear to have been very numerous. On all communications must be written the name Another striking thing in the entries is the attempt and address of the sender, not necessarily for pob to define strictly the place of the tomb. Amphelia Lisle is thus said to lie in the round walke of the lication, but as a guarantee of good faith. Temple church under the north window at the end We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. of the iron grate or mopements of the Knight To secure insertion of communications corre Tempelers"; and Lady Elizabeth Younge is buried spondents must observe the following rules. LA “in the Temple church neere the highe alter, each note, query, or reply be written on a separato betwixt the doore and Mr. Clement Coke's monu- slip of paper, with the signature of the writer and ment, close by the doore and wall att the upper such address as he wishes to appear. When answer end of the quire in the syde isle on the inner Teniple ing queries, or making notes with regard to previou -side." Like some others, this gentlewoman was entries in the paper, contributors are requested to buried at night. Two succeeding entries, equally put in parentheses, immediately after the exact grim, record the murder in Tanfield Court of Eliza- heading,

the series, volume, and page or pages to beth Harrison, Ann Price, and Lidia Duncomb: which they refer. Correspondents who ropest These were slain by Sarah Malcolm, whose portrait queries are requested to head the second conin the condemned cell was painted by Hogarth. munication “Duplicate." There is, it is seen, much that is interesting in

J. A. R. (" Apolaustic"). – Self-indulgent. See the volume, the publication of which is, in all respecte, judicious and commendable. For Sarah quotations in ‘N.E.D. Malcolm see 6th S. xii. 205, &c., and Mr. Seccombe's

T. BULLOCK (“ Detached Belfries").-Anticipated article in the 'D.N.B.'

ante, p. 290. Quaint Sayings from the Works of Sir Thomas Editorial communications should be addressed Browne. By Martin Hood Wilkin. (Stock.) to “The Editor of Notes and Queries "".

-Adrer This very elegant and attractive little volume, con tisements and Business Letters to

“ The Pubs sisting of pregnant passages from Religio Medici,' lisher"-at the Office, Bream's Buildings, Chancary

Christian Morals,"Hydriotaphia,' The Garden Lane, E.C. of Cyrus,' &c., has a portrait of Sir Thomas, and We beg leave to state that we decline to retan is in a charming binding. Without in any way communications which, for any reason, we do not -exhausting the Norwich knight, whose fame stands print; and to this rule we can make no exception

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