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toune, husbondman, Thomas Gelle of the same, says he has, but years ago he possessed a husbondman, John Louthe, yonger, of the same, copy of a portrait of Sir R. Fanshawe with laborer, John Gelle of the same, Robert Horn. blynke of the same, husbondman, Rauffe Kyrkeman greyhound belonging to my father. of the same, husbondman, Henry Smyth of the

The edition about

to be published of Lady same, smyth, and other, with gret aray with Fanshawe's 'Memoirs' will be edited by one palettes, hoburjones, bowes, arwes, axes and gleyves of the most competent antiquaries of the day. as men of werre and riottours, and in the said There cannot be two originals of Lady Fanvicary and parachones

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and the crucifixe shawe's • Memoirs, and it is scarcely likely pulled don, seyog yf they went any further pro. cession, that thei shulde slei them. For fere of that the copy would be in possession of the which the sayd yicary ner parachones durst not at family and the original offered for sale. that tyme ne sithyn goo in procession leche as they

EVELYN JOHN FANSHAWE. have usyd tofore, the which is odyouse example.”- 132, Ebury Street. Second Series, vol. ix. p. 15. EDWARD PEACOCK.

(This discussion is becoming too personal to go

further, and we cannot insert any more on the Wickentree House, Kirton-in-Lindsey.

subject.) It may be of interest enough to place on record a contemporary note of “beating the

LOVE'S LABOUR 'S Lost': ITS DATE (10th S. bounds” in September last, at Bodmin, by u. 265, 370). — Now that MR. CLARK has the mayor and councillors. At the end of the kindly made it clear what his point is in his day their boundary lay through a pool, into original communication (10th S. iii. 170), I will which the mayor threw a ball. The

endeavour to render my explanation of it even

person who succeeded in rescuing the ball, and clearer than I have succeeded in doing in the running with it to the town clock, received original passage in my little book, written in five shillings. Beating the bounds happens

a very condensed form. In the book, at here once every seven years; but on this p. 38, "I plainly said that the name used in occasion only five years had elapsed since the first play-‘Love's Labour's Lost, pubthe last perambulation.

lished in 1598—was not the "full name," and ROBERT LEWIS STEELE.

I added, as explanatory :The following appeared in The Birmingham finally decided upon, and was hesitating and tenta

“ This looks as if the use of the pen name was not Daily Post of 2 June :

tive, from the publication of Venus'in 1593 till the "An ancient ceremony was observed yesterday success of the publication of 'Love's Labour's Lost' morning (Ascension Day) by the Lichfield Cathe. in 1598.” dral choristers. The choristers walked round the boundaries of the Cathedral parish, headed by the here.

Let me add to my explanation more fully processional cross, the clergy conducting the devo. tions at the eight places where there is a record of

The “full name” of “ William Shakespeare' there having been, or still is, a well. Early yester: was invented by Bacon as early as 1593. It day morning the choristers had decorated the appears, accordingly, upon the dedication principal residences in the Cathedral Close with both of Venus and Adonis'in 1593, and in freshly gathered elm boughs. As the procession that of Lucrece' in 1594. The name thus entered the Cathedral at the conclusion the old used is clearly not that of the Stratford Hundredth' hymn was sung, and the ancient custom was concluded around the font."

actor; but it was so framed as to closely reBENJ. WALKER.

semble it, and yet not to be identical with it. Gravelly Hill, Erdington.

The newly formed name had a significance

of its own. It betokened “The Quirinus," FANSHAWE FAMILY (10th S. iii. 327, 494).- fabled to have been thrown by Romulus into Allow me to contradict certain statements the Quirinal, where it took root and became made by W. I. R. V. The original MS. of a laurel tree. The word Quirinus itself was Lady Fanshawe's 'Memoirs' is in my posses- derived from an old Sabine word signifying sion, and has never been out of the family, a "spear. Thus the whole word, so framed It is in the old contemporary binding of in its first syllable, formed the word "Shake";: red leather, with Sir Richard Fanshawe's while its second syllable, even in those early coat of arms emblazoned on the outside days, as plainly added the word “spear” to leather. Her signature, dated May, 1676, is the Shake" in the first. The whole word inside. I have many letters and papers before thus created conveyed to the initiated me in the handwriting of both Lady Fan- Bacon's well-known classic distinction of

we and Sir Richard. Certain pages have being the great “Spear-shaker" known to been ruthlessly torn out at the end, but this fame. The meaning thus sought to be given fact does not prove my original MS. “to be to the new word is corroborated by the fact original in merely a limited sense. I have that more than thirty men, who bore the seen none of the papers or the MS. W. I. R. V. names of either distinguished members of the


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universities or members of the inns of court, the “Speare" in the second syllable ; and celebrated their loved Quirinus, or "Shake- even interjected the hyphen between the spear," directly after Bacon's death. The two syllables to mark the change of signifipoems in which they did so were collected cance in thọ were word as a whole by the by his chaplain Rawley, and may be found changes made in its spelling. in Blackburn's edition of Bacon (published

MR. CLARK will, I feel sure, pot suppose 1730), or in vol. x. of the “Harleian Mis that I for a moment intended to charge cellany." No less than twenty-seven out of him with intentional misquotation. He and the thirty-seven pieces speak of Bacon as a your readers will also, I hope, forgive me for, great poet.

in the hurry of dictation, by a slip of the Why, then, was this full and significant moment, using "folio” in place of quarto" name yet not employed in 1598 on the edition -a little slip

which surely never misled any of the first play published, as if bearing the one.

All readers will, I think, concur in name of the actor? Two explanations are thanking MR. CLARK for an instructive and possible of this fact.

well-meant discussion, for which I, at least, Some learned in this subject say that the heartily thank him. G. PITT-LEWIS. variance in spelling was å mere printer's (We cannot insert more on this subject.] error, accidentally made. And they urge, with considerable force, that its weight is

PINCHBECK FAMILY (10th S. iii. 421).- Being much

diminished by the fact that the pecu- a Lincolnshire Pinchbeck, I was much inteliar spelling employed on the publication of rested in MR. UNDERDOWN's pote on the the first play in 1598 has not been found to Pinchbeck family. I wonder if he has heard be repeated in any one of the quarto or folio the following doggerel, which I often had editions of the plays subsequently published. chanted at me when I was a National School Nay, more, the peculiar spelling employed boy :in 1598

Adam and Eve and Pinchbeck
a quarto of

Went down to the river to bathe; * Richard III. published in the very next Adam and Eve got drownded, year, bearing on it the classical "Quirinus

And who do you think got saved ? name of “William Shake-speare," properly The chief object of the chanter was to get divided.

the answer to the question in the last line, Weighty, as this explanation is, yet I and then demonstrate it by pinching you. myself find another, extending such expla- I used to think it was only a Lincolnshire nation still further, with which MR. CLARK verse, and I was much surprised to hear it will, perhaps, be even less pleased. Bacon when I came into Lancashire, where Pinchhad manufactured the name of the “Spear- becks are very scarce. Shaker," or Quirinus, as early as 1593 and One wonders which Pinchbeck is referred 1594. To get it, he had turned the Stratford to in the lines, and how on earth he got mixed actor's first syllable of “Shag,” or “Shax," as it up with Adam and Eve. Perhaps it is only was then commonly pronounced, into“Shake." a schoolboy ditty. He had also changed the second syllable of In reference to the name being spelt Pinchthe patronymic into "Speare." Bacon was an back, I might say that up here in Lancashire, extremely cautious man, and was in the habit, where they reverse e's and a's, calling Bailey as we all know, of working by experiment. Bealey, and Bealey Bailey, my name is When he came to put forward an altogether generally pronounced Pinchback, with a new publication, by the man who had written decided smack on the “back.” Lancashire *Venus' and also •Lucrece,' he felt timid folk seem unable to say “beck ”; if they do about altering the second syllable in the play not call it " back," they turn it into “beek.” as well as the first, lest it should attract There is a Pinchback mentioned somewhere attention. So the first play was published in Pepys's Diary.' Who was he? with a name that only resembled the first I think MR. UNDERDOWN's definition of syllable of the name of the author of the two Pinchbeck as "a stream flowing in a parrow earlier poems, and was published by a wholly channel” nearer the mark than that given in new publisher, named Cuthbert Burby. Ho Skeat’s ‘Etymological Dictionary':could, if necessity arose, be easily passed off

"The name is French, and, like many surnames, as a mere "pirate” who had somehow stolen was orig: a nickname. It means having a beak of the then old play. His name, too, never month like pincers; from F. pince, à pincer' appears again as the publisher of a play. (Cot.), and bec, a beak." No one, however, noticed that Cuthbert The name is certainly Norman French, and Burby had even followed the first syllable in the Pinchbecks may be an offshoot of the "Shake.” So, in the next year, Bacon added family of Bec, Bek, or Beck, which came over

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with William the Conqueror and settled in than once; but it is so

common that it Lincolnshire. Small streams are still known would never have occurred to me to make as becks in that county.

a record thereof. What are the full armorial bearings of the A similar mistake has occurred about the Pinchbeck fainily? _The fifth quartering of chasuble, which has often been spoken of Robert Cecil, first Earl of Salisbury (Arg., a as a cope.

EDWARD PEACOCK. chevron between three chess rooks ermines), is mostly, given as Walcot of Walcot, co. fourteenth-century attire should not read a

Is there any reason why a young lady in Lincoln, but sometimes as Pinchbeck. Are missal under a tree. especially when her both arms alike? If so, why? In 3rd S. xi. 307 there is mentioned a

maker designed her for the sole deed

of purpose

ST. SWITHIN. which is signed by Robert Pynchbek, sub-doing it? prior of Spalding, and is dated 31 July, 1534. The Funk & Wagnalls Conupany's 'Standard

W. H. PINCHBECK. Dictionary, 1900, gives as a secondary mean[Adam and Eve and pinch 'em” was familiar to ing of missal, an illuminated black-letter London schooboys forty years ago.]

manuscript book of early date resembling An inquiry, was made at 8th S. i. 493, under the old mass-books.” It is to be hoped this William Hebb, as to the birth, baptism, and Americanism will not obtain a footing here. parentage of William Hebb, who married,

John B. WAINEWRIGHT. 7 July, 1767, at St. Martin's Church, Charing PARSLOE'S HALL, ESSEX (10th S. iii. 430, 490). Cross, Martha, daughter of Christopher -Allow me, the present owner of Parsloes, Pinchbeck, the inventor of the material absolutely to contradict certain statements known as pinchbeck ; but I do not reneinber made by W. I. R. V. The fine old oak that any reply was made to this inquiry. Jacobean Ipanelling is all in absolutely perWilliam Hebb was father of Christopher fect order, though the house is not. I may Henry Hebb, surgeon, twice Mayor of Wor- here state it is my intention to put the house cester, who died in 1861, and whose name in order at the earliest date possible, and appears in the 'D.N.B.' JOHN HEBB. that it will be inhabited. "THE MISSAL' (10th S. iii. 469). - Before the it has had no tenant since 1855.

I beg also to contradict the statement that days of liturgiology, any illuminated MS. tenanted down to December, 1895. The last service-book was called a “missal,” hence the term “missal-painting.'

tenant was my aunt the late Hon. Mrs.

In January, W. W. C. Talbot, widow of the late Hon. and 1818, my grandfather, William Fowler, the Rev. William Whitworth Chetwynd Talbot, engraver, had some dealings with Mr. Joseph rector of Hatfield, Herts, brother of Henry, Sams, the well-known collector and bookseller at Darlington, and was "Cr by Missal, 15l. ”

seventeenth Earl of Shrewsbury and Talbot. This Missal' was a beautiful Flemish MS. MR. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL are still in my

All the fine family pictures mentioned by Horæ; but we always used to call it The Missal' until we know better. A fine illumi.


EVELYN JOHN FANSHAWE. nated MS. York Breviary in Bishop Cosin's

132, Ebury Street, S.W. library at Durham was lettered “Missale The monograph mentioned by MR. EDWARD Romanum' early in the last century. This SMITH was prepared by Mr. E. J. Sage, of error has now been corrected. But it figures Stoke Newington, in conjunction with the as • Missale Romanum’in •Catalogi Veteres,' late Mr. Harrison,* Windsor. (Herald), and Surtees Soc. (1838), p. 136. J. T. F. originally appeared in my friend Dr. J. J. Durham.

Howard's Misc. Gen. et Her. Although never This is no doubt a mistake. It is very privately by Mr. J. G. Fanshawe in quarto

completed in MS., it was separately reprinted unlikely that a lady in any period of the Middle Ages would use

form, with illustrations of some family pora missal in her

Notes, private devotions, even if she were a Latin traits added, under the title of scholar, which is in itself not improbable. Genealogical and Historical, on the Fanshawe

W. I. R. V. The artist, however, is to be excused Family,' 5 parts, 1868-72. for the error into which he has fallen. KNIGHTS TEMPLARS (10th S. iii. 467; iv. 10). The general public know very little about -To the works mentioned in my former the service-books of the Catholic Church. reply I may add the ‘Miscellany of the It is not so very long ago that every Latin orig.) Spalding Club, 1862, which gives book of prayers, especially if it contained illuminations, was called a missal. I think

* Harrison was the maiden name of Sir Richard's Sir Walter Scott fell into this error more I wife, the Lady Fanshawe who wrote the ‘Memoirs.”

It was

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rentals of the “Tempill landis” in the city, fore readily appear that to encourage them in the middle of the sixteenth century; by promoting ales was undesirable. 'Fasti Acad. Mar.' (selections from records of

WALTER W. SKEAT. Mariscal College and University), 1889-98,

The scot-ale, an entertainment given by containing particulars relative to Templar the lord to his tenants, each of whom was property in Kincardineshire ; and Reports of bound to bring his contribution, or scot-peny, the Burgh Commission in connexion with was a well-recognized institution of manorial the Burgh Reform Act. G. M. FRASER.

life. The steward or bailiff presiding at Public Library, Aberdeen.

these periodical festivities would ensure that DICKENSIAN LONDON (10th S. ii. 49; iii. 453). they did not degenerate into low revelry. See The Dickens Country,' by Frederic G. Analogous to these were the church-ales under Kitton (A. & C. Black, 1905), for views and the supervision of the church wardens. It descriptions of places, buildings,&c.,connected seems obvious that Ralph Osbaston and with Charles Dickens, in London and else- John Scattergood (suggestive name) were where, many of which are mentioned in his of a convivial and generous nature, and, not works, under different names and titles.

content with the above official junketings, had ANDREW OLIVER.

“made ales” (love-ales because freely given)

on their own account for their neighbours. MR. MOXHAY, LEICESTER SQUARE SHOW- Possibly at these private drinking bouts due MAN (10th S. iii. 307, 357, 395, 474).- To the decorum was not observed, and a sound of bibliography already given as to Leicester revelry by night" led to their presentment Square add, “The Story of Leicester Square, and amercement at the manor court. by John Hollingshead......with numerous

NATHANIEL HONE. illustrations by M. Faustin, Howell Russell, Phil May, and Others, and Facsimile Repro- first edition, vol. iii. pt. i. p. 103, quoting the

Dr. Rock, in bis 'Church of our Fathers,'

. ductions of Rare Engravings, Original WaterColours, &c." (London, Simpkin, Marshall Sporley MS., Cotton MS., Claudius A. viii. & Co., 1892). Among the illustrations are monks ad potum charitatis.”

f. 44, speaks of mead being, given to certain

ASTARTE. Craven House, Drury Lane,' 'Leicester Square in the Eighteenth Century,' 'A

[Reply also from MR. HOLDEN MacMICHAEL.] Mapp of the Parish of St. Anne' (1750),

HASWELL FAMILY oth S. iii. 225, 313, 376, *Staircase of Sir Joshua Reynolds' House, 477). — For the information of MR. MONTFORT, 47, Leicester Square,': The Assembly Rooins I may say that I know nothing of Cheshire;

Messrs. Puttick & Simpson,' The so-called but what I wrote about mash was, curiously, Observatory of Sir Isaac Newton, Leicester from lifelong knowledge of the surroundSquare from Leicester. Place, about 1820, ings of a stream that flows into the SouthWylde's [sic] Globe, Leicester Square, 1851,' ampton Water.

H. P. L. The Last of the Old Horse,' from a watercolour by Mr. John O'Connor, the scenic PALINDROME (10th S. iii. 249, 310, 375). artist, and 'Interior of Wylde's [sic] Globe.' To the notes on this may be added the fact

There is an interesting "bull on p. 16 recorded in 'Cornish Folk-lore,' published (are there not two ?):

in The Folk-lore Journal for 1887, p. 196, • When Lord Mohun was killed he was living in that among the charms against ill-wishing Macclesfield House, Gerrard Street, Soho, at the worn by the ignorant there figured "a strip back of Leicester House, a site now occupied by the of parchment inscribed with the following defunct Pelican Club." ROBERT PIERPOINT.

words forming a four-sided acrostic: Sator, &c.

St. SWITHIN. LOVE ALES (10th S. iii. 449).-An ale was quite a general word for a feast. Under 'Ale' “POETA NASCITUR NON FIT” (10th S. ii. 388; in 'N.E.D.' we find help-ale, soul-ale, dirge- üi. 433). -Audi alteram partem. ale, Whitson-ale, Mary-ale, leet-ale, scot-ale, For a good poet's made, as well as born. bed-ale, bride-ale. Often they were held on

Ben Jonson, To the Memory of specially appointed days, as at Whitsun-tide,

Shakespeare,' 1. 64. Lady Day, or the occasion of a burial or Harbottle's 'Dictionary of Classical Quotamarriage. I have no doubt that love-ale is tions' (Swan Sonnenschein, 1897), p. 31, gives merely short for loveday-ale. Lovedays were a possible source from Florus, 'De Qualitate days when differences were supposed to be Vitæ,' Fragment viii. :amicably settled ; see .N.E.D.,' or my notes Consules fiunt quotannis et novi proconsules : to 'Piers Plowman.' For some reason they Solus aut rex aut poeta non quotannis nascitur. were not in good repute; and it may there

H. K. Sr, J. S

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WESLEY AND THE WIG (10th S. iii. 269).—I Sir Robert Atkyns's ' Ancient and Present have a very old umbrella, which will answer State of Gloucestershire,' 1768, p. 234 and the question whether John Wesley wore a pp. 321–2. J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL. wig. The handle of it is an ivory bust of John Wesley, with long hair falling in a HOUSE OF LORDS, 1625-60 (10th S. iii. 448, wave round his neck at the back.

The following works may help evidently not meant for a wig, and is incom. G. T.:patible with the wearing of a wig over it. The Order and Manner of the Sitting of the Lords My attention has been drawn to the con

as Peers of the Realme in the Higher House of cluding paragraph of the sketch of Wesley's

Parliament. London, 1628.

The Order of Sitting of the Upper House in the life prefixed to his ‘Journals,' published in High Court of Parliament, &c. London, 1630. 1836:

Å Perfecter Platform then hath hitherto been • In dress, he was a pattern of neatness and sim. published of the Lower House, &c., with the names plicity. A narrow plaited stock; a coat, with of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the Upper small upright collar; no buckles at his knees; no House, &c. London, 1627. silk or velvet in any part of his apparel ; and a

Catalogue of the Names of all such who were head, as white as snow gave an idea of something summoned to any Parliament (or Reputed Parliaprimitive and apostolic; while an air of neatness ment) from the year 1640. London, 1661.–This and cleanliness was diffused over his whole person.'

» gives the Lords, &c., at Oxford, 1613, and in the

Parliament held in 1659. The italics are mine. A wig would not be thus described, and the hair of the portrait could not sit in the House of Lords before

Peers, unless they had an English title, in the book agrees with the ivory bust. HENRY É. FRANKS. 1700.


WILLIAM WAYNFLETE (10th S. iii. 461).SIR GEORGE DAVIES, BART. (10th S. iii. 469).

H. C. does not mention the theory advanced - In the 'Synopsis of the Extinct Baro- Winchester College, pp. 204-5 (viz., that

in his netage of England,? by William Courthope, the bishop should be identified with the

' London, 1835, p. 60, is the following:

Winchester scholar William Patney, of
Davies, of London.
Cr. 11 Jan. 1685-6.

Patney, Wilts), the reason for his silence "1. Sir George Davies, consul and agent at Naples, being, I presume, that the author of the created as above, concerning whom no further theory has now himself relegated it to information has been obtained."

the category of the "just possible”; see In 'The English Baronetage,'London, printed Victoria History of Hampshire, vol. ii. for Tho. Wotton, 1741, vol. iv. p. *278, is the pp. 284-5. There seems to be no evidence following, under 'King James II.? “890 either that Wayneflete had any connexion Jan. 11. 1685. Davies, of London.” This is with Winchester College before he became in the list of 'Baronets, Extinct, &c.'

head master, or that his father ever resided ROBERT PIERPOINT. in Wiltshire. JOHN B. WAINEWRIGH3. QUENINGTON, GLOUCESTERSHIRE (10th S. iii. HOLLICKE OR HOLLECK, CO. MIDDLESEX (10db 489).--- Previously to the reign of King John S. ii. 387, 435). -As regards the name Hola preceptory for the Knights Hospitallers of lick, I accept Col. PRIDEAUX's derivation in St. John of Jerusalem was founded here by preference to my own. In John Norden's map Agnes Laci, William de Poictou, and the of Middlesex, "augmented by, J. Speed Countess Cecilia ; and the endowments (about 1610), the town Hollick is placed being afterwards

increased, the Knights between Muswell Hill and "Duccatts"-a became possessed of the entire manor, which, sub-manor easily traceable to Duckett's Comafter the suppression, was granted to Sir mon, in the Green Lanes. It is also important Anthony Kingstone, A.D. 1545. At the to note that in this map Hollick is separated beginning of last century it was the property from Friern Barnet by Colney Hatch. of Michael Hicks Beach, Esq.

Whatever doubt, however, there may be ceptory was surrounded by a moat, then as to the locality of the town, there is none mostly filled up. See also Dugdale's 'Monas. as regards Hollick Wood. COL. PRIDEAUX, I ticon Anglicanum,'1846, vol. vi. part i.observe, omits all mention of the wood, p. 803 ; Tanner's 'Notitia Monastica,' 1787 Even so late as 1802 it was in existence, and (Gloucestershire, xxvii.); and James Dug- known to be in the manor of Tottenham. dale's 'British Traveller,'. 1819, vol. ii. This can be verified by reference to a docu

Concerning lands in Formert ment entitled “Remarks on the Perambulabelonging to the monastery of Queenington, tion of the Parish of Tottenham made by the which is sometimes spelt "Quienington," seé Parishioners on the 27th May, 1802. The


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