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tender, joyous" (Hall, 'Anglo-Saxon Dict., That from the songs of idle joy
1894, p. 290). And J. M. Kemble has told False angels sang of yore,
us of its affinity to an old German Zeiz and Thou sendest War on Earth, III Will

To Men for ever more.
to an old Norse Teitr, adjectives denoting
hilaris, jucundus, eximius (Names of the We know that wisdom, truth, and right
Anglo-Saxons, 1846, p. 15). May it not be

To us and ours are given that the modern surname is, after all, a

That Thou hast clothed us with Thy wrath

To do the work of Heaven. survival of the indigenous word by which Englishmen of the seventh century acclaimed We know that plains and cities waste their jocund queen? R. OLIVER HESLOP.

Are pleasant in Thine eyes ;

Thou lov'st a hearthstone desolate, Newcastle-upon-Type.

Thou lov'st a mourner's cries. The surnames Tait, Tate, and the un

Let not our weakness fall below common Titt, are from the Icel. Teitr=brisk, The measure of Thy will, quick. See Prof. Peile's 'Primer of Philology, And while the press hath wine to bleed, wherein he comments on the well-known

Oh tread it with us still! lines of Gawain Douglas, "On lyssowris and Teach us to hate-as Jesus taught leasowes," &c., and notes, s.v. "Tayt,' that Fond fools, of yore, to lovea late Archbishop of Canterbury owes his

Grant us Thy vengeance as our own, name to a Scandinavian, possibly pirate,

Thy Pity hide above. ancestor. Titt and sket are very common in

Teach us to turn, with reeking hands, the Early English metrical romances as=

The pages of Thy word

And hail the blessed curses there quick, quickly. Sket is, of course, now repre- On them that sheathe the sword. sented by the name of a well-known contributor to these pages.

H. P. L.

Where'er we tread, may deserts spring

Till none are left to slay, AMERICAN CIVIL WAR VERSES (10th S. iv.

And when the last red drop is shed,

We'll kneel again--and pray!229, 296).—An American correspondent of mine sent me some years ago some verses

A note in manuscript says that the above issued during the war between North and is by S. T. Wallis. Its savageness is terrible, South. I forward you a transcript of one of but not worse than some of the ditties issued them. It was probably printed at Baltimore, during our own Civil War when the Royalist and mine may well be the only copy in this cause was becoming desperate, and it is not country :

nearly so atrocious as some things issued 4 The War-Christian's Thanksgiving. Respect during the Terror in France. If you find & fully dedicated to the War-Clergy of the United place for Mr. Wallis's effusion I will send you States, Bishops, Priests, and Deacons.

copy of verses

issued about the "Cursed be he that doeth the work of the Lord same time, but inspired by far different negligently, and cursed be he that keepeth back feelings.

K. P. D. E. his sword from blood.—Jeremiah xlviii. 10. Oh God of Battles ! once again,

The verses asked for by_J. E. H. were With banner, trump, and drum,

written by Mrs. Ethelinda Eliot Beers, then And garments in Thy wine-press dyed,

resident in a small town of New York, To give Thee thanks, we come!

and first appeared in Harper's Weekly on No goats or bullocks garlanded Unto Thine altars go

30 November, 1861, under the title of The With brothers' blood, by brothers shed,

Picket Guard. The first line,
Our glad libations flow.

All quiet along the Potomac to-night,
From pest-house and from dungeon foul,

enclosed in quotation marks, was, in subWhere, maimed and torn, they die;

stance, a frequent heading of the war news From gory trench and charnel-house,

of the day. I do not know whether any Where heap on heap they lie;

instance of a sentry on duty being shot had In every groan that yields a soul,

happened, or whether such an occurrence Each shriek a heart that rendsWith every breath of tainted air

existed only as a possibility in the mind of Our homage, Lord, ascends.

the writer; but certainly any incident of a We thank Thee for the sabre's gash,

sentry found shot with these verses, of his The cannon's havoc wild ;

composition, in his pocket, is an imaginary We bless Thee for the widow's tears,


M. C. L.
The want that starves her child.

New York.
We give Thee praise that Thou hast lit
The torch and fanned the flame;

“ BELAPPIT (10th S. iv. 305).-- This is one That lust and rapine hunt their prey,

more melancholy example of what happens Kind Father, in Thy name ;

when an editor fails to consult the New


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English Dictionary.' We there find: "Belap, autumne." The following item of diet may v. obs., to lap about, clasp, enfold, envelop; account for some of our ancestors being to environ, surround. Chiefly in pa. pple. termed "sly;" The ancestor went, not for a belapped.And one of the examples given rabbit to make something to roll baby-bunting

1586. A. Scot, Poems,' This belappit in, but for a fox, for the brain often given body here"; which is the very quotation to Children preventeth the falling sickness." required.

There are many wondrous uses for parts of What I have never been able to understand the anatomy of the animal, and his brain is this. My experience is that when an must have been worth having when the editor has to explain a Latin or Greek word, sixteenth-century fox could reason that he he consults some good authority, and gives would cure what he could not endure. “When the right explanation, being in fear of the troubled with fleas they gently sink down in critics. But (as I can prove up to the hilt) the water, having a little Hay, or some other many an editor who has to explain an English thing on their backs for them to crepe to." word (i.e., a word for which he has no regard, We would all go a-hunting to-day if we as it belongs to a barbarous and "unclassical" could believe that “Coming into a Henroost, language) has no sense of responsibility, and they will shake their tails, to affright them, has no fear of the critics, because many of and when off their perches they cach them.” them care no more about the matter than he

HERBERT SOUTHAM. does himself. Why should qur noble language, to use

“CHRIST'S HOSPITAL” (10th S. iv. 247, 310). Mr. Quiller - Couch's expression, be thus

-A reference to the Letters Patent, 26 June, down trodden" ? WALTER W. SKEAT.

7 Edw. VI., will show that John Howes was

perfectly accurate in describing this instituFARRANT'S ANTHEM "LORD, FOR TAY tion as "Chryste his Hospitali.” It is ex

" TENDER MERCY'S SAKE (10th S. iv. 265). — pressly stated that “the hospitalls aforesaid, Lydney's Prayers' were reprinted by the when they shall be so founded, erected, Parker Society in their edition of Bull's and established, shall be called, named, and "Christian Prayers and Holy Meditations' stiled, the hospitalls of Edward the VIth (p. 174), but the words appear to have been king of England, of Christ, Bridewell, and partially altered to suit the melody. They of St. Thomas the Apostle.". The hospital of also are given in the second edition of Christ was, of course, Christ's Hospital. And Clifford's Divine Services and Anthems," a little further on in the same Letters Patent 1664. See 1st S. ix., xi. ; 3rd S. ii., iii.

mention is expressly made of "the mannor, EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. or house, called Bridewell - place, or any 71, Brecknock Road.

other the houses called Christ's Hospitall, “ PEARLS CANNOT EQUAL THE WHITENESS Further reference may be made to l'rollope's

and St. Thomas's Hospitall in Southwarke." OF HIS TEETH” (10th S. iv. 307); – There is a History of Christ's Hospital, 1834. Leigh Persian version of the legend, in a book Hunt was possibly misled by a fancied called : Makhzan al Asrār” 4Storehouse of analogy between the name of the hospital Mysteries '), by Nizāmi, written about the and that of the neighbouring church, which year 1178 or 1179. whiteness of his teeth " appears as Pearls cannot equal the is ordinarily called Christ Church, Newgate


F. supedi na chu dandān e ost." An English translation of this Persian form of the story JOHN DANISTER, WYKEHAMIST (10th S. iv. was printed in Moncure D. Conway's ‘Sacred 289).— I have searched in vain for any person Anthology,' 1874. Can any one trace where of these names both in the original register Nizāmi got it?

JAS. PLATT, Jun. of scholars at Winchester College and in the

manuscript catalogue, which the same college Foxes AS FOOD FOR MEN (10th S. iv. 286). possesses, of the fellows of New College, - Robert Lovel, in his History of Animals Oxford, 1386-1785. This useful catalogue,

' and Minerals,' 1661, in giving the food of compiled with notes from the New College foxes mentions that they feed on hens, geese, records, was, I believe, the work of Charles conies, hares, mice, and grapes. The mixture Pilkington, Canon of Chichester, who died in of these, combined with the probability of 1870. There was a William Banester, of the grapes being sour and not agreeing, Steeple Ashton, Wilts, not mentioned in allows him to quote from Galenus, "The flesh Foster's *Al. Oxon.,' who migrated from is dry, somewhat like that of a Hare,' and Winchester to New College in 1508 ; but this also from Rhases, “It is hot, viscous, hard date seems to be too early to justify the of concoction, and of bad juyce, and is best in suggestion that he is the man about whom


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MR. WAINEWRIGHT desires information. I "Mr. Waldegrave.-John Jumes. Became 6th refer to him, however, because the Danisters Earl of [sic] Waldegrave, after his brother was and Banisters of the sixteenth century have


d. 1835." been sometimes confused; whether by their These two were in 1793 in the "First Form.” contemporaries or only by modern tran- Mr. (i.e. the Hon. John James) Waldegrave scribers I am not prepared to say. This has appears as Lord Waldegrave in “Sense” in been the case with John Danaster, of Lin the list of 1796, and in “Fifth Form-Lower coln's Inn and Cobham, Surrey, a baron of Division” in that of 1799. the Exchequer (1538-40), whose will, dated Another Mr. Waldegrave, the Hon. Edward 27 Feb., 1539/40, was proved on 27 April, William,, appears in Second Form-Lower 1540, by his widow Anne (P.C.C. 5 Alenger). Remove” in the list of 1796, in "Fourth In Letters and Papers, temp. Henry VIII., Form"in that of 1799, and in "Fifth Formwhere further information about him is to be Upper Division” in that of 1802. He was found, he is occasionally styled "Banester";

lost in a

in a transport coming home from and he is similarly styled in Harl. Soc. Pub. Corunna in 1809 along with his schoolfellow lication,' xliii. 179, where the marriage of his Major George Cavendish, second son of the daughter and heiress Anne with Owen Bray first Earl of Burlington ;, see pp. 27, 28. of Cobham is recorded. See also Foss, Lives William, who succeeded as eighth Earl Waldeof the Judges. It may, therefore, possibly grave, was in “Lower Greek" in 1799. be worth MR. WAINEWRIGHT's while to search

ROBERT PIERPOINT. for his man among Banisters as well as In the Eton Ante-Chapel is a white marble Danisters.

slab 601 by 374 in., with this inscription :On the other hand, as " Danister


GEORGE have been an alias, I venture to make the

Fifth Earl of WALDEGRAVE following suggestion. Of known Wyke

Born 13th June 1784 hamists John Fen or Fenne (“ D.N.B.,'xviii.

Died 29th June 1794 313) had a career which bears a considerable See The Eton College Chronicle, No. 1088, resemblance to that assigned by Nicholas p. 649.

R. A. AUSTEN LEIGH. Sander to his “John Danister." He went to Winchester in 1547, and thence to New

THE PIGMIES AND THE CRANES (10th S. iv, College, where he was Sander's contemporary, 266). -Mr. H. T. BARKER would probably get in 1550 (Boase, University Register." Oxford what he requires by applying to an Italian Hist. Soc., i. 319). He studied civil law at photographer-say Alinari, of Florence, or Oxford (Athena Oxon.,' Bliss, ii. 111), and Anderson, of Rome. E. RIMBAULT DIBNIN. his classical attainments sufficed to secure No one is more likely to procure this subhim the post of master of Bury St. Edmund's ject, printed, engraved, or photographed, than grammar school in Mary's reign. Upon Eliza G. Sommer & Figlio, photographers, Naples. beth's accession he lost this post, and had to

MATTHEW H. PEACOCK. batake himself to the Low Countries (ibid.). Wakefield. “Theologiæ operam dedit in academia Lovanensi......Claruit Lovanii A. MDLXVIII.” (Tanner,

MR. BARKER might do worse than write to Bibliotheca Brit.-Hib.,' 277). Upon the estab: my old friend F. Marion Crawford, the

wellknown novelist. His address is : Villa Craw

w lishment of the convent of St. Monica at ford, Sant Agnello di Sorrento, Italy; That Louvain in 1609, he acted as confessor there is quite near to Pompeii.

HARRY HEMS. until his death on 27 Dec., 1615 (Archæologia, xxxvi. 74-77). Did John Fen ever pass as DETECTIVES IN FICTION (10th S. iv. 307).John Danister"? Danista (davelots) has There is certainly an earlier instance of the same meaning as Fenerator. See For- methods of detection than that in 'Zadig,' cellini's 'Lexicon,' i. 569 (edition of 1858-60). which is itself a copy. A precisely similar

H. C.

triumph of observation is recorded in an ETON SCHOOL LISTS (10th S. iv. 187, 314). — Arabian tale in Scott's 'Arabian Nights. I In Stapylton's 'Eton School Lists from 1791 cannot at present say whether this is in the to 1850, second edition, London, 1864, p. 19, main body of the work or in the notes to are the following:

it. There appears to be also a like Indian “Lord Waldegrave. – 5th Earl.

story. The Eastern tale had been copied into

Drowned in bathing* above the Brocas, in 1794. There is a therefore taken it second hand. Although I

European literature before Voltaire, who has monument to him in the Chapel at Eton.'

am sure about these facts, so long a time has According to Toone's 'Chronological Historian' passed since I ascertained them that I cannot on 2 July.

give further particulars. E. YARDLEY,

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ROBINSON CRUSOE, 1619 (10th S. iv. 287).— as stated by "T. Underwood, ye Impartialist," The Mr. Cruso mentioned may possibly have about whom I can learn nothing more than been the father of the Rev. Timothy Cruso what is said by Tooke. Perhaps the inscrip(1656-97). The latter was a fellow-student tion mentioned by L. L. K. will be the of Defoe at Newington Green Academy, “who epitaph composed on himself by the poet, immortalized his surname in the Adventures' of which one line has already been given :published in 1719." The Rev. Timothy Cruso Let one poor sprig of bay around my head died 26 Nov., 1697, and was buried in Stepney Bloom whilst I live, and point me out when dead; Churchyard on 30 Nov., the entry in the Let it (may Heav'n, indulgent, grant that pray'r) register being “Timothy Cruso of Mileend, Be planted on my grave, nor wither there; Clerk.” In 1893 I made a search for the And when, on travel bound, some rhiming guest spacious marble tomb," with its Latin Roams through the church-yard, while his dinner's

drest, inscription given by Maitland, but failed to Let it hold up this comment to his eyes, discover it.

Life to the last enjoy'd-Here Churchill lies ; I have in my possession a small engraved Whilst (0, what joy that pleasing flatt'ry gives !) portrait of Timothy Cruso, the source of Reading my Works, he cries-Here Churchill lives. which I should much like to trace. It was

*The Candidate,' 145-54. drawn by T. Foster and engraved by Hop

In a note on these lines W. Tooke says :wood "from an original picture," and pub-contains all that was mortal of our author. His

"A humble grave, in the church-yard of Dover, lished 1 August, 1808, by Maxwell & Wilson, being buried in a place so much frequented

by Skinner Street, London.

travellers almost gives an air of prophecy to these See 2nd S. x. 169, s.v. 'Theophilus Gay, M.P., affecting lines." William Gay, M.D.. JOHN T. PAGE.

John T. CURRY. West Haddon, Northamptonshire.

CEREMONY AT RIPON (10th S. iv. 249).-The HENRY Hudson's DESCENDANTS (10th S. iv. ceremony of “Au'd Wilfra” still goes on at 288). — According to the 'D.N.B.,' one son of Ripon. It is a rude pageant, in which a man Henry Hudson, John, perished with him. dressed up something like a bishop, in mitre, In April, 1614, Hudson's widow applied to &c., rides round the city on an ass, on the the E.I. Company for some employment for eve, I think, of “Wilfrid Sunday," the name another boy, “she being left very poor.” | still given to the Feast of the Nativity of They placed him for nautical instruction in St. Wilfrid, which was kept only in the parish the Samaritan, and gave 5l. towards his out of Ripon, and on the Sunday next after fit. Reference is made to a work by General St. Peter ad Vincula, or Lammas Day. Meredith Read, entitled Historical Inquiry "Ripon Wilfrid Fair" takes place at the concerning Henry Hudson, his Connection same time. The other two feasts of St. Wilwith the Muscovy Company and Discovery frid are the Translation, 24 April, and the of Delaware Bay.' R. J. FYNMORE. Depositio, 12 October.

J. T. F. Sandgate.

Winterton, Doncaster. CHARLES CAURCHILL : T. UNDERWOOD (10) The Yorkshire Weekly Post for 12 August S. iv. 308).-In The Life of Churchill,' pre- contained the following :fixed to the edition of his works published “ The annual feast of St. Wilfrid began at Ripon by W. Tooke in 1804, I find what follows :- last Saturday with a procession. A representation

“Churchill's body was brought from Boulogne for of the patron saint, clad in proper episcopal garb, interment at Dover, where it was deposited in the wearing a mitre and bearing a crozier, was mounted old church-yard formerly belonging to the collegiate on a milk-white steed, which was led by a monk. The church of St. Martin, with a stone over him on quaint procession, which was headed by the City which was inscribed his age, the time of his death, Band, commemorates the return of St. Wilfrid from and this line from one of his works

exile some twelve centuries ago, since which period Life to the last enjoy'd, here Churchill lies.

the event has been commemorated at an annual A tablet sacred to his memory has since been placed lapsing, but in order to preserve its historic con.

feast. Last year there was a danger of the custom in the church by. Mr.,, Underwood, the author of tinuity, the control of "St. Wilfrid' was taken over several poetical pieces."-Vol. i. pp. xliii-iv.

by the Corporation and is now a civic function. The writer in the ‘D.N.B. has evidently Yesterday the Mayor and Corporation, in their made use of this account, which is not clearly robes of office, attended Divine service at the

Cathedral.” expressed, but it seems to imply that St.

A. H. ARKLE. Martin's Church was no longer in existence ; hence the tablet was placed in St. Mary's. Mr. J. S. Fletcher, in his ' Picturesque York. As Churchill was born February, 1731, and shire,' 1900, speaks of this ceremony as still died 4 November, 1764, he was in the thirty- observed, though not perhaps in such a fourth year of his age," not the thirty-second, marked fashion.


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It would be interesting to know whether distinct from throwing it.. “Cop it here”

" another old custom, certainly still followed was the invitation, and I think "Give us a at the beginning of last century, is observed cop” would be cried by boy A who wanted to-day, or, if not, when it ceased. On Mid-boy B to send him an easy catch. But it was summer Eve every Ripon housekeeper who the act of pitching, tossing, or "chucking had in the preceding twelvemonth changed which was the “cop.” DOUGLAS OWEN. his residence spread a table before his door

This word seems to be used in the sense of in the street, with bread, cheese, and ale, for “throw," or what used to be called “shying' those who pleased to regale themselves; in "The Horkey, a ballad by Robert Bloom. after which, if the master was in a position field--a mine of Suffolk provincialisms. Judy to do so, the company were invited to supper, Twichet observes :and the evening was concluded with mirth

I could have copt them at their head; and good humour."

Trenchers for me, said I,

Which look so clean upon the ledge, 6, Elgin Court, W.

And never mind a fall, If the custom of "processing" St. Wilfrid

Which never turn a sharp knife's edge ;

But fashion rules us all. has ever been neglected at Ripon, it was at any rate duly observed there this year, as

I suppose the trenchers were made of wood, may be seen by The Yorkshire Herald of or metal perhaps. The name is preserved in 7 August.


the square collegiate cap, or trencher. The

meat was eaten on wooden trenchers at DUCHESS OF CANNIZARO (10th S. iv, 265, Winchester College. John PICKFORD, M.A. 316).—I remember hearing the late Charles Villiers (of anti-Corn-Law fame) say that the

NUTTING (10th S. iv. 265).-A“deaf" nut is. Duke of Cannizaro was Portuguese Minister one which has lost its essential character, or in London.

rather which has never had it. So “deaf"

See The lines in which the Duke of Cannizaro .N.E.D.' Also “deaf ears," for the auricles

eggs, ears of corn, any barren fruit. is immortalized in The Ingoldsby Legends of the heart (dial.).

J. T. F. occur near the end of The Merchant of

Winterton, Doncaster. Venice,' and begin :

SANDERSON DANCE (10th S. iv. 308). Antonio, whose piety caused, as we've seen,

- The Him to spit upon every old Jew's gaberdine.

remarks of the dancer and the replies of the JOHN HEBB.

musician in the dance described as 'John

Sanderson Coop," TO TRAP (10th S. iv. 165, 296): - set forth at 1st 'S. ii. 517, and further informa

; or, the Cushion Dance,' are fully Surely it is better to consult 'The English tion is given in iii. 125, 286. An early mention Dialect Dictionary than Bailey. Coop, to of the dance will be found in Heywood's catch in traps, is duly, given there, Coup, playA Woman kill'd with Kindness,' 1600, to exchange, is quite a different word. So is where Nicholas says: "I have ere now Coupe, a piece cut off. So is cop, to catch. deserved a cushion ; call for the cushion I cannot see the point of mixing these all up dance." Archdeacon Nares, in his Glossary in a hodge-podge. And surely the connexion of the Works of English Authors,'

says: “The

' of coop, with coopertura is infelicitous. The

musical notes are preserved in 'The English latter is not English, but late Latin; and is Dancing Master,' 1686, where it is called not spelt with oo, but with 0-ö !

'Joan Sanderson ; or, the Cushion Dance, And yet again, it deserves to be known

an old round dance." that when Bailey quotes a word as being in

EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. “Chaucer," he is only copying from Speght, whose edition contains heaps of poemscertainly more than twenty-of which Chaucer

Miscellaneous. was wholly innocent. As for coupe-gorge, it occurs in l. 7422 of The Romaunt of the

NOTES ON BOOKS, &c. Rose, i.e., in that part of the (English) A New English Dictionary. Edited by Dr. James • Romaunt' with which Chaucer had nothing

A. H. Murray.- Pennage - Pfennig (Vol. VII.). to do. WALTER W. SKEAT.

(Oxford, Clarendon Press.)

With the present instalment, consisting of When I was a boy in Essex, now many double section of the letter P, for which the years ago, the word cop was, amongst boys, Vol. VII., O-P, is completed. It is almost need

editor-in-chief_is responsible, the first half of in constant use. It had a special significa- less to state that the ordinary rate of superiority tion. It meant to pitch or togs an object-a over existing dictionaries is maintained, and that ball, or some object for inspection-as being while the number of words recorded is 50 per cent.

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