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parish of St. Bartholomew the Great, E.C.,

according to direction from the ChamberWe must request correspondents desiring in- lain's Office," in 1732, and was continued formation on family matters of only private interest annually until 1825 ? The amount distributed to affix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that answers may be sent to them direct.

was 71., in small amounts of about 2s. 60., to


poor persons in the parish. DIRECTORY OF FOREIGN PEERS.-I desire STEER FAMILY.-In 4th S. x. 168, 303, there to npile a directory of foreign peers are references to this family. Hunter's resident in Great Britain and Ireland, and Familiæ Minorum Gentium' gives a pedishall be glad if all those to whom my gree of Steer. Where were the nine children proposed work would apply will kindly send Of William Steer, of London, and afterwards me particulars of the titles and decorations of Northampton, by his wife Anne, daughter they may hold, with dates of creation, arms, of Samuel Rastall, baptized ? Their daughter genealogical details (i.e., dates of 'births, Ann married 31 January, 1782, William Drury marriages, and deaths), giving, where possible, -afterwards Drury-Lowe-of Locko Park, the remotest ancestor, and the history and Derbyshire. She is given as dying, in 1848. traditions of the family.

at the age of 104. The date and church of BARON SETON OF ANDRIA. baptism would be interesting. Where was Seton Cottage, Victoria Road, Great Yarmouth. her brother Charles Steer, who died 13 Septem. THOMAS HOOD AND DOUGLAS JERROLD.

ber, 1810, and who is said to have been of At the 1868 Exhibition of National Portraits in Hunter be filled in? Who now represents

Chichester, buried? Can any of the blanks at the South Kensington Museum the follow: I this family? ing three portraits were exhibited. I should

REGINALD STEWART BODDINGTON. feel grateful if any reader of `N. & Q: could

Worthing. tell me where those portraits now are :

No. 593. Thomas Hood. To waist; small size ; JOHN BOWLE, D.D.-Is there in existence seated in arn-chair; full face. Millboard, 12 by 9in. any portrait of John Bowlo, D.D., Dean of [No artist's name given ; lent by Tom Hood.] Salisbury 1620-30, and Bishop of Rochester

No. 594. Thomas Hood. Three-quarter size, seated 1630-37 / If so, where can it be seen? to l. near writing table, pencil in hand. Canvas,

A. R. MALDEN. 50 by 40 in. [No artist's nanie given, but apparently the one taken at Ostend by Lewis in 1838. Lent

Salisbury. by Dr. William Elliot.]

GEOFFREY GRIN, GENT. Who wrote No. 597. Douglas Jerrold. Bust, seated to l. profile; signed at back; painted 1839. Canvas, "Rhyming Reminiscences

and Comical 24 by 20. [By William Bewick; lent by Mrs. Couplets. By Geoffrey Grin, Gent.,” LonNoseda.]

don, 1826? The author was apparently an WALTER JERROLD. actor.

F. JESSEL. Hampton-on-Thames.

E.B. - In the churchyard of Laleham is POPULATION OF A COUNTRY PARISH.---Will

the wife of George Hart any of your readers kindly inform me,

an inscription to

in their opinion, the niost accurate way of well, of this parish, E.B." Can any of your

readers tell me what E.B. means ? ascertaining the population of a country

W. B-M. parish in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries? Where can the returns ADMIRAL JOHN GREY AND THE RELIEF OF of Archbishop Sheldon's religious census be DERRY. In two families descended from seen?

R. L. E. Admiral Grey there is a tradition that he “God's BLESSING FARM."-Having observed boom at Derry. I always thought that had

took a leading part in the breaking of the in a paragraph of a local newspaper, under been done by Micaiah Browning.. Is there the head of Wimborne Minster, the singular any foundation for the Grey tradition ? Any name of "God's Blessing Farm,” I shall be particulars about this officer's career, or about glad if your readers can throw any light his ancestors, will be very acceptable. upon the way in which the name

FRANCESCA. acquired.

A. M. H.

TALE OF RUSSIAN LIFE.-Can any of your KING'S MONEY.-Could you give me any readers aid me in finding the title of a book I information concerning the origin of “the read with much interest about sixty odd year King's money," sometimes described as the ago, although I should not perhaps care so King's letter money

and the King's much about it now? It was a tale of Russian bounty," which was first distributed in the social life, not a translation. The author

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was, I think, or had been, in our naval ser- pædia of Biography' to have left, amongst vice. I do not remember the plot or any of his hundred volumes of MSS., both a the incidents, but have a vivid memory of memoir of himself and his contemporaries, the names of some of the characters--among and a diary. Is it known in whose possesothers, the Boyard Youriwich Millolaski; sion these autobiographical records now are ? Fedka Chomiak, a peasant; a Zaporelska Cos- The account of Montagu in the D.N.B.' is sack; and a Zemski Jariska (Russian tax col- silent about then.

CYRIL. lector). Perhaps some one conversant with

WESTLAND MARSTON.-Some years ago it Russian stories may be able to identify

the book.

S. E. W.

was stated to me by a near relative of Dr.

Westland Marston, the eminent dramatic W. COLE, CAMBRIDGE ANTIQUARY.-Can any poet, who died fifteen years ago, that the reader tell me which of the works of William poet owed his descent to the same ancestor Cole, the Cambridge antiquary, contains as “Sarah Hoggins," the village maiden of copies of old Cambridgeshire (and other) Bolas Magua, in Shropshire, who married wills; also where his works are to be seen the Marquis of Exeter, and was the heroine I have looked in the British Museum Cata- of Tennyson's Lord of Burleigh.' I should logue, but can find nothing to guide me.

be greatly obliged by any information as to R. M. the accuracy of this statement.

JOSEPH RODGERS. HEBREW TRADITIONS. — Can any of your 12, St. Hilda's, Whitby. readers give Rabbinic authority for the following traditions

SHINGLE BERRIES. In a letter of my 1. The mark of Cain was his skin becoming mentions to a Liverpool correspondent“about

grandfather W. Fowler, 30 August, 1810, he black. 2. The wife of Ham was a descendant of 2 January, 1811, he writes : "The shingle

half a pint of the red shingle berries”; Cain, and some of his children were black.

berries are exactly what I wanted......much 3. The water at the poles was frozen to obliged......for necklace and berries.”

I expedite the drying up of the Deluge.

rather think that W. F. wanted the "berries” Y. N.

for a necklace for his daughter Rebecca. I SLAVERY.-Could you

refer me to any

have not found the term in any glossary or I works giving information on the follow. dictionary that I have consulted. What are ing headings ? 1. The relation between “shingle berries”?

J. T. F. slavery and commerce. 2. The fact that the Durham. achievements of Greece in art were possible SAMUEL WAITCHURCH, POET. because slaves conducted her commerce. 3. reader of N. & Q. help me to particulars of The relation of Egypt's commercial pros- Samuel Whitchurch, a poet who flourished, perity to slavery.


or at any rate wrote, at the beginning of the FINAL "E" IN CHAUCER.—Would Prof.

last century? He and one of his poemus, Skeat, to whom all students of English are

“The Battle of Instruction,' are mentioned under such a vast debt of obligation, kindly written in 1811 and 1812. DAVID SALMON.

several times by Joseph Lancaster in letters expound this difficulty for me in your columns? It may be stated thus : When did

Swansea. the final e, pronounced in Chaucer's day, · HUGH TREVOR.' Who wrote 'Hugh cease to be sounded in English ? What of Trevor,' which appeared in the eighteenth the final e, for example, in The King's century, and presumably was a novel ? Any Quair'?

STUDENT. other particulars about it would be interestSIR PHILIP JENNINGS CLERKE, BART.


22, Lancaster Gate, W. According to Burke's 'Extinct Baronetcies' he was of Duddlestone, Salop, was created a

ESCUTCHEON OF PRETENCE.-When was the baronet 26 October, 1774, and died 22 April, custom first established in England of placing 1788. I should be glad to obtain the date of the arms of an heiress upon an escutcheon of his birth and the particulars of his parentage pretence?

The ancient custom and career.

G. F. R. B. doubtedly to impale the arms of an heiress

with those of her husband, giving her arms BASIL MONTAGU. – This octogenarian the preference by placing them on the dexter scholar (1770-1851), who had known a good side of the shield, and I know an instance of many of the most interesting people of his arms treated in this way as late as the end of time, is stated in Charles Knight's Cyclo- the seventeenth century. In drawing out an

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emblazoned family tree, at what date would Shaftesbury ; but Thomas Manning, or Sudit be correct to place the arms of heiresses in borne, Bishop of Ipswich, does not appear pretence upon the shields of their husbands ? | after 1542, in which year he resigned the Again, should the arms of an heiress descend College of Mottingham ; Thomas Morley, or as a quartering to all her children,or only to Bickley, Bishop of Marlborough, seems to her eldest son and heir ?

G. B. have died in 1553 (Wilts Archæological

Magazine, v. 41); and of Thomas Bradley, or OPEN-AIR PULPITS.—Lately, at the Hotel Stephens, Bishop of Shaftesbury, no record Brufani, Perugia, I overheard an American appears to exist, except that of his consecralady exclaiming, "That lovely open-air pulpit tion. When did he die? Were any other - I never saw one before. I really must go "suffragan" (i.e., auxiliary) bishops alive at and_see it again!" She was referring to the accession of Queen Elizabeth ? St. Bernardino's pulpit outside the Duomo.

JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT. It occurred to me that a full list of open-air pulpits known to exist or to have existed in Britain would be very interesting, if no such

list has been already compiled. May I ask
for information on this subject ?


(10th S. iv. 387.) PARKER'S CONSECRATION AND “SUFFRAGAN" TOKENS came into use in the Presbyterian BISHOPS.-On 9 September, 1559, a commis Church almost immediately after the Reformasion was issued to the Bishops of Durham, tion. They are mentioned in the Session Bath, and Peterborough, together with Records of St. Andrews under date 7 May, Kitchin, Bishop of Llandaff, and Barlow, the 1572. They were struck in Edinburgh by record of whose consecration is missing, and order of the Dean of Guild before 1579

. Scory, who was consecrated by Cranmer From that time onwards they have been in in 1551, commanding them to consecrate constant use in the Church of Scotland, and Parker Archbishop of Canterbury. The three they have been adopted by the other Presbyfirst mentioned refused to conform to Pro- terian Churches in succession, not only in testantism, and Kitchin, though conforming, Scotland, but in America and in the British refused to act. Accordingly, another com-colonies. Though the token is still in use in mission was issued on 6 December, 1559, to many churches, it is gradually being superKitchin, Barlow, and Scory, with Coverdale, seded by a printed card. Formerly they were consecrated by Cranmer in 1551,

John oftener called “tickets” than “tokens ; but Hodgkins, Bishop of Bedford, and John even what were called tickets were generally Salisbury, Bishop of Thetford. 'In the event made of lead, brass, or other alloy, and even Parker was consecrated by Barlow, Scory, of leather. For these particulars I am in. Coverdale, and Hodgkins, Kitchin still re- debted to an article by the Rev. Dr. Paul, of fusing. Why was Stanley, Bishop of Sodor Edinburgh, printed in the History of the and Man (who_conformed), not commanded Berwickshire Naturalists' Club,' vol. xvi, to consecrate Parker? And why did John 1899, p. 109, with four illustrative plates of Salisbury not join ? As it happened, no Border Church tokens. The oldest dated bishop with a see consecrated Parker, and Scottish token known to Dr. Paul is of 1648. only one auxiliary bishop. Besides (1) The writer adds that it is a mistake to sup Hodgkins, and (2) Salisbury, who both pose that the custom belongs solely to undoubtedly conformed, there were alive Presbyterianism or even to Protestantism. in England (3) Lewis Thomas, Bishop of Certificates or tokens were used by the Shrewsbury, who died 1560/1; (4) Thomas Roman Catholic Church in some parts of Sparke, Bishop of Berwick, who conformed, Europe after the Council of Trent. There is and died in possession of his preferments also evidence of their use in the Church of 22 February, 1571 ; and (5) Robert Pursglove, England in the sixteenth and seventeenth Bishop of Hull, who refused to conform. The centuries.

R. OLIVER HESLOP. probability is that (6) William Finch, Bishop

Newcastle-upon-Tyne. of Taunton, who died in 1559, had died This subject has been very fully dealt with before either commission was issued. The by the Rev. Thomas Burns, F.R.S.E., in the late Dr. F. G. Lee, in his book "The Church fourth chapter of his Old Scottish Com. under Queen Elizabeth,' at p. 31, seems to munion Plate' (Edinburgh, 1892). At p. 447 have thought that three other auxiliary he says :bishops were available, viz. (7, 8, and 9) “There can be little doubt that the token has the Bishops of Ipswich, Marlborough, and been in use since the Reformation...... That the tokes

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in the infant days of the Reformed Church con- Example of pronunciation from Scott: sisted of a written or stamped card called a ticket is very probable...... There can be no doubt, however,

Nor mourn ye less his perished worth, that at a very early date the use of a metallic

Who bade the conqueror go forth,

And launched that thunderbolt of war token was also introduced...... When the metallic token was introduced, the practice of having a

On Egypt, Hafnia, Trafalgar. written card was not altogether abolished......For a The accenting of the second syllable in the time both the written card and metallic token were name Trafalgar Square is also found in used......and in the course of time the card was Sepúlchre Street, Scarborough, and formerly permanently superseded by the metallic token...... in Charlotte Street (three syllables), NottingThis is probably the explanation why the terms * ticket' and 'token' are so frequently used to


W. J. DICKISSON. designate the same passport, and that in later days

Mitcham. the same term 'ticket' was applied to what was in

Rossetti, in his fine sonnet on the death of reality a metallic token."

Nelson, accents this word on the ultimate From Kirk-Session Records quoted by Mr. syllable, but Browning, in his Home Burns it appears that metallic tokens were Thoughts from the Sea,' on the penultimate. in use in the parish church of St. Andrews

JOAN B. WAINEWRIGHT. in 1590. In Glasgow in 1593 the tokens were made of lead, but in 1603 of tin. Brass

DR. KREBS seems surprised to hear this tokens were in use in some parishes. The word pronounced with the accent on the last chapter includes five full- page plates of syllable. But is not this recognized as the tokens, which bear (1) the initial letter of the correct pronunciation ? I have always underparish, (2) the year, (3) the minister's initials,

It is true that of late years I have (4) ornaments, (5) miscellaneous marks. À usually heard the word accented on the penfoot-note on p. 458 refers to 'N. & Q.,"5th S. ultimate, but, if my memory serves me, the xi. 515.

other pronunciation was very prevalent, There is a collection of old tokens in the although not universally so, among educated library of the Church of Scotland, General people thirty or forty years ago, and was Assembly Hall, Castlehill

, Edinburgh. The recognized as right, though sometimes thought library, is open every Wednesday forenoon rather pedantic, and avoided for this reason.

J. FOSTER PALMER. throughout the year.

Communion tokens were occasionally in AMATEUR DRAMATIC CLUBS (10th S. iv. 388). use in Episcopal churches in Scotland, and The Theatrical Journal, 1840-73, edited they sometimes bore a cross; but a cross is by William Bestow, gives the particulars also to be found on some Church of Scotland your correspondent requires.

The early tokens. Ingleby Wood's 'Scottish Pewter- efforts on the boards of private theatres of ware and Pewterers' should be consulted. some who may now be considered stars in

W. S. the theatrical firmament are chronicled in

this publication, which, despite disregard of TRAFALGAR (10th S. iv. 385).—In connexion style and type, contains much information with the pronunciation of this name it may not to be met with elsewhere. A complete be worth mentioning that I lately had a set is very scarce; the last I saw was catacommunication from Earl Nelson stating that logued in the sale of the late Sir William his late son's title (Viscount Trafalgar) was Fraser's books.

ROBERT WALTERS. accented on the last syllable (the new heir is

Ware Priory. styled Viscount Merton). Byron's line is thus I have a number of odd issues of The shown to be correct, whilst, as all who know Theatrical Times, originally published as a anything of the language are aware, a penny weekly in 1846. It was devoted to Spanish word ending in a consonant takes the professional and amateur stage. My regularly the accent at its close, unless first number is for Saturday, 15 May, 1847. specially marked to the contrary.. But the There is an advertisement on the last page: English mispronunciation, which it would To Theatrical Amateurs : The Kemble Club be vain to attempt to reform in the case of Literary and Dramatic Society are seeking squares and streets, must have prevailed from for fresh members," &c. The committee the very outset, for a surgeon of Nelson's rooms were at Ashley's Hotel-only about own veterans, whom I knew in my youth, fifteen years demolished Maiden Lane, and who had a weakness for verse-writing, Covent Garden. In the issue for Saturday, once printed a composition containing the 26 June, there is a long account of two faulty line :

performances at the Dramatic Institution, I was at anchor in Trafalgar Bay.

Gray's Inn Road. The Bijou is mentioned, ED. •WHITAKER'S PEERAGE.' where Miss Herbert Alexandra's class at Bays

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water provided patrons with a dramatic of Syracuse, deposed and imprisoned by treat.” The first mention of club is in the Dionysius the younger, and rescued by his same pumber in which the Bijou occurs, son-in-law, Timoleon. After this outrage on and this is the only one up to that date. historical fact, we are not surprised to find Another paper, The Theatrical Journal, of Dionysius the younger saddled with the 4 November, 1868, mentions the Imperial misdeeds of the elder tyrant of that name, Dramatic Club, located evidently at the and, in the last act, killed by the imaginary Lecture Hall, Carter Street, Walworth. At daughter of the imaginary king. I have the end of this publication, however, a list given Murphy's reference to Valerius Maxiof amateur clubs is given : The Burton,' mus without verifying it. I hope it is more

Garrick (established fifteen accurate than his history. Towards the end years), "Milton," " Tower Hamlets Rifle of his 'Postscript,' he admits an obligation Brigade," "The Shakespearian," "Thalia," for “no more than three lines ,

"” to the “Fitz-Roy," and "Alexandra” (Liverpool). (Liverpool). Zelmire' of Belloy; also that "the subject

T They are all called Dramatic clubs, and there of his tragedy has been touched in some were many more.

S. J. A. F. foreign pieces." The ‘Biographia Dramatica'


“The first idea of writing this play is said to S. iv. 307, 353).-According to an old copper have been suggested to Mr. Murphy by a picture plate engraving, by Alex. Voet, jun. (in which he noticed as he was waiting in the room of my possession), issued about 1640 (date of a celebrated painter. In this picture the sentinel, artist's death), this subject was painted as he witnesses the interesting scene of the by Paul Rubens. The inscription beneath is daughter suckling her parent, bursts into tears." as follows: “En pia nata, svvm, proprio According to the same dictionary, Tom fovet vbere patrem. Ille senex, dvro, car- Fate of Tyranny' (published 1721), had


's The Grecian Heroine ; or, the cere pressvs Arat.”

Some years ago I observed in a Liverpool Timoleon among its characters. I have not & broker's shop a very fine copy of the original copy at hand to refer to, but think it not painting. The vendor informed me that it improbable that it illustrates the same story, was practically unsaleable on account of the and may have furnished Murphy with his unpleasant nature of the subject.

"air of real history.". WM. JAGGARD.

In my own time I have only known this 139, Canning Street, Liverpool.

affecting fable do duty in a waxworks

exhibition in Briggate, Leeds, which I This subject was at one time much in patronized one evening more than twenty favour with painters and poets. To the list

years ago.

There I found the incident, of pictures already given let me add ‘Kindes- which the dramatist had to leave to the liebe (Cimon und Pera),' by Peter Paul imagination, done to the life without any Rubens, in the Rijks Museum at Amsterdam. reticence. The showwoman regarded it It would, I think, be interesting to enlarge with pride as one of her finest exhibits. the inquiry to include literary treatments of According to the descriptive handbook the subject.

(which, because of its quaint style, I preGarrick produced (26 February, 1772) a served), the story is as follows :tragedy, 'The Grecian Daughter,' by Arthur Murphy, in which the heroine saves her daughter's father), a high and powerful gentleman,

"Antony Molina (odd name for a Grecian father's life (behind the scenes) in this unusual was detected among many others, during a period

Murphy, in a postscript to the of civil commotion, of plotting against the king. published play, says it is founded on He was ordered to be cast into prison and starved passage in Valerius Maximus (lib. v. C. 4, 'De to death. His daughter got permission to see him Pietate in Parentes'), which narrates how entered the cell. She suckled her father for twelve

once a day. She was searched every day as she a Roman woman, whoso jailer had instruc: months, when the king became acquainted with it. tions to starve her to death, was thus saved He softened his wrath so much, that he instantly by the ministrations of her daughter. The granted the aged Molina a pardon, reinstated him Latin author refers to a Greek tale, in which in his former possessions, and settled a thousand a the heroine performs the same act of piety year upon his virtuous and affectionate daughter. to a father in the decline of life.” Murphy

E. RIMBAULT DIBDIN. continues, “The painters long since seized MR. J. SMITH has a picture of the subject, and by them it has been called the Caritas Romana,' a bas-relief • Roman Charity.." In order to improve his the door of the prison at the base of the play, by giving it "an air of real history," Belfry at Ghent. This is popularly known Murphy made the father, Evander, a king as the 'Mammelokker,' and was put up when




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