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calls Fenn a priest, and it seems probable that, like Sander himself, he was ordained abroad.
2. That he was ordained abroad is stated by Dodd ('Church Hist.,' first edition, vol. i. p. 510) and by Gillow (ii. 244) and the D.N.B.' (xviii. 313). Pits is silent on the matter. Probably the 'D.N.B.' and Gillow follow Dodd.
Dodd is probably wrong in saying he was ordained from the English College at Rome, as the D.N.B.' points out. He may thus also be wrong in stating that he was ordained abroad; but until it is shown that John Fenn was a priest at Elizabeth's accession, I do not feel inclined to accept H. C.'s sug gested identification, although I feel that without it John Danister is a very nebulous
JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT.
TUFNEL FAMILY (10th S. iv. 389).-The William and John Tufnel of the query, who rendered accounts for bricklaying and joinery work done at "Her Majesties Receipt of Excheq" and at houses in Burlington Ground," 1711-22, were, no doubt, sons of John Tufnell, for twenty-three years mason to Westminster Abbey, who was buried there in 1696-7, aged fifty-three. Col. Chester thought it was very probable that John Tufnell (1644-97) was а son of Edward Tufnell and Catherine Moorecocke, of Christ Church, London, married in 1638. Of the sons William and John, William was buried in the Abbey in 1733, and is described in the journals of the day as master builder and bricklayer to the New River Company, and as leaving a fortune of from 30,000l. to 50,000l. John was joiner to the Abbey, and died in 1723 in his forty-second year (see "The Registers of Westminster Abbey,' printed by the Harleian Society in 1876, for several references). I can refer your correspondent to other sources of information, if desired.
GEORGE F. T. SHERWOOD.
50, Beecroft Road, Brockley, S. E.
The Tufnell who succeeded Sir William Halton (not Hatton) as possessor of the manor of Barnsbury belonged to the Essex family of that name, now represented by Mr. Tufnell of Langley's Park in that county, whose kinsman Col. Edward Tufnell, M.P., is the present owner of the London estate comprised in the manor of Barnsbury. Essex county histories and Burke's 'Commoners give pedigrees of the family. An ancestor was M.P. for Southwark in the reign of Charles II. It is unlikely that the William and John Tufnel referred to belonged to this family.
ITHAMAR (10th S. iv. 387).-What authority is there for this as a girl's name? As a man's name it has a double warrant. Firstly, as pointed out in the editorial note, it is in the Bible; secondly, it is the name of a Kentish saint, Ithamar, Bishop of Rochester, a native of Canterbury, whose life is given by the Bollandists under 10 June. He was the first Englishman who sat in that see, to which he succeeded in 644; and at his death, in 655 or 656, he was buried in the church. JAS. PLATT, Jun.
My predecessor in the vicarage of Norton, MULBERRY AND QUINCE (10th S. iv. 386).Irishman, who was appointed in 1854, had a near Evesham, Narcissus George Batt, an considerable knowledge of fruit-trees. the garden on the south side of the vicaragehouse he planted a mulberry-tree. body then told him that he ought also to have a quince-tree, whereupon he planted one on the north side. I do not remember, however, that any mention was made of luck in connexion with it. W. C. B.
NOTES ON BOOKS, &c. The Political History of England.-The History of England from the Norman Conquest to the Death of John, 1066-1216. By George Burton Adams. (Longmans & Co.)
England, dealing with the period from the Norman THE second volume of "The Political History of Conquest virtually to the signature of Magna Carta, has followed close upon the heels of the tenth volume, in commendation of which we have already spoken (see ante, p. 318). It furnishes proof how broad is the basis upon which this fine undertaking is established, that this portion of the work is supplied by the Professor of History in Yale University, whose share in the events and the progress recorded is, of course, the same as our own. It is a piece of very sound and capable workmanship, and will be of immense service to English scholarship. Based, naturally, upon such early authorities as The Saxon Chronicle,' the works of men like William of Poitiers, William of Malmesbury, Florence of Worcester, and William of Newburgh, the 'Historia Ecclesi astica' of Orderic Vitalis, the Imagines Histo riarum' of Ralph de Diceto, and similar works, the republication of which in the Rolls Series is one of the most important bequests of the past cenvarious editors of the series (notably of the splendid tury, it makes full use of the contributions of the introductions of Bishop Stubbs), Sir Thomas Duffus Hardy, and J. S. Brewer, of the all-important labours of Freeman, Mr. Horace Round, Sir James Ramsay, Miss Kate Norgate, Prof. Felix Liebermann, and detracts from the vivacity of the pages that the other writers, French, German, and American. It questions connected with the growth and develop ment of chivalry and similar matters are dis
worthy of it, and furnishes happy augury of the manner in which the entire work is to be executed. Gulliver's Travels. By Jonathan Swift, D.D. Edited by G. Ravenscroft Dennis. (Bell & Sons.) AN opportunity, of which we have gladly availed ourselves, of rereading in a convenient and attractive guise Swift's immortal satire is furnished us by its inclusion in this delightful series. It is consoling to find the work published, as of course it is, in an unabridged and unexpurgated form, the text, like the portrait, &c., being the same as in the 8vo edition of Swift's prose works issued by the same publishers. It is the pocket size and the clear type that specially recommend the volume to us, and we once more exclaim, "What a companion for a journey! What a mass of seventeenth and eighteenth century literature is suggested by the collocation of names on the title-page!" The work is assured of an eclectic welcome, and should be a popular success.
The Works of Heinrich Heine. Translated by Margaret Armour. Vol. XII. (Heinemann.) THE twelfth and concluding volume_of Heine's works consists of the third book of the 'Romancero' (the first and second parts of which appeared in vol. xi.) and minor poems. Miss Armour's rendering is as good as is to be hoped of Heine, whose verses really defy translation. In the Hebrew poems, or as, after Byron, they are called, 'Hebrew Melodies,' is some of Heine's best and most satirical work. The possession of a complete translation of Heine is a thing on which the world is to be congratulated. It is very edifying to compare with Mr. Swinburne's Heine's telling (p. 25) of the story of The singer of old
missed with slight mention or none at all. Such omission is, however, as the title of the series indicates, inherent in the scheme. Any attempt to deal in extenso with the work is, of course, impossible, a pamphlet being necessary to convey an idea of the manner in which the various subjects, from the pacification of England after its subjugation by the Conqueror to the signature of Magna Carta, are treated. Few chapters are more interesting or more significant than the first, dealing, inter alia, with that policy of gradual confiscation by which a Norman landed aristocracy was substituted for an English, and England was subjected to that political feudal organization which for near two centuries was to be "the ruling system in both public and private law." All that is said of feudalism as it existed under the Duke of Normandy is weighty and serviceable. As is shown by Mr. Round, however, the feudal change introduced by the Normans into England affected but a comparatively small class: the whole number of knights due the king_in service seems to have been something less than five thousand." Under early Norman sway developments ecclesiastical and monastic life brought with them a new era of learning; the histories of Eadmer and William of Malmesbury were superior to anything produced in England since the days of Bede, while Norman ideals of massive strength speak to us as clearly from the arches of Winchester or the piers of Gloucester as from the firm hand and stern rule of William or Henry." With the closing days of the Conqueror comes the formation of what was popularly known as the Domesday Book, with its complete register of the occupied lands of the kingdom, their holders and their values, bearing a name signifying that the sentences derived from it were final and without appeal as those of the Day of Doom. Doubt is thrown upon the assumption that it was the arrow of Walter Tirel, a French_baron, that caused the death of William Rufus, Tirel's statement to the contrary effect winning acceptance. It is, naturally, a subject of complaint that we know so little of the growth of institutions under Henry I., one of the ablest of English kings. What is said of the beginnings of Oxford as a place of education deserves close attention. The time of Henry is regarded as an introductory age, interrupted by a generation of anarchy. Passing over the reign of Stephen, we come to that of Henry II. and the struggle with Becket, and the great question of regalal-that is, lay-judgment over ecclesiastical offences. Much of the blame of forcing on the quarrel is laid on Henry. Unlike the attempted coronation, by will of Stephen, of his son Eustace and other precedents among Capetian kings, that of the crowning of young Henry by his father, with its plentiful crop of disorders, is described as unaccountable." Few writers, it is said, of the time discerned behind the attractive manners of young Henry his frivolous character. Reaching Richard, the history becomes stimulating. It is insisted upon that Richard Coeur de Lion belonged by nature to France rather than England, and that England must have seemed a foreign land to him. Words, meanwhile, are lacking, it is said, to describe, in the case of John, the meanness of his moral nature and his utter depravity.
Here we are compelled to draw rein. Though, of course, all unlike its predecessor, the volume is
By the tideless, dolorous midland sea. Heine's translation from Luther (p. 89) may be noted:
Luther's motto is your guide: He who, soured by pious pride, Loves not women, wine, and song, Lives a fool his whole life long. Kobes I.' is well translated. The bitterness of 1649-1793-???' is preserved. One or two poems are omitted-whether as a concession to Mrs. Grundy or on account of their difficulty we know not.
The Magazine of Fine Arts. Vol. I. No. 1. (Newnes.) YET one more is added to the list, now long, of art periodicals. Published by the enterprising firm of Newnes, this latest bid for popular support has some special features. Most distinguishing among these is the manner in which, instead of a miscel laneous collection of plates, one or two artists are thoroughly illustrated. Twelve illustrations thus accompany Prof. Max Rooses' Development of the Art of Jakob Jordaens.' First among these comes a suberb reproduction of the artist's Triumph of Bacchus.' Aided by the exhibition of the works. of Jordaens recently held in Antwerp, the Professor undertakes the difficult task of settling the chronology of his works. Dated pictures by Jordaens are known, but are not common. The Triumph of Bacchus' is quite in the artist's best style. From various sources the Professor has derived a representative collection, including many well-known pictures. Nine illustrations follow to Donatello,
and eleven (of which one is in colours) to Richard Wilson, the subject of an important essay by Sir James D. Linton, with which begins what promises to be a series of English landscape painters. Lord Ronald Sutherland Gower writes on Gainsborough's drawings in the British Museum.
"Miniature Series of Musithe same publishers' a capital cians" Mr. John F. Runciman sends memoir and estimate of Wagner. Both volumes have well-executed portraits and other illustration. WITH a double number of The Queen is supplied a Rembrandt gravure, 30 in. by 22 in., of the fine painting by J. W. West exhibited, under the title A Long Story,' in last year's Royal Academy. The work is superbly executed and produced on proof paper, and merits all that is claimed for it, viz, that it is a real work of art, and worth many times the price charged.
AN Oxford edition of 'The Poetical Works of William Blake' is about to be issued in two forms from the University Press. It gives a verbatim text from the manuscript, engraved, and letterpress originals, with variorum readings and notes and prefaces by John Sampson, Librarian in the Univer sity of Liverpool.
MR. JAMES SYKES, who died at his residence, 38, Harrington Street, N.W., on 30 October, aged eighty-four, was N. & Q.,' the latest article of his that we can trace being at 7th S. v. 495. He came from Halifax, in the West Riding, but spent most of his life in London. He had a great knowledge of biographical and genealogical matters, on which he sometimes wrote in The Gentleman's Magazine, The Herald and Genealogist, and the like, using at times the signature Q. F. V. F., the initials of the motto of one branch of the Sykes family.
an occasional contributor to
Notices to Correspondents.
THE paper which will first attract the notice of many of our readers in The Edinburgh Review for October is the one on Greek teaching at our older universities. It, unlike much of literature on this highly controversial subject, is written with exemplary moderation, but its drift cannot be mistaken. The author would assuredly retain Greek, but not let it continue to be compulsory. We trust that those who agitate for its abolition on the ground that it is useless will give attention to what occurs here, and call to mind that there are reasons-not of the directly utilitarian order, it is true-which ought to have some influence on the training of the higher minds of the country. The Novels of Miss Yonge' is a pleasing paper. Her merits as a novelist have often been exaggerated, even to the boundaries of the grotesque; but the tide of thought has now for some years run in a contrary direction, and there has been developed an amount of depreciation which it is not easy to excuse. It has been maintained, with some truth, that Miss Yonge was far This is, in a limited too consciously didactic. sense, true; but it is only fair to bear in mind that her life was a comparatively narrow one, so that she had not the means of acquiring certain kinds of knowledge which are open to nearly every one today. Her own happy, though restricted experience did not supply the means of estimating certain forms of selfishness, and even cruelty, practised by good people, from which in early and middle life so many have suffered through little or no fault of their 'The Preservation of Big Game in Africa' is a strenuous article in favour of wild creatures. Some things, as the writer is careful to point out, have been done in a right direction, but not nearly WE cannot undertake to answer queries privately. all that is needed. Many sportsmen, we are happy To secure insertion of communications corre to say, are also students of zoology; but the spondents must observe the following rules. Let majority of those who go to Africa for the purpose each note, query, or reply be written on a separate of killing things are sportsmen only, and have no more idea of the interest inseparable from the wild slip of paper, with the signature of the writer and creatures they so recklessly slaughter than they such address as he wishes to appear. When answer had in their childhood for the gateways of knowing queries, or making notes with regard to previous ledge opened to them by the wild bees, ants, and wasps which they encountered in their daily walks. The review of Mr. G. M. Trevelyan's England under the Stuarts' will be useful to those who have not read the book, and something little short of fascinating to those who have. We do not sympathize with some of the writer's opinions, but have been charmed by his sturdy determination to think for himself, unswayed by traditional opinion. There is much that is instructive in The Battle of the Japan Sea,' and also in 'The Garden City and Garden Suburb.' The latter is the more interesting, because it not only tells of what is happening now, but forms an index to the social progress of the future.
A Quick Calculator, by R. Klein, issued by Messrs. Routledge & Sons, is well printed and arranged, and is likely to be of great and general utility.
To Bell's "Miniature Series of Great Writers Mr. Walter Jerrold has added a workmanlike and very notable biography of Charles Lamb, and to
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