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3 Medium of Intercommunication



"When found, make a note of."—CAPTAIN CUTTLE,

No. 101. [NT] SATURDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1905.


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CONTENTS.-No. 101.

NOTES:-Another Horatio Nelson, 441 - The Jubilee of The Saturday Review,' 442 Shakespeariana, 443Nelson's Blood-stained Coat-Nelsoniana-Charles Lamb, 445-Fifteenth-Century Banquet-"Come out, 'tis now September," 446-"The hand that rocks the cradle". Rain caught on Holy Thursday-Tunbridge Wells Harvest Custom, 447.

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QUERIES "Photo-lithograph" "Phrenesiac" - The Author of 'Whitefriars,' 447 Sir Lawrence DundasAntonio Canova in England-Lord Mayor's Day-Bayham Abbey-Hunt Family-"That same "The bird in the breast"The Ring-Mackintosh - The Little Green Shop on Cornhill-Kerr of Lothian: De Brien, 448St. Agnes' Eve-Zapata's Questions'-Monck: MonkCharles Gough-Hyphens after Street Names-Rabî'ab, Son of Mukaddam, 449.

REPLIES:-Pig: Swine: Hog, 449-'The Death of Nel

son-Ulm and Trafalgar Photography," 450-Dover Pier-Kingsway and Aldwych-Virgil or Vergil? 451Hair-Powdering Closets-"Tholsels"-Civil War Earthworks, 453- Printed Catalogues in Public Libraries Evans: Symonds: Hering: Garden-Splitting Fields of Ice, 454-Duelling in Germany Detached BelfriesNicholas Nickleby'-Sir Robert Lytton, 455-Icelandic Dictionary-Duchess of Cannizaro-"This too shall pass away"-"Add":"Adder" - Lawson's New Guinea Detectives in Fiction, 456-"Smith" in Latin-Bowes of Elford-" Newlands," Chalfont St. Peter-Plans of Lucca,

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ANOTHER HORATIO NELSON. THE Rev. Joseph Nelson was a Yorkshire clergyman whose early career I do not know. There was a Rev. Mr. Nelson, lecturer of Halifax parish church, who wrote a 'History of Halifax' published by N. Frobisher at York in 1789 (Boyne, Yorkshire Library,' pp. 94-5). Joseph was born about 1729, and is first heard of at Riccall in 1780 (Burton and Raine, History of Hemingbrough,' 1888, p. 339). Early in the nineteenth century he became vicar of Skipwith, near York. By his wife Agnes, who died 29 December, 1804, in her seventy-eighth year, he had two sons. John, the elder, was a volunteer officer, and died on permanent duty, 20 June, 1805, aged fifty-one. The younger, Thomas Horatio, died 23 November, 1774, aged seventeen. (Inscriptions at Skipwith.) Thomas Horatio therefore would be born about 1757. How did his parents come to fix upon the name Horatio? The great hero was born in 1758, one year later, and we know how he came by the name.

Joseph Nelson had some homiletical skill and reputation. He wrote

"The Christian Scheme; or, Gospel Method of Salvation: fully opened and clearly shewn, in a series of questions and answers. In which the fundamental Principles of the Christian Religion are laid down in a plain and easy manner; and so arranged as to form a Regular Plan or System: a plan founded upon Divine authority, and equally consonant to Reason and Scripture. The Second Edition, very considerably enlarged and improved. York, W. Blanchard." No date. 7 × 4ğ, 4 leaves + pp. 1-86. Dedicated to William [Markham], Archbishop of York.

I have not been fortunate enough to meet with a copy of the first edition, or of the third, 1812 (Living Authors,' 1816, p. 249). Moreover, he was in request as an adviser I have the original of about serion-aids.

the following letter, addressed to "The Revd Benjamin Dockray, Arksey, near Doncaster":

DEAR SIR,-I beg pardon for not answering your friendly Letter sooner. I dare not send you any of my own Sermons, such as you wish to have, for fear of losing them; for as, on account of the weakness of my sight, I have them written in a very large hand, should any of them be lost, the loss would be irreparable. I can, however, recommend some to you, which will answer your purpose as well as mine. I mean 'Sermons selected and abridged by Mr. Clapham,' of which there are two Volumes. I would also recommend to you Skelton's Sermons, which are as excellent as they are scarce, and some of which you will find abridged by Mr. Clapham. To these, which may be had immediately, you may, if you choose, add 16 Sermons of Bishop Beveridge, abridged by Mr. Glasse, with 12 original Sermons of his own, in one Volume, price 78. 6d. These last have not yet been offered to the public, but will be published very soon. I believe I have some very good original Copper - plate Sermons; but have not time to examine them at present. I may, perhaps, in a little time send you a Treatise on Inspiration, price 1 Shilling; concerning which, when I send it, I shall give you some particulars.

I should have been very glad to have had it in my power to furnish your brother with a few hundreds on the security you offer, than which none, in my opinion, can be better, but I shall mention. not have any money at liberty by the time you

I do not know that any advancement is to be made in the Salary of Curates. I am at present very unhappy in a Methodist Curate, whom I have often the mortification to hear preach false and

dangerous doctrine.

He plagues me too with respect to Salary; for though he has an Income of upwards of 100%. per ann., more than 40%. of which he receives from me, he is yet craving more; so true is the Poet's observation "Semper avarus eget."

I am glad to learn from your Letter that yourself, good health. I and my son are both tolerably well, your brother, and your children all enjoy pretty but Mrs. Nelson, who is oft ailing, is at present much indisposed.

I shall always be happy to hear of your welfare, and wish to hear from you more frequently than I do. When you write, direct your Letter, Riccall near Selby. Your last travelled circuitously, first


to York, and from thence to Selby by Ferrybridge.D.N.B.,' from information supplied by BeresEvery Letter directed as it is, will be sent the ford Hope, says of him :

same way.

My wife and son join in kind respects to you and

your brother with

Dear Sir, your sincere friend, & obedient servant, Riccall, Nov. 17th, 1804.


If the Treatise on Inspiration' was his own, it has not come in my way. Joseph Nelson, the vicar of Skipwith, died 15 January, 1817, aged eighty-eight.

A paper-mill at Retford, built in 1794, was in the occupation of a Mr. Horatio Nelson in 1828 (Piercy, 'History of Retford,' 1828, p. 164). W. C. BOULTER.


(See ante, pp. 382, 402, 422.)

N. & Q' has had only a few references to The Saturday Review. Two of these are of special interest. A well-known bibliographer, using the pseudonym P. W. TREPOLPEN, inserted a query as to the existence of a pamphlet by James Grant, of The Morning Advertiser, in which he criticized the Saturday, which had severely dealt with him in its columns. He had intended including it in his History of the Newspaper Press,' but space would not allow of this. TREPOLPEN'S query brought him a loan of the pamphlet, and in N. & Q.' of July 3rd, 1880, he gives its title::

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The Saturday Review; its Origin and Progress, its Contributors and Character. With Illustrations of the Mode in which it is Conducted. By James Grant......Being a Supplement to his History of the Newspaper Press, in Three Volumes, Lond., Darton & Co., 42, Paternoster Row, 1873. 8vo." Title and preface (dated March 18, 1873), pp. i-iv; History,

5-84. Price 2s. 6d.

That good friend of 'N. & Q.,' MR. RICHARD H. THORNTON, of Portland, Oregon, sent us an epigram on the Saturday which had appeared in The Arrow on the 13th of September, 1864. The Saturday had remarked that "critics play much the same part now which the Sadducees did." The epigram, which was inserted in our number for the 20th of December, 1902, ran:

Our hebdomadal caustic, severe upon quackery, Was christened the Superfine, long since, by Thackeray;


Men considered its bitters too nauseous and tonic,
So some called it Saturnine; others, Sardonic;
But wait long enough, a good name's to be had, you
For it writes itself down as the Saturday Sadducee!
The first editor of The Saturday Review, as
is well known, was John Douglas Cook. The

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Cook had a singular instinct for recognising ability Though not possessed of much literary culture, made him one of the most efficient editors of his in others and judgment in directing them, which day."

He edited the paper till his death on the 10th of August, 1868.

TheD.N.B. states that about 1849 he Cook was succeeded by Philip Harwood. joined Cook as sub-editor of The Morning Chronicle.

"The Chronicle proved a great literary, but not a great commercial, success; and upon its relinquishment by the proprietors in 1854, Harwood followed his chief to the Saturday Review,"

and was sub-editor until 1868, when he succeeded as editor upon the death of Douglas Cook. He

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'had the character of being the best sub-editor ever known, and if as editor he did not very powerfully impress his personality upon his journal, he that could be done by the most sedulous applicafaithfully maintained its traditions, and did all tion and the fullest employment of his ample stores of political knowledge......Personally he was a most amiable man, retaining much of the manner of the presbyterian minister of the old school." The Saturday Review of December 17th, 1887, contained an obituary notice of him.

Walter Herries Pollock, who had been subeditor, succeeded Harwood, but left in 1894, when Mr. Frank Harris, the founder and editor of The Candid Friend, became the fourth editor of the Saturday. On his retirement in 1898 the present editor, Mr. Harold Hodge, took the chair. He is in the primeof life, having been born in 1862. He was educated first at St. Paul's School, and from there went to Oxford. On leaving college he devoted himself to social work in East London, and especially to the housing question.

One of the earliest and ablest contributors was Sir James Fitzjames Stephen (1829-94),. of whom the 'D.N.B.' says :—

"He found a thoroughly congenial employment day], and became very intimate with other contriin writing social and moral articles [for the Satur butors, especially George Stovin Venables and Thomas Collett Sandars.'

George Stovin Venables (1810-88) wrotethe first leading article in the first number, and

"from that date until very shortly before his death he contributed an article or two to that paper almost every week, and he probably did more than any other writer of his time to establish and rain-tain the best and strongest current style, and the highest type of political thought, in journalism. For at least twenty-five consecutive years from 1857 he wrote the summary of events which took the place

of leading articles in the Times on the last day of each year.'

The 'D.N.B.' states "that he was almost without an equal in the extraordinary force and charm of his character."

Among other notable contributors were Col. F. Cunningham (son of Allan Cunningham), of whom an obituary notice appeared in The Athenæum of December 18th, 1875; and James Hamilton Fyfe, who had acted as assistant editor of The Pall Mall Gazette from its beginning till 1871, when, the post of assistant editor of the Saturday being vacant, Mr. Fyfe was asked to fill it. The Athenæum, in its obituary notice on the 15th of May, 1880, says that he had been obliged to relinquish this about two years previously on account of an acute attack of illness which disabled him from using his pen: "Many of the articles which attracted the readers of The Saturday Review were written by Mr. Fyfe; and he had the knack of treating contemporary topics with great freshness, vigour, and geniality."

On the 29th of October, 1887, The Athenæum records the death of Mr. Beresford Hope, the founder of the Saturday, stating that he

deserves mention

not only for his love of art and as proprietor of The Saturday Review, but also for the two novels he wrote quite late in life, and the success of which was a source of much gratification to him. The first of them, 'Strictly Tied Up,' originally appeared anonymously, and was only acknowledged by him when it proved popular. Another work of his later years was his volume on 'Worship and Order,' published in 1883. He was an excellent classical scholar and was well versed in modern languages. Having been early in life an enthusiast for ' 'restoration,' he was naturally hostile to the anti-scrape movement, which he not very happily denounced as a 'Gospel of Death.' He presided over the Institute of British Architects for a couple of years."

Of other contributors I may mention Mark Pattison (1813-84), a long obituary notice of whom appeared in The Athenaeum, Aug. 2nd, 1884; his wife (Emilia Francis Strong), afterwards Lady Dilke (see the obituary notice in The Athenæum, Oct. 29th, 1904, and the memoir by Sir Charles W. Dilke which is included in 'The Book of the Spiritual Life,' published a few months ago by John Murray); and Mr. Joseph Knight, beloved of all our readers and by all who know him. So recently as in the number for November 18th appeared an article from the pen of the last named, entitled 'London, Bohemian, Convivial, and Gastronomic.'

Did space permit, it would be pleasant to extend these records; indeed, I have been urged to do so. In closing these short

reminiscences I most cordially wish Mr.. Harold Hodge a brilliant future for the far famed Saturday Review. JOHN C. FRANCIS.


"ONEYERS," '1 HENRY IV.,' II. i.-Much has been written about this strange word,. and many alterations have been proposed. The funniest of the explanations attempted seems to me that taking it as a derivative of one corresponding to the modern slang. word " a oner. An item in the wonderful 'N.E.D.' suggests to me another, which is perhaps not quite so wide of the mark. It says:

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'O.Ni, oni, obs. An abbreviation of the Latin words oneratur, nisi habeat sufficientem exonerationem, he is charged, or legally responsible, unless he have a sufficient discharge,' with which the marked in the Exchequer; sometimes used subst. as account of a sheriff with the King was formerly a name for this phrase or the fact itself."

A formation with er, designating a person connected with this formula, is very natural, and, though not vouched for by the N.E.D., might have been coined any day. Now the immediately before, says :— Chamberlain, when addressing Gadshill

"Good morrow, Master Gadshill. It holds current that I told you yesternight: there's a franklin in the wild of Kent hath brought three hundred marks with him in gold: I heard him tell it to one of his company last night at supper; a kind of auditor; one that hath abundance of charge too, God knows what." And as Gadshill uses oneyers" side by side with " burgomasters," we may be allowed to guess that they are respected officials. I should be thankful to receive the criticisms. of English scholars. G. KRUEGER. Berlin.

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Though his bark cannot be lost,
Yet it shall be tempest-tost.

A note in the Clarendon Press edition (Clark and Wright, 1869) says: "She threatens in the shape of a rat to gnaw through the hull of the Tiger and make her spring a leak." Besides being a paltry and undignified exploit for a witch, this can hardly be right. The ship is not to be lost, but tempest-tost.

think we have a bit of Aryan folk-lore here, however Shakespeare came by it. I read in

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