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District of

on of New-York, S November, in the twenty-ninth year of the Independence of the United States of America, GEORGE Caines, of the said Dis. trict, hath deposited in this Office, the Title of a Book, the right whereof he claims as author, in the words following, to wit :

“ New-York Term Reports of Cases argued and determined in the Su“preme Court of that State. By GEORGE CAINES, Counsellor at Law, and Reporter to the State. Vol. I.”

IN CONFORMITY to the Act of the Congress of the United States, entitled “ An Act for the Encouragement of Learning,“ by securing the “ Copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of “ such Copies, during the times therein mentioned.”

EDWARD DUNSCOMB, November 14, 1804.

Clerk of the District of New-York.


a jurisprudence where the judgments of the

past are to regulate those of future times ; where that which has been, is to form the rule of that which is to be ---the utility and importance of transmitting, to those who are yet to come, the decisions of our days, to be acknowledged, need only be named. The inconveniences resulting from the want of a connected fystem of judicial reports, have been experienced and lamented by every member of that profession for whose use the following sheets are peculiarly designed. * The determinations of the court have been with difficulty extended beyond the circle of those immediately concerned in the fuits in which they were pronounced ; points adjudged have been often forgotten, and instances might be adduced where those folemnly established, have, even by the bench, been treated as new. If this can happen to those before whom every subject of debate is necessarily agitated and determined, what must be the state of the lawyer, whose fole information arises from his own practice:, or the hearsay of others ? Formed on boulks, the doctrines of which have



many respects been wisely overruled, he must have frequently counselled without advice, and acted without a guide. To alleviate these em- , barrassments, and disseminate that which it concerns all to know, the following Reports have been undertaken. Their continuance will be regular by quarter-annually publishing in each vacation the decisions of the last preceding


The reporter would ill deserve the favours he has received, did he not in the fullest manner avow their extent, Their Honors on the bench, with a kindness and warmth of encouragement, for which far more is felt than it is possible to express, have unreservedly given their written opinions, and the whole bar has frankly and generously afforded their cases and

every other communication, that was wished or defired. To these aids the clerk of the court has added an unlimited recurrence to the papers and pleadings his office contains,

From this enumeration of assistances it will appear, that the reporter's exertions have been reduced to little more than arranging the materials received, and giving, in a summary manner, the arguments adduced. In stating these it has been necessary to condense; to shorten but not to deviate from the path, counsel have been pleased to elect. So little has this

been done, that in some instances, it has been thought right to tread in their steps, and the very

words have been adhered to, because they have been considered as mirrors reflecting the case, without which it would often be impossible to behold it in the light represented to the bench. To omit altogether what the advocate has urged, and specify his points alone, has more than once been suggested; but believing the reasonings of the barrister to form the link which connects the case with the decifion, it was thought impossible, without in some degree preserving the language of the pleader, to do justice to either. Notwithstanding every endeavour to render this, it must be confessed that it has not always been accomplished ; and the eloquent in the law will often have to regret the inadequacy of their reporter. For this their forgiveness is entreated : the fault is not in the man, but the nature of the thing. Where is the original that in the copy has not loft fire and colour? With this apology the reporter takes his leave of a bar to whom he is in every sense of the word, truly obliged.


NEW-YORK, February, 1804.

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