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Young, the Diffident, and the Neglected. The Purpose of this Exhibition is not to enrich the Artists, but to advance the Art; the Eminent are not flattered with Preference, nor the Obscure insulted with Contempt, whoever hopes to deferve public Favour, is here invited to display his Merit.
Of the Price put upon this Exhibition fome Account may be demanded. Whoever sets his Work to be shewn, naturally desires a Multitude of Spectators; but his Delire defeats its own End, when Spectators affemble in such Numbers as to obstruct one another. Though we are far from wishing to diminish the Pleasures, or depreciate the Sentiments of any Class of the Community, we know, however, what every one knows, that all cannot be Judges or Purchasers of Works of Art : yet we have already found by Experience, that all are desirous to see an Exhibition. When the Terms of Admirfion were low, our Room was thronged with such Multitudes as made Access dangerous, and frightenened away those whose Approbation was most defired.
Yet, because it is seldom believed that Money is got but for the Love of Money, we shall tell the U se which we intend to make of our expected Profits.
Many Artists of great Abilities are unable to sell their Works for their due Price ; to remove this Inconvenience, an annual Sale will be appointed, to which every Man must send his Works, and send them if he will without his Name. These Works will be reviewed by the Committee that conduct the Exhibition. A Price will be secretly set on every Piece, and registered by the Secretary. If the Piece exposed is sold for more, the whole Price shall be the Artist's ; but if the Purchaser's Value it at less than the Committee, the Artist shall be paid the Deficiency from the Profits of the Exhibition.
In which is delineated what a News-PAPER may
and ought to be
T has always been lamented, that of the little
Time allotted to Man, much must be spent upon Superfluities. Every Prospect has its Obstructions which we must break to enlarge our View: Every Step of our Progress finds impediments, which however eager to go forward we must stop to remove. Even those who profess to teach the Way to Happiness, have multiplied our Incumbrances, and the Authour of almost every Book retards his Instructions by a Preface.
The Writers of the Chronicle 'hope to be easily forgiven, though they should not be free from an Infection that has seized the whole Fraternity, and instead of falling immediately to their Subjects, should detain the Reader for a Time with an Account of the Importance of their Design, the Extent of their Plan, and the Accuracy of the Method which they intend to profecute. Such Premonitions, though not always necessary when the Reader has the Book complete in his Hand, and may find by his own Eyes whatever can be found in it, yet may more easily be allowed to Works published 8
gradually in successive Parts, of which the Scheme can only be fo far known, as the Authour shall think fit to discover it.
The Paper which we now invite the Public to add to the Papers with which it is already rather wearied than fatisfied, confifts of many Parts; some of which it has in common with other periodical Sheets, and Tome peculiar to itself.
The first Demand made by the Reader of a Journal is, that he should find an accurate Account of foreign Transactions and domestic Incidents. This is always expected, but this is very rarely performed. Of those Writers who have taken upon themselves the Talk of Intelligence, fome have given and others have fold their Abilities, whether small or great, to one or other of the Parties that divide us ;, and with out a Wish for Truth or Thought of Decency, without Care of any other Reputation than that of a stubborn Adherence to their Abettors, carry on the fame Tenor of Representation through all the Vicissitudes of Right and Wrong, neither depreffed by Detection, nor abashed by Confutation, proud of the hourly Increase of Infamy, and ready to boaft of all the Contumelies that Falsehood and Slander may bring upon them, as new Proofs of their Zeal and Fidelity
With thefe Heroes we have no Ambition to be numbered, we leave to the Confeffors of Faction the Merit of their Sufferings, and are desirous to Thelter ourselves under the Protection of Truth, That all our Facts will be authentic, or all our: Remai ksjast, we dare not venture to promise: We can relate but what we hear, we can point out but what we fee. Of remote Transactions, the firft Accounts are always confufed, and commonly exaggerated; and in domestic Affairs, if the Power to conccal is less, the Interest to misrepresent is often greater ; and what is sufficiently vexatious. Truth leems to
fly from Curiosity, and as many Enquirers produce: many Narratives, whatever engages the public Attention is immediately disguised by the Embellish, ments of Fiction. We pretend to no peculiar Power of disentangling Contradiction or denuding Forgery, we have no settled Correfpondence with the Antipodes, nor maintain any Spies in the Cabinets of Princes. But as we shall always be conscious that our Mistakes are involuntary, we shall watch the gradual Discoveries of Time, and retract what we have hastily and erroneously advanced.
In the Narratives of the daily Writers every Rca, der perceives somewhat of Neatness and Purity want. ing, which at the first View it seems easy to supply; but it must be considered, that those Passages must be written in Hafte, and that there is often no other Choice, but that they must want either Novelty or Accuracy; and that as Life is very uniform, the Affairs of one Week are fo like those of another, that by any Attempt after Variety of Expression, Invention would soon be wearied, and Language exhausted. Some Improvements however we hope to make ; and for the rest we think that when we commit only common Faults, we shall not be excluded from common Indulgence. The Accounts of Prices of Corn and Stocks are to most of our Readers of more Importance than Narratives of greater Sound, and as Exactness is here within the Reach of Diligence, our Readers may justly require it from us.
Memorials of a private and personal Kind, which relate Deaths, Marriages, and Preferments, muft always be imperfect by Omission, and often erroneous by Misinformation; but even in these there fhall not be wanting Care to avoid Mistakes, or to rectify them whenever they shall be found.
That Part of our Work, by which it is diftin. guished from all others, is the literary Journal, or
Account of the Labours and Productions of the Learned. This was for a long Time among the Deficiencies of English Literature, but as the Caprice of Man is always starting from too little to too much, we have now amongst other Disturbers of human Quiet, a numerous Body of Reviewers and Remarkers.
Every Art is improved by the Emulation of Competitors ; thofe who make no Advances towards Excellence, may ftand as Warnings against Faults. We shall endeavour to avoid that PetuJance which treats with Contempt whatever has hitherto been reputed facred.
We shail repress that Elation of Malignity, which wantons in the Cruelties of Criticism, and not only murders Reputation, but murders it by Torture. Whenever we feel ourselves ignorant we shall at least be modest. Our Intention is not to pre-occupy Judgment by Praise or Cenfure, but to gratify Curiosity by early Intelligence, and to tell rather what our Authours have attempted, than what they have performed. The Titles of Books are neceffarily short, and therefore disclose but imperfectly the Contents ; they are fometimes fraudulent and intended to raise false Expectations. In our account this Brevity will be extended, and these Frauds whenever they are detected will be exposed; for though we write without Intention to injure, we Shall not suffer ourselves to be made Parties to Deceit.
If any Authour shall transmit a Summary of his Work, we fhall willingly receive it ; if any literary Anecdote, or curious Observation shall be communicated to us, we shall carefully infert it. Many Facts are known and forgotten, many Observations are made and suppreffed ; and Entertainment and Instruction are frequently lost, for want of a Re