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pository in which they may be conveniently preferved.

No Man can modestly promise what he cannot afcertain: we hope for the Praise of Knowledge and Discernment, but we claim only that of Diligence and Candour.

INTRODUC

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INTRODUCTION

TO THE

Proceedings of the Committee appointed to

manage the Contributions begun at London, Dec. 18, 1758, for Cloathing French Pri. soners of War.

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HE Committee intrusted with the Money con

tributed to the Relief of the Subjects of France, now Prisoners in the Britis Dominions, here lay before the Public an exact Account of all the Sums received and expended, that the Donors may judge how properly their Benefactions have been applied.

Charity would lose its Name, were it influenced by so mean a Motive as human Praise : It is therefore not intended to celebrate by any particular Memorial, the Liberality of singlé Persons, or distinct Societies; it is sufficient that their Works praise them,

Yet he who is far from seeking Honour, may very justly obviate Cenfure. If a good Example has been set, it may lose its Influence by Misreprefentation; and to free Charity from Reproach, is itself a charitable Action.

Against the Relief of the French only one Argument has been brought ; but that one is so popular and specious, that if it were to remain unexamined, it would by many be thought irrefragable. It has been urged that Charity, like other Virtues, may be improperly and unfeafonably exerted; that while we are relieving Frenchmen, there remain many Englishmen unrelieved ; that while we lavish Pity on our Enemies, we forget the Mifery of our Friends. **

Grant

Grant this Argument all it can prove, and what is the Conclusion ?--That to relieve the French is a good Action, but that a better may be conceived: This is all the Result, and this All is very little. To do the beft can seldom be the Lot of Man; it is sufficient if, when Opportunities are presented, he is ready to do Good. How little Virtue could be practised, if Beneficence were to wait always for the most proper Objects, and the noblest Occasions ; Occasions that may never happen, and Objects that may never be found ?

It is far from certain, that a single Englishman will suffer by the Charity to the French New Scenes of Misery make new Impressions, and much of the Charity which produced these Donations, may be supposed to have been generated by a Species of Calamity never known among us before. Some imagine that the Laws have provided all necessary Relief in common Cases, and remit the Poor to the Care of the Public ; fome have been deceived by fictitious Misery, and are afraid of encouraging Imposture; many have observed Want to be the Effect of Vice, and consider casual Almsgivers, as Patrons of Idleness. But all these Difficulties vanish in the

prea sent Cafe: We know that for the Prisoners of War there is no legal Provision; we see their Distress, and are certain of its Cause; we know that they are poor and naked, and poor and naked without a Crime.

But it is not necessary to make any Concessions, The Opponents of this Charity must allow it to be good, and will not eally prove it not to be the best.

That Charity is best, of which the Consequences are most extensive: The Relief of Enemies has a Tendency to unite Mankind in fraternal Affection ; to soften the Acrimony of adverfe Nations, and dispose them to Peace and Amity : In the mean Time, it alleviates Captivity, and takes away something from

the

the Miseries of War. The Rage of War, however mitigated, will always fill the World with Calamity and Horror : Let it not then be unnecessarily extended ; let Animosity and Hostility cease together ; and no Man be longer deemed an Enemy, than while his Sword is drawn against us.

The Effects of these Contributions may, perhaps, reach still further. Truth is best supported by Virtue: We may hope from those who feel or who see our Charity, that they shall no longer deteft as Heresy that Religion, which makes its Professors the Followers of Him, who has commanded us to do good

to them that hate us.'

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With an Account of the Honour that is due to an

ENGLISH FARMER.

GRICULTURE, in the primeval Ages,

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Opulence of Mankind then confifted in Cattle, and the Product of Tillage ; which are now very essential for the Promotion of Trade in general, but more particularly fo to such Nations as are most abundant in Cattle, Corn, and Fruits. The Labour of the Farmer gives Employment to the Manufacturer, and yields a Support for the other Parts of a Community : It is now the Spring which sets the whole grand Machine of Commerce in Motion ; and the Sail could not be spread without the Affiftance of the Plough. But, though the Farmers are of fuch Utility in a State, we find them in general too much disregarded among the politer Kind of People in the present Age : While we cannot help observing the Honour that Antiquity has always paid to the Profession of the Husbandman: Which naVOL. II.

M

turally

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