Large Carnivores and the Conservation of Biodiversity
Large Carnivores and the Conservation of Biodiversity brings together more than thirty leading scientists and conservation practitioners to consider a key question in environmental conservation: Is the conservation of large carnivores in ecosystems that evolved with their presence equivalent to the conservation of biological diversity within those systems? Building their discussions from empirical, long-term data sets, contributors including James A. Estes, David S. Maehr, Tim McClanahan, AndrFs J. Novaro, John Terborgh, and Rosie Woodroffe explore a variety of issues surrounding the link between predation and biodiversity: What is the evidence for or against the link? Is it stronger in marine systems? What are the implications for conservation strategies? Large Carnivores and the Conservation of Biodiversity is the first detailed, broad-scale examination of the empirical evidence regarding the role of large carnivores in biodiversity conservation in both marine and terrestrial ecosystems. It contributes to a much more precise and global understanding of when, where, and whether protecting and restoring top predators will directly contribute to the conservation of biodiversity. Everyone concerned with ecology, biodiversity, or large carnivores will find this volume a unique and thought-provoking analysis and synthesis.
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The Scientific Context for Understanding the Role of Predation
From Largely Intact to HumanDominated Systems Insight on the Role of Predation Derived from LongTerm Studies
Achieving Conservation and Management Goals through Focus on Large Carnivorous Animals
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abundance apex predators behavior Berger biodiversity biodiversity conservation biological biomass bobcat boreal forest bottom-up browsing carnivore conservation carrying capacity changes competition coral reef coyotes culpeos decline dynamics ecological ecosys ecosystems effects evidence extinction factors fish food web functional redundancy guanaco guilds habitat hare herbivores human hunters hunting hyenas impact important increase influence interactions intraguild islands J2drzejewski kelp forests killed killer whales landscapes large carnivorous animals large predators limited Linnell lions lynx Maehr mammals marine McClanahan models moose National Park native nivores numbers panther Patagonia plant potential predator–prey prey density prey populations prey species protected areas puma red deer Redford relatively restoration result roe deer role sea otters sea urchins Serengeti Sikhote-Alin Sinclair species diversity Steneck structure Terborgh terrestrial tion top carnivores top predators top-down trophic cascades trophic levels ungulate populations ungulates vegetation volume white-tailed deer wild dogs wildebeest Wildlife wolf Woodroffe Yellowstone
Página 5 - ... would take the tiger, he was concealed by the forest. After a long time, the forest was rendered foul by the residence of the tiger, and it began to be estranged from him. The tiger, thereupon, quitted the forest, and men having found out that it was no longer guarded, came in numbers and cut down the wood, and robbed the leaves, so that, in a short time, the forest was destroyed, and became a bare place. The tiger, leaving the forest, was seen, and although he attempted to hide himself in clefts...