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legends and traditions. I have some recollection of get access to a London directory of that year), he having read, many years since, of an artist who had not in 1677 added the avocation of a banker constructed for a German prince a wonderful clock, to his mercantile business, of whatever nature the and had his eyes put out by order of his royal latter may have been. His son (the father of Lady employer, lest he should carry his art elsewhere and Walpole and grandfather of letter-writing Horace) excel this complicated piece of mechanism ; the (2nd S. xii. 14) was a timber merchant, owning artist some time after requested to be led to ships trading to Sweden and Norway; so timber the clock that he might adjust something, and merchant or not- undoubtedly did our hero omiting it with a small hammer destroyed the joint possess similar sailing vessels (see Matthew Taubproduction of his brain and hands.
man's 'Sir John Shorter's Pageant,' to be ex
W. A. CLOUSTON. amined more miputely hereafter). I incline to 233, Cambridge Street, Glasgow.
think that John Shorter, of Bybrooke, Kendington, Kent, and Bankside, Southwark, and Norfolk
Street, Strand, whose daughter Katherine married LORD MAYOR SIR JOHN SHORTER AND JOHN
Sir Robert Walpole, succeeded to his father's busiBUNYAN.
ness, though probably, from reasons connected (Continued from p. 103.)
with structural alterations at London Bridge, to be Pursuing my object of demonstrating the inac referred to by-and-by, he found it necessary to curacy of Evelyn's contemporaneous record, now
contract and limit its operations to one branch, we have ascertained what, the inquiry may be fitly that is to say, that while Sir John traded generally entered upon, Who was this Sir John Shorter? In to the north of Europe, his son confined bis the first place, genealogists know him as the mater-traffic to the timber trade with Sweden, Denmark, pal great-grandfather of that epistolarily gossipping and Norway, Sir John, then, I opine to have been peer, that Earl of Orford whom we recognize more a Baltic merchant, and though here I am aware readily under his familiar appellation of Horace that I am wading in troubled waters – that during Walpole (2nd S. xi. 152 ; xii. 14, 521). Sir John the greater part of the alderman's career as a trader Shorter was the son of a John Shorter, whose his ships were in the habit of mooring off his resia father's Christian name was also John, of a family dence and place of business in Southwark.* The long settled at Staines, in Middlesex, that quiet drawbridge at the south end of London Bridge but quaint and pretty riparian town, tbe name of seems to have been practicable down to the begin. which recalls to the mind of the lover of the his- ning of the last quarter of the seventeenth century tory of Cockaigne the patronymic of another Chronicles of London Bridge,' by an Antiquary pablic-spirited Lord Mayor, who is said to have ÌR. Thomson), pp. 331-2). A new drawbridge was, begun life as a bricklayer's labourer, and who at all events, constructed and completed so late as either bore tbe same name as the town in which, May 12, 1672, and repaired in 1722 (ibid., pp. 355or—if he came, as some authorities say, from 356). The flap probably only became stationary on neighbouring Uxbridge—in the vicinity of which the completion of the structural alteration widenhe was born,* MR. RENDLE accurately
ing the thoroughfare over the summit of the bridge enough (p. 444) tells us that Sir John Shorter from twelve to twenty feet during the mayoralty of was à mercbant in Bankside, Southwark. But Sir James Smith in 1684-5. Ships of the ordinary what kind of a mercbant? I am inclined to think
tonnage employed in the timber, tallow, and hemp that he was engaged in what was then known as
trades could down to that time, in all probability, the Baltic trade. He was, we have seen, an emi easily pass and discharge their cargoes above nent member of the Goldsmiths' Company; but bridge, and I submit, as singularly corroborative this fact is immaterial to the inquiry, for even in the time of Charles II. the trading company to
* After the manner of the traditional good old English which a citizen was affiliated had for some time merchant. Sir John carried on his business on premises ceased to represent his actual avocation. In adjacent to his residence. We mark an early instance the List of Merchants' of 1677 (the earliest of the change of habit which bas become common in London directory, I believe, ever published) Sir our own time when we observe his son, the Kentisii John Shorter's address is given in Bankside as a
Squire of Bybrooke, the timber merchant of Southwark,
having his town place of residence on the north bank “merchant"-it does not specify what kind of
of the Thames, almost opposite his business premises, iu merchant—but with the exception of one class, in the then fashionable locality of Norfolk Street, Strand, which Sir John's name does not appear, this little then newly built on the grounds of the razed 'Arundel work in no instance condescends to those detailed House, where the wood dealer was the neighbour of the particulars. That class is the “List of Goldsmiths
notorious Sir William Penn, and for a brief period of the
more notorious, and in this instance, as a potentate, illusthat Keep Running Cashes." Therefore, whatever
trious Peter the Great of Russia. Surely Shorter fils's Sir John might have been in 1688 (and I cannot evolution must to the readers of Pope irresistibly suggest
the migration from east to west of Sir Balaam, poetic* Sir William Staines, Lord Mayor 1800-1 (Hone's ally and graphically delineated in Epistle III., to Allen, • Year Book,' p. 1337, under date November 9tb). | Lord Bathurst (“Moral Essaye,' 11. 339 to 402 inclusive).
of my theory, that that particular description of virtues—Truth, Justice, Temperance, Fortitude, trade is still peculiar to the south bank of the Mercy, &c.-the whole mythological masque comThames. When London Bridge became impass- posed so as, more or less, impliedly or directly, to able to ships of large burden and tall top.hamper convey nauseous compliments to the monarch,* of the trade dropped (and the vessels had to lay to whose arbitrary tyranny the hero of the paradeand discharge) lower down the river, until at length imposed upon the citizens, their right of choice --well on in the present century-the timber traffic ignored-was an impersonation. found a home and the craft a mooring place between The second act or tableau is that extracted Rotherhithe and Deptford, where the Commercial by Hone (see last reference), and I at one time Docks were constructed for this particular descrip- inferred that it had especial reference to the tion of commerce, which site is still the great avocation of the incoming Lord Mayor. It preentrepôt of the northern trade in deals and battens.* sented, inter alia, a group reproducing the old I at one time thought that Sir John Shorter's busi- smitby tradition of St. Dunstan tweaking the nose ness was connected with metal, and remember some of the Prince of the Powers of the Air with his where-but I cannot at this moment recall the red-hot pincers, the accompanying lines illustrating authority-to have seen him described as a refiner. my proposition as to the sycophancy with which I fancy, however, this authority must have misled the poetasters of the period sought to justify Dry. me by attaching too much importance to a peculiar den's expressed opinion that “every poet is the feature of the pageant produced on the gorgeous monarch's friend." Satan is made to typify rebel. installation of the Lord Mayor in 1687, which I lion and discord. The saint represents the principle am now convinced was not intended to refer in of order restored and enforced by the royal authoany way to the individual handicraft of the hero rity. I am convinced now that this portion of the of the day, while, on the other hand, I feel confi- display was simply conceived in this form in dent that another detail of the same “function " honour of the entertainers, St. Dunstan being, as bears such distinct relation.
is well known, the patron saint of the Goldsmiths' This speculation as to Shorter's avocation will Company. lead me quite naturally to Evelyn's curious But the third tableau most interests the inand ambiguous passage. The lord mayor ap- quirer into the story of the career of Sir John pointed by patent dated September 23, 1687, Shorter. Here a “practicable" model of a ship was, as I have said, a somewhat eminent livery- was introduced and wheeled along in the proman-indeed he was on the court-of the Gold- cession, and the descriptive verses in terms smiths' Company. We have seen that he had refer to my lord mayor as a “Merchant Advenbeen prominent as an opponent of Whiteball in turer," the "stage directions” adding the explanathe cause of civic liberty, and was degraded for history gloss, " to Norway and Denmark laden," &c., advocacy. His gown as alderman of Cripplegate "as representing his lordship's traffic and adventure Ward had not been restored to him a month when into those countries," a side-light which, I submit, he was nominated as Lord Mayor.t His motherlends considerable plausibility to my theory of guild, accordingly, as a tribute to his popularity, Sir John Shorter's actual trading business. provided, and was at the sole expense of, the ex The installation of the civic sovereign was thus ceptionally elaborate “show” prepared for his made on this occasion a pageant more than ordiinduction in the civic chair on Saturday, Octo- narily brilliant. James and his consort Mary of ber 29, 1687. This display is partially described Modena, his daughter Anne and her husband, the from contemporary official sources in a compila- contemptible "Et-il possible ?" of traditional scorn, tion so readily accessible as Hone's 'Every-Day with a splendid surrounding of the royal family Book,' vol. i. pp. 670 et seq., sub tit. “St. Dun- and nobility, witnessed, as was then the custom, stan," date May 19 (St. Dunstan's dep.; Sir N. Harris Nicolas's Chronology of History,' p. 144). * It is a curious illustration of adulation of royalty
The usual laudatory verses composed by the that in all the “ copies of verges" composed by the civic civic laureate—the tedious Matthew Taubman was
laureate or laureates between the years 1683 and 1687
the " coercion " the great municipality was then endurthe poet inspired on this occasion-are divided
ing through tbe suspension of her ancient liberties is into three cantos, or acts, descriptive of the accom treated as matter for jubilation-at all events, of conpanying tableaux, and specified to be recited by gratulation-to the despoiled and fettered City, of graticertain of the enactors. The first section is in the tude to the two successive royal despots, and felicitations usual inflated vein of the period, the preposterous
generally all round.
+ This popular feature of a Lord Mayor's show bas action being sustained by representatives of the
| been frequently repeated, even down to quite modern
times. I myself have often seen it. The vessel on * Forty-five years ago, to my personal knowledge, the wheels is now usually borrowed from the Mast and Block Commercial Docks afforded accommodation to another Makers' Union of Wapping, and is the model frigate class of traffic also, connected with northern regions, the annually employed to convey members of that body Greenland whaling industry.
(since 1720) down to Hainault Forest, on the first Friday † See 'Ellis Correspondence,' vol. i, pp. 334 et seq. in July, to that East-end carnival Fairlop Fair.
the aquatic part of the function—which was also to be attained by a conciliatory demeanour towards more than usually grand — from the leads of the eminent nonconformists she numbered among Whitehall, as yet unsurmounted by the vane that her children. The monarch had another, and a year after was to strike dismay into the Popish* probably in his estimation a weightier, motive, as monarch's heart by indicating “a Protestant I think we shall very soon gather from an unwind." To lend greater magnificence and-in a ambiguous record in Mr. Evelyn's otherwise am. senge which I am about immediately to dwell bigous, if not inaccurate, note.
NEMO. upon--significance to the subsequent entertain- Temple, ment, his majesty condescended to honour the
(To be continued.) banquet with his royal presence, his illustrious Your correspondent NEMO has unwittingly done consort, who had also graciously accepted the
injustice to the renowned author of 'The Pilgrim's Lord Mayor's invitation to attend, being at the Progress.' He says : “The Lord Mayor (Shorter] last moment prevented by a sudden attack of in
was a Presbyterian, while the celebrated Bedford disposition (see the London Gazette, Thursday, pastor was a strict Baptist, and between the two October 27, to Monday, October 31, 1687, under sects it is well known there was-in those days, at date Sunday, October 30), and the feast on this
all events-no love lost." occasion, as was customary when the sovereign Nemo cannot be conversant with the works of deigned to accept the proffered hospitality of my the immortal dreamer, or he would never have lord mayor, was given with great splendour at the penned such a sentence. Bunyan was not "a Guildhall, instead of, as on less auspicious cele
strict Baptist," and there is not a word to be found brations, at the hall of the City company-usually in his voluminous writings to indicate anything the Grocers'+-hired for the civic sovereign's but the warmest feelings of sympathy towards all official abode during the year of his mayoralty. who accepted the evangelical doctrines which he This graciousness on the part of James, however, maintained, whatever their opinions on baptism was not apparently wholly dictated by his desire might be. Of this there is abundant evidence. for a reconciliation with the nursing mother of
The church in Bedford with which Bunyan was freedom "-his normally disaffected metropolis connected during five-and-thirty years was founded
by John Gifford, who had been a major in the * I do not, I aggure my readers, employ the adjectives royal army, and in the church book, under date of “ Popish " or “Papist" in any invidious or offensive, or 1656, we read, “The principle upon which they even sectarian, sense I have too much respect for the sthe brethren and sisters7 thus entered into f ancient Church, in which I number many valued friends, I ahin ana with
ship one with another, and upon which they did to do so. But, as it was said of a certain old cavalier, that he wag " more loyal than the king himself." so the afterwards receive those that were added to their majority of educated English Catholics who still acknow. body and fellowship, was faith in Christ and holiledge spiritual allegiance to the gee of St. Peter will, I ness of life, without respect to this or that circuiam sure, concur in my view of history, that James Il. of stance or opinion in outward and circumstantial England and VII, of Scotland was conspicuous in his things.” The principle so laid down has been regal career for being more Popish than the Pope him.
maintained in John Bunyan's church during the self,
f “This hall, being situate in the centre of the City, two hundred and thirty years which have since was designed, as adapted for the seat of the chief magis- elapsed. trate, at the expense of 4,8001, in new building and In his 'Confession of Faith,' written about 1672, accommodations," &c. “Sir John Cutler added the he says: “Baptism (in water) makes thee no mem. body of the hall, kitchen, &c., and Sir John Cutler's
ber of the Church, neither particular nor universal; building on this confidence that as it is every way the most commodious place for that publick use, and would neither doth it make thee a visible saint yearly save the Lord Mayor so great and unavoidable therefore gives thee neither right to nor being of charge elsewhere, so it should be considered accordingly, | membership at all." and in some proportion augment the revenue of the Again in the Heavenly Footmon" nablished Company," &c. I am unfortunately unable to verify | the above quotation, inasmuch as I have omitted to note
posthumously, he thus advises: "Also do not have from what work I extracted it. I have a strong con
too much company with some Anabaptists, though viction, however, that it may be found somewhere I go under that name myself.” entombed in that vast repertory of civic lore, Baron Three of his children were baptized in infancy Heath's History of the Grocers' Company.' At all in the Church of Eins
all in the Church of England : two at Elstow in 1650 events, the passages in that learned work at pp. 27-35 bear me out in my statement in the text. Grocers' Hall
and 1654, probably before he had joined the was used for the official residence of the Lord Mayor, as church in Bedford ; the last at St. Cuthbert's, we sball see, by Sir John Shorter, and, after his death, Bedford, in 1672, long after his identification with by his two successors during their very brief tenures of the Puritan congregation. office. It had been so used by the six immediate pre
The above is a mere scintilla of the numerous decessors of our subject, Sir John Moor being the first
passages in his writings showing the little importBo to occupy it in 1681-2. The rent payable by the City | to the Company for the accommodation during the ance be attached to baptism by adult immersion. mayoral year was 2007. (Baron Heath, p. 31).
and the earnestness with which he maintained what he held to be the essential principles of the Those who came, as I did, through central gospel which he preached.
England on the evening of Jubilee Day, and saw Bunyan's belief and religious character bave bad from county to county how every town and village much to do with the influence of his writings, which was en fête, with flags and banners and music and are of world-wide reputation, and it is surely un. dancing on the green, and saw the hill-fires flaring, fair to attach to his memory narrow sectarian views and saw, too, the vast and orderly crowds of which be abhorred, and shut our eyes to the all. illuminated London, these can testify how wideembracing charity and sympathy which he mani. spread the rejoicing was, and how spontaneous and fested towards his fellow Christians of all sects. sincere.
A. J. M. J. A. Picton. Sandyknowe, Wavertree.
EARL OF GALLOWAY IN BURKE'S 'PEERAGE.'
Of recent years certain alterations have been made
in the pedigrees of Stewart, Earl of Galloway, and QUEEN VICTORIA'S JUBILEE.
Stewart, Baronet of Grandtully, published in Burke's Some fragments of experience concerning this 'Peerage and Baronetage,'that involve two proposievent may be (I do not affirm that they are worthy tions for which there is no adequate authority. These of permanent record. As thus:
propositions are (a) that Sir John Stewart of Jed1. In the parish church of a certain country worth was the fourth son, and Sir James Stewart town, a spacious and noble fourteenth century of Pierstown the fifth son, of Sir John Stewart of cburch, holding nearly a thousand people, and Bonkyl; and (6) that the male descent of the Earl filled to overflowing, the jubilee sermon, on June 21, of Galloway from the Stewarts of Derneley is un1887, was preached by the same clergyman who questioned. preached there on June 20, 1837, the day of the As regards proposition (a), it may be noticed that Queen's accession. It was not easy to believe up to some year between 1855 and 1863 there was that the tall and vigorous vicar, standing there firm only one enumeration in Burke's Peerage of the and upright in his Jacobean pulpit, and making sons of Sir John Stewart of Bonkyl, namely, in the his clear, strong voice heard throughout the build-Grandtully pedigree ; and that this enumeration ing, had stood there fifty years before as a preacher agreed with Wood's 'Douglas' (vol. i. p. 65) in already experienced, and was now eighty-four years putting James of Pierstown as the fourth and John of age. His sermon, too, was excellent, and was of Jedworth as the fifth son of Sir John of Bonkyl, extempore. He dwelt on the solemn vows of the and is found in the Grandtully pedigree up to the Coronation Service, and the way in which they issue of 1877, but was subsequently omitted, and had been fulfilled; he dwelt on the English is not given in the issues for 1884 and 1886. In reverence for the Bible, on the sanctity of English some year between 1855 and 1863, for the first homes-old-fashioned topics, now passing swiftly time, an enumeration of the sons of Sir John of into limbo. Nevertheless, he was listened to Bonkyl was given in the pedigree of the Earl of with deep and reverent attention by his crowded Galloway, which contradicts the Grandtully enumeaudience; by the Odd Fellows and Foresters in ration by placing John of Jedworth before James their splendid scarves ; by the Volunteers in their of Pierstown. This order is also observed in the gay uniform; by the miscellaneous multitude of foot-note to the royal lineage of the kings of Scotrich and poor, who thronged the aisles as well as the land that appears in recent issues of the Peerage' seats, and looked in with the sunsbine through the (e. g., p. cxii of 1884 and p. cxvi of 1886). open doorways.
T This enumeration, which I cannot but consider 2. In another little town, a town of the pit- unauthorized and probably erroneous, after appearcountry, the two dissenting chapels of the place ing for at least fourteen years (1863–1877) in conshut themselves up on Jubilee Day, and came in junction with the authoritative enumeration under a body to the parish church, where the minister Grandtully, has now supplanted the Grandtully of one of them read the first lesson, and he of the enumeration and taken its place. This point is other the second. But this is a dangerous subject; important, inasmuch as under the enumeration and one may be permitted to believe that such a formerly given the family of Grandtully would departure from the ways of religious bitterness has take precedence of any descendant of John of not often occurred.
Jedworth as head of the house of Stewart. 3. In our own parish, before the hills around us Proposition (6) is more serious. Up to 1877 were aflame with bonfires, we had not only open-air (and perhaps later) Sir Bernard Burke described feasting for the poor, but races for all who chose to the connexion between Lord Galloway's ancestor run, women as well as men ; one at least of the and the Derneley Stewarts thus: that Marian, the farmers' wives ran second in the married women's beiress of the Dalswinton branch, married “Sir race ; and all the three races for maidens were won John Stewart, son of Sir William Stewart of Jedby a certain Betsy, a lithe and comely servant, worth (said to be of the house of Darnley).” This modest as the morn.
modestly and fairly represented the outcome of the
controversy 80 ably summed up on pp. 614-617 arguments which, rightly or wrongly, were used on of vol. i. of Wood's 'Douglas,' a controversy behalf of the Earl of Galloway in 1801, we may which precludes absolute certainty as to Lord Gal- view with surprise tbe attempt to build up a pediloway's male descent from Sir John Stewart of gree in 1884 on behalf of that earl's descendant in Bonkyl.
which the arguments are not only silently departed At some date subsequent to 1877 the text of the from, but directly contradicted. I venture to Galloway pedigree bas been altered, and now con think that we have here a knot well worthy of the tains the assertion, as an unquestioned fact in bis- Lord Lyon's intervention. And it will be noticed tory, that Sir John of Jedworth “was father of Sir that whereas in 1801 the contention lay between William Stewart of Jedworth, who was put to the earl and Andrew Stuart of Torrence (as repredeath by Henry Percy in 1402, who was father of senting Castlemilk), the effect of the double alteraSir John Stewart, who married Marian Stewart as tion now attempted will be to give the earl precedbelow." This statement, for which no authority is ence in the family tree not only over Castlemilk, given, contains two direct contradictions of the but over Grandtully also, of whom Mr. Wood assertions made in the case put forth in 1801 on says, in the foot-note to Douglas's 'Peerage,' vol. i. behalf of the (then) Earl of Galloway (see Wood's p. 443, that Grandtully " is probably now entitled "Douglas,' vol. i. p. 616): (1) “Of course he [i. e., to be considered the chief of that name." Sir Wm. Stewart of Jedworth, then claimed as There are two conflicting pedigrees of the Lord Galloway's ancestor] was not the same person Stewarts (or Stuarts) of Castlemilk, on the differwith Sir William Stewart of Teviddale or de ence between which the result of Lord Galloway's Forestâ, taken at the battle of Homildon, 14 Sept., claim appears in some measure to rest. One is at 1402, and executed by order of Henry Percy." p. 513 of Douglas's 'Baronage' (1798), and the (2) That Sir William Stewart of Jedworth was other at p. 491 of Robertson's continuation (1818) “ second son of Alexander Stewart of Darpley" of Crawford's 'Renfrewshire.' The following table (idem, p. 615). Remembering that these were the shows the divergence :
Alexander, the High Stewart, d. 1283.
James, fifth High Stewart, whoso grandson founded the royal
James V. in December, 1512.*
Sir John Stewart of Bonkyl,
Alexander, whose Alan (second son) of James of Pierstown (fourth John of Jedworth (6 fth line failed in 1377. Dreghorn, slain 1333. son), ancestor of Grandtully. son), slain in 1333. Sir Alex. Stewart of Derneley.
Sir Wm. Stewart of Jedworth, after.
wards styled of Castlemilk.
David Stewart of Castlemilk and Fynnart, Sir David Stewart of Castlemilk, obtained Elizabeth, mar. Sir d, before 1464 ; ancestor, according to the Fynnart in 1455; ancestor, according to Robert Lyle (see pedigree in Crawford's Renfrewshire.' of the pedigree in Douglas's 'Baronage,' of the Douglas's • Peerthe Stewarts (Stuarts) of Castlemilk, &c.
Stuarts of Castlemilk, &c.
age,' ii. 163). It may be convenient to end this note with a
[James V., 1542.] list of the principal families that have sprung from
Eurl of Atholl (first creation), 1595.
Earl of Atholl (second creation), 1625. Sir John Stewart of Bonkyl, giving the year in
Stewart of Rosythe, circa 1660. which those of them that are extinct failed in the
Duke of Lennox, 1672 male line :
Stuart of Fettercairn, 1777.
Stuart of Castlemilk, 1797.
Cardinal York, 1807. * The legitimated branches, represented by the Earl of Castle Stewart and Mr, Stewart of Ardvoirlich, descend from this, the senior house,