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LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 9, 1887.
libitum by our early translators. The word was
not entirely strange in English, being employed CONTENTS.-No 80.
by Chaucer in the 'Sompnoure's Tale,' v. 7444:NOTES:-Jubilee or Jubile, 21-Dialectic Words - New
They may now, God be thanked of his lone,
Maken bir jubilee and walke alone.
The derivation of the word is far from clear, and
amongst Biblical scholars. The Hebrew roots QUERIES :-Busby-Brindley, Foley, and Jackson-Picture being triconsonantal, when written without the of Conference-Symbolic Use of Candles-Wilson-Fry, 27 -July-Knighting Eldest Sons-Name of Author Wanted -King George of Greece-Rebuilding St. Paul's-Majesty Thus say, y-b-l, or j-b-l, may be either jobel, inter“Forty Royalist Officers"-Henry Fox-"Mazarine Bible"
preted by Gesenius, Ewald, and De Wette as the --Statute Fairs-Comic Solar Myths-Sir John Vanbrugb. -Boot-tops-Relative Value of Prices-Sir Michael Foster
trumpet, or the sound of the trump, or jabal, “un-Authors Wanted, 29.
davit, impetu fluxit,"according to Kranold. AccordREPLIES :- Greater Gods of Olympus.' 29-Mardrieres, 30 ing to another ancient interpretation, the radical
-Herbert. Earl of Pembroke-Assassination of Spencer Perceval, 31- Who was Robin Hood 1-“Twopenny damn,' 32 - Animated Horsehairs - Proclamations at InquestsCromwell. 33 - Epitaph - Descendant of Grotius-Three
adopted by the LXX., who translate Lev, xxv. 11, Hundred Pounds a Year, 34-Lundy's Lane-Inn SignsR. S. Turner-Standards of the British Regiments-Richard Martin Ecce Homo,' 35-Italian Book-The Owl Critic -Original Portrait of Shakspeare-Correction of Servants, 36-Women in Red Cloaks-Longfellow-Sir Hugh Myddel.
| The Rabbins maintain that the word points out ton. 37_Lieut.-General Middleton-"A sleeveless errand" -Tea-Caddy, 38-Curious Epitaph, 39.
rams' horns, which are supposed to have been em
ployed on the occasion. Bochart doubts whether NOTES ON BOOKS:-Thorold Rogers's. First Nine Years of the Bank of England'-Hazlitt's Gleanings in Garden
rams' horns were ever employed as trumpets, and Literature,
thinks that the horns spoken of may have been Notices to Correspondents, &c.
the horns of oxen, or brazen trumpets in the shape of horns.
However this may be, there can be no doubt of Notes.
the references to the Jewish feast at the end of
seven times seven years, and the social arrangeJUBILEE OR JUBILE.
ments and restitutions arising therefrom. Whilst at this auspicious period of rejoicing the There are two leading lines of interpretation, word jubilee is in every one's mouth, it may not which start from different ideas, but are not inbe without interest to call attention to a few capable of reconciliation. The one is that of points connected with it, as to its orthograpby, restitution, adopted by the LXX. and endorsed derivation, signification, and application.
by Josephus. The other is that of a festival and First, as to the orthography. In the current rejoicing, the term applying rather to the accessories English literature it appears always, or almost than to the work performed. The Eastern interalways, as Jubilee. This is taken, but incorrectly, I preters appear to have laid most stress on the from the Authorized Version of Leviticus XXV. 9, former, but the Latin Church has consistently &c., " Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the adhered to the latter. jubile to sound.” The single e of the termination The Jubileus of the Vulgate claimed affinity with is preserved throughout, and is also continued in jubilo, jubilatio, jubilans, existing terms of joy in the Revised Version ; but in almost all the im- the Latin language. prints except those of the Queen's printer, it will A Bull of Pope Boniface VIII. in A.D. 1300 be found as Jubilee. It is so given in the text of established the plenary indulgence of the Jubilee Dr. Adam Clarke's Commentary' (edit. 1836) year, first at intervals of a hundred, and suband in Thos. Scott's Bible (edit. 1850).
sequently of fifty years, and hence the joyful The English versions from Coverdale onwards | associations usually connected with the idea of a present no fewer than six variations. Coverdale's jubilee. first edition (1535) has iubilye; Matthew's (1537), This view of the jubilee runs through all the jubelye ; Cranmer (1549), iubely (1566), iubelye ; versions of the Latin races, and has quite superTaverner (1549), indiscriminately iubelie, Jubely, seded in the popular view the restitutive idea of jubelye ; Bishops' Bible, in thetwo-beautiful black the LXX. letter folio editions of 1572 and 1585, jubilee; In the other European languages some adopt Barker's (“ Breeches," 1610), jubile; Authorized the Hebrew word untranslated, as in Danish,“ Thi (1611), jubile. These all follow the Vulgate jubi- det er et Jubelaar, det skal være eder en Kelligleus, modified into French jubile, and altered ad bed.” “For it is the jubilee, it shall be holy unto you.” Others translate it into the vernacular, as they should find a place in 'N. & Q.’ in any case, the Swedish of the same passage," Forty klangaret as they will then be ready at band for workers on skall warabeligt ibland eder."
the dialect dictionary which we all hope some day Luther combines both ideas in his version. In to see. Lov. xxv. 10, he translates jobel by "erlassjahr," Brimming.-"In the North of England, when the the year of redemption, but elsewbere be adopts earth turns up with a mellow and crumbly appearance, halljahr, the year of the trumpet or rejoicing and smoaks, the farmers say the earth is brimming * Our English version renders a portion of this (rol: 1., p. 167).
T Mother-stone.—“The stone, called, in Hertfordshire, passage differently from any other translation.
mother-stone, a concretion of many small blue pebbles " In the early English Bibles, Coverdale, Matthew, (vol. i. p.606). Cranmer, and Taverner, verse 9 makes no refer Cow-gate." I scarcely ever knew a cow-gate given up ence to Jubilee. It stands thus, “And thou 1 for want of ability to obtain a cow" (vol. ii. p. 126). shalt make a trompe blow on the tenth daye of the
Foal (coal-pit term).-“When they (boys) reach the
age of ten or twelve years, & more laborious station is seventh month."
allotted to them. They then become what are termed In the Bishops' Bible of 1572 it reads, “And lads or foals; supplying the inferior place at a machine thou shalt cause to blowe the trumpet of the Jubilee called a tram” (vol. ii. p. 158). in the tenth day of the seventh month." There is
| Fashions." He applied to Squire Fairfax, and told a marginal note to Jubilee, “It was so called
wolled him, that if he would let him have a little bit of ground
by the road side ‘he would show him the fashions on because the joyful tidings of libertie was publikely liť (vol. ii. p. 309). proclaimed by the sound of a trumpet."
Crombe. — As soon as a sufficient quantity (of weeds ] Our modern pronunciation is entirely out of are collected on the dam, they are drawn out by crombes, accord with the ancient. It will be seen above that forks, &c." (vol. ii. p. 351). in our early English versions the initial letter is e. 1. Flag.-" The dibbler, who walks backwards, and turnrepresenting the Hebrew yod. This marks a transi- each flag, at the distance of three inches the length way
"ing the dibbles partly round...... makes two holes on tion taking place in the pronunciation of j, which, of the flag" (vol. ii, p. 355). being merely an initial i or y, was intermingled in Shim.-" In the isle of Thanet they are particularly the old dictionaries with the vowel i. It is not attentive to clean their bean and pea stubbles before
in the they plough...... For this purpose they have invented an easy to determine the precise period when the semiyowel i. with the sound of initial y, hardened
instrument called a shim" (vol. iji, p. 131).
Fell-Monger's Poake.—“Tbis manure has, for ten into the palatal j. In Italian a change in the years past, been used upon the stiff grounds in the spelling took place. Lat. justus, jubilæus, became counties of Surrey and Kent" (vol. iii. p. 138). giusto, giubeleo. In English we contented our: Rowen.—“The grass of the preceding hay crop, or selves with altering thë pronunciation, which, pasturage, kept from July or August, without suffering
" any animal to enter it, is in Suffolk called old Rowen" however, gave rise to some inconviences. Halle-10
some loconviences. Baue- (vol. iii, p. 151). lujah is a poser to many rustic musical amateurs. Tipling.--"A mode of curing clover-hay" (vol. iii. I suppose, however, that we shall never get back p. 194). to the Hebrew yobel or the old English jubely. Dai or Dei.-"In Aberdeenshire denotes the person The connexion of Hebrew jobel with similar
who has the superintendance of a dairy, whether that
I person be male or female" (vol. iii. p. 262). words in the Aryan tongues is a curious subject of Ooze.—"Near the coast (of Norfolk] great quantities inquiry. Gesenius compares it with Lat. ejulare ; of sea-weed, or ooze, are collected and used as manure" Swed. iolen, jal, jobl, &c.
(vol. iii. p. 559). Liddell and Scott carry the comparison to Greek. Briser.“In the month of September, a slight ploughódodöyn, ólodúcw, Lat. ululare, and again to
ing and preparation is given to the field, destined for
| beans and parsnips the ensuing year. In this country Debrew natal, to praise-nence ballelu-jan. Toe | [Jersey 7 this work is called briser ” (vol. iv. p. 321). connexion of Semitic and Aryan roots may appear Lyery.-" They (oxen] should be as little liable as problematical, but interjectional cries of joy or possible to disease, or any bereditary distemper; as grief are common to all races. J. A. PICTON. boing lyery or black-fleshed, or having yellow fat and Sandyknowe, Wavertree.
the like” (vol. iv. p. 351).
Graves.—"A farmer in Surrey used graves from the Tallow-Chandlers, with very great success on a sandy
soil ” (vol. vi. p. 229). DIALECTIC WORDS.
Stubbing.-"[The Spanish chesnut] possesses a pecuI have employed some of my time during the
liar faculty of branching, provincially called stubbing,
from the roots after being cut down ” (vol. vi. p. 457), last fortnight in going through the six volumes of the Georgical Essays' of A. Hunter, M.D.,
Bottesford Manor, Brigg. which were published at York in the years 1803 and 1804. I have come across therein the following dialectic words. They have been transcribed THE NEW “ABBOTSFORD EDITION” OF SIR W. for Dr. Murray, but as being probably, in most Scott's NOVELS.--I have heard that a new"Abbotsinstances, dialectic only, I doubt their being of use ford Edition " of Sir Walter Scott's novels is about for the new 'Dictionary.' It will be well that to appear. If this be true I trust that some com
petent person will revise the text, correct obvious ever knew, he was one of the first, for a nice sense of misprints, and give short notes pointing out where
honor, a generous contempt of the adventitious distincthe writer was obviously in error. No writer in
tions of men, and sterling though sometimes outré wit.
The enclosed elegy has pleased me beyond any of my our tongue, except Shakespere, is so well deserv
late poetic efforts. Perhaps tis the memory of joys that ing of the care of a sensible editor as is Sir Walter “are past," and a friend who is no more, that biases Scott, and no one of first or even second-rate rank my criticism.-It is likewise, ever since I read your has had so little done to purify the text and correct
Aiken on the poetical use of Natural History, a favorite
study of mine, the characters of the Vegetable and the errors. The old " Abbotsford Edition” is probably
manners of the Animal Kingdoms. I regret much that the best form in which the novels have been pre I cannot bave an opportunity of waiting on you to have sented, but it contains many errors of the press. your strictures on this poem-How I have succeeded on
These remarks are made by way of preface to the whole-if there is any incongruity in the imagerythe following correction. Of course the text must
or whether I have not omitted some apt rural paintings
altogether.-I will not pretend to say whether it is never be tampered with; but a short note should
u owing to my prejudice in favor of a gentleman to whom be given in any future issue, pointing out the I am much indebted, or to your critical abilities, but in mistake into which the writer has fallen. Father the way of my trade, as a poet, I will subscribe more Philip, in the fifth chapter of the 'Monastery' implicitly to your strictures, than to any individual on
earth. I have written Capto Grose, and inclosed him a (p. 59, Abbotsf. ed.), speaks of “The monks Bene
| billet to you. If he comes to your neighbourhood, you dictine, reformed on the rule of Saint Bernard of
will probably see him. I shall have leisure soon, to writo Clairvaux, thence called Cistercian.” The Cister- off for you, several of my poems. cians took their name from Citeaux, in Burgundy,
I have the honor to be, Sir, Latin Cistercium. Though not their founder, as
Your oblidged humble servt, has been sometimes inaccurately affirmed, St.
Ellisland, 30th July, 1790. Bernard of Clairvaux was the great ornament of
Professor Stewart, Catrine. the order, after whom the Cistercians have some
HENRY MARCH GILBERT. times been called Bernardines.
26, Above Bar, Southampton. Another error occurs to me at this moment. It is almost certainly a misprint only. In a note to Pitt's LAST WORDS.—The story I am going to the twenty-ninth chapter of 'Ivanhoe' (p. 566) relate is already known ; but I would repeat it, as we are told that the arms assumed by Godfrey I told by Mr. Disraeli, when Premier, in my hear. after the capture of Jerusalem were “a crossing. I happened to sit opposite to him at dinner, counter patent cantoned with four little crosses in a private house, and to promote conversation or, upon a field azure, displaying metal upon I said, “I suppose, Mr. Disraeli, there is no such metal.” “ Azure” is clearly a misprint for argent. place as Bellamy's in the House of Commons The proper blazonry of this coat is Argent, a now?” “No," he said, “the members dine at cross potent between four plain crosslets or. the Club ; but what do you know about BelSee Geo. Seton's Law and Practise of Heraldry lamy's ?" I replied that “When I was a boy I in Scotland,' p. 97. The crosses are believed used to pay hall-a-crown to the doorkeeper of the to symbolize the five wounds of our blessed Strangers' Gallery in the old House, where I Lord, and the tinctures to bear allusion to | heard the best speakers of balf a century ago, and Psalm lxvii. verse 14. “Si dormiatis inter medios that they fed at Bellamy's.” cleros, pendæ columbæ deargentatæ, et posteriora The Premier continued, “Did you ever hear of
| Nicholls ! He was a very respectable man-an old opinion that the arms of Jerusalem were intended servant of the House, who attended to the memas "a representation of the piece of board with bers when they dined ; and as I had few friends the writing on it, set by Pilate's order above the when I entered Parliament, I was glad of an occahead of our Saviour on the cross."
sional chat with him. So I said to him one day,
EDWARD PEACOCK. You must have known in your long service some Bottesford Manor, Brigg.
great ministers and remarkable members. To LETTER OF ROBERT BURNS.—The following which he answered, ‘God bless you, sir, don't you letter of Robert Burns is in a volume in my pos
known what Mr. Pitt's last words were 1-“I session. As I cannot find it in the correspondence,
think I could eat one of Nicholls's weal pies.”' there is a possibility it may be unpublished:
“Now here was the difference betwixt truth Sir,-It would be a reason sufficiently just, if I were
and history. Stanhope says the last words were, to tell you that I have not sent you my poetic Epistle to ʻO, my poor country!' But there are only two Fintry, because I actually could not find time to tran things of which a dying man can think, his body scribe it, but a better reason is, I am out of conceit with or his soul-not his country; and I told Lord it myself, and transcribing a thing of my own I do not | Stanhope so. Austerlitz killed Pitt, and as he like, is a drudgery I know not how to bear,- I dare say if you have not met with Captn Matthew Henderson
I lay a-dying at Wimbledon, his attendants urged
ay a-ayio about Edin' you must have heard of him.-He was an | the necessity of his eating something, when he intimate acquaintance of mino; and of all mankind I said, 'I think I could eat one of Nicholls's veal
pies. A post-chaise was at once dispatched to WARDA FORI, THE WARD OF CHEAP.-Richard London, and Nicholls came back in it with some Thomson, in his Chronicles of London Bridge,' veal pies in a napkin ; but the minister was gone p. 117, speaks of the “Ward of Fori, or Fore wben they arrived."
Street. This statement has much exercised me, The life and force of Lord Beaconfield's conversa- as it gave rise to the suspicion that before the tion are of course wanting in my narration ; but settlement of the City into twenty-four wards (now the story is his, and he laid comic stress on the twenty-six) there had been other, and now forcockney word weal. ALFRED Gatty, D.D. gotten, ones; whereas I have ground for suspect
ing the earliest division to have been into twelve MARK Twain.-M. Max O’Rell's recent asser
| wards only. I am now able to determine this tion at Exeter Hall that the absence of soap in the
doubtful point with regard to a ward of Fore bedrooms of the continental hotels was to be attri
Street, and it may be desirable to place it on buted to the custom of foreigners of carrying their record' in the universal index pages of N. & Q: toilet requisites in their portmanteaux, and not to In the Liber Albus' (Riley), “Munimenta their uncleanliness, may induce the author of 'Iono- l Gildhalda Londiniensis," pt. ii. vol. i. p. 379. a cents Abroad' to review his facetious remarks on list is given appointing the days on which the that subject with as strong a revulsion of feeling different wards are to appear and plead before the as he has shown in his description of that simple l justices. As, from this list, by " Warda Fori” the but all-important ceremony of threading a needle. l 'Ward of Cheap is so evidently meant, we arrive
In The Prince and the Pauper' (Chatto & at the interesting fact that the citizens designated Windus, 1881), at p. 133, Miles Hendon soli- the ward in which their chief and richest merchants loquizes, while endeavouring to use a needle and dwelt as the Warda Fori, or Ward of the Forum:thread, “ Now shall I have the demon's own time
Die Luna-Fardone, infra et extra. to thread it.” “And," observes Mark Twain,
Die Martis-Cripplegate, infra et extra. “80 he had. He did as men have always done, and probably always will do to the end of time
Colemanstrete. held the needle still and tried to thrust the thread
Die Mercurii-Ripa Reginæ. through the eye, which is the oppposite of a
Bredstrete. woman's way."
Vinetrie. Three years later, in 'The Adventures of Huckle
Doungate. berry Finn' (Chatto & Windus), p. 95, Mrs.
Pontis, Judith Loftus thus apostrophizes that precocious
Billyngesgate. youth : "Bless you, child, when you set out to
Die Jovis-Cordwanerstrete. thread a needle, don't hold the thread still and
Walebrook, fetch the needle up to it : hold the needle still
Candelwike. and poke the thread at it—that's the way a woman
Alegate, most always does : but a man always does t' other
Die Veneris—Warda Fori. This contradiction has puzzled me as much as
Castrum Baynardi, the description of Mrs. Weller, in the ‘Pickwick Die Sabbati— Langburne. Papers,' as the immortal Sam's “mother-in-law."
Bradestrete. 74, King Edward Road, Hackney.
_John J. STOCKEN. “Two BLADES OF GRASS."-A Mr. Moreton 3, Heathfield Road, Acton, W. Frewen writes to the Pall Mall Gazette and ascribes to Mr. Horace Greeley the sentiment as BELL AT MALVERN PRIORY.-Some new bells to "he who made two blades of grass to grow in are being cast for Malvern Priory Church, and the place of one." This gentleman has evidently during the necessary alterations one of the old never read 'Gulliver's Travels.'
D. bells is now on the floor of the church. It bears
in Lombardic letters :'BARNABY Rudge.'-In reading this book of
+ VIRGINIS EGREGIE VOCOR CAMPANA MARIE. Dickens I came across two points of which I question the accuracy.
W. C. B. 1. Dickens places Mr. Chester in chambers in ORIGIN AND PROGRESS OF BARNARD'S INN. Paper Buildings, Temple, in 1775. I doubt (See 7th S. ii. and iii. passim.)- In the list of the whether that row of buildings was in existence at principals of this society occurs, in the time of so early a date.
Henry VIII., William D’Allison. It may interest 2. He gives Mr. Haredale a sword as the ordi- some of your correspondents to know that this nary wear of a gentleman in 1780. I fancy that person's name is met with in the 'Visitation of the swords were discontinued before that time. H. County of Lincoln in 1562-4,' edited by Walter
C. Metcalfe, 1881, p. 36. William was so com-confirmed by Sir Walter Scott himself in a note, mon a name in this family that it is not easy to saying, “This bibliomaniacal anecdote is literally tell which of the Williams is the principal. I true.” Mr. Fitzgerald tells us that the price give an extract from the pedigree, which must realized at Askew's sale was three hundred and include him:
seventy pounds; but the discrepancy is immateWilliam Dallison -, dau, of — Langton, of Durham.
rial, for the plain fact is that the whole story, Sir Walter's positive assertion potwithstanding, is a
pure fiction. Askew died in 1774, and his library William Dallison, of Scotney, -, dau. to — Wagtneys, of was sold in February, 1775, when the copy so co. Linc., ob. 38 Hen. VIII. | Headen, in com. Notts. confidently asserted to have been bought for the
| king bad been already nearly two years in the
Royal Library, baving been bought (for 321. Os. 6d.) Sir William Dallison, Elizabeth, dau. of Robert (the judge. | Dighton, of Sturton.
at the sale of James's West's library, in March,
| 1773, nor am I aware of any authority, save that
EDWARD PEACOCK. of tbe anecdote above mentioned, for supposing Bottesford Manor, Brigg.
that Dr. Askew ever possessed a copy of the book
in question. The notion of Osborne paying what DEATH OF ART Mac MURROUGH.-The obscu- must have been, in bis estimation, so exorbitant a rity that envelopes some historical facts is as tan- price for anything printed by Caxton, is sufficiently talizing as the light that floods others is charming. disposed of by the fact that he never put a higher This is peculiarly so in Irish history, an instance, value than one guinea on any of those which he of which former I stumbled across recently in bought in the Harleian Library, which contained searching for data of the career of the above- more than fifty, and among them at least one, if named warrior-king of Leinster. Most writers not two copies of this very first edition of the are delightfully at one concerning the stirring inci- | 'Game of Chesse. dents of his life, but join issue irritatingly as to The highest price of which there is any positively the manner and cause of his death-the very authentic record as paid for a Caxton during the point I am particularly anxious to be clear upon. last century was 471. 158. 6d. for a first edition of Haverty says :
‘The Canterbury Tales' (also in West's sale, 1773), "He is supposed to have been poisoned along with his nor was this amount ever exceeded till 1807, when chief Brebon, O'Doran, by a drink administered to him a copy of The Knight of the Tower' was sold at by a woman at New Ross the week after Christmas." Brand's sale for 1011. 6s. to Earl Spencer. And the “ Four Masters," ad ann. 1417, write :
F. N. "Art Cavanagh, King of Leinster, the son of Art, son " DOTCHMAN.”_Not very long ago three of Murtogb, son of Maurice, Lord of Leinster, died; some state that it was by drinking a poisonous draught'which of the leading parishioners in a rural parish waited, a woman gave him at Ross Mac Briuin, and also to as a deputation, upon their rector to ask for his O'Doran, the Brehon of Leinster, that both died; support, pecuniary and otherwise, to their proDonogh, his son, succeeded him in the government." Tjected treat to the poor on the Jubilee day, when Haverty simply echoes the statement of the "Four the rector replied to the deputation in these words: Masters," while others make no reference at all to “If I give a farthing to the Jubilee, I'm a Dutchthe supposition of death by poisoning. The autho- man !” I have looked through the five volumes rity of the “Four Masters" is undoubtedly great, of the General Index of 'N. & Q.,' and as I do but I should like to have additional light, if pos- not find “I'm a Dutchman " recorded among the sible, thrown on the matter, of which, perhaps, Proverbs and Phrases," I here make a note of it. some fellow contributor to ‘N. & Qi' might be the Is its origin known ? CUTHBERT BEDE. possessor.
J. B. S. Manchester.
ADMIRAL BYNG. (See 7th S. iii. 346.)—The
name of this unfortunate, rather than “unhappy" Caxton's 'GAME OF THE CAESSE.'-Mr. Percy admiral was John, not George, as your correFitzgerald, in his recently published ‘Bookfancier,'spondent styles him, and he was not either a repeats the well-known anecdote of David Wilson knight or a baronet, but the fourth son of George (“Souffy Davy") buying a copy of the first edition Bypg, who was created in 1721, for his services, of this rare work in Holland for about twopence, Viscount Torrington and Baron Byng, of Southill, selling it for twenty pounds, and books to the himself a gallant naval officer. The Hon. John value of twenty more, to Osborne, who sold it to Byng was shot March 14, 1757, on board the Dr. Askew for sixty guineas, and its final sale by Monarque, in order, as Voltaire sarcastically auction after Askew's death, when it was bought observes, in 'Candide ; ou, l'Optisme,' “ pour for the Royal Library for one hundred and seventy encourager les autres." This was, according to pounds. Such is the story as told by Jonathan Smollett's History of England' (c. xxvi.),"" & Oldbuck in chap. iii. of The Antiquary,' and third-rate ship of war anchored in the barbour of