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Portsmouth.” Prefixed to vol. xii. of the edition ing by itself, but close to the village cross, a very of 1834, in my library, is a frontispiece representing small,* circular, solidly-constructed stone building the “Execution of Admiral Byng,” in which he is terminating in a dome. I inquired what it was, depicted as blindfolded, kneeling on a cushion on and was told it was used as a lock-up for offenders the deck of the Monarque, and dropping & white until they could be brought before a magistrate, handkerchief as a signal, whilst in front of him and that there was a bedstead in it. My informant five marines are firing a volley at his breast. This added that it was called the blind-house because is engraved, probably on a very reduced scale, from there were no windows in it.t Now, I know very some larger contemporaneous print of the subject. well that blind is used in this sense, and many The mortal remains of Admiral Byog rest in the examples will be found in part üïiof the 'New vault of the Bying family in Southill Church, near | English Dictionary,' though blind-house is not Biggleswade, and near it is erected a mural monu- among them ; but I should be glad to learn ment to his memory, narrating how his life was whether there are many villages in England in unjustly sacrificed to gratify merely a popular which there is such a structure ; and, if so, whether clamour. The inscription recorded upon it may it is also called a blind-house. I want to know, in be seen in full in Boswell's 'Life of Johnson,' where fact, whether the expression has become a technical it is printed, and, it may be added, has been term=lock-up, or whether it has by chance come perpetuated.
John PICKFORD, M.A. to be so used in this particular village only. I was Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.
reminded by it of the city prison in New York,
which is, no doubt from the same reason with “TAE COCKLES OF THE HEART.”—Mr. Smythe others, very expressively called the Tombs, though Palmer, in his 'Folk-Etymology,' s. v. “Cockle," I do not know that that term has been extended says :
to any other prison in the United States.
F. CHANCE heart,' has never been explained. It occurs in Eachard's | Sydenbam Hill. wardly rejoice the cockles of his heart' (Wright).”
THE Rev. W. J. LOFTIE's 'HISTORY OF The phrase is never heard except as used jocosely. LONDON.'-On p. 133 of this interesting little If one offers an old friend a glass of good wine one book, which appears as the first of the series now may say, “ There! that will warm the cockles of being edited by Prof. Freeman, I read the follow. your heart"; but the words could never be used ing: “There is no county in England [Middlesex seriously, either in conversation or in writing, is here alluded to] which can be compared with it Hotten's Slang Dictionary' (1864) calls it rain wealth, population, and importance,” &c. The vulgar phrase," and so no doubt it would be if population of Lancashire in 1881 was 3,454,441, seriously used.
whereas that of Middlesex was only 2,920,485. In an anatomical work on the heart I have met I might add we have a near rival, too, in the with a passage which seems to give some hint as largest county, which has 2,886,564. to the origin of the expression. Lower, one of
EDWARD R. VYVYAN. the most eminent anatomists of the seventeenth MEDIÆVAL USE OF THE WORD “Missal."century, in his ‘Tractatus de Corde,' 1669, p. 25, The learned canon of York, the late Mr. Simmons, speaking of the muscular fibres of the ventricles, in his admirable notes to the Lay Folks' Masssays :
book' (E.E.T.S., 1879), p. 155, has expressed “Fibræ quidem rectis hisce exterioribus in dextro an opinion which I have heard elsewhere, that the ventriculo proximè subjectæ obliquè dextrorsum ascen.
word “Missal is comparatively modern, and in all dentes in basin cordis terminantur, et spirali suo ambitu
likelihood was never in ordinary use as long as the helicem sive cochleam satis aptè referunt."
Mass-book itself was a service book of the Church The ventricles of the heart might, therefore, be
of England." called cochleæ cordis, and this would easily be turned
I have lately been looking over (not for this into “cockles of the heart.” What we want is
purpose) the 'Testamenta Eboracensia ' of the Sursome quotation from a grave writer that will
tees Society, and I find in them no fewer than five bridge over the gap between the cochlece cordis of
instances of the word Missal being used for the the anatomist and the phrase "cockles of the heart"
Mass-book before the Reformation. In pt. ii. p. 21, used jocosely, as, for instance, by Hood :
Nicholas Blakburn in 1431/2 bequeaths “my To cure Mamma another dose brought home
beste vestment, my best Missall, and my best Of Cockles ;-not the cockles of her heart.
chaleys." In pt. iv. p. 100, Sir Martin of the Sea
J. Dixon. BLIND-HOUSE = Parish LOCK - UP. - Quite ..* It may be eight to ten feet high, but six to eight in recently, when passing through Steeple Ashton, a
diameter. village in Wiltshire about four miles from Trow-padlocked door, but it was not sufficiently large to
u, * † There is, I have been told since, a grating in the bridge, I noticed in the centre of the village, stand attract my attention.
in 1494 leaves "to the chirch of Litle Cotes a had a brother named Edward, who had a son Missale, the which I lent to theme." At p. 161, Richard, mentioned in Richard Foley's will, dated Robert Herste in 1498/9 wills, “To the same 1657, as “son of my brother Edward," but this church my Messe book, otherwise named a Richard was baptized at Dudley, May 24, 1618, Messall.” At p. 201, Dame Joan Chamberleyn three years prior to the marriage of Edward Foley in 1501/2 bequeaths “on Messall, on chales w with Joan Brindley. Was Joan a second wife of patene." At p. 247, William Dyneley in 1506 this Edward; and did he have any issue by her ? leaves to “ye chapell in Holbek my Messall, my Who was Thomas Jackson, of Bristol ? Perhaps portus in prynte."
some Bristol correspondent can help me. Mr. W. Å. St. John Hope (to whom I am also
H. SYDNEY GRAZEBROOK. indebted for the first of these references) points Grove Park, Chiswick. out to me another instance of the word Missall in
PICTURE OF CONFERENCE.-Can any reader English in bis and Mr. Cox's book, Chronicles of
give me any information about a picture painted All Saints', Derby' (London, 1881, p. 229), where
het by a Mr. J. Smetham in 1863 ? It represents a an inventory of 1466 begins with "In primis ij.
conference between thirteen New Zealanders in Missals or mas boks.”
pative dress and four English people. I should Mr. Simmons, in the same invaluable work,
like to know who are the people represented, for seems also to hint that the word corporal instead
whom was the picture painted, for what price, and of “corporas” is a modern importation from
any other particulars I can gather. From “ Hist. abroad (p. 185, note). There may be found, how
of Lincoln” being painted in small letters on the ever, in the Booke of Common Prayer for Scot
back of a book in the picture, it is possible that land (Edinburgh, 1637) the direction to “cover
the town of Lincoln may have some connexion with a fair linen cloth or corporal” the conse
INQUIRER. erated elements after communion. But I must own that I have been unable to find, up to this SYMBOLIC USE OF CANDLES.—The following time, the word Breviary as a substitute for Portus. passage occurs in the late Miss Louisa Stuart
J. WICKHAM LEGG Costello's 'Summer amongst the Bocages and the
Vines. She is speaking of St. Sebastian on the
“This was a spot formerly held in great reverence, We must request correspondents desiring information and the scene of much monkish mummery on occasion on family matters of only private interest, to affix their of presenting a gigantic candle to the patron saint, which names and addresses to their queries, in order that the was placed in a boat instead of a mast, and was borne with answers may be addressed to them direct,
infinite ceremony to the church of St. Sebastian."
Vol. i. p. 341. Bosby.-The military head-dress of Hussars | I am much interested in the symbolic and ritual 80 called is, according to Dr. Charnock's 'Verba use of candles, and shall therefore be obliged to Nominalia,' said to have derived its name from Dr. / any one who will refer me to a detailed account of Richard Busby, master of Westminster School, I this curious rite.
EDWARD PEACOCK. who wore a hat of a somewhat similar description."
Bottesford Manor, Brigg. Will any reader of ‘N. & Q.' tell me by whom J. KENNILWORTH Wilson.-In what town and this has been said," and also whether it is a fact county did this family live sixty or seventy years that Dr. Busby wore such a hat? Is there any | ago ; and where do the descendants now reside ? connexion between the Hussars' busby and the Replies will be acknowledged and postage returned. large bushy wig so called worn in the end of last
(Miss) S. BULLOUGH. century ?
J. A. H. MURRAY. 37, London Road, Blackburn. The Scriptorium, Oxford.
Fry.-Any information respecting the following BRINDLEY, FOLEY, AND JACKSON. --According I persons is requested, such as who their parents to a pedigree of the Brindley family, of Willenhall were, and if they left any descendants who could and Kinver, co. Stafford, in the Harl. MS. 2119, be communicated with now:compiled by Randle Holme, and dated 1637, 1. Dr. Thomas Fry, President of St. John's William Brindley had (with others) three daugh- College, Oxford ; died at Clifton, November 22, ters—Alice, m. to Richard Foley, of Stourbridge; / 1772. Margaret, m. to Richard Foley, jud. (son of the 2. Caroline Wilson, née Fry; authoress of The said Richard by a former wife); and Joan, m. first | Listener'; died 1846. to Edward Foley, of Bristol, and secondly to 3. Jobń Fry, brother of the preceding, rector Thomas Jackson, of Bristol. It appears from the of Desford, 1801. parish registers of Wolverhampton that Edward 4. W. T. Fry, an engraver of portraits (Jeremy Foley, "of Bristol," and Joan Brindley were Taylor, &c.), 1817.
E. A. FRY. married October 30, 1621. Richard Foley, sen., Yarty, King's Norton.
July.-Will readers of ‘N. &Q.’kindly send me Sandwich Islands and the late lamented Cetywayo direct any passages, chiefly, though not necessarily, among the number. Have they any right to it ? poetical, referring to July and its flowers—pag
Ross O'CONNELL. sages in which the month is specially mentioned by Garrick Club. name—which I want for a lady who is making an album for which she requires descriptions of the
“FORTY ROYALIST OFFICERS.”—Grants of land year! I have Spenser's, in the cantos of Mutability, but this is not floral;
glad if any reader of ‘N. & Q.' can give me any & couplet in 'The Lay of the Last Minstrel, a few
| information concerning them. I am especially lines from the end; and a passage in Bacon's
interested in the identity of Major Ion Grove, one essay 'Oi Gardens.' In caso I should receive
of their number.
E. T. EVANS. many replies, will my correspondents kindly be HENRY Fox, FIRST BARON HOLLAND.-TEWARS satisfied with a general acknowledgment in states that Henry Fox married a certain “Notices to Correspondents"?
Dives on Feb. 26, 1732/3 (4th S. iv. 312). In the JONATHAN BOUCHIER.
Gentleman's Magazine for February, 1733, p. 100, Roploy, Alresford, Hants.
is the following announcement : KNIGHTING ELDEST Sons of BARONETS.-Can
“Henry Fox, Esq., Brother of Stephen Fox, Esq., any of your readers tell me when and why the
Representative for Shaftsbury, to Miss Dives, late Maid practice of knighting the eldest son of a baronet
of Honour to the Q." on his coming of age was discontinued ?
Can any reader of N. & Q.' give me any further ALBAN DORAN.
authority for this marriage, or tell me where it was
solemnized ? Who were the parents of this Miss NAME OF AUTHOR WANTED. — Who is the Dives, and what was her Christian name? When author of a short poem which I saw some years did she die? In May, 1744, Fox married Lady since in, I believe, an old Penny Magazine or Georgiana Caroline Lennox. G. F. R. B. Saturday Magazine, entitled, I think, 'The Squire's Pew'] I cannot recollect more than
"MAZARINE BIBLE.”—This phrase is used to the first two or three lines, which are somewhat as I describe the editio princeps of Biblia Latina Valfollows:
| gata' in 'Bibliotheca Britannica' (eighth edition, A slanting ray of evening light
vol. xviii, p. 529), and in other books. What Shone through the lattice pane;
is the origin of this application of the name It made the faded curtains bright,
Mazarine? How many copies of that first Latin Although this is a rather slight clue, yet I trust Bible are extant ?
JAMES D. BUTLER. that it may be sufficient to obtain me the desired Madison, Wis., U.S. information.
STATUTE FAIRS.-In Lincolnshire, and, I beKING GEORGE OF GREECE.-Will some reader lieve, several other counties, there are held at of N. & Q' inform me how this monarch ought various times, near to May Day and Martinmas, to be described? In the Times of Friday, June 24. what are known as statute fairs by those who in one place he is described as the King of Greece. speak in a refined manner, and “stattuses” by in another as King of the Hellenes. In other | the users of dialect. They are for the purpose of publications he is called King of the Greeks. What hiring servants; and it is currently believed that authority is there for the adoption of this foreign they were established by an Act of Parliament. word “Hellenes "? I may be very stupid, but I I have searched for this statute without success. see little difference between calling King George Has any one else been more fortunate? If so, he King of the “Hellenes" and King Leopold King would do a good work by publishing the reference of the “Belges.” HENRI LE LOSSIGEL. | in your columns.
ANON. REBUILDING OF ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL.-One COMIC SOLAR Myths. — The following wellof Sir Christopher Wren's designs for the new known historic personages have, I know, been cathedral was approved by Charles II. in 1675. proved (on the rules of the solar mythologists) to Can any one give me any particulars as to when | be myths of the sun, e.g., Napoleon I. (in two these designs were inspected, and who was present ways), Mr. W. E. Gladstone, Mr. J. Chamberlalu, on the occasion ? Am I correct in surmising that and Prof. Max Müller (by M. Gaidoz, in the only one model in wood was made by Wren—the Parisian Mélusine). Can any one add to the one still extant in the cathedral? ALLAN FEA.
list? I know Columbus and Drake easily can be Bank of England.
reduced to solar myths.
W. S. L. S. MAJESTY.- What makes a “majesty”? The Sir John VANBRUGH.-Mr. Percy Fitzgerald, in Times is lavish in its use of the title, granting it his interesting sketch, which has been appearing in to potentates of all complexions, the Queen of the the Theatre, entitled 'The Drury Lane Managers,
from Killigrew to Augustus Harris,' has the land modern times? I am quite aware of the diffifollowing sentence : "One of them was Sir John culty of constructing such a table, and do not feel Vanbrugge-his real name, and not Vanbrugb," competent to do so for myself. Mr. Arber mul&c. And again :"Vanbrugge, as his name betokens, tiplies prices in the early part of the sixteenth was of a Ghentish family." I wonder whencé century by fifteen to obtain their equivalents in Mr. Fitzgerald derived his information as to the present terms, and Mr. Masson multiplies prices * correct” spelling of the eminent architect and in the reign of Charles II. by three and one half. dramatist's name. I am unable to discover the I want similar authorities for the intervening and source. Is the place of Vanbragh's birth still su bsequent periods.
J. T. Y. uncertain, i. e., Chester or London? His mother was a daughter of Sir Dudley Carleton, afterwards
SIR MICHAEL FOSTER, JUSTICE OF THE King's Earl of Dorchester. Are there any descendants of BENCH.-Who was the painter of Foster's portrait, Giles Vanbrugh's father still living either in Eng
an engraving of which by Basire forms the frontisland or the United States? If American corre piece to Dodson's 'Life of Foster' (1811); and spondents would kindly note this query they
who is the present possessor of this portrait ? An would greatly oblige. What is the exact site of the engraving by J. Neagle, “from an original picture house wbich he built for himself, and where he died
by Wills in the possession of Michael Dodson," is (in Scotland Yard) on March 26. 1726? Lastly, I given in the Dublin edition of 'An Examination Where was he buried; is there any memorial to I of the Scheme of Church-Power,' but this differs him : is there any portrait of him extant. and if a considerably from the engraving in Dodson. Where in whose possession is it? The designer of Castle is the original by Wills to be found! Howard and Blenheim, and the author of "The
G. F. R. B.
Oh ! Father let me be
An object of thy care,
For daily unto thee BOOT-TOPS. What does this word mean in
I lift my heart in prayer. the following passage, extracted from S. Fisher's
Preserve my soul, for I am thine, " Rusticks Alarm to the Rabbies' (1660), p. 583,
And guide me with thy truth divine.
MRS. PEACH, in bis collected works, 1679 ? He is speaking of of what avail the casket without the jewel and the the prejudices which commonly existed against setting without the gem?
M. Wood. Quakers, one of which is
Paddy McManus new come from Drumshambo, * the mean outside of most of these inwardly glorious Mick Quinn, and Mike Quigley too, Song and Daughters of the King, Psalm 45, 13, whose
Arcades ambo. clothing, ad extra, is not (as their own within, and the
HERBERT HARDY. World's without, and its Ministers often is) of Wrought Gold, nor yet is it so much of Plush Jippoes and Hose behang'd before, and at Kaees with Rings and Ribbons,
Replies. and Aprons of Points, and costly (if not Golden) Buttons, and such like Garments gay and gorgeous Attire ; neither
"THE GREATER GODS OF OLYMPUS.' is it so much of that fine Linnen their (Bishop-like) Boot
(7th S. iii. 403, 489.) tops and Double Cuffs are cut out of, as of that, which is the Righteousness of the Saints.”
I must first thank MR. GLADSTONE for the kind The New English Dictionary' explains “Boot
tone in which he has met the strictures that I ventop: 1. The upper part of a boot; esp. of top
tured to make on his memoir. We all regard him boots." Quotations are given of the dates 1768,
as one of the greater gods of Olympus : still, as 1825, 1827. But boot-tops in this sense could
such, he will not be surprised that we, fond never have been made of linen. Can this mean a
mortals, sometimes murmur against their decrees. liden frill just below the knee, covering the hose
The point in which I had the misfortune to as far down as to meet the open top of the boot ?
differ from him (independently of the construction Such a frill is represented in the woodcut from
to be put on kuanochaites and kuanopis, which I Ogilby's 'Coronation of Charles II.,' &c., reproduced
am glad to see he concedes) is that he awards in 'Old England,' ii. 208; but in this illustration
certain attributes to certain deities which he denies the gentlemen are wearing low shoes.
to Poseidon. He says that they act instantaneously, Those who annotate Dr. Murray's magnum opus
that they act by pure volition without intermediate may like to jot down the late instance of the
action, and that they have knowledge of events by obsolete behanged in this quotation.
an act of the mind (Nineteenth Century, March,
p. 464). I conceived him to mean that their action CECIL DEEDES.
was like what is conveyed in those majestic words RELATIVE VALUE OF PRICES.-Can any corre- of Genesis, “ God said, Let there be light : and spondent refer me to a table of the relative (ap- there was light." This is what I denied to the proximate) value of prices in England in ancient Olympic gods : their acts are not instantaneous ;
they all use intermediate action; they know nothing eager; still, to make them do their best Herè does by mere act of the mind, but only by the senses of not spare the lash, and as soon as she has got the seeing, hearing, or testimony of credible witnesses.permission she wanted she returns to the plains of The pages of ' N. & Q.' are not fitted for lengthened Troy, again using the whip ; and when they have statements. I must only give one or two, though reached the Simois they leave the chariot and go the 'Iliad' would furnish scores. I quoted Herè, on their way like a pair of doves. Fast, no doubt, but MR. GLADSTONE will not allow that she is in but far from instantaneous. any way a deity of the finer quality. I had thought I said Poseidon was not particular in having that the daughter of Kronos, the sister and wife " physical wants, love of hecatombs," and inof Zeus, one of irreproachable privato character, stanced Apollo. MR. GLADSTONE says, “ Physical addressed by Athene herself in respectful terms as wants are ascribed to the gods generally, and to “ revered goddess ” (presba thea), was entitled to Poseidon individually." The distinction is nice, that distinction. And Mr. GLADSTONE has con- but not, I think, just. It was the creed of the firmed me in my error, if error it be ; for he time that the priest knew the mind of his deity. begins his memoir by stating that there are in Achilles says to the assembled Greeks, Let us ask Olympus five deities of greater dignity and import- some priest why the god is so angry ( II.,' i. 62). ance, and Here is second in the list. I must, Chryses must be taken to have known Apollo's therefore, go to the first. Zeus by the artifice of mind better than any of us. And Chryses, wisbhis wife is thrown into a profound sleep ('Iliad,' ing to curry favour with the god, puts him in mind xiv. 352), and when he awakes he knows nothing of the many fat goats and bulls he had sacrificed to of what has passed until he gets up, looks about him. This seems to me to ascribe physical wants him, and sees the Trojans repulsed, and sees Hector to Apollo individually, lying injured on the field. And when the Father MR. GLADSTONE says that I “wholly mistook of gods and men saw him, he pitied bim, &c. his point, which is not that the Phenicians [my ('Iliad,' xv. 6). Homer, so far from telling us that bad penmanship has misled the printer; I meant Zeus knew by an intuitive act of the mind how he Phæacians) failed in reparation, but rather that had been imposed on, in this short paragraph thrice Apollo appears to have been appeased by redress uses the words “he saw.” Again, when Herè has and thanksgiving, without any mention of the effect cruelly treated Artemis by banging her about the of sacrifice on his mind." I thought I clearly ears, the injured goddess goes to complain to her understood MR. GLADSTONE, and showed that in father Zeus, who, seeing her arrive without her the case of Poseidon the injury was redressed and bow and arrows, with disordered dress, and all in sacrifice offered. And MR. GLADSTONE has quoted tears, asks tenderly, “Dear daughter, wbich of the no passage to show that it rather appears that gods has treated you so ?” Zeus knew nothing of Apollo would have been satisfied by redress withthe scuffle till he was told ( Iliad,' xxi. 505). out sacrifice. Achilles believed otherwise. After
Neither is the motion of the gods instantaneous. a murrain among men and beasts had prevailed for I quoted Apollo, but MR. GLADSTONE replies, nine long days, he says, Let us inquire whether “ Time is not mentioned; motion is mentioned, but Apollo is angry with us for neglect of hecatombs it is the motion of the person which causes the (Il.,'i. 65) or for a breach of a vow. Achilles clang, not the movement from place to place.” This speaks as if neglect of hecatombs were a crime as I fail to understand. If by “motion is not men- heinous as perjury. tioned ” MR. GLADSTONE means to hint that the MR. GLADSTONE will not take amiss my humble motion may have been instantaneous, I reply, attempts to rehabilitate poor Poseidon. At least I the verb used forbids such an interpretation, for have saved him from the charge of bad taste in bainein always means "to walk," "to step.” selecting for his wife, among the beauties of sea Besides, to suppose that the god was transferred and air, a goddess with a blue-black face. instantaneously from place to place would destroy
J. CARRICK MOORE. the noble picture of the god, angered to the heart, striding down from the tops of Olympus, while the arrows, the instruments of his vengeance, rattle MURDRIÈRES (7th S. iii, 126, 215, 252, 374, 432, portentously on his shoulders.
519).—I cannot feel that Miss Boss's account of MR. GLADSTONE very properly corrects the error me is quite accurate, and therefore beg leave to I made in speaking of Athenè using the horses of say a few “last words.” Arès. I wrote from memory, and as that memory It is not the case that I “ wince at a few knocks dates from the beginning of A.D. 1805 it often in return." I have been attacked over and over misleads me. I should bave said the horses of again, and rather like it, if by such means we can Here. When that goddess and Athenė ('Iliad,' get nearer to the truth. I have always accepted v. 748) are in haste to reach Zeus, to get leave to every correction that could be proved, and many stop Arês from assisting the Trojans, they get into such have been proved. Hence the large number Here's chariot. The horses are swift of foot and of corrections in the second editions of my larger