Imagens das páginas

consecrated), but only to act as deacons can do in Pembroke, had a son Gilbert it is possible that the church – 2. e., to administer that which has al- Gilbert Mareschal, of Gildeford, may have deready been consecrated in the chalice to the com- scended from one of the branches. William Maresmunicant faithful. Even this shadowy claim (at chal's grandfather was a Gilbert Mareschal. least as regards the Latins) would be impossible

R. S. M. now, and has been impossible for ages, for in the Edinburgh. Latin rite, of course, not only do the laity not communicate from the chalice, but even if priests

AMERICA (7th S. iv. 247). The meaning of the be present no one communicates under both species name Amerigo has been often discussed, the only thing except the celebrant himself. Ritually speaking, certai no woman could consecrate the contents of the origin, like Humberto, Alfonzo, Grimaldi, or Garichalice, for the sacrifice is imperfect, and indeed

baldi, so common in Northern Italy, which testify inadequate, unless both species be not only conse

to the Gothic or Lombard conquest. Amaric, which crated and offered, but aleo both be partaken of by

occurs as early as 744 A.D., is probably a contracted the celebrant himself, this participation being

form of the name Amalaric, borne by a king of the essential to the validity of the Eucharistic sacri

Visigoths, who died in 531. A Bishop Emrich was fice. No religious women have, I submit, claimed,

present at the Council of Salisbury in 807, and an or at least claimed canonically and successfully, to

Americus Balistarius is mentioned in the Close do more than to act in the deacon's office and Rolls (thirteenth century). It has been conjectured assist in the distribution of the blessed sacrament.

that the stem is im, from which we get the name It was said by uninstructed critics and enemies of

enemies ofl of Emma. The meaning of this is not known with te Miss Caroline Sellon, of Devonshire that certainty, though Ferguson thinks it may denote she claimed to act as a priest, but in reality all

hnt in realite “ strife" or "noise." Since, however, the name she claimed (and I do not affirm this positively) is probably of Gothic origin, and since the Amawas her right as an abbess to administer the al

lungs were the royal race of the Ostrogoths, it is ready consecrated contents of the chalice. In the

more likely that the stem is amal-, which was forsame way Christian kings have always claimed to merly thought to mean“ without spot," but is now rank as deacons of the universal church, and the more plausibly connected with the Old Norse aml; dalmatic robe" of Her Majesty the Queen and labour, work

d labour, work. The suffix ric, cognate with rex, her predecessors is a further evidence of this claim reich, and rick, means “rich ” or “ powerful," and and custom. To take an early instance. Charle-| therefore the most probable signification of Amerigo magne read the gospel at High' Mass, vested in a is "strong for labour."

Isaac TAYLOR. dalmatic, at his coronation on Christmas Day, 800. In the Glossary prefixed to vol. i. of Miss

Yonge's 'History of Christian Names, London, C.C. C. Oxon.

1863, p. xxiv, "Americo, m., Port., Teu., work Bassus (6th S. xi. 488; 7th S. iv. 129).-Corre

ruler, ii. 259; Amerigo, m., Ital., Teu., work spondents require the stimulus of PROCUL's repeti

ruler, ii. 259.” At the reference in vol. ii. tion. The passage which he seeks for is this :

“ Amal is reckoned as a semi-divine mythic forefather of “Gabius Bassus in tertio librorum, quos de Origine

the Amalungen, or royal tribe of the Ostrogoths; being

son or grandson of Gaut or Gapt, and meaning the Vocabulorum composuit : • Divinatio,''inquit, judicium

working or measuring. Hence Amalrich, the work ruler, uoniam divinare


a curiously appropriate name for the new world of labour oporteat, quam sententiam sede ferre par sit?' (Aulus Gellius, ‘N. A.,' ii. 4).

and progress on the other side of the Atlantic." Aulus Gellius, however, does not approve of the

How is it that the Portuguese form Americo has definition, of which he remarks, “Nimis quidem

prevailed over the Italian Amerigo, which was est in verbis Gabii Bassi ratio imperfecta, vel Vespy

pa / Vespucci's name? It is the more correct, and magis inops et jejuna." He then explains and

sounds better. In the Latin letter announcing his qualifies the expression. The poet was Cæsius

discovery he is called Albericus, the meaning of Bassus.


which is “elf-king.” W. E. BUCKLEY. JOHN, SON OF GILBERT LE MARESCHAL (74 S. name of Amerigo Vespucci, and, as Washington

The etymology of the term “ America " is the iv. 188).-William Mareschal, Earl of Pembroke, |

embroke; Irving wrote, his" name has eventually been given &c., was the first Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, and

to the New World." Will not the man's name be left five sons and several daughters. The sons were after some Spanish place? Earls of Pembroke in succession, but all died with

after some Spanish place?

ALF. G. out male issue and were succeeded by their sisters. See any good encyclopædia, s. v., or the 'EncycloTherefore the Mareschals of Gildeford cannot be pædic Dict.,' 8. V.

Q. V. descended from the Mareschals, Earls of Pembroke. There were, however, collateral branches of Columbus to the coast of Paria, and standing to the

Alonzo de Ojeda in 1499 followed the course of the Mareschals, and as William Mareschal, Earl of west, voyaged along a considerable extent of coast be

yond that on which Columbus bad touched, and thus high, with tobacco-pipe in mouth, which is probably ascertained that this country was part of the continent, la modern addition.

E. L. G. Amerigo Vespucci, a Florentine gentleman, accompanied Ojeda......By universal usage the name of America has

POISONING BY MEANS OF THE EUCHARISTIC been bestowed on this part of the globe.”—Mackenzie's • Nat. Encycl.,' vol. i. p. 228, ed. 1883,

ELEMENTS (7th S. iv. 206).-As the subject of M.A.Oxon. persons being poisoned whilst receiving the

Eucharist has been mentioned, I venture to enMiss Yonge says from Amal, Latin Emilius,

bius, close a very curious extract from the correand rich. So Almerick, Aylmar, and Emmery. I spondence of Cecil: Queen Elizabeth's minister. Amerigo is the Italian form, hence America. IC is out of a letter of one Atkinson, proposing From what small causes, &c.

A. H.

| a scheme of poisoning O'Neill, the Earl of Tyrone,

the celebrated Irish rebel :AN ANCIENT MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE (7th S. iv.

“For I have made theme for to beleeve howe I intend 46. 197).- A friend has just written to me that a for to b

for to be a religious man, and of the Order of St. Francis, correspondent of yours “ doubts the genuineness of and in regarde I ame of good acquaintance in Ireland, I the extract " I sent you from Bishop Chedworth's mako choise for toe be under Bishoppe MoTeith, by the register, I have not seen the communication, so I which Letters, Right Honorable, I assure myself (so that do not understand whether your correspondent is theire be verio greate secresie used) for to p'forme

shortlie services worthie of a good rewardd, for it is serious in wishing to argue as to the genuineness of

most easy for to poysone Tyrone through some poysined the episcopal registers here; if so, I will leave the hoastes, the which in regard I shall be theire, where he argument to wiser heads than mine ; but, as I am hath continual resorte, I make noe doubte at all, but to printing a calendar to this very register, I am

abbreviate the Traitor's dayes." curious to hear the result arrived at. And as my

I. W. HARDMAN, LL.D. contribution to the discussion I have taken the

KELLY (7th S. iv. 228).—The Lord Mayor when trouble to transcribe the entry immediately follow

the Queen ascended the throne in 1837 was Thomas ing the marriage certificate, which perbaps you

Kelly. The 'London Directory' in that year bemay think it worth while to insert if you have

came the property of F. F. Kelly, inspector of room :

letter-carriers, who introduced the “Trades" section « VIII kl’n Julij in festo videlicet Nativitatis S. in 1840, and the “ Streets " section in 1841. Until Johannis Bapt. Anno d'ni M.COCCLVI in capella infra | 1846 the work was annually corrected by the Post Martyn college Oxon' situat', Rer' in xp'o pater et dominus, dominus Johannes dei gra Lincoln' Ep'us in

Office letter-carriers.

JOAN RANDALL. pontificalibus indutus votum per dictum Reverendum

MR C. A. WARD will find a biography of the patrem intra missarum solempnia admisit et recepit in hac forma :-I Johan Stretton of Lincoln dioc' not late Alderman and Lora mayor. Aenyu

late Alderman and Lord Mayor Kelly in Hardwedded p’mitte and avowe to God and to oure lady wicke's 'Annual Biography' for 1856, edited by E. and to all the saintis of hevyn in youre p’sence Walford, M.A. He had no connexion with tbe Rev'end fadre in God Jobn by the grace of God anthor of the Post Office Directories. Bisshop of Lincoln, the pipose of chastite aftir the

Mos URBANUS. rewle of saint Paule and with myn owne handes I subscribe here my selffe. In no’ie p'ris & filij & gp'us [Other correspondents are thanked for replies to the sancti amen + et cetera benedictionum insignia in bac samo effect.] parte requisita fecit et exercuit coram populi multitudine ibi congregata."-Reg. Chedworth, 'Linc. Ep., The IMP OF LINCOLN (7th S. ii. 308, 416; üïi. fol. 20.

18, 115, 179, 334, 505 ; iv. 195).-If it were

A. G. worth while to give any more instances of the use Surely it is not necessary to suppose a clerical of imp in a good sense, I could furnish a dozen. error in this document. Was not 13 Hen. VI. the It may, however, be more interesting to record an date of the marrriage, and 30 Hen. VI. the date of act imputed to this particular imp. About two the certificate therefor? This, in fact. certifies miles from my native place, and forty from Lincoln, that the wedding had taken place seventeen years upon the edge of the Nottinghamshire Wolds, from previously.

R. H. H. which the Minster towers can be occasionally seen, Pontefract,

is the old churchyard of Kinoulton. Of the church

itself, unless my memory deceive me, there are do HOBBY, &c. (7th S. iii. 182, 356, 506; iv. 118). remains, only the foundations ; but near its site -In the Salisbury Museum are two grostesque lies a huge boulder, weighing, I suppose, several figures that the Tailors' Guild of that city carried tons, and I was always told in my boyhood that in all processions and pageants, called the “Giant with this stone the Devil on Lincoln Minster had and Hobnob"; the latter name seeming connected knocked down the church. I am persuaded that with “ hobby-horse," &c. The Hobrob is a kind many of our rustics believed this story. I certainly of biped dragon, with snapping crocodile jaws, did for many years. There were one or two other that precedes and clears a way for the giant, who similar stones in neighbouring villages, and I used is a somewhat ecclesiastical one, about twelve feet to wonder where they came from? O. C. B.

APPENZELL (7th S. iv, 269).-Rod (Rhode) means | An amusing story is told of this lady. She, with a political community. Etymologically it is the her cousins Mary, Kitty, Elizabeth, and Jack, same word as Germ. rotte, 2. e., a rout, troup, or went to the village schoolmistress to learn the first band=French route, being derived from Latin rudiments of reading and writing. As they were rupta; hence originally a fraction of people, or acrossing the Trent by a low bridge wbich then company. Cf. Tobler's 'Appenzeller Sprach- existed, some of the party walked on the parapet, schatz' (Zürich, 1837).

H. KREBS. and were spied by their grandfather, “Justice Oxford

Jervis," who, calling “ Bet ! " 80 terrified her that The Rhodes of Appenzell were originally military she jumped over into the river to avoid a further divisions, like the Yorkshire wapentakes. The scolding, it being at the time very low. THUS. M.H.G. rotte was borrowed from the Old French In the pedigree of the Smiths of Elmhurst, rote, “a division of an army," from the Latin Stafford, and Great Fenton, given in the ‘History rupta, which in Low Latin becomes rutta. The of Stoke-upon-Trent,' appears the following: English word rout is from the same source. See

First wife,

Second wife, Kluge and Ducange, s.v.

Isaac TAYLOR. Elizabeth, daú, of=Jeremiah Smith, Margaret Jervis,

John Jervis, of of Great Fenton, sister to the Earl WEDDING ANNIVERSARIES (7th S. iii. 168, 218, Darlaston, 'Esq. sheriff of Staffs., of St. Vincent, 333, 373, 418).-Since several of your corre (three sons, one 2 George III., ob.s.p. spondents have disputed the accuracy of my daughter).

ob, 1792. definition of a diamond wedding as the seventy. According to this the wives are exactly reversed fifth anniversary, I have remembered my old note from what is stated in Burke's 'Landed Gentry.' on that subject (5th S. xii. 268), that on some day The family was formerly so well known in the in the summer of 1878 the Times contained a tele- neighbourhood it hardly seems probable any great gram from Denmark stating that one couple in a error would have remained uncorrected in a history small Danish village had just celebrated their of the place. It may be interesting to state that diamond wedding (i.e., the seventy-fiftb), and the above is written from Fenton Hall, the old another couple would do so in a few days; that mansion belonging to the Smith family, and during ten years about six or seven diamond formerly occupied by them. Until lately there weddings had been celebrated in the same village. was a pane of glass in one of the windows on Perhaps some of your correspondents could refer which was scratched the name of Mary Jervis. to a file of the Times, and give complete particulars.

MARY MARSHALL. FREDERICK E. SAWYER, F.S.A. Great Fenton, Stoke-upon-Trent. Brighton.

BISHOP SPARROW'S ‘RATIONALE' (7th S. iv. 49, THE LUAÑO ESTACADO' (7th S. iv. 168). -The 173).—The Rev. A. T. Russell, in his 'Memoirs of above poem is to be found (with a merciless dis- the Life of Bishop Andrewes,' p. 471, observes :section by a genuine frontiersman) in 'On a

“The Rev. J. Bligg, M.A., of Oriel Coll., Oxf., the Mexican Mustang,' by Sweet and Knox, pub-able editor of Bp. Andrewes' Minor Works, observes of lished by Chatto & Windus. S. PARDEN. Andrewes' 'Form for the Consecration of a Church or Eastbourne.

| Chapel,' that it was first published in 32mo, in 1659

with a preface dated May 29 of that year: that the only This remarkable poem will be found in Temple copy of this edition which he had seen was now in the Bar for September, 1878. It is entitled 'Tantalus: Bodleian Library, and that it was afterwards printed in Texas' (No. 214, p. 84). The following note is | 4to., and appended to Bp. Sparrow's Collection of

Articles.' It has since been reprinted and bound up prefixed to the verses :

with Bishop Sparrow's 'Rationale of the Book of “The Llano Estacado, or Staked Plain (80 called from Common Prayer."" the means taken by the Mexicans to mark a track for

| I find it appended to a copy of the 'Rationale' of travellers), is a large tableland to the west of the State of Texas, U.S., and is without a stream in its extent."

1668 in my own library. There is prefixed to it W. J. BUCKLEY.

an engraved title by Hollar, and this copy also

contains a portrait of Bishop Andreweg, by Hollar. JERVIS FAMILY (7th S. iv. 189).-Swynfen Jervis, l If MR. MARSHALL refers to the "authority" of of Meaford, Esq., had, by Elizabeth, daughter of Bishop Sparrow, will be not be mistaken ? this George Parker, of Park Hall, Esq., two sons and edition with the form having been issued seventeen

was Earl St. Vincent. The daughters were : my third edition of the Collection of Articles,' Mary. married William Henry Ricketts, Esq., in published in 1675.

W. H. BURNS. 1757 ; Elizabeth, married Rev. D. Batwell, died | Clayton Hall, Manchester, in childbed ; Katharine (or Kitty), married Jeremiah Smith, Esq., of Great Fenton, died in child- A LONG-LiveD FAMILY (7th S. iv. 203).—The bed. Mr. Smith married secondly Elizabeth record given by MR. JOHNSON BAILY is no doubt Jervis, daughter of Jobo Jervis, jun., of Darlaston. remarkable; but it is right to point out that, as

most genealogists know, tombstone records are very perhaps “in malam crucem "; I do not think he untrustworthy. In the recent Lauderdale peer- would have confounded them in a literal translation age case much anxiety was caused to the present of modern English. C. F. S. WARREN, M.A. earl's solicitors by the reputed ages of three The Cottage, Fulbourn, Cambridge. members of the family as recorded on their tomb

THE ROYAL STUARTS (7th S. iv. 67,216.-I must stones. All three were proved to be bopelessly incorrect, though of no older date than the early venture to point out a mistake in Mr. Taylor's part of this century.

H. I.

note. Charlemagne's great-granddaughter Judith Valentines, Ilford."

did, it is true, marry Æthelwulf of England, but

Edward Ætheling was descended fronı Æchelwulf's MERES (7th S. iv. 168).—John Bodenham, a first marriage, not from this. The descent in publisher, issued 'Politeuphuia: Wit's Common question goes, as I gave it, through Judith's wealth,' 8vo., 1598, in which Nicholas Ling, a second marriage with Baldwin. I may add tbat printer, signs an epistle dedicatory, with an ad-Townend's ‘Descendants of the Stuarts' gires, on dress to I. B., but there is no real proof that a large folding sheet, no fewer than twenty-four Bodenham did compile it. The Rev. Francis royal descents from Egbert and William the ConMeres, M.A., rector of Wing, ob. 1646, may have queror, and therefore from Charlemagne. done the work for Bodenbam ; and in 1598 he

C. F. S. WARREN, M.A. issued 'Palladis Tamia, Wit's Treasury; being the Second Part of Wit's Commonwealth.' It was


AND THE LITTLE Maid' (7th S. iv. 69).- A list of not published by Bodenham. A. HALL.

Tabart's publications will be found at the end of The full title of this book, which was published most of his books ; but being destined for the use of in 1598, runs as follows: "Palladis Tamia. Wits children, they are exceedingly scarce. I have a Treasury. Being the Second Part of Wits Common-copy of the Book of Trades,' which was published Wealth. By Francis Meres, Master of Artes of in 1804, and contains some excellent engravings on both Vniuersities." According to Dr. Ingleby, copper. The first two volumes I purchased of a • Wits Common-Wealth' was a generic title for London bookseller, supposing the work to be comprobably four distinct works—viz, (1) 'Politeu-plete. On looking it over, I found a third volume phuia Wits Common-Wealth,' 1597 ; (2) the book was required. This I acquired by the merest accireferred to above ; (3) the third part, which, indent after the sale of Mr. William Bates's books. the opinion of Mr. W. C. Hazlitt (but not of Dr. Mr. Bates only seemed to possess the third volume, Ingleby), was 'Wit's Theatre of the Little World,' and I fortunately managed to secure it. It is of a N. Ling, 1599; and (4) 'Palladis Palatium later edition than the other two, and the plates are Wisedomes Pallace, or the Fourth Part of Wit's considerably worn. The late Mr. Thoms possessed Commonwealth,' G. Elde for Francis Burton, a copy of Tabart's 'Popular Fairy Tales,' which is 1604. See 'Shakspere Allusion - Books,' part i. very rare. It appears from the list of publications pp. xxiii-iv. It appears that the compilation of annexed to my Book of Trades' that this col

Politeuphuia' has been wrongly attributed to lection was originally issued before 1804, but I John Bodenham, as “the material for that volume have never heard of a copy of that early date. A was chiefly collected by Ling," and Bodenham did collation of a later edition is given in the Rowfant "little beyond suggesting the publication of such catalogue.

W. F. PRIDEAUX. & collection." See 'Dict. of Nat. Biog.,' vol. V., s. n. “Bodenbam."

G. F. R. B.

' BALE FAMILY (7th S. iv. 209).-There is a life

and portrait of John Bale in Fuller's 'Abel RedePROF. HAILSTONE (7th S. iv. 188).-Rev. John vivus,' 1651, p. 502.

R. R. Hailstone, of Trinity College, Cambs., graduated Boston, Lincolnshire. B.A. in 1782, and M.A. in 1785. in 1788 be was appointed Woodwardian Professor of Geology, la

OLYMPUS (7th S. iv. 267).-The edition of the or, as the Gentleman's Magazine (1818, i. 463)

‘Novum Organum' published at Oxford in 1835, saye, of Mineralogy. He resigned in 1818, and

under the care of the present Dean of Winchester,

shows that Bacon took his information from was succeeded by Prof. A. Sedgwick. DE V. PAYEN-PAYNE.

Solinus, Polyhist.,'ch. xiii. “Litera in cioere University College, W.C.

scriptæ usque ad alteram anni ceremoniam per

manent." Readers of N. & Q.' will find Dr. SARSEN STONES (7th S. iv. 206).-I do not object | Kitchin's notes useful.

W. C. B. to Mr. Walford's derivation of sarsen stones, or even to his imagination of the Roman workman MARRIAGE OF LADY ANN CECIL (7th S. iv, 109, who cursed them because they were so big ; but I219).-I was hasty in taking the date in Betbani do object to stretch my imagination so far as that (1637) as that of marriage. At it turns out, it the workman cried out “ Confunde has sarcinas !" is the date of her death. She was born in 1612, He might have consigned them "ad corvos," or and baptized in the Royal Chapel, Whitehall, on

Feb. 23, 1612 (Blore's 'Rutland,' 24). Her first Palm Sunday, as at Orleans, where both a dragon child, Catherine Percy, was born on Aug. 12, 1630 and a cock, as well as three banners, were borne in (Collins's 'Peerage,' ii. 353), so we may presume the procession on these daya. that 1629 is the date, when she would be seven- I think that the Rogation dragon must be sepateep.

DE V. PAYEN-PAYNE. rated from the Easter dragon ; this latter was University College, W.C.

nothing but a stick for the triple candle, which it

beld in its mouth. It is thus figured in the Sarum AN EDITORIAL MISTAKE (7th S. iv. 225). —This Processionale.' In the now extinct Romanohas already been noticed in ‘N. & Q.' (6th S. ix. Toletan rite there is this rubric for Easter Eve, before 459). I may add that the “ludicrous blunder,"

the new fire is blessed: “Primo procedat coluber as MR. FENNELL then calls it, occurs in p. 20 of the

cum una candela trium ramorum extincta quam original published by Scott in 1760.

unus puer portabit"; and I daresay the present ALFRED NEWTON.

Mozarabic rubric has been borrowed, like some Magdalene College, Cambridge.

other rites, from the Romano-Toletan, “ Cereus DISTINCTIVES OF A GENTLEMAN (7th S. iv. paschalis coram cereis, et serpens coram cereo, et 248).-A gentleman is defined to be one “qui so

s ic procedant ad fontem." arma gerit,” who bears coat armour (ii. Inst. 667).

| At Westminster there were "ij other tunycles of The loss of the distinctive of a gentleman would

dyvers collors, oon to hallowe the Pascall and the be the loss of this. He suffered voluntarily a

other for hym that beryth the Dragon on Easter capitis diminutio, which was sometimes effected

Evyo." This serpent as a candle holder was also by the arms being razed or adjudged to suffer

carried at Rouen on Easter Eve to the end of the some abatement, the various forms of which are

seventeenth century at least. The processional described in Guillim, sect, i. ch. viii.

dragon is, therefore, not particular either to Sarum ED. MARSHALL.

or to the Celtic Church. What its source is, if

a figure of the noisome beasts to get rid of PEASANTRY (7th S. iv. 265).-F. J. F. observes which S. Mamertus began the Rogations, or whether that Cobbett called peasantry a new word in 1817, it has come from the Labarum of Constantine, or is and asks, “ Was it not used before ?" Cobbett's of Pagan origin, the eagle of the Roman army, I ignorance of literature was equalled only by his must leave others to determine. self-conceit; and it would be an endless task to

J. WICKHAM LEGG. correct his blunders. If he had looked into Johnson's 'Dictionary' he would have found that

The lion banner and the representation of a peasantry had been used by Shakspeare and by

dragon were used throughout the Western Church. Locke ; and if he had read The Deserted Village'

See Durandus, Beleth, and Ducange, as well as the


various Processionals. he could hardly have forgotten the now familiar

T. F.

Winterton, Doncaster. lines :But a bold peasantry, a country's pride,

VICTORIAN Coins (7th S. iv. 208).—The coins When once destroy'd, can never be supplied.

described by your correspondent are known among J. Dixon. 1

collectors as proofs, and are esteemed by such on The well-known line in 'The Deserted Village'l account of their comparative rarity. There is must be earlier by nearly half a century.

nothing unusual in a set of 1839 proofs, as the

R. H. Busk. authorities at the Mint have been accustomed to “LEAD, KINDLY LIGHT" (7th S. iv. 245).-Allow issue unmilled pieces in limited numbers to colme to supplement my note on this subject by add. lectors on the occasion of a new coinage. Specimens ing that the “other pen” which added a fourth of our so-called “Jubilee” coinage have been stanza is that of Dr. E. H. Bickersteth, now Bishop similarly struck with plain edges. Some Victorian of Exeter. I have learnt this fact only recently.

coins, but not a complete set, were struck in 1838, E. Walford. M.Å. none in 1837.

H. S. Hyde Park Mansions, N.W.

Pitt's LAST WORDS (7th S. iv. 23).-Surely if LEO AND Draco (7th S. iv. 127).- In the Middle “ Austerlitz killed Pitt," " O, my poor country!” Ages the custom of carrying the image of a dragon may have been an ejaculation of the dyiog Premier in procession on the Rogation Days seems to have within the closing hours of his life ; and held by been very widely spread. It is spoken of by Lord Stanhope to be worthy of record rather than Durandus, Sicardus in his ‘Mitrale,' and by many the “more last words of Mr. Baxter” in reference other liturgical writers. Besides the figure in the to Nicholls's veal pies. Certainly the words quoted Sarum ‘Processionale,' Barrault and Martin give by Lord Stanhope were long before he wrote accepted a drawing of a processional dragon, still preserved as Pitt's last words. I have a suspicion that the at Metz, at p. 44 of their 'Baton Pastoral' (Paris, “cockney" form of the word veal was Mr. Disraeli's 1856). Sometimes the dragon was also carried on own pleasantry. Supposing the keeper of “Bel

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