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Birkbeck Hill contains an index, wbich our reviewer, have “Cypress-cat, &., & tabby cat, East." ("Prov. with pardonable enthusiasm, calls magnificent. In this, I Dint)

ED. MARSHALL however, there is no reference to Miss Hickman. See ante, p. 179.]

A corruption from cypress, which, being anciently THE “TRIERS” (7th S. iv. 248).-Walker, in his

used in funerals, is the emblem of mourning. It

was also applied formerly to a thin transparent 'Sufferings of the Clergy,' part i. pp. 170, 171,

black stuff. See Johnson. mentions the ordinance passed by Cromwell and

Lawn as wbite as driven snow, his council on March 20, 1654, for the appoint

Cyprus black as e'er was crow-Shakespeare. ment of commissioners (commonly called “Tryers"); and that Francis Rous, Esq., with thirty-seven

CONSTANCE RUSSELL others there named (part laymen, part ininisters),

Swallowfield, Reading. should be the commissioners. He refers in the Milton, ‘Penseroso,' 35, speaks of the Nan margin to “Scobell's Collection of Acts and

All in a robe of darkest grain, Ordinances made in the Parliament begun Nov. 3,

Flowing with majestic train, 1640, and since until Sept. 17, 1656. London,

And sable stole of Cyprus lawn. 1658, folio.” The list of names would be in the On this passage see the note by T. Warton, who ordinance. Walker (pp. 176, 177) gives a speci- quotes Autolycus's song in "The Winter's Tale,' men of the method of examination followed by IV. iii. these “ Tryers." He does not state anything about

Lawn as white as driven snow, their minute-books.

W. E. BUCKLEY.

Cyprus black as e'er was crown

and other passages. The black stripes of the MR. SAWYER will find a full list of the “Triers” | kitten would be thus described. in Neal's History of the Puritans,' vol. iv. p. 93,

W. E. BUCKLEY. ed. 1822. Not one of the names seems to belong to any well-known Sussex family.

Is this colour—" dark grey, with black stripes EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A.

and markings” — named from cypress wood ? The Library, Claremont, Hastings.

Evelyn ('Sylva,' bk. ii. chap. iii. 15) speaks with

emphasis of the wood's “crisped undulations," MR. SAWYER will find a list of the 116 “Triers " which have caused it to be used largely in decoin "An Ordinance of the Parliament, published rative building and for other purposes. Oct. 20, 1645, which is bound up with "The

* C. C. B. Directory for the Public Worship of God and the

Lawn as white as driven snow, Suppression of the Book of Common Prayer,' Lon

Cyprus black as e'er was crow, don, 1646. Of the above number thirty-nine were

Gloves as sweet as damask roses, “ministers," and seventy-seven “ others.

Masks for faces and for noses.
C. LEESON PRINCE Quoted in ‘Kenilworth, chap. XX. R. B.

Upton, Slough.
CYPRUS (7th S. iv. 289).-Your correspondent
has omitted to notice in Wright's ‘Provincial Dic-

HENRY BENNET, EARL OF ARLINGTON (7th S. tionary, '“Cypress-cat, a tabby cat, East.” Perhaps iv. 288).-In Bishop Burnet's ‘History of His Own the term cyprus, as applied to a cat, was taken from

Times,' Orr's ed., 2 vols. royal 8vo., opposite p. 252 the stuff so called, which Minsheu, in his Guide

of vol. i. is an engraving of the portrait of the earl into the Tongues: (1617), defines as “a fine curled from a painting by Sir Peter Lely, showing the linnen.” The material was made in two colours, black patch across his nose. In a short biographical black and white, but the black seems to have been

note appended to Burnet's notice of him on p. 68, more common. F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY.

* vol. i., we read :

“When at Oxford he was distinguished as an easy May not the origin of Cyprus as a cat-name be

| versifier, and several of his productions were published. found in the well-known legend of that island ? Upon the king, Charles I., coming to Oxford, Bennet According to this tradition, there was once a cape volunteered into his army, and was besides chosen to be in Cyprus called Cat Cape, on which was a his chief secretary by Lord Digby, then Secretary of monastery, the monks of which were required to

| State. This might have excused him from active service

in arms, but his spirit would not permit; and he bore, keep an army of cats to make war on the snakes especially upon his nose, many honourable scars acquired with which the island was infested. The story in the onslaught of battle. "When declining in favour has often been printed. I saw it recently in The with Charles II., with little wit and less gratitude, this Book of Cats,' by C. H. Ross (Griffith & Farran).

monarch allowed him to be mimicked in his presence by

some of his ribald courtiers, who condescended to put a EDWARD DAKIN.

patch on their noses, and to strut about with a staff in Kingstanley, Glos.

imitation of the Earl's gait.” MR. KARKEEK remarks that he has not been This is given on the authority of Echard's 'History able to find the word cyprus in Wright with the of England,' 911. signification of a cat with certain markings; but he “He had a scar across his nose, which was covered by might also state that Wright comes so near it as to a long patch, or, rather, by a small plaster, in form of a

lozenge" ("Memoirs of Count Grammont,' Bohn's ed., tion, which is given in Robinson's 'History of p. 143).

Tottenham,' we may infer that her husband bad F. W. J.

lived in the parish of St. Dunstan's, and that on Ebberston Vicarage, York,

his death she had probably moved to St. Andrew's, In 'Lodge's Portraits' is an engraving of this Holborn, where she died three years later. A statesman, a prominent member of the Cabal in the search for the will of Henry Scarlett, of St. days of Charles II., from the painting by Sir Peter Dunstan's-in-the-West, about the year 1765, Lely, said to be in the “collection of the Right would probably give more information. Honourable Lord de Clifford at King's Weston." The arms on the Scarlett-Diodati plate are the There is a diagonal patch across the nose, as though same as those of the Scarletts of Essex, Suffolk, it had been slit, and in those times malicious London, and Sussex (after of Jamaica), the latter wounding and maiming were by no means in- being now represented in the elder line by my frequent. The accompanying memoir mentions, husband's branch (Abinger, arms and crest now however, that the earl had fought for Charles I. differenced since the peerage) and the Scarletts of in the great civil war, and received several wounds, Gigha, N.B., and Sussex, who bear, without difadding :

ference, these same arms and crest, as exemplified “The black patch on his face, which appears in all in the Visitation of Essex,' 1611. The supporters portraits of him, and is, I believe, nowhere particularly are probably the invention of the engraver, for in accounted for, may probably be ascribed to one of his England, as a rule, they are only given to peers, hurts, which perhaps left a disgusting scar" (Cabinet har edition, vol. vi. p. 172).

& disgusting scar (Cabinet baronets, or knights. This statement, however, leaves the matter af

The name of Henry is more common in the Nor

folk Scarletts than in those of Essex, and I cannot slightly open question, for the Coventry Act, as it was called, was passed about that date, as Sir John

find any clue to the family from which the above

individual descends. I have large collections Coventry had been attacked and his nose slit by some members of the royal guard, as it was sup

relating to the Scarletts of Essex and Suffolk, in posed with the privity of King Charles II.

addition to those of Sussex, and have looked

through them in vain for a clue, as none of the John PICKFORD, M.A. Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.

names mentioned in Mrs. Elizabeth Scarlett's will

occurs in our papers. There is a lengthy pedigree The patch was to hide the scar of a wound which of Sparrow in the Visitation of Essex,' 1634, but he received in a sharp encounter near Andover, where none of the names is in it (Colepepyr, &c.). The he was fighting as a volunteer in the royal cause arms described on the escutcheon of pretence are during the civil war. In Charles II.'s reign, when not to be found in Papworth's 'Armorials.' Lord Arlington was out of favour, several persons In 1707 the will of John Scarlett, of St. Dunstan's. at court took to mimic his person and behaviour, in-the-West, gent., was proved, and he speaks in it and it became a common jest for some courtier to of lands left to him by Sir William Humble. This put a black patch upon his nose and strut about shows him to have been John Scarlett, the third in order to divert the king. See Birch's 'Lives son of Benjamin Scarlett, of Eastbourne, who of Illustrious Persong.' CONSTANCE RUSSELL. married Katherine, the daughter of Sir William Swallowfield Park, Reading.

Humble. This John Scarlett had four sons, John, « The Rebellion falling out. he followed the King's William, Charles, and Francis. He lived at Army, and receiving an honourable wound in the face, Stratford Langthom, in Essex, part of the Humble grew into favour” (Evelyn's ' Diary,' Sept. 10, 1677). property, and in 1694 was of St. Andrew's,

“Upon his return from his unsuccessful journey to I Holborn. Dr. Diodati was buried at Tottenham, Holland in 1674-5......it became a common jest for some courtier to put a black patch upon his nose, and strut

1727.

B. F. SCARLETT. about with a white staff in his hand, in order to divert

Berwick Lodge, Ryde. the king” (Chalmers’s ‘Biog. Dict., s.v. Bennet”). Lely's portrait, engraved in Bray's edition of

DUKE WITH THE SILVER HAND (7th S. jil. Evelyn's Diary,' shows the position of the patch

477 ; iv. 213, 338).—DR, BREWER, it is to be very well. EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A.

feared, has been misled by the use of an inHastinge.

apposite title, the employment of which by him

was quite enough to throw readers of 'N. & Q.' off DIODATI, WHICKER, MORTON, SCARLETT, COLE- the scent. We doubtless read of Dukes of Edom PEPER, MASKALL (74 S. iv, 344).-Mrs. Elizabeth in the A.V., and we have also read of dukes and Scarlett, widow of Henry Scarlett, late of the city lords of Little Egypt. The prince concerning of London, “now living in the parish of St. whom DR. BREWER was inquiring was certainly Andrew's, Holborn, but late of St. Dunstan's-in- I not a duke in any ordinary sense of the term, the-West,” owned land in Tottenham, called though he was, of course, a leader of men, for in "Langford Lands,” which she sold in 1765 to point of fact he was King of Ireland. If DR. James Townsend, Esq. From the above descrip- BREWER refers to the August number of the Anti

quary he will find an extract from Joyce's Old | Nile, and delivered at Naples by Kelim Effendi Celtic Romances,' giving interesting glimpses into Dec. 21, 1798. Or it may have been & retum Irish social life in the days of Nuada of the Silver present for the “roso set in diamonds," valued at Hand.

NOMAD. 1,0001., presented to the admiral by the Grand

Signior's mother. In either of these cases the porFICTITIOUS IMPRINTS (7th S. iv. 88).- Why not trait would doubtless have been painted during make known the facts in each instance when ascer- Nelson's long stay in the Mediterranean-either tained ? MR. WALFORD is probably familiar with lat Naples or Palermo. E. G. YOUNGER, M.D. an American book by Mr. Whitney, entitled 'Al Hanwell, W. Modern Proteus,' which makes a wholesale exposure of one of the tricks of booksellers in publishing old ALL HALLOWS, BREAD STREET: JOHN MILTON books under new names. Fictitious imprints are en-(7th S. iv. 309, 378).—The tablet for which NEMO titled to like treatment. Allourlibraries, both in their inquires has been removed to Bow Church, Cheapmanuscript and printed catalogues, give the cor- side, where I have just seen it. It has been inrect imprint in brackets when it is known that the serted into the western wall of the church, on the publisher's imprint is false. A most pernicious outside, near to the tower. Beneath the tablet is custom that has long prevailed is post-dating the the following inscription :imprint. So early as July and August I have seen "This Tablet was placed on the Church of All Hallows, books bearing the following year's date. When did Bread Street, early in the nineteenth century, as & this form of falsehood originate?

memorial of the event therein recorded, and was removed GASTON DE BERNEVAL.

in the year 1876, when that Church was pulled down,

and the Parish united for Ecclesiastical purposes with Philadelphia, U.S.

the Parish of St. Mary-le-Bow.". "NORAH'S TREASURE' (7th S. iv. 327).—This

W. SPARROW SIMPSON. ballad was written by “Claribel” (Mrs. Charles [MR. F. W. ABINGTON supplies the same information.) Barnard). It was adapted to an Irish melody, and sung by Madame Sainton-Dolby, and was

" RARE” BEN JONSON (7th S. iv. 129, 235).-The published by Boosey & Sons in 1864.

writer of the notice of Ben Jonson in The Book

G. F. R. B. of Days' says :HENRY, LORD CLIFFORD (7th S. iv. 327).--MR. I marked

| “The curious inscription by which his grave was JOHNSON will find an account of Henry, Lord

O rare Ben Jonson ! Clifford, the “shepherd ” Earl of Cumberland, in formed the concluding words of the verses written and Mr. Walford's Chapters from Family Chests,' displayed in the celebrated club-room of Ben's clique." vol. i. p. 144.

MUS IN URBE. Are these included in the "commendatory verses."

mentioned in DR. NICHOLSON's note ? ORRERIES (76 S. iv. 348).-It may interest MR.

C. C. B. VYVYAN to know that one of these travelling

"MUNERARI” OR “ NUMERARI” IN TE DEUM perambulated about this city within the last 1 (7th S. iv, 147, 352).-I ought to have known that three years. It consisted of a large square box munus was a gift ; but I have been misled by the mounted on wheels; there were little windows all early versions of Te Deum, printed by Mr. round through which you might gaze at the Maskell in the second volume of his Monumenta wonders of the solar system, the inside being | Ritualia.' These all translate munerari by “reilluminated at night, which had a very pretty

warded.” Even now I do not find that authorities effect; "and all for one penny."

are quite unanimous in excluding “ reward” from ROBERT F. GARDINER. the meaning of munerari. Daniel, speaking of Glasgow.

munerari, says, “Procul dubio in bac voce tenes Refer to the account of the boy's experiences at

scripturam antiquissimam et genuinam. Numerari the “slow torture called an orrery," in "Birthday

primum occurrit in Brev. Italis v. c. in Franc. apni Celebrations," ch. xix, of Dickens's Uncommercial

1495" (Thesaurus Hymnologicus,' Lips., 1844, t. ii. Traveller.' EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A.

'I p. 299). I have no doubt that munerari is the Hastings.

more ancient reading, but as a matter of taste I

prefer numerari. NELSON (7th S. iv. 367).—I can find no mention The aim of the few notes that were printed of this portrait in five different biographies of Nel- last August was to point out the length of son that I have searched (I have not Sir Harris time that munerari had survived, and was still Nicolas at hand); but if a guess be admissible I surviving, not merely in out-of-the-way places like

Selim, the Grand Signior, in return for the che- | Basilica itself, in choir books that were published lengk, or plume of triumph, and the pelisse pre- only two or three years ago. Under these circumsented by him to Nelson after the victory at the stances it can hardly be asserted with truth that munerari is extinct; and this was all that I wanted Archibald Constable, the editor and publisher of to say.

J. WICKHAM LEGG. | 'Lamont's Diary,' only issued one hundred copies. Cannes, France.

It is, therefore, a scarce book. The above extracts

are from Archibald Constablo's own copy. The I know nothing of the arguments which MR.

Rev. J. W. Taylor is not the author of 'The East THOMPSON uses in favour of munerari. But an |

Neuk of Fife, but he is of the 'Ecclesiastical obvious one strikes me from the order of the Latin

Antiquities of Fife. He is rather one-sided words in "Æternâ fac cum sanctis tuis gloriâ mune

therein. What he says of the Durie and Mon. rari." It was evidently the intention of the writer that the verb should be most closely connected

crieffe feud is all taken from Lamont. with æternâ gloriâ, not with cum sanctis tuis.

R. A. G.
J. A. 0. The Rev. J. W. Taylor states that Mr. Mon-

crieff was minister of Scoonie, and refers to the HIBERNICISM : KIND (7th S. iv. 229). —Though I leading events of his life. In a memoir of kind as cited by MR. BONE may now be a his grandson, the Rev. Alexander Moncrieff. of Hibernicism merely, it is very old English. In | Abernethy, one of the fathers and founders of the the 'Romance of William of Palerne, of date Scotch Secession, by the late Rev. Dr. Young, of 1350-1360 (“Spec. Early English, part ii.), the Perth, the Scoonie minister is prominently noticed, werwolf was not a werwolf at all,

and the “misery upon misery " that fell upon GibFor be kud king of spayne, was kindely his fador;

son and others of his household is narrated. See and William himself, stating his own parentage, United Prosbyterian Fathers "Memorials of Monsays :

crieff and Fisher,' pp. 5, 10, 11, Fullarton & Co., A kowherde, sire, of bis kontrey, is my kynde fader 1849.

WM. CRAWFORD. and my menskful moder, is his meke wiue.

Edinburgh. It means "natural" or "by kinship," and is said to be derived from Anglo-Saxon cynd, nature.

CANNON CURLS (7th S. iv. 367). — Would not For its use in Scotch see Jamieson's Dictionary.' | the “cannons at the ears ” of the “powdered Compare Hamlet.' I. ii., “a little more than kin wig” (about the date 1800) be so called from their and less than kind”-i. é., less than natural: and general resemblance in shape to the ordinary cannon II. ii., where, in the same uncomplimentary sense,

of warfare? Hanging before me is the life-size porhe calls his uncle a "kindless villain.” G. N..

trait of a clerical ancestor, who had a vicarage of a Glasgow.

thousand a year, a rectory in addition, and was

also chaplain to a nobleman. I conclude, thereALEXANDER MONCRIEFF (7th S. iv. 328).-I am fore, that the clerical costume in which he was so able to inform F. N. R. that this person was skilfully depicted in crayons by John Russell, R.A., minister of Scoonie, in the Presbytery of Kirkaldy. was in the most correct fashion of the time. The His quarrel with John Gibson (Lord Durie) and date would be about 1790. The white powdered the various episodes thereof can be found most wig has on either side two rows of roley-poley or graphically detailed in ‘Lamont's Diary. Both “cannon ” curls, arranged five deep and very neat seem to have been sufficiently pugnacious, and and cylindrical, the hollow through each being other "tuilzies” of the minister are mentioned by more than half an inch. They begin on a level Lamont. There is an account of a battle royal (in with the eye, and fall over the ears to the church) on July 22, 1655,

shoulders, gradually increasing in width as they u which day being the Sabath...... Moreover Durie descend. Thus, there are twenty of these “cannon” desyred the Minister to hold his peace, and the Minister curls on the wig. Other clerical portraits, of a desyred Durie to hold his peace."

slightly earlier date, are also before me; but in On September 26, 1654, Mr. Alex. Moncrife these the clerical wigs are fuller, larger, and more (Lamont is capricious in his spellings)

disbevelled.

COTHBERT BEDE. "denounced from the pulpitt, in his sermon, ane absolute judgement of destruction and ruine against No doubt these curls were so named from their the house of Durie, without any condition of repent. cylindrical form. Ladies wore their side hair ance."

twisted into vertical cylinders circa 1830. At one “ 1662, Agust 14. By order from Mr. James Sharp

IP time they were worn with the back hair in Archbishope of St. Androwe. Mr. Johne Ramsay was a mitted Minister of Scony in Fiffe, to succeid Mr. A.

“ giraffe bows." The popular name was "sausage Moncriefe at that tyme under processe before the curls." The horizontal curls at the sides of men's parliament att Edenborroughe."

wigs, worn during the last century, might also, On which occasion

from their cylindrical form, have been called " there was delivered to Maister Ramsay the bibell, the capnon curls.

J. Dixon. keys of the Church doore and the bell tou; and Dury was required to be assisstant to him, which he undertooke

The etymology of the word cannon, which to doo...... After that they went and tooko possession of should be logically spelled canon, is the provincial the manse and glibe."

canon, pipe. The word has been applied, as can

be seen in Littré's Dictionary,' to the most modern Roman he is called "a Roman citizen." varied sorts of “pipes," viz., to all sorts of instru. It is uncertain when he lived. In his 'Life, ments, weapons, pots, bones, ornaments, &c., in written by an historian of the seventh century, he form of pipes. The canon, frequently alluded to is said to have been sent into France by the Apostle by Molière, was worn on the leg, just under the St. Peter, in company with St. Sixtus, the first knee. The ribbons had the general appearance of Bishop of Rheims, and St. Denys, of Paris. But a tuyau (pipe), hence the designation of canon. The a later writer, in the ninth century, Alman, a monk English cannon (curls in a cylindrical form) has of the Abbey of Hautvilliers, in the diocese of certainly the same origin. JOSEPH REINACH. Rheims, says that he was sent by St. Clement of Paris.

Rome. Alban Butler, however, in whose . Lives of [Other replies are acknowledged with thanks.] the Saints' A. H. has not searched with due dili

gence, probably from forgetfulness that St. Menge is POTTLE (7th S. iv. 365).-The “pottle" of commonly known as St. Memmius, claims Flodoard Shakspeare and Ben Jonson will always live ; but as his voucher that he was contemporary with St. the pottle" in connexion with strawberries will Sixtus, Bishop of Rheims, in A.D. 290—that is, soon, says MR. WALFORD, “pass out of remem- when Caius was Pope ; and adds that the whole brance and become extinct." The word, however, province of Champagne was the theatre of his will be found in the Rev. J. Wood's edition of apostolic labours. Nuttall's Dictionary' (1886) as being “a small 'A church was built in his honour in one of the basket for holding fruit." The real thing, though faubourgs of Chalons, called Buxerie or Boissière ; pretty enough to look at, was always a swindle- and an abbey close by, which bears his name, stale and smashed strawberries at the bottom, with existed in the seventh century, and was inhabited a few fine fresh ones to crown the edifice of impos- by monks. Later on the abbey church was served ture. The word exists for us in" comic" literature, for some years by the Secular Canons of the Cathein the shape of a small shilling book, published by dral of Chalons; but about the year 1125 the D. Bogue, Fleet Street, London, 1848, 'A Pottle abbey was given to the Canons Regular of the of Strawberries, to beguile a Short Journey, or a Order of St. Augustin, who held it up to the SapLong Half-Hour,' by Albert Smith. It was got up pression. The principal feast of St. Menge is in the style of his popular“ Natural Histories” of celebrated on August 5 ; on December 16 is com.

The Gent,' 'The Flirt,' 'The Ballet Girl,' &c., memorated, in the martyrology of the French and was profusely illustrated by Henning and Church, the translation of his body from its others, six of the illustrations being by Sir John original resting-place in 868, by order of Charles Gilbert. The vignette on the title-page represents | the Bald, to the new church; and on the 21st of a simpering young lady holding a pottle of straw. the same month is commemorated his arrival at berries; and the cover is a very graceful design, Obalons, that was attended by so many blessings. printed in colours, of wreaths of strawberries and For further details, see Bibliothèque Sacrée,' par å pottle filled with the fruit. In the same year, Richard et Giraud ; Bosquet, Historia Ecclesiæ 1848, Albert Smith issued—through Mr. Bentley, Galliæ,' p. 2, lib. 1. p. 1 ; Gallia Christians,' as publisher—another shilling book of oddments, tom. ix. ; S. Gregorii ‘Turonensis Opera,' ed. Ben.; entitled 'Comic Sketches from the Wassail Bowl,' | Martyrologium Romanum Usuardi,' edidit J. with twelve admirable illustrations by Jobn Leech. Baptiste Sollerius ; 'Mabilloni Analecta,' tom. ii.;

CUTHBERT BEDE. Tillemont, tom. iv. p. 498; 'Les Vies des Saints' MATTHEW PRIOR (7th S. iv. 228).-The birth-composées par Adrien Baillet, Paris, 1704. place of Prior has been amply considered in

WILLIAM COOKE, F.S.A. N. & Q.' already, without leading to any definite Joanne gives St. Menges in the Ardennes, but conclusion. See 6th S. i. 172; iv. 186; ix. 209, St. Menge in the Vosges. Ménage, in 'Vocab. 278, 455; x, 357.

J. MASKELL. Hagiologique,' gives “Memmius, S. Menge, le

Ev. de Chalons sur Marne, Natal. 5 Août, VIII. Menges (7th S. iv. 348).-St. Menge, called siècle."

R. S. CHARNOCK. also St. Memie, in Latin Memmius, is accounted to have been the first Bishop of Chalons-sur-Marne. Sr. SOPHIA (7th S. iv. 328, 371).—This query St. Gregory of Tours styles him the patron of that might, one would think, have suggested to some city, and records several miracles that he is re- accurate and well-informed person a note on the ported to have worked ('Liber de Gloria Con- Christian relics lately discovered in the cathedral fessorum,' cap. lxvi., “Do Memmio Catalaunensi of St. Sophia. No such person having appeared, Episcopo"). He is not mentioned in the ancient I beg to say that a closet or small" vestry has martyrology, styled “ Martyrologium Vetustius been found in the interior of the church, and Occidentalis Ecclesiæ D. Hieronymo a variis Scrip- within it a crucifix and certain other sacred toribus tributum," but is included in those of ornaments and vessels, all which it is supposed Wandalbort, Usuard, and Adon; and in the were hurriedly placed there during the siege of

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